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Will efTktfmas Ca-vendt/h, Esq; Anctfter of the Duke of Devunfhirt.
11 HE piety of this gentleman, us well u dirije and masse; and to every priest of the -*- the manner of the times, may be seen in same place jiiid. and to every clerk lid. his last will, which is as follows: Item, I bequeth to the awter of the parislie
"In the name of the Fader, the Sonne, churche of Saint Alban, Wood-street, where »nd Holy Go oft, Three i"ersones and one God; I am a parishioner, for my offerings and tythei J Thomas Cavendistie, of the King's Lfcheker, forgotten, or negligentlye paid, in discharging being hole of mynde, and in good memory, of my foule, vis. vmd. Also I bequeth to the xinth day of Apr. in the xvth yere us the iiii orders of sreers in London, that is to the reigne of king Henry VIII. make my -fay, White, Black, Greye, and Augustine, Testament and last willc, in manner and fourme to every one of them via. viji d. bringing as ensutth. First, 1 bequelh and geve my my cotps to the skid churche, and there say soul to Almighty God, my maker and redemp- dt profundis for my soule, and. all cristen tor, to whom l crye for help and grace, du- soules, Also I will, that myn executors shall ling my natural lyfe in this worlde, and to his fynde, and geve twenty.pounds at my burying, blessed moder our Lady St. Mary, and to ajl and for other -my funeral expenœs , and all 4he companye of heven, to pray for me as the other the -circumstances belonging thereto.} departyng of my foule Cut of my wretched .and over that xl s. for a stone to lye upon my body, for marcy and pitie; and that my soule grave. Also I will, that Agnes my wife, may be saved by the merits of the most pre- stiall have my landes and tenements in the cious passion of my sovrayn Lord God Jeui countie of Kent to fell, and the money there'Criste. Also-1 will, that all other testaments of, coming of the said sale, to take and re.and willes made and hering date before this tayn to her own use, one hundred and twenty •day, be void, annulled, and of noon est'ecte; pounds; and of the residue of the said money, and my body to be barted in holy sepulture, that the same Agnes content and paye, or that is to"witt, with Godd's fufreraunce, in cause to he contented and paid to. my doughr .the church of Saint Thomas of Acres, within ter Mary, fourty pounds, at the tytrre of her London, in the north isle of the quere, next marriage. And yf the said Mary decefle unto my grandfader William Cavendistie, yf before slie be married, then I will, that it may conveniently'be. And if if may not, -the said fourty pounds be equally divided .bethen somewhere elh in the fame churche, by tween Thomas Cavendistie, and William Calicense of the master of the same place for vendifhe, my sonnes, and yf any of my laid -the tyme beinjr, yf it fortune me to depart two Ibnes happen to decesse ar they .came.to "this present lyfe in London, or nygh aboute; . lawful.age of x x i yeres, then I«vil(, that the or ells in cristert sepulture, in such place, as ..parte of him so departing, mail .remayn to it mall please to God • provide and or deyne for the other brother so overlyving. And of this ■me. Also Iwill? require, beseke, and pray, my last will and testament, I ordeyn and make on Godd's behalf, myn executors, that they ;myn executors, Agnes my wife, Sir Richard pay and tontent myn own debts, which I Broke, knyght, one of the justices of-the •owe of right or conscience, that may be provid comen plafe, and Henry Walter, gentleman, dew before myn executors, and the maisler of And toeveryof the said Richard.Broke, and the said church of Saint Thomas of Acres, far -Henry Walter, I geve and-bequeth .« blade the time'feeing, in the discharging of my gowne and xx E. for their .labours, desiring foul, arid their consciences. Also I bequeth them to take the labour for to se the executiaa to the charch-works, of the church of Saint of this my last will and testament. And Botulphe without Aldriche Gate of London, George Cavendistie, my sonne, to be my vis. vind.'and to the reparacions and bild- overseer of the same, after .my^decestc .ia ing of the chauntrye of the Trinitye in the manner and fourme aforesaid. Thesewitness. fame parish xx s. Also I bequeth to the said Sir John Webbe, John Newyngton, Henry maisterof Saint Thomas xiri s..iiiid. for my Walter, and others." sepulture there, and xnd. for being at the
Description os the Plate, entitled, Counsellor touble-Fee.
