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A very common toast among the lovers of their country is, " An everlasting union between the Thames and the Baltic"

Saturday 15. The bi/hop of Baagor is appointed to the fee of Litchfield and Coventry, ■vacant by the promotion of Dr. Cornwallis to tJie archiepiicopal see of Canterbury.

Tuesaay the rev. Dr. Wetherell, master of University college, and vice-chancellor of the university of Oxford, together w ith Dr. Durell, pivWipal of Hertford college, had the honour of being admitted to his Danish majesty at St. James's, and presented the diploma •f his degree of doctor of civil law. Kis majesty was pleased to receive them very graciously, and expressed his entire satisfaction with this additional mark of attention from the university. The seal annexed to the instrument, was inclosed in a gold box of curious workmanship.

Yesterday morning died, at his house at Chiswick, the right hon. James Douglas, earl of Morton, one of^the sixteen peers and lord register of Scotland, knight of the most noble order of the thistle, and president of the royal society. His lordship was suddenly taken ill the preceding day in his charios.

According to advices from Corsica, the loss of the French, in the iate action, amounts to 3000 killed, 700 wounded, and 400 prisoners.

Monday 17. According to letters from Leghorn, general Paoli had, immediately after his late victory, disposed of his army in so advantageous a manner, that it was thought they would be able to resist the attacks of four times the number of the enemy then on the island.

Tuesday iii. Last Thursday night, about tome o'clock, the king of Denmark arrived at Dover, and supped and lay at Messrs. Minet and Fector's. At half past eleven o'clock on Friday, his majesty left his apartments, and proceeded on board the yatcht, which failed immediately for Caiais, where his majesty arrived in the evening in perfect health.

Friday xi. Wednesday the earl of Shelhurne resigned his place as secretary of state for the southern department, and is succeeded by the earl of Rochford.

Saturday 22. The earl of Harcourt is nominated to go ambassador to France.

On Tuesday last died, at Pirgo in Essex, Thomas Archer, lord Archer, baron of Umierflade, recorder of Coventry.

Mcnday 24. Saturday the sessions ended at the Old Bailey, when the eight following persons received sentence of death, viz. Robert Singer, for stealing a gelding, the property of farmer Barnham, at Isleworth j which he kept till a reward was advertised, and then brought home to the owner.—Patrick Hanlow and William Miller, for robbing Mrs. Sarah Rogers on the highway, 2t the end of Fig-lane, on the 20th of July, of a guinea,

a crown-piece, a dollar, and some silversJohn Parsingham, alias Parsons, for stealing a bay mare, the property of John Wells.— John T/rquhart, for assaulting and robbing Dr. Francjs Piggot on the highway, between Hounflow and Brentford-bridge, of a metal watch, two gold seals, and two half guineas.—John Davis, for burglarioufly breaking into the shop of Mr. Davenport, a poulterer, in Tyler's Court, Carnaby-Market, with intent to steal his goods.—Edward Williams, for returning from transportation before the expiration of his time. John M'Cloud, for the wilful murder of William Stoddart, late keeper of Clerkenwell Bridewell, for which he was executed this day.—Twenty-three were sentenced to be transported for seven years, two for fourteen years, and three were privately whipped. Gad Shepherd, for defrauding Thomas Wife, 1 farmer, of a sum of money, by hiding under the hat, was sentenced to pay a fine of five pounds, and be imprisoned one year, and find sureties for his good behaviour. Nine were discharged in default of prosecution. The session of the peace was adjourned to Wednesday next at Guildhall, and the session of goaldelivery until the 7th of December at the Old Bailey.

Friday 28. The council of the royal society having been summoned to meet yesterday for the e'-ection of a president, according to their statutes, in the place of the late earl of Morton, the suffrages of the members present were taken and summed up j when it appeared, that James Burrow, efqj late vice president, was elected by a great majority; and he was declared president to hold the said office till St. Andrew's day next, according to the forms of the society.

On Wednesday the lease for 21 years of the place of one of the fifteen coal-meters of this city, was purchased by Sir James Efdaile for 65201. and the lease of one of the late corn-meters places, by Mr.'Burdett for 33001.

The fame day at the adjourned sessions at Guildhall, the journeymen taylors petition was dismissed, the court being of opinion, that their present wages of two shillings and seven-pence Halfpenny per day, was sufficient, as the price of provisions was lowering.

Saturday 29. Yesterday, at a numerous court of common-council, the much-expected matter relative to the wording and registering of the minute against a certain member, never came on at all, the complaint (if any) not being cognisable" in that court, and no such minute having been entered. The member, in a short, but spirited speech, called upon tbe lord mayor to give up the betrayer of private conversation (whom, at the same time, he most severely, but deservedly, rebuked) which his lordsliip declined, as it had net been asked of him at the last court,

Yesterday

Yesterday being the "Wilk.es, esq; the fame was. celebrated "with the greatest demonstrations of joy throughout London, Westminster, and Southwark. In the evening the houses were finely illuminated; and at one house in the city, 4$ gentlemen met and gave the following toasts •.

I. The king.—2. The queen, and all the royal family.—3, The church and constitution.—4. Mr. Wilkes, with three huzzas.— 5. The king of Denmark.—6. The lord chancellor.—7. The duke of Newcastle.— 8. The duke of Devonshire.—9. The duke of Portland.—10. The duke of Montague.— XI. Earl Temple.—12. The marquis of Granby.—13. Earl of