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To the Authors of tb Gentlemen,
TH E cursory sketch of the trial of Samuel Gillam, esq; is equally true, judicious, and impartial. In order to strengthen and confirm
the following passage, "Sir
Richard Aston, so eminent for his ABILITIES, and so DISTINGUISHED for his HUMANITY,"—— I will soon give you the testimony of. Sir Fletcher Norton himself to his ABILITIES; and that of Mr. Bingley to his HUMANITY: which lhall be still farther enforced by the opinion of the IRISH on both these heads.
In regard to the hon. Mr. Justice Gould, and the lord chief baron Parker, every one, I am sure, will agree with me, that the compliments paid to them need no testimony.
The impartiality of this cursory sketch of the trial appears most glaringly from the following SHORT account of the evidence given by THREE witnesses, Mr. Allen, Mr. Derbyshire, and Mr. Flower, whose examination and cross examination, took up a considerable part of the trial:
"One or two of the witnesses put the most unfavourable construction on his conduct; and declared that, to the best of their judgements, there was no absolute necessity for firing."
Conciseness is a great beauty in Writing; a fortiori omisfion is a greater.
The truth of this cursory sketch appears from the above extract; notwithstanding what some persons pretend, that the evidence of the THREE witnesses omitted was very long, ample, and clear; that they allowed not only no absolute necessity; but no necesfity at all: that two of them swore to a declaration of having received orders
from the ministry to fire, before they came there: with many et crteras, which shall surely be laid before the public in proper time.
The judgment of the writer of this sketch appears from the whole of it: for, by his manner of relating this trial, he has not only secured himself from any prosecution from the attorney-general, or others of the crown lawyers; but has likewise, perhaps, insured himself a reward either from the secretary at war, who returned thanks to the officers and soldiers for their alertness in St. George's Fields; or from that judge who, to compleat the matter, returned thanks to the magistrate who. authorised and directed the soldiers in that firing, which one of the witnesses said, " the soldiers seemed to ENJOY."
.In order to satisfy the public, (who do not always give their verdict with a jury) Icould wilh the surgeons who dressed Mr. Gillam's wound, if he had any, and the wounds of all the soldiers, constables, and others who were hurt by this most daring and dangerous mob; I could wish, I fay, that the surgeons would give an account of such wounds to the public;- that we likewise may judge of that "almost, last, absolute, necessity for firing."
Mr. Ephraim Suds, my neighbour, (a coarse man, it is true, who often talks of things being slippy and slidy) first gave me an idea from the Bench
———at his door of an almost,
last, absolute, necessity:'' by which I learn that the doctrine of necejjities is, like that of infinites and infinitesimals, not very intelligible indeed to men of plain common understanding, but clearly understood by a man "so eminent for his abilities*"
For my own part, I think that the dignity of niagiltrates cannot be too rigorously maintained, and especially the dignity of such magistrates as the justices of the peace for Westminster, the Borough, &c. &c. &c. And I think that eighteen persons killed, and above sixty wounded, is but a slight satisfaction for a stone thrown by any one of an inconsiderate mob
at a magistrate. 1 have been
told too that another of the justices was pelted in St. George's Fields; and as a proof of it, he produced to his neighbours the stone which his wife found lodged in the bulh of his wig, when she took it from his head at night, in order to lay it by for the next occasion of magistracy.
To the Editors of the Oxford Magazine.
Desirous of convincing your readers that one, at least, of your fellow students will occasionally assist in the arduous task you have undertaken, the following remarks are submitted to your perusal; and, if they should be fortunate enough to meet with your approbation, you will confer a favour on the author, by inserting them in your Magazine'. Your's, &c.
EVERY reader of history must be convinced, that it is often very difficult to discover the real truth of a fact, from its being differently related by different authors.
A very remarkable instance of this occurs in the several accounts published of the death of the famous general Cavendish, who lost his life in an engagement with a party of the parliament's forces, commanded by Cromwell.
Heath, in his Chronicle, tells the story in the following manner :—— "Some of lord Willoughby's forces at Gainsborough, had surprized the earl of Kingston,- father to the marquis of Dorchester, and brought him thither; whence, for the better security of his person, which was of great concernment to the king's affairs thereabout, they resolved to send him to Hull. In the way thither, colonel Cavendish, brother to the earl of Devonshire, with a party, pursued the pinnace to a shallow which it could not pass, and demanded her and the earl's surrender, which "being refused, a drake was discharged, which Unhappily killed the said earl and one of his servants,
being placed on purpose on the deck to deter the Royalists from shooting; whereupon they presently struck sail and yielded, but, with a just revenge, were all sacrificed to the ghost of that most loyal and noble peer. Notice of this party and their design being given to the garrison, a sufficient number, under colonel White, a Lincolnshire gentleman, were hastened to relieve the boat, or recover it if taken; who accordingly encountered with the Royalists, and being too many for them, this valiant personage was forced to take the Trent with' his horse, which swam him safe to the other side, but there stuck in the ooze and mud; and as soon as the colonel had got ashore off his horse's back, the enemy was come round by the ford, and seeing him desperately wounded, offered him quarters, which he magnanimoufly refusing, and throwing his blood he scraped off his face among them, was killed outright upon the place."