/"^Ounsellor Double-Fee is represented as receiving a fee from Plaintiff and Defendant, a V method which is sometimes practised by the gentlemen of the .Long Robe. Part of his library, which is exhibited on the table and the ground, shew the particular branches of his study j and Viner's Short Abridgement of'the Law, in twenty-four volumes in folio, sufficiently points out how copious the laws of England must be when not abridged. The portraits of the three chief justices hanging in his room, are very proper furniture' for his apartment.
X/sANY persons worthy of credit have seen Jeannot and Colin at school, in the town of Moire, in Auvergne, a town famous all over the world for its college and its caldrons. Jeannot was the son of a dealer in mules, of great reputation; and Colin owed his birth to a good substantial farmer in the neighbourhood, who cultivated the land with four mules; .and who, after he had paid all taxes and duties, at the rate of a sol per pound, was not very rich at the year's end.
Jeannot and Colin were very handsome, considering they were natives of Auvergne: they highly loved each other; and they had little secret connexions, certain little familiarities, of such a nature, as men always recollect with pleasure, when they afterwards meet in the •world.
Their studies were very nigh finished, when a taylor brought Jeannot a velvet suit of three colours, with a waistcoat of Lyons, which was extremely well fancied : with these came a letter addressed to Mons. de la Jeannotiere. Colio admired the coat, and was not at all jealous; but Jeannot assumed an air of superiority^ which gave Colin some uneasiness. From that moment Jeannot abandonned his studies; he contemplated himself in a glass, and despised all mankind. Soon after, a valet-de-chambre arrives post-haste, and brings a second letter to the marquis de la Jeannotiere; it was an order from his father, by which he was desired to repair directly to him at Paris. Jeannot got into his chaise, giving his hand to Coiin with a smile, which denoted the superiority of a patron. Colin felt his littleness, and wept. Jeannot departed in all the pomp of his glory.
Such readers as take a pleasure in being instructed, mould be informed, that Mons. Jeannot the father, had, with great rapidity, acquired' an immense fortune by business. You will ask how such great fortunes are made? My answer is, by luck. Mons. Jeannot had a cood person, so had his wife; and she had still some freshness remaining. They went to Paris . on account of a law-suit, which ruined them; when fortune, which raises' and deprefies men nt her pleasure, presented them to the wife of an undertaker belonging to one of the hospitals for the army, a man of great talents, who might make it his boast, that he had killed more soldiers in a year than cannons destroy in ten. Jeannot pleased the wife; the wife /of Jeannot pleased the undertaker. '.Jeannot was form employed in the undertaker's bust■ness; this introduced him to other business. "When our boat runs with wind and stream, (twe have nolhinz to do but let it fail on; we
then make an immense fortune with ease! The poor creatures, who from the shore fee you pursue your voyage with full sail, stare with astonishment; they cannot conceive to what you owe your success; they envy you at random, and write pamphlets against you which you never read. This is just what happened to Jeannot the father, who soon became Mons. de la Jeannotiere; and who, having purchased a, marquisate in six months time, took the young marqui6 his son from school, in order to ir-r troduce him to the polite world at Paris.
Colin, whose heart was replete v.ith tenderness, wrote a letter of compliments to his olj companion, and congratulated him on hi^ good fortune. The little marquis wrote him no answer. Colin was so much afflicted at this, that he was taken ill.
The father and mother immediately consigned the young marquis to the care of a governor: this governor, who was a man of fashion, and who knew nothing, w as not able to teach his pupil any thing. The marquis would have had his son learn Latin; this his lady was against. They hereupon referred the matter to the judgment of an author, who had at that time acquired great reputation by his entertaining performances. He was invites to dinner. The master of the house imme. diately addressed him thus: "Sir, as you understand Latin, and are a man acquainted with the court."—" I understand Latin! I don't know a word of it, answered the wit; and I think myself the better for being unacquainted with it: it is very evident that a man speaks his own language in greater perfection when he does not divide his application ber tween it and foreign languages. Only consider our ladies; they have a much more agreeable turn of wit than the men; their letters are written with a hundred times the grace of ours: this superiority they owe t« nothing elfc but their not understanding Latin." ,
"Well, was I not in the right? said the lady: I would have my son prove a notaUU: man, 1 would have him succeed in the world; and you see that if he was to understand Latin he would be' ruined. Pray, are plays and operas performed in Latin? do lawyers plf^d in Latin? do men court a mistress in Latin ?■" The marquis, dazzled by these reasons, gave up the point; and it was resolved, that th>: .young marquis mould not mispend his time it endeavouring to become acquainted with Cicem, Horace, and Virgil. "Then what fhsil he learn? for must know something; mi.tit not one teach him a little geography r<; B b said /aid the father,
"Of what use will that be? The marquis and his 4»dy dad not wefl until
answered the governor: when the margins goes to his estate, won't the postillion know the roads? they certainly will not carry him out of his way: there is no occasion for a quadrant to travel thither; and one can go very commodiously from Paris to Auvergne jvifhout knowing what latitude one is in."
