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T*tht AvTftoxa if tS* OXFORB MAGAZrKK.
'"Tis tertain, that the modish passio/u
"Bestead among the trend like faJ&iemJ' Gtrw. Gzktleiuis, N——, October »6y. 1768.
ENiHUSiASTtc lave of hber- and unanimity are their delight; ty is banished—in it J too Ib, our passive sitbrmiuon: nobility have substituted the mod principal merit, manly, molt rational, and most t/tgftat paffion-, for racing, tacking? and dice; which diversions are of for greater import to> them, (who> only in dissipation) than the business ef the state. Our senators, knowing, the evil* which arise inevitably front feud* and factions; withi unexampled. nteeknefsr quietly acquiesce ia every measure of the m—11—y, without, inauifitivtfy prying into the motives- and consequences, of them. They have no impertinent troublesome: curiosity ; a. conduct, worthy admi
ration! Honour, duty, religion, are ipecious names-, hut they are obsolete, and, ia the eye of these rightjudging men, shrink into air before the more fobstaotial pension, coronet, star, garter, tac. How happily refined the age j how infinitely pleafiiig the comparison, between these geiidejhen and their rough ancestors-! What strange beings, were they t How uncouth,how uatra&able tstiffim their opinions; ever refusing to give up their won. stubborn purposes, which, they cloaked under the plausible titlesof rights, privileges, the welfare of their country, &c. &c impartiality/ cannot deny, indeed, that evert thens some weak efforts, were made tr> force through that cloud of ignorance, and stupiditybut the nswrrher which this- laudable ambition' poslest, was. too small to accomplish it.
That break—break did I say? That full Maze of glory was reserved for the- present times* O? tertpit:
tyuttmpu bead t How amiable the conclude, they wfij speedily refinx; gentle carriage of our heroes ( Cos- for they have already so far ixtprxeseif, »ciows nrrrcitiTY feats corapla- as. to have imbibed; the general taste cency on their cottntenaiices j peace cf their superiors; snd are so gpt*
The glorious spirit of enresation has seized on die commonalty; they imitate their superiors with adnriraMe success. They taste ef genteti life. They neglect their trades, they attend to nothing bat. polisluing themselves. In short, they arc (as. they wislu to be) the patterns ef their smart, gay neighbours, the French, ia every respeS.
I must also allono\. there are some exceptions to this general reformation of manners throughout the kingdom, one county has particularly diftmguijhed ksei£, and im ether places some few of the lower class are yen rude and fcsrbarotri, and in. at clamorous manner bowl for liberty, fro! which they very riotously and seditiously add the name of W s.)
They eaJumnize the great, and murmur at incetwenirnces they pretend arise from rxtal-adrniniilratioHv
Strange inconsistency E How evident the unreasonableness, the absurdity of their conductE
Have not these -very meir re-elects ed those •very gentlemen-, who aiffified the transaction-* they lament, ami who are at the head of the present mode I Does not this plainly indicate, ai secret approbation of thefir past proceedings, and a desire- that: they (hosrld continue in the-seme track f Is not this, re-election making every future act of the represerttatlve, the real act of the eonifituents »■ Yes—: yes—certainly—undoubtedly yvj^— And feomi. tihetxfr I think, we. 1
To lit JjttJwrs tf d
tttlscs to relinquish (far a sew guineas, or a luxurious entertainment) what their fathers fe ol iOAy called an inestimable privilege.
The defervedly-admuwd regulation at antient Rome, by which merit alone in any man was sufficient to raise him to the highest hoaours of the state, is in some measure established by diis excellent policy. Among us the method indeed is more adapted to the manners of a polite people, the aatural consequence of its feeing more modern.
To keep good company, is in almost every man's power; by good company, I would not be understood to mean, thole to whom the asti^xattd ties of lion our, virtue, or religion are sacred. The illustrious buck 1 The greatlyextracted Hood! The spirited—noble rake, compose that society—into which those modern line gentlemen, (by the soar termed sharpers) those geniuses, remarkable for Jenfe, penetralicn, depth as judgment, &c. distinguished by the appellation of atheists; those accomplilhed heroes, who (in the eye of folly) 100 years ago would have been called by the, harsh name of villain, axe admitted, and treated with the greatest urbanity, provided they make a suitable and brilliant appearance. Nay, to so great a height of good-nature and condescension are they arrived, that even the fool, if he has but the Jingle qualification of being i rich, ihall be so far from meeting a repulse, that he shall be highly caressed.
Our youth are early introduced to this noble, this improving society, in which they so soon shake ofi* their natural ruiHcity, and attain such a perfedion of manners, that you might as well look for those wild and hoijier»us passions, patriotism, love of liberty, and haughty contempt of life,
e Oxford Magazine, 171
without it, among fine ladies, Frenchmen, or children.