Lloyd tells the story nearly in the fame manner, but heightened a little by his declamatory method of delivering himself upon all occasions.
The dutchess of Newcastle has Account of the Death os the famous General Cavendish. 31
given us a very succinct account of troops for the relief of Gainsborough,
this unfortunate accident, in her life of the duke of Newcastle. • " The forces," fays her grace, "which my lord had in the county of Lincoln, commanded by the then lieutenant-general of the horse, Mr. Charles Cavendish, second brother to the then earl of Devonshire, though they had timely notice from my lord to make their retreat to the lieutenantgeneral of the army, and not to fight the enemy, yet the said lieutenantgeneral of horse, being transported by his courage, (he being a person of great valour and conduct) and having charged the enemy, unfortunately lost the field, and himself was slain in the charge, his horse lighting in a bog. Which news being brought to my lord when he was on his march, he made all the haste he could, and was no sooner joined with his lieutenant-general, but he 'fell upon the enemy and put them to flight."
Pomfret, in his life of the countess of Devonshire, assures us, that this brave young gentleman was murdered in cold blood by colonel Bury, who rendered himself dear to Cromwell by this and some other acts of cruelty.
After all, Cromwell's own letter (preserved in Rushworth's collections) to the committee of the associated counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon, dated from Huntingdon, July 31, 1643, to which place he had been driven by Newcastle, gives the fullest account of this matter, and deserves the more credit, as it was written by an eye witness.
After having related the manner in which he collected a body of
his arrival there, and beating the van-guard of this body of horse, he proceeds in the• following manner: "I perceive," fays he, "this body, which was the reserve, standing still unbroken, kept back my major Whaley from the chace, and with my own troop, and the other of my regiment, in all being three troops, we got into a body: iu this reserve stood general Cavendish, who one while faced me, another while faced four of the Lincoln troops, which was all of ours that stood upon the place, the rest being engaged in the chace. At last, general Cavendish charged the Lincolneers, and routed them; immediately I fell on his rear with my three troops, which did so astonish, him, that he gave over the chase, and would fain have delivered himself from me; but I pressing on, forced them down a hill, having good execution of them; and below the hill drove the general, with some of his soldiers, into a quagmire, where my captain-lieutenant stew him iv/tb a thrust under his Jhort ribs, the rest of the body was wholly routed, not one man staying upon the place."
Such are the different accounts given of the death of this brave but unfortunate commander; the reader must himself judge which of them he will chuse to ciedit; but I cannot help observing, that the particular mentioned by Heath, of his swimming across the Trent, does not seem at all credible, as Cromwell would certainly have mentioned so remarkable an action, had it ever been performed.
REMARKABLE ADVERTISEMENTS, &c.
A Young lady of an agreeable disposition and genteel education, who has entirely at her own disposal, not less than 8001. may meet with a gentleman whose moral character stands unimpeached, and who flatters himself be is possessed of sufficient requisites to render such a lady m happy as she could ivijh: the gentleman's profession is unexceptionable. The real reason for this mode of application, as well as every other necessary particular, will be candidly declared to principals only, who may favour the advertiser with a line addressed to G. N. at theWardour-Street Cossee-House, Wardour-Street, Soho. The most inviolable secresy is requested, and may be depended upon. Deify Advertiser, Thursday, "July 7.
To the Gentlemen, Clergy, and Freeholders of the County of Middlesex. Gentlemek, * I 'HE death os Mr. Cook having now made a vacancy for this county, at the desire of no one friend, without one inch of property in it^ or personal acquaintance with any of you, I beg leave to offer my services to represent you in parliament. The public part I have taken in some important riots, without respecting the liberties and constitution of this country, has, I hope, met with your approbation. I can only promise a continuance of the same licentiousness, for the true interest of this nation and its excellent sovereign, together with the most steady contempt of the law and government, if I have the honour to represent you. The choice you lately made of the illustrious John Wilkes, Esq; for your representative, greatly encourages me in soliciting your votes, not doubting but a similarity of circumstances will engage the independent electors of this patriotic county in a similarity of choice at the approaching election; at which time I beg to be honoured with your commands on any points of importance you may judge proper to be submitted to the great council of the nation, lest my worthy colleague mould n6t so soon be returned from his feat in St. George's Fields, to that much honoured one in St. Stephen's Chapel. I am, with great deference and regard, Gentlemen, your most faithful and most humble servant, Newgate, Lairy Costollo.
iv. B. Mr. Costollo hopes a personable application will be dispensed with, as his attendance on a great national point at the Old Bailey next sessions is indispensably necessary.
