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7« /& EDITOR! os th
TT is the good-natured observation of Mr. "*■ Addison, that the celebration of the Festival of Christmas was appointed for the severest season of the year, to the end that the charitable dispositions of minds, inspired by the recollection of that joyful event, mould find frequent occasions for manifesting themselves by acts of benevolence and brotherly kindness to the poor. When the exceeding great love of our Master and Saviour in disrobing himself of his majesty, and cloathing himself with humility, even with our flesh, that he might become an example of godly life to all men, and a propitiation for their transgressions is contemplated, it surely must strike the hearts of those on whom his providence has bestowed abundance of the good things of this world, and placed them in stations where the pages of knowledge lay open before them; that it is their duty, as followers of such a master, to sliield from want and mifery the bodies, and to dispel ignorance and yiee from the minds of those of their fellowcreatures, whole wretched circumstances expose them to such calamities ; that they should imitate, in fume degree, the goodness of their bountiful Creator, and do to their distressed brethren as he has done to them. But such is the deplorable selfishness of the times, that that the indolent and Pharisaical professors of Christianity have invented many wretched salvos for reconciling their want of bowels for the poor with the precepts of the divine author of their religion. They gravely tell us, "That knowledge is apt to turn the heads of the lower fort from their labour, and that the only use they make of their learning is to be wicked with more refinement; that every body can't be rich; and those whom Providence has placed in the inferior stations of life, must content themselves with their lot, and do their, duty in it: for their own part, they think they have a right to spend their own fortunes in whatever way pleases them best, so they do no wrong to any one; and really things are so dear, and gentee] life so very expensive, that they have very little to spare for charity." .
Hard as it is to condemn the posterity of those who are now become poor, to ignorance of science and literature through all successive ages: to consider them as a chfs of men destined for ever to do the drudgery of the wealthy, and earn for themselves a wretched pittance, by administering to their wants and extravagance; to deny to them through all generations the probable means of r.iising themselves to a muse comfortable or affluent condition; hard too as it is to hear this cruel sentence pronounced by those who were once
e OXFORD MAGAZINE.
themselves, or their immediate predeceslbrj, perhaps of that wretched class, and owe their present grandeur to a general or particular charitable education; yet, granting all this, can such a degree of instruction, at least as is confined to the great duties of our religion, be justly with-held from the lowest order of men, by the disciples of that Master, who gave it as the evidence of the divinity of his million, that to the poor the Gospel tvas preached f How dare any who hope tor salvation through the merits of Christ, censure his conduct in, taking upon him the form of a servant, associating not with the great of this world, but with the ignoble, and chusing his companion* and apostles from among siihermen and artificers, by thus excluding the lower class of men, and even those whose time and labcur are continually employed in their service from all the means of religious instruction, and impiously supposing that f the scriptures were 'not written for their learning.'
The misfortune is, that people of fafliioit are taught to imagine themselves a distinct race of beings from the rest of mankind, and that the degrees of rank to be found in the herald's office are lines drawn by the maker of all men, and real distinctions of nature: they never consider that all men are the offspring of the same parents, are all by nature equal, and that all distinctions are political, and the several stations in life only offices, although some of them may be hereditary, or continue in the same families for many genetions; and that the revenues they draw from them are not given in perpetuity, nor have they been granted without account. Let those who think all they possess is their own look hack upon the line of their ancestors, and compare it with the pc*digrec of the miserable, being who sweeps the dirt from the door, and perhaps they will find that they have only exchanged conditions; that the time onca was when their own progenitors earned their miserable food by the meanest occupations, and the ancest< rs of that wretch enjoyed the good things of life.
How many families have been undone in this country by religious persecutions, by civil wars, anJ ether public calamities? And how many others owe their present happy circumstances lo t!fe fame event? And /hall the descendants of those who embraced the fortunate party call their acquisitions their own, when they foe the miserable condition of thofc who took the unsuccessful fide, -ancl not luok up to him who rs the groar author and disposer of all Events? Shall the children of the lucky reformatists tell the starving heirs of thi ajch .Abbot, the ncivjurinj bishop, or the lay papistical bigot, what we possess is our own > Shall the" rich Oltvcrian tell the ruined cavalier on whose estate Us slots, what 1 have is my own? Can the successful revolutionist look upon the supplicating Jacobite, and not seel to whose providence it is that he owes his rank and possessions? Had the ilsue of a battle been different from what it was, had a single life been taken, had a counsellor advised a contrary measure at a certain moment, the Roman Catholic might now have been the established religion in England, and an absolute monarchy our constitution of government j or if at another time the like events had fallen out otherwise than they did, prefljyteriantsm might have been the mode of worship, and a republic the form of government.