Now I mention the ladies, I cannot be guilty of such " a solicism in breeding," as to omit giving them, on this occasion* the praises they so eminently deserve. The influence they have over our sex is great; the lively pleasure they express, in the. company of the aforementioned clas^ of gentlemen; and the evident prer ference they give them, to thosestupids Juris mortals, who continue inflexible in their old principles, are encouragements which will doubtless facilitate the spreading of the present scheme of stiffs refinements,..; .-;
Here, again, I am obliged to own exceptions, and that there jet remain a few semales, wio are old-fashioned enough to hlufh ; who retain the quar liries of inconvenient modefiy, and egregious simplicity, together with that monstrous impolite method of speaking truth and plain Jenfe, and who, (by never talking Jcandal) greatly en» courage immorality.
The only fault to be found with your pamphlet is, that in some places it seems to countenance these frudifii, uninformed ladies, and in others, to applaud those absurd, clamorous men of whom I have before complained ; by which means it prevents, instead of promoting, the general improvement of this nation.
But make an effort to save your reputation, and shew the world yoa are not absolutely determined on being queer, by the publication of thir»; for though I have not the vanity to imagine it will be of the service I could ivijh, yet it may furnish a hint to some of a better capacity, who may be able to persuade my good countrymen to their happiness and interests. With this hope, I remain, Gentlemen, Your admirer, and willing servant, CRUPHiOS.
To tkt Editors*/ the OXFORD MAGAZINE.
If the following be consistent with the Plan of your Magazine, by inserting it, you will oblige, Your humble Servant, ... ,
Speech of a learned Orator, delivered at a Club in Newcastle upon Tyne.
"Gentlemen, "rp HE question to be discussed X this night is, "What are the most effectual means to be used for employing our artizans and labourers, enriching our manufacturers and tradesmen, and paying off the national debt?".—Now, I presume, gentlemen, you cannot be insensible, that whoever points out and demonstrates any irregularity or error in the state, is a friend to the state, and a promoter of its happiness. From the knowledge I have acquired, gentlemen, of the works of the ancient philosophers and poets, I cannot find that they are, or can be, any way subservient to the welfare of a community: because, they contain maxims founded on wrong principles; and indecencies, most certainly unfit for a juvenile eye. Amongst the English writers, I think, the author of the SpeSators has gained the greatest applause; but, for my part, I could never yet perceive a sensible sentence in all his productions. To mention any others of later appearance would be unnecessary as well as absurd; because they are objects of as much compassion as ever tenanted the melancholy mansions on Shuggy-Shoe Hill, Mount Horrible, or the groaning asylum in Rosemary .
"Having thus far premised, gentlemen, I shall now proceed to the discussion of the queltion proposed. —First, then, as it is pretty evident the decline of our commercial interests will necessarily render a redundancy of artificers and labourers, so it will be apparent that this redundancy will perpetually endanger the properties of individuals. Now
id turn these Hands into a useful channel to the state, would be to obtain a law, in order to compel one fourth of our artificers and labourers to be transported, by ballot, every seven years to his majesty's dominions in America; as that continent, from its want of cultivation, &c. can easily dispense with such redundancy of its mother country. With respect to the women, no clause need be annexed for their emigration; for wherever the men are, there will the women be also.—But at the same time, gentlemen, I presume it would be absolutely necessary, to prevent this country suffering by the many" remittances of cash to the western world, for the purpose of civilization and the like; I say, I think it would be necessary, that such ballotting should always commence in the year immediately preceding a general election, that the moral and religious principles of such artizans and labourers might not be vitiated by bribery and corruption; and thence render them fit instruments, by example, for inculcating the divine principia amongst the untutored savages of the western continent.
Having now finished the first part of the question, I shall proceed to the second, the enriching our manufacturers and tradesmen. To effects this, it must appear evident, we should retrieve our commerical interests with foreign powers, by reducing the price of Our commodities, and making them of a little better quality, buch reduction, may be urged, cannot be complied with from the-high price of labour. But this reason will dissipate, when it is considered,sidered, that the septennial transportation of our aitizans and labourers will necessarily increase the quantity of our provisions for the remainder, and consequently reduce their price, so that the wages of the labourer may be likewise reduced, and thereby effect the forementioned purpose. Next to this advantage, I shall remark another, and that is, those imports which we so severely feel for the maintenance of the poor will, by this septennial transportation, totally cease, as we shall have then no more labourers than there will be labour to execute: and consequently our poor-houses, &c. may be all converted into factories or warehouses,, and half the number of our hospitals rendered into elegant mansions for our people of quality. Nor will our streets, gentlemen, be any more pestered with victims of wretchedness and want; nor our eyes offended with objects which perpetually interrupt that sacred love and friendship that should ever flow in the narrow channel of natural affections. These considerations, gentlemen, are entirely original, and I am well assured must prove stubborn facts.— Many writers, it is true, have attempted to effect so salutary a plan, but hitherto all their arguments have been as dark ah8 intricate as the very mines of Benton."