Public Advertiser, July 6,
A Maiden lady, who lately died in Ireland, left two guineas each to four maidens, I 25, to be her pall-bearers, each of whom
was to sweir stie was a maid, before receiving the money; but such is the detestation in which perjury is held in Ireland, that the old lady was buried without a pall-bearer. Public Advertiser, July 8.
A Young woman labouring under the severest distress, humbly offers her cafe to the beneficent. It was her misfortune to be servant in a family at the west-end of the-, town, where an offiew (and who is besides a man of great fortune) was a frequmt visiter, and who seized an opportunity, and effected what art had failed in, and communicated to her the most terrible of all diseases. As (he had no relation in town, her situation, together with threats and promises, prevailed on her to conceal her shame. And although flic was sensible of some consequences from it, her inexperience prevented her guesting the cause till her whole body was covered with it; and it being visible to every beholder, some one acquainted her with their suspicions. She applied to the person who had thus injured her, and he paid a surgeon for her cure and maintenance for the time, and left her under his care. The surgeon attended her two or three weeks, and paid her only five (hillings a week for her support; and having in that time struck in the outward appearances, flattered her she was cured, and stie again went to service, but was obliged to quit it in two months, as the disease broke out again with double virulence. Her undoer, whether imposed upon by the surgeon, or from his own principle, refuses longer to assist her. She has applied to several hospitals, and all the surgeons whoattend them, declare that the medicine siSe took from the first surgeon has so confirmed the disease, and reduced her so low, that she cannot survive under the mode of cure used at the hospitals and infirmaries. She has almost lost: her sight, and, unless immediately relieved, must inevitably perish, as well from the malignity of the disease as real want. A surgeon of the greatest eminence in these cases, near the Horse-Guards, Westminster, has undertaken to cure her in three or four months; but as the medicines will be rare and costly, he cannot do it under ten guineas; and for that sum, and the trifling support necessary during the cure, stie humbly implores the assistance of the humane and charitable. Any person desirous of knowing her character, and the truth of this, may be satisfied by applying to Mr. Cluster, Cheesemonger, tec. where the smallest donations will be thankfully received, and duly acknowledged.
Gazetteer, Saturdays July 8.
A Ser.'es of Letters on English Grammar. 33
Ferry, Westminster; and m three days at fur-
In the Public Advertiser, July II, is the
HP H E reason why Samuel Gillam, Esq; is tried at the Old Bailey is, that the person who was shot died in Middlesex, though killed in St. Georges Fields.
The following just, though severe, Sarcasm appeared in the same Paper.
X AST week a tradesman in the Strand
A Young woman of about twenty-five years of age, who is possessed of an annuity of thirty pounds a year, is willing to alter her condition, provided she can iind out 2 worthy honest man, who must be one of those despised people called Methodists. The young A N English gentleman asle'd the Chevalier woman cannot boast of the fceauty of her per- . D'Hercourt, whether, during the late tu'son; she had rather be erreeme j for the beauty , mults at Lisle, the troops there sired on the
townsmen, who had broke open the granaries, &c. The Chevalier answered, " No, Sir, the French soldiers do not fire but at their enemies."
of her mind. He must-be a man that loves to
A Gentlewoman who has a friend lately married, and thereby entitled to 40001. has it in her power to affift a single gentleman, in a matter exadlly of the fame kind, if he can, through any means, raise or lend her about 150 L or 2.C0L tor fix months: the security is quite unexceptionable, and every thing as clear as possible,. and the success almost certain. Trifling or" curious persons are desired not to give trouble, and a gentleman of spirit will .Hnd every matter to. his utmost wish, and the parties characters undoubted. Direct to 3. B. to be left at Mr. Smith's, near the Horse
rP O young and accomplished women. Any
A Centleman of fortune in Berkshire, who kept three maid-servants, was married *o one of them on.Friday last j and on Saturday his two sons followed his example, by marrying the other two.
. 'Public Advertiser, Juiy.lQ.
To the Editors oftfa Oxford Magazine. Gentlemen, _.
I beg leave to signify my approbation of your new undertaking, and my wish that it may prove a benefit to the nation, as well as an ornament to yourselves and the university of Oxford. I need not bring any other proof'of my sincerity, than the offering the inclosed work; and, if it mould coincide with your plan, mould be highly obliged to you if you would honour it with a place in your collection.
A Series of Letters on English Grammar. Letter I.
THough I have the greatest vene* ration for our alma mater, yet ■ I cannot help perceiving the defects which are committed in the mode of education, observed in die university. Vol. I.
The young gentlemen, who are admitted a* members, are intended cither for the pulpir, the bar, pr the senate. Owz W' laid imagine tliz£ thgir inftruction wa directed so as to make E . tin. .ii