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Foreign and Don. 0t age, which was solemnized in Scotland in 576*, but is now applied for to be set aside by the said lady. The council heard yesterday were in support of the marriage, and the /urther hearing of the said appeal is to be adjourned to the 1st of December.

Saturday, Nov. 5. A certain reverend divine has sent a very serious expostulation to the unhappy father, near St. George's Fields, ^charging hinvwith cruelty in erecting a monument to the memory of his son, and shewing an unchristian temper, by particularising the inanner of his death. — What pity, that a person who can so well inculcate the precept bf mercy and forgiveness, should not have given a lecture to those who had the conduct of the ill-fated day; as it is to be presumed he would have convinced them, that the Shedding of innocent blood was exacting a most unchristian atonement for the offence of throwing a stone*

'Monday, Nov, 7, Being the first day of term, Mr. Bingley, bookseller surrendered himself in the court of King's Bench (according to his recognizance which he had entered into) to record his appearance, and to have his bail discharged. Their lordships desired he would enter into a new recognizance, which was to answer interrogatories. This Mr. Bingley refused, saying, thatiiis friends, and the people of England in general had formed lo dreadful an idea of interrogatories, that no person would be bail for him on such conditions. He was then informed by the court, that if he could not find bail, he must stand committed. To which he replied, that he v/ould suffer a life of imprisonment sooner than take an oath to answer interrogatories, by which he might be the means of accusing himself j and that he was provided (either by himself or council) with arguments, which he humbly hoped their lordships would do him the favour to hear against the process by attachment. He was answered, that to argue 5t was against the rules of the court and the laws of the land. The latter, Mr. Bingley assured their lordships, he was hot satisfied of; for that he did not know, that the law of the land would oVligc him on a criminal accusation to accuse himself; and after about half an hour's debate between the court and Mr. Bingley, he was ordered into the custody of the marshal of the KingVBcnch Prison.

Mr. Steare, publisher of No. 4, of the N. Briton extraordinary, with Mr. Williams, and the other booksclJersconceined in vending the said number, were ordered to wait till the answers they had given to the interrogatories were duely examined and a report made thereon, in order to their receiving sentence on a day hereafter to be appointed by the court.

Tuesday, Nov. 8. This day his Majesty came to the house os Peers, and being in his

tejfjt Intelligence. 201

royal robes seated on the throne with the usual solemnity, Sir Fra. Molyneux, gentleman uiherof the Black-Rod, was sent with a message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, commanding their attendance in the house of Peers. The Commons being come thither accordingly, his Majesty was pleased to make the following most acioui speech:

My Lords, end Gentlemen,

(f The opportunity which the late general election gives me of knowing, from their representatives in parliament, the more immediate fense of my people, has made me desirous of meeting you as early as could be consistent with your own convenience.

f* The shortness of the last session of the late Parliament prevented their prosecuting the consideration of those great commercial interests which had been entered upon in the preceding session. You will, I am persuaded, agree with me in opinion, that your deliberations on those very important otyects ought to ht resumed without loss of time 5 and 1 trust, that they will terminate in such measures as may be productive of the most considerable and essential benefits to this nation.

ff It would have given me great satisfaction, to have been able to acquaint you, that all the; other powers of Europe had been as careful as I have ever been, to avoid she taking any step that might endanger the general tranquility, I have constantly received, and do still rrceive, from them, the strongest assurances of their pacifick dispositions towards this country. No assurances however shall divert my constant resolqtion ftedfastly to attend to the general interests of Europe; nor shall any consideration prevail upon me to suffer any attempt that may be made derogatory to the honour, and dignity of my crown, or injurious to the rights of my people.