In either case, how many of our present great ones would have been reduced to poverty; and how many that are now begging their bread would have been basking on their spoils? See where the descendenis of the O'Neils, the O'Connors, who were orce princes, the posterity of the Saxon kinj.s in the time of the Heptarchy, and cf other famous and powerful men, are now rotting in prisons for debts necessity compelled them to contract, or perishing for want upon the dunghills in St. Giles's. In the fame places miv,ht we have seen the children of those who owe their wealth aj d greatness to the success of the reformation, the restoration, or the revolution, had those events been differently disposed by the Almighty. Can any of these then luok up to heaven, and fey, nvtat I have is my civn? And if they cannot say so, who derive their fortunes from a long train of ancestors, surely those who have drawn it from prosperous returns in trade, from the plunder of an ene
my's camp, or the gainful contracts of a su<v ccfsfui war, -will- not pretend to a better title? who indeed, in any station or condition of Use, can lay their hands upen their hearts and fay it? For are not the casualties of deaths, marriages, favour of friends, and all other means by which fortunes are acquired, equally the dispensations of Providence?
Come dowa then ye great and wealthy from the thrones your selfish pride has erected for ypu; and whilst you are professing thankfulness for the benefits of Christ's coming, make it by your bounty a joyful anniversary ti your wretched brethren, who are equally with you objects of his care and Jove, but whose sufferings in this life chill their hearts, and shut out the warm feelings of gratitude for their deliverance from eternal misery. Look into their gloomy and loathsome abodes j fee their faces pale and worn to the bone for want of bread, their languid eyes stink deep into their heads, and dimmed, as it were, with, the shadows of death j hear the cries of their starving children, re-echoed by the groans of their wretched parents, enfeebled by distempers to an impostibility of affording help, or cut eff from their labour and shut up in a noisome prison by the cruelty or perhaps distresses of a creditor, and then ask yourselves, if these be your brethren ? joint heirs with you of Christ's kingdom ? and whether you cannot and ought not to do something to rejoice their hearts, and make them keep the feast of his coming with gladness? Something to reconcile to them the unequal distributions of Providence, to give yourselves a title to what you possess, and to shew, that whilst you profess gratitude for your Saviour's birth, you do not deny him by your actions, nor refuse to dire£b your lives after bis blessed example?
Directions for the Sick* Fn
H E chamber, proper for the patient, is , of no small moment* There ought to be a free circulation of air, whetjier it be in the summer or winter. I never would have any. person confined to a room without a chimney; it is equally BCcesJary in the warmer season for the purpose of discharging the offensive vapour a of disease, as it is in cold weather, by means of a little fire, to bring the air to a due temperament, which also contributes to remove the like offence*
in tvtry disorder, physic p.nd good nursing, public to an hand in hand; and I am 1 hi more (sefirous of giving ir.) opinic n with respect to ^ood nursing, ac I mean to oppose it to poor and bid nitrsto/; which has been too much the ualucicy, and mistaken practice, of the stek
1 Letters to Married W?mert.
chamber; for under the vague idea ofiaflammation, and inflammatory diseases, even bread and water have been sometimes accounted too great a support for the patient. Bur, withr pleasure, we now see physicians act upon more rational principles j and i would wish to convince you, ladies, whole province it is, of the propriety of supporting patienvs undur every disease.
Few persons are constrained to keep the-r chambers, who are not troubled with greet less of strength, or feverish complaints; eilhtr is the first cause, Or as symptoms ac com cany'.05 other diseases. Supposing then these ciicumstances, the constitution being thus reeucr*!, cr nature labouring to throw off a d'fesfc, the boily certainly require: a ueuxisluccr.: of the
in*st Remarkable Adw
most simple kind; by rimple. I mean easy of digestion, hut let it at the same time be comfortable. The stomach and bowels must, of necessity, be equally affected with the other part of the body, and consequently unable to perform their offices upon the common supports of life. .,
Animal food, therefore, is particularly to be forbidden, and I am sorry to be obliged to 1^1 ame the fondness of parents, and those who assist in sick, chambers, for too frequently indulging patients thus unwarrantably. Give me leave to observe, if flesh be permitted during the existence of a sever, or when the body, by illness, is exceeding weakened, and emaciated, from the incapacity of the digestive faculties, that the nourishment produced must be imperfects crude, offensive; and,.consequently, instead of a support, must add an additional weight to the disease.
But, at the same time, let it be remembered, that as a support is necessary, good broths, wine whey, jellies, panado, a beverage of wine and water, &c. are to be discretion ally permitted; and indeed the inclination of the sick person will generally determine the propriety of these things; for where they are hurtful, an universal loathing of them commonly takes place.