Speech of a learned Orator, delivered at a Club in Newcastle upon Tyne. 17}
"I come now to the last and great point, of paying off the national debt. 1'his capital, this most important step, commands, no doubt, your greatest attention; and I shall endeavour to exert my best abilities in so momentous a concern.—You must know then, gentlemen, that Britain, this favourite ifle, can never, from its own commerical intercourse, effect so desirable a purpose.—No! We must seek the instrument over t! e turnpike of nature, in the > of South America; there lies Now, to accompli ill
our purpose, let us only reflect of what importance our septennial emigrants will be in populating aid strengthening our power beyond the' Atlantic. Could not we, on the firstbreach with our restless continental neighbours,' in • concert with that power, easily carry the British arms with glory to the most southern limits of Patagonia? I fay, could not we, on such a breach, annex all South America to the British crown? This is as practicable, gentlemen, as it is important.;—And what ad van-' tages will not accrue from fhis ac-, quisition? There would our dauntless, subterraneous labourers descend the deepest cavern, and teartne
folden strata to the face of day. igure to yourselves, gentlemen, this precious ore lying in mountains," as we lay our coals—does not the mere imaginary prospect sensitively electrify your fills ?—And place now our national debt nearly in contact' with these splendid heaps:—does it not represent a star of the fifth magnitude twinkling by the margin of a glorious full moon ?—Happy Britons! What nation durst then combat so brave, so opulent a people.—Every individual amongst Ms would partake of the fruits of this conquest. —You, gentlemen, who are blessed with the issue of an honest love, feel you not the effects of this acquisition? Does not your hearts flutter with joy, when you look forward, and behold your children, and your children's children, placed beyond the reach of anxiety and bustle, entertaining every appetite with its proper gratification, and strutting in all the gaiety of oriental pomp? O riches! No language can express your excellence ; nrv tongue can chant forth all your praise. —Your sphere exceeds the sphere os poverty, more than the bounds of the universe exceed the bounds if this quart pot!"
Z . Here GENTLEMEN,
Here ended our orator, with an "To what cause may be attributed universal burst of applause from the that petulance and ill-nature so little tiplirig senate. The next ques- generally attending old maids and tion proposed to be discussed was, batchelors?"
To the Editors of the OXFORD MAGAZINE.
WHILE others of the faculty are discovering new truths, I am daily correcting old errors; a work not without its use j and instead of concealing, as enthusiastic chymists, our medical art, and making a mystery of every branch thereof, I am for exposing the whole, to the honour, I hope, of both the professors and the profession.
Alas! there are too many insignificant articles in the materia medica still retained in our dispensatories, among which I reckon even Vipers none of the least. Therefore, for the abridgement of the apothecary's labour, the advantage of the patient, andinipiovementof physick, I am for having Vipers, with all their idle preparations, although an old article in the materia medica, as costly as insignificant, for the future, to be Wholly expunged the shops.
Certainly, to improve from former ignorance, or mistakes of our ancestors, is a very laudable work, especially upon- the necessary and useful art of healing. The designed end of this branch of my new medical undertaking, the reformation of physick, I mean, and which, if approved of, you may depend upon hearing further from me about it.
The serpent was of old among the Egyptian hieroglyphics, by many simpletons made the symbol of life, and that long before it was rnude an article of healing; wherefore Esculapiu i is represented with a serpent as a proper badge of his business, because, for
Leigh, November i, 1768sooth, it casts its skin, so seemed to them to renew its youth: whence mystic philosophers, from the serpent's undergoing such alterations of annually restoring itself, as they imagined, to fresh health and vigour, gave it the reputation of a grand restorative; for there is no end of whimsies in physic that have been idlly invented, and even afterwards confided in upon very low, and silly conceits; of which the famous Culpeper, that oracle of old women, and other astromedical gentry, give manifest instances: and it is very wonderful to fee bow even the wife oft times err; and there is no error that has once had a mother that will ever die for want of a nurse.
Bold was that man, surely, who first dared venture on eating a serpent; and it might equally be applied to him, what Horace said on an other occasion, llli roiur, & tes triplex erat. And it is really wonderful to think how an animalso much abhorred, and dreaded, and with whom we have so natural an enmity, should ever be swallowed down by the human species for internal uses: but even this instance (he* s how far weak enthusiasm can carry folks.
Antonius Musa, Augustus's physician, for the cure of bad ulcers ordered his patients to live on vipers. Galen tells us their internal use arose (as most medical discoveries generally have) from mere accident; from a leper's drinking wine into which a viper, allured theieby, chanced to