"At the close of the-jast Parliament I expressed my satisfaction at the appearances which then induced me to believe, that such of my subjects as had been misted in some parts of my dominions were returning to a just fense of their duty; but it is" with equal concern that I have since seen that spirit of faction, which I had hoped was well nigh extinguished, breaking out afresh in some of my colonies in North America $ and, in one of them, proceeding even to acts of violence, and of resistance to the execution of the law. The capital town of which colony appears by late advices to be in a state pf disobedience to all law and government; and has proceeded to measures subversive of the constitution, and attended with cirenmstances that might manifest a disposition to throw of>" their riependance on Great Britain. On my part, I have pursued every measure that appeared to le necessary for supporting the con

stitiition,

ftitution, and inducing
the authority of the legislature. You may re-
ly upon my steady perseverance in these pur-
josesj and I douhe not but that, with your
concurrence and support, I stiall be able to
defeat the rniiehievous designs ot those turbu-
lent and seditious persons, who, under false
pretences, have but too successfully deluded
numbers of my subjects in America; and
whose practice, if suffered to prevail, cannot
fail to produce the most fatal consequences to
my colonies immediately, and, in the end,
to all the dominions of my crown."
Gentlemen of tbc House of Commons,

"The proper estimates f.r the service of the ensuing year I have ordered to he laid before you, fully relying on your readiness to {rant me the necessary supplies. Indeed I cannot have a doubt of finding in this house of commons the time affectionate attachment to my person and government, as I have always hitherto experienced from my faithful commons."

My Lords, and Gen'lemen,

u It is with groat satisfaction that I now find myself enabltd torej »ice with you, upon the relief which the poorer fort of my people are now enjoying, from the distress which they have so longlaboured under from the high price of corn. At the same time that we are bound devoutly to acknowledge in this instance the gracious interposition of providence, it will become us to apply the best precautions that human wisdom can suggell, for guarding against the return of the late calamity. In the choice, hcwjvcr, of proper means for that purpose, you cannot proceed with too great circumspection.

** I have nothing further to recommend to you, than that, in all your deliberations, you keep up a spirit of harmony among yourselves. Whatever differences of opinion may prevail in other points, let it appear, that wherever the interest of your country is immediately concerned, you ore all ready to unite. Such an example from you cannot fail of having the best effects from the temper of my people in every part of my dominions; and can alone produce that general union among ourselves, which will render us properly respected abroad, and happy at home."

About seven o'clock in the evening, her Majesty was taken in labour, of which notice w.is immediately tent to her Royal Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales, his grace the archbishop of Canterbury, the two secretaries of state, and ladies of the bedchamber, fee. who attended; when, at half an hour past eight, her Majesty was safely delivered of a Princess.

Wednesday, Nov. ct. The. fblloyv'ng nobleinen arid gentlemen die'd wi»h the Right Hon. the Lcrd Wayor setter the usual cere

due obedience to monies at Westminster, and the proceffiw through the city) at Guildhall, viz. The L^rd Chancellor j Earl of Bristol, Lord Privy Seal i Duke of Northumberland; Earl ot Hertford, Lord Chamberlain; Earl of Hill£borough; Lord Falmouth; the speaker of the house of Commons ; master of the Roils; Mr. Justice Bathust; Mr. Justice Wilks; Mr. Baron Adams; Mr. Baron Perrot, and three serjeants at law.

The ball was opened at Guildhall about

half past eight o'clock, by Van Neck,

Esq; son to Sir Josliua Van Neck, Bart, and the Hon. Mrs. Harley, the late lady Mayoress: The dancing continued till half past three in the morning, and a little before five the company departed, highly pleased withe the elegancy of the entertainment j every thing being conducted with the greatest order and regularity: But about two o'clock in the morning some persons without doors began to bs very riotous, attempting to force their way into the hall, knocking down the officers who kept the door, Sec. Upon which the constables were obliged to exert themselves, and several of the rioters were wounded in the scuffle.

The late Lord Mayor received many insult* from the populace, which he bore with great seeming composure, perhaps from a consciousness of having deserved very different treatment.

Two messengers were sent away-to the court of Mtcklenburgh, and also to other courts, with d.spatches to notify the kfe delivery of her Majesty.

At seven o'clock in the evening the twe» young princes of Meeklenburgh, brothers to her Majesty, arrived at St. James's from Germany, who were immediately conducted to the Queen's house.

Thursday, Nov. 10. The following is h:s Majesty's most gracious answer to the address of the Right Hon. the House of Peers: "My Lords, "I receive with great satisfaction the assurances you give, of your resolution to pursue the commercial interests of this country; and your readiness to support the honour of my crown, and the rights of my people.

"Your zealous concurrence in every measure that can bring relief to my people is well known to me; nor do I doubt of the attention that you will always give to any real grievances of my American subjects. The strongest assurances I receive from you at the fame time, of your determination to vindicate the just legiflative authority of parliament over all the dominions of my crown, deserve my warmest approbation.1*

Between ten and eleven, a /hip, just arrived from Quebec, took fire off King-stairs, Roth:rhithc, but by immediate assistance was

fowl

Foreign and Dam

soon extinguished, with no other damage than her upper deck being a good deal burnt.

Friday, Nov. xi. The Hon. the House of Commons, preceded by Sir John Cust, Bart, their speaker, waited on his Majesty at St. James's with their address of thanks, for his most gracious speech, on opening of the sessions, and received a most gracious answer.

Saturday, AW. 12. Several lords of his Majesty's most honourable privy council, and the judges, met in the Ex chequer-chamber, Westminster-hal^ and nominated three gentlemen out of each county, as proper persons to serve the office of fherift" for the year ensuing.

Monday,. Niy. 14. About one o'clock in the morning, Mr. Wm. Pimlot, of SymondV Inn, attorney.at law, was inhumanly murdered. After spending the evening at a gentleman's house in Fleet-street, he went to his chambers about twelve o'clock, perfectly cool and sober5 and soon after he was got into bed, the inn gate being open, a woman broke his bed-chamber window j upon which Mr. Pimlot arose, put on part of his cloaths, and, no watchman being in the inn, or at the gate, or any lamp lighted, ran in^o Chancery-lane, and called to the watch, whom he charged with the woman: whereupon Ihe instantly struck him on the left breast. The poor deceased put his hand to his breast, and took from thence an open knife, which he delivered to the watchman; telling him, the woman had murdered him, and that was the knife slie had stabbed him with: he then walked to the watch-house (being about 100 yards), opened his breast, and fat down, but could not speak, and expired in about two minutes. It appears, that the knife went directly to his heart. The woman was immediately conveyed to New Prison.

The coroner's inquest fat on the body, and brought in their verdict wilful murder by the above woman.

This morning the lottery began drawing at Guildhall.

Tuesday, Nov. 15. On Sunday last a clergyman came to preach at the village of Errington in Berkshire, but having forgot his sermon, bid the clerk give out the 119th psalm; which being done, he mounted his horse, galloped four miles and back again, and was in the pulpit before the psalm was ended.

- Wednesday, Nov. 16. The right hon. the Lord-Mayor, Sir Robert Lad broke, Sir William Stephenson, Sir James Esdale, Mr. Alderman Peers, the'Recorder, Sheriffs, &c. followed by 24 coaches and chariots, with the Common-Councilmen, went to St. James's, and presented an address of congratulation to Jiis Majesty, on the safe delivery of the Queen a»d. birth of a Princess, They were very gra

fiit Intelligence* . 203

cioufly received, and all had the honour of

kissing his Majesty's hand.

The Common-Council afterwards went to the Queen's drawing-room, to enquire after her Majesty's health, where they were received by the ladies of her Majesty's bedchamber, and were entertained with cake and candle.'

Thursday, Nov. 17. The lorig-wiihed-for North-West Passage, has been lately discovered by a navigator now in town, and who has promised, in a few weeks hence, to give the world a complete and satisfactory journal of his voyage to and from the South Sea, Via Hudson's Bay.

Friday, Nov, 18. His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland gave a grand entertainment to the two princes of MecklenburghStrelitz, the Earl of Harcourt, and several of the nobility, at Cumberland house, PallMall.

Saturday, Nov. 19. Two school-boys wirhi.i a few miles of London, having had some disagreement on Wednesday afternoon, one of them put so large a quantity of Jalap in ths others water-grue!, which he eat for his breakfast the next morning, that he expired before night.

Monday, Nov. 21, A young man undertook to run twenty times round the outside of St. Paul's, in the space of one hour, which is upwards of eight miles, and performed it just: within the time.