Although I wQulddebar patients from animal food, where there is a feverish cojnplai nt, nevertheless I do most earnestly recommend a generous, but discretionary, support of easily digested, and comfortable liquid nourishment, in every fever. I mean, that barley water, mint, and baum tea, with such like drinks, will not sufficiently support the strength of a patient under any kind of fever, even for a few days, and much less for as many weeks. As to the distinctions of inflammatory, nervous, and putrid, it is not my business to enter upon them here; but supposing the fever to be inflammatory, the patient is, or ought to be, confined to bed, and a breathing sweat encouraged. Will not then an already almost digested, and innocent liquid nourishment, answer the physician's aim, at the fame time that it supports the patient? Experience has convinced me of its utility. I cannot help, therefore, strongly recommending it, for 1 am too
-tisements, &e. «3j
apprehensive that many lives are daily lost for want of this neceslary support.
I am labouring to prevent that mistaken care, which is commonly called starving a disease, and to set aside the dreadful apprehension that a little innocent nourishment, given to a person in a fever, is still adding fuel to the fire. By these errors the ablest assistance is oftentimes basiled, lo the cost of the patient, and, not unlikely, to the disgrace of a worthy practitioner. Be assured, that it is more eligible to endeavour to support, and build up again, a shaken, diseased and tottering frame, than to attempt to pull it down. Never let this he done but by the express command of wisdom and experience, for it is a serious affair at all times to deprive a tenement of its foundation and strength. It is much to be wished, as it surely must prove a general advantage, that physicians would particulary direct the regimen of diet in sick chambers. ■ I must speak of another mistake, with regard to the managemeut of linnen. A patient cannot be hurt by changing wet filthy and offensive linnen. for that which is clean, dry and comfortable, provided this be done with proper care, not to give cold during the time of shifting the deaths. Linen which is perfectly dry and clean is. at all times, to be preferred to that which has been used, for the latter may have absorbed offensive vapours, of which the former must be entirely free. Against this observation, I am convinced, there are great prejudices, nevertheless those who employ their reason but for a moment, will see the propriety of the present caution.
A free succession of air is essentially neecscesiary, not only to carry off the offensive vapours of disease, but also to the recovery of the patient, nay, even to the preservation of those who attend upon the sick. It is true that afire is proper in ccld weather, fur reasons before given, but at the fame time the chamber ought to be no more than comfortably warm; for where this degree of heat is exceeded, faint sweats are likely to exhaust the patient's strength, whereby he finks, perhaps, under a disease, through which, probably, he might otherwise have been supported.
COME time ar:o, at Barnstaple in Devon^ mire, a dissenting clergyman having got rather more than merry with one os the candidates to represent that town in parliament, the company agreed to sally forth, and break the windows of all the houses th.it were not illuminated; when they came to the MeetingHouse, <e D—n me, Jack, (cried the candidate to the parson) thereV a disaffected house
"Faith is it,—ssind the priest) and I'll have the first sting,** Away went the stone, the mob followed his example, and the windows were all demolished in an instant. Public Advertiser, Dec. a.
"VBsterday morning a nan rode over Blark
friars Bridge, with h:s son b.hind him, and p-iid a fanny; bu; the hgrsfi proving lar»e,
thty they soon returned on foot, leading the beast, and had two-pence to pay—a penny for the horse, and a penny for themselves. Public Advertiser, Dec. 2. PO ETICA
A Proof of the great Erudition of some of the Middlesex Justices, from the Public Advertiser, Dec. 2. V/sR. Lambe, and Mr. Weg;r, and Mr. Car"* rington, at Acton, presents their compliments to Mr. , and begs the favour of his
company to dinner at the George at Acton, on Wednesday, Dec. 7, to meet the friends, of Sir W. B. rector.
TF Mr. —, lately a Latin Master at an academy in tourn, tube has go: a dozen and
m bats of shirts belonging to Mr. Wh z,
does not call on his guardian in Colemanstreet immediately, and give satisfaction for the said shirts, his name will be advertised, with other circumstances, not to his advantage. Daily Advertiser, Dec. 16.
A N old maiden lady at Dover, having taken it into her head that (he should die in a few days, save directions to the sexton of the parish, to which she belonged, to dig her out a handsome deep grave; but meeting with a vuung cornet, before the much-apprehended time arrived, (he was prevailed upon to accompany him to church on a very different occasion. The honest sexton was hard at work for her as (he pasted by, when she generously clapped half a guinea into his hand, and bid him fill it up again with the utmost expedition.
Gazetteer, Dec. 17.
Y&THereas a person, that had the appearance 'of a gentleman, came to Mr. Mackelson, successor to Mr. Paul Jullion, in Coventry-street, some months since, and who, alter tiie manner of Mr. Jullion, made him an entire upper j«iu nuith teeth, and every thing complete to crsiver the purpose of eatings, &c. and which person, aster the finishing the work, took out a note of 301. drawn on a gentleman in the city, which Mr. Mackdson did not know, therefore refused "iving him change for such not"). Mr. Mackelson has, by accident, come by some knowledge of this person, and is resolved, if he does net call or
send, and discharge the debt, he will treat*
him as he deserves. Gazetteer, Dec. 17.
•"■ If the gentleman could not pay the 30L he ought at least to have returned the jaw and teeth: but it is; in some measure, Mr^ Mackelson's own fault; for had he not furnished him with the teeth-, he would not have been able to bite hbn in this manner.
Sluere, If Mr. Mackelson should happento see the gentleman with his mouth open, has he a right to seize upon his jaw and teeth? Though I would rather advise the celebrated dentist to file a bill for an injunction to stop the proceedings of the jaw and teeth.
"\^Anted, at Derenham in the county of ** Suffolk, a man and woman that are qualified as governors of a workhousey and will take the poor in the said house by the head.—Such persons, bringing with them a proper character, may be treated with by applying to the officers of the said parish. lpsuicb Journal, Dec. 17.
A Lady, whose accomplishments hath acquired the esteem of the beau mwde, having lately lost a secret friend, is desirous of putting herself under the protection of any person of rank and fortune. Person agreeable; disposition happy ; can suit herself either to the sprightly levity of the gay, or the more sedate turn of the grave and wise. Though brought up in the btn ton, her reason is not impaired. Her real situation is an entire secret to her acquaintance, which she hopesuill apo'ogize for this address. A line, post paid, for N. N. at the Cecil-street Coffee-house, Strand, till called for, shall be attended to. Gazetteer, Dec. 19.
"DOARD And Lodging. One or ttat young ladies \t «r a widow lady and her daughter, may be accommodated with board and lodging, at the house of a single gentleman os fortune, who lives in a genteel street, between the Park and Play-houses; as he docs it for the fake of company, his terms will be very reasonable. Letters, addresled to S. T. eVc. will be immediately answered. Daily Advertiser, Dec. 20.
f Unreasonable man J
To fill the Scene, to-nieht our Author brings
Originals at least—Warriors and Kings— Keroes, who, like their gems, unpolish'd shine,
The mighty Fathers of the Tartar Line, Greater than those, whom classic Pages boast, If those are greatest, who have conquer'd most.
Such is the subject—such the Poet's theme,
If a rough Soldier may assume that name;
In warlike toils he pass'd his youthful years,
Epilogue, by Mr. GARR1CK,
Spoken by Mrs. ABINGTON. T'M sent, good Folks, to speak the Epi'logue,
But 'tis so duH—I'll cheat the scribbling Rogue:
Among ourselves, your loss will be but small—
You're * too. polite for Epilogue to call.
But as for you —it is your joy and pride
Bver to call—but never satisfied.—
Will you, ye Critics, give up Rome and Greece? . .
And turn Mahometans, and save this Piece?
What shall our Stage receive this Tartar Rac .
Each whisker'd Hero with a copper face?
I hate the Tartars—rhate their vile religion:—
We have no fouls forsooth—that's their decision!
These Brutes, some horrid prejudice controuh;
Speak, English Husbands—have your Wives no fouls ?. • * .
Then for our persons—still more shameful work,
A hundred women, wed a single Turk' Again, ye English -Husbands, what fay you? A hundred Wives!, you would not wish for Two.
Romans and Greeks for me !—O that dear
Their Women had a noble Magna Charta!
L ESSAY S. 235
Ye Fair, who have not yet thrown out your
bait, -■ To tangle Captives in the marriage state, Take heed, I warn you, where your hearts
you set; * O let not Infidels come near your net. Let Hand in Hand, with Prudence, go your
Men are, in general, the strangest fishes!
• Tithe Boxes, -f To the Gallery.
A Neio Occasional Prologue, spoken by Mr. Powell, at the'Theatre Royal, in Crvent-Garden, on Thursday the izd of December, 176?, for the Benefit of the Wefimwfler Nt-ai Lying-Inn Hospital.
^SA/HEN William's sword had quell'd
each hostile band, And but one sceptre rul'd the rescu'd land, Then Britons, erst a people wild andrudr, Whose Mien was surly, tho' their Hearts • were good;
To love of Arts bade Martial deeds give
way, , And dawning Science beam'd its glorious ray 5 Their Manners , brighteu'd as their sense
The social Virtues opened on their mind 1
Ere infant Minds are lur'd to Folly's way
restore,' And Grace to follow vicious paths no more! Hear Foundlings lisp, from cruelty set free, And little Tars exult fox Li B E K T Y! 'These! these are works which Heav'n itself
And such the Plan your Bounty aids this
night. ,, The Matron's pregnant anguish to allay, And bring her affspriug to the face of day. Ye truly Great; Oh kindly still dispense Your brighter! attribute—Benevolence! Make the poor race of fad affliction smile, Like those whose noble hearts endowed the
Whose bosoms me.lt at sorrow's plaintive call, And like the Sun wou'd glad and cherish all.