"You are in the right, replied the father: but I have heard of a fine science called astro, pomy, if I am not mistaken." "Bless me! /aid the governor, do people regulate their conduct by the influence of she (lars, in this sjvorld? and must the young gentleman perBiex himself with the calculation of an eclipse, when he finds it ready calculated to his hand in an almanac, which, at the fame time, Reaches him the moveable feasl6, the age of she moon, and that of all the princesses in Europe?''
The lady agreed perfectly with the governor; the little marquis was transported with joy • the father remained undetermined. *' What then is my son to learn?" said he. f To become amiable, answered the friend who was copfulted; and if he knows how to please, he will know all that need be known; this art he wilr learn in the company of his mother, without either he or she being at any trouble,"
The lady, upon hearing this, embraced th« ignorant flatterer, and said, " It is easy to sec, Sir, that you are the most knowing man in the world j my son will be intirely indebted to you for his education: I think, however, it would not be amiss if he was to know something of history." "Alas, madam, what is that good for? answered he; there certainly is no useful or entertaining history but the history of the day: all antient histories, as one of our wits has observed, are only fables that men have agreed to admit as true: with regard to modern history, it is a meer chaos, a confusion which it is impossible to make any thing of. Of what consequence is it to the young marquis your son, to know that Charlemagne instituted the twelve peers of Trance, and that his successor stammered?"
"Admirably said, cried the governor; the genius of young persons is smothered under an heap of useless know ledge: but of all sciences, the most absurd, and that which, in my opinion, is most calculated to stifle genius of even/ kind, is geometry. The objects about which this ridiculous science is conversant, are surfaces, lines, and points, that have, no existence in nature.: by the force of imagination, she geometricisn makes a hundred thousand curve lines pals between a circle and a right line that touches it, when, in reality, there Is not room for a str.iw to pass there. Geometry, if we confer it'in its true light, is a meer jest, and nothing more." - . •
derstand the governor's meaning, yet' they were entirely of his opinion.
"A man of quality, like the young marquis, continued he, should not rack his brain! with useless sciences. If he one day should have occasion for a sublime geometrician to take a plan of the lands of his estate, he may get them surveyed for money: if he has a mind to trace the antiquity of his noble family, which leads the inquirer back to the most remote ages, he will fend for a Benedictine: it will be the fame thing with regard to all other arts. A young man of quality, endowed with a happy genius, is neither a painter, a musician, an architect, nor a graver; but he makes all these arts flourish, by generously encouraging them: it is, doubtless, better to patronize than to practise them: it is enough for the young marquis to have a taste; it is the business of artists to exert themselves for him; and it is in this fense that it is said, very justly, of people of quality (I mean those that are vry rich) tliat they know all things, with, out having learnt any thing; for they, in fact, come at last to know how to form a judgment concerning whatever they order or pay for.*1
The ignorant man of fashion then spoke to this purpose !" Ynu have very justly observed, madam, that the grand end which a man should have in view is ro succeed in the world; can it possibly be said, that this success is to be obtained by cultivating the sciences? did any body ever so much as think of talking of geometry in good company? does any one eves inquire of a man of the world, what star rises with the fun? who enquires at supper, whether the long-haired Clodio passed the Rhine?" "No, doubtless, cried the marchioness, whom her charms had, in some measure, initiated in the polite world; and my son should not extinguish his genius by the study of all this stuff. But what is he, after all, to learn? for it is proper that a young person of quality should know how to shine upon an occasion,
as my husband observes. 1 remember to
have heard an abbe fay, that the most delightful of all sciences, is something that begins with a£." "With a B, madam? is it not botany you mean?" No, it was not botany he spoke of j the name of the science he mentioned began with B, and ended with o»." "Oh, I take you, madam, said the man of fashion; it is Biafork you meanj it is indeed a profound scienre; but it is no longer in fashion, since the people os quality have ceased to cause their arms to be painted upon the doors of their coaches; it was once the most useful thing is the world, in a well-regulated state. Besides, this study would be endless; now-a-d.ivsthere's hardly a barber that has not his coat of arms; and you know that whatever becomes common is but little este-jmed.'^ In fine, after they