Tuesday, Nov. 22. A poor labouring man in Chin Jois-street, Covent-garden, cutting a, slice from a quartern loaf, which he had purchased the night before of a baker in St. Martin's lane, to his great joy found a guinea, which had been baked in the loaf.

Wednesday, Nov. 23. The daughter of an eminent citizen eloped with a young tradesman; the lady has a large independent fortune, and it is supposed they are gn;ie towards the North.

Thursday, Nov, 24. A great number of worKmen in the upholstery and paper-hanging way, have been engaged tor North America.

The river Thames, upwards, hath overflowed its banks for this six weeks past.

Friday, Nov. 25. The news of the French ships from Bengal, laden with falt-petre, gives great apprehensions to thinking people. They make great quantities of that commodity in France, and more than is necessary for their consumption in time of peace j yet we sec that they are nor only buying, and striving to monopolize the salt-petre in Europe, buC they have found a way to be supplied from Bengal also.

Saturday, Nov. 26. There are a,t present upward of 150 young gentlemen ^oing ont two-thirds of whom are said to be natives of North Britain.

as Cadets in the East India Company's service, Holborn, Middlesex, groc

Mondayt Nov* 28. A gang of fourteen villains has lately been discovered in Marybone; one of them, a few days ago, going through Wimp le-street, Cavendish-square, and observing a gentleman's door open, while the maid went down to the kitchen for water to waih it, flipped into the parlour and stole half a dozen silver table spoons, with several other articles; but as he was running along the street, a man, who suspected him, stopped him, under pretence of asking a question, which he answered in an abrupt manner, and went his way; the confusion having confirmed the man in his suspicion, he went and alarmed the house, upon which pursuit was made, and he was seized by a chairman, in Welbeck-street, with the things upon him, and carried before Justice Spinnage, who committed him to Newgate. He was formerly an apprentice to a fishmonger in St. James's-market, and has turned King's evidence; by which means the above gang was discovered, and several of them taken and committed to Newgate.

BANKRUPTS. Richard Whottall, of Wardour-street, Soho, Middlesex, wheelwright. Francis Bowman, of West Horiley, in Surry, miller. Thomas South, of Thames-street, London, stopseller. Henry Jacobs, of Clark's court, Bifhopsgate-street, London, merchant, John Schcllinger, now or late of Piccadilly, Middlesex, linen-draper. Thomas Richbell, of Portsea, in the county of Southampton, mercer. James Clark, of Pater-noster-Row, London, watch-maker. Samuel Joynes, late of RulTel-street, in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, Middlesex, hosier. Peter Leay, of* West Smithsield, London, haberdasher, John Forecast and Daniel Fenett, of Slaughter-street, Middlesex, weavers. Edward Goldncy, of Watling-street, London, stationer. Matthew Graystone, of Woodbridge, in Suffolk, carpenter. Maria Theresa Winnarran, of Howard-flreetj in the pariih of St Clement Danes, Middlesex, merchant. William Grindftll and Moses Alexander, now or lale cf Pancrass-iane, London, warehousemen, and copartners. John Drover, of St. Clement Panes, Middlesex, victualler. John Alefounder, of Homerton, in Middlesex, builder. George GaWood, of the parisli of St. Dunstan In the West, London, hat-dyer. James Wilson, of Grove-street, in the parisli of St. Paul, Deptibrd, Kent, peruke-maker, and dialer in rums and brandies. John Hunt, of the city of Norwich, baker, and dealer in corn and flour. Daniel Middreton, of the JWinorks, ftationer, William Busting, #f

James Portii,

of Pancras lane, London, merchant. Joseph Duncan, of Doncsster, Yorkshire, hosier and linen draper. Richard Burgress, late of upper Moorfields, Middlesex, weaver. Joseph, Pearson, late -of Blackwall, Middlesex, dealer. David Stubley, late of Leman-street, Goodman's-fields, Middlesex, upholsterer. John Badger, of old Swinford, Worcestershire, scythe-smith. John Beaumont, of Leadenhall-streer, vintner. William Norris, of Bell - yard, Graccchurch - street, merchant* Joseph Longchamp, of St. George, Hanoversquare, victualler.

MARRIAGES. John Buller, Esqj member of parliament for East-Looe in Cornwall, to Mils Hunter, of Soho-square. Noel Hill, Esqj member' of parliament for the borough of Shrewsbury,' to Miss Vernon, daughter of the Right Hon.

lady Harriet Vernon. Bower, Eiqj to lady

Downing, relict of the late Sir Jacob Downing, Bart. John Bosquain, jui. of St. Ive* in Huntingdonshire, Esq} to Miss Motteux, daughter of Peter Motteux, of Charter' house-square.

Deaths/

At Hampstead, Sir John Haikyns Eylei Styles, Bart. The Marchioness of Tavistock, at Lisbon. The Kon. lady Mary Hamilton, at Gretnw.ch. Thomas Gataker, Esqj surgeon to her Majesty's houfhold, in Pali-Mall. Id Devonshire-street, Queen square, lady Gerrard, wife of Sir Thomas Gerrard, of Brya in Lancast.ire, Bart. At his house in North Audley-street, the Hon. Mons. D'Alt, minister from his Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse-CaiTel. At Trieiddy, in Cornwall, the lady of Col. BalTet (member for Penryn) and siller of" Sir John St. Aubyn, Bart. At his house in Sackviiie-street, Sir Matthew Lamb, Bart, member for Peterborough. At his house in Lincoln's inn fields, in the 76th year of his age, his Grace Thomas Pelham Holies, Duke of Newcastle-upcn-Tyne, and Duke of NewcalHe-under-Line in the county, cf Stafford, Marquis and Earl of Clare, Viscount Haughton, and Baron Pelham of Laughlon and of Stanmere, and Baronet, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulerum of the county and town of Nottingham j Steward, Keeper* and Warden of the forest of Sherwood, and Park of FoJewooJ, in the county of Nottingham, and Recorder jof the town of Nottingham; cne of the governors of the Charterhouse, Knight of the most nobie order of the Garser, one of ms Majttty's most Honourable Privy Council, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, Cgllwy of tfee Socuiv' iu4 L, L, Ih

The Oxford Magazine.

For DECEMBER, 1768.

A Scheme for the Preferment of the Inferior Clergy. An Essay.

Video meliora prpboquc . Deterora fequor.

IAM no small admirer of the chymiil in Gulliver's Travels, who was for extracting something useful even from human ordure: and I look upon the. very means which have caused the corruption of our civil establishment, the be.lt means of supporting the declining constitution of our religious establishment. The frequent changes in the administration have been productive of a long series of bad measures; and the ignorance of successors, when grafted upon the . errors of those who preceded, have rendered the constitution of our country dangerous, and exposed us, as an object of ridicule, to our inveterate foes on the continent.

The aggrandisement of self has been preferred to the aggrandisement os the nation; and, while individuals have enriched themselves, they have done all they could to impoverish their country. The changes . which have been in the administration, have been so rapid, that few in the ministry could have been long •enough in the possession of their posts , to have been acquainted with the nature of their duty; and some have resigned their posts without knowing whether they had any duty to discharge. I wish that the changes in Vol. I.

our religious establishment had been as numerous as those in the civil; many an hungry scholar would then have been introduced to the luxury of idleness; and not obliged io earn the bread that he must eat. But this vicissitude in church preferments would not be liable to the inconveniences which attend the changes in statedepartments'; because the clergy are all qualified by their education to fill up the highest posts which they cqrt enjoy ; , whereas the education of those, who. fill up the offices of the state, are no qualifications for their preferments. When a clergyman is

preferred to a , he is not obliged

to preach; and from hence I have been inclined to think, that Pythagoras, who was so fond of f.lencc, was some benesiced priest. In the . army and the fleet, an inferior officer has some chance for promotion, because, in war-time, the kindness of a cannon-ball, or the discharge of a musquet, will make vacancies by hundreds; and, in time of peace, debauchery and luxury wiil produce almost an equal number. In the law department, the highest officer is changed upon every change of a ministry; and as the change of the ministry is so frequent, there is scarce D d a barrister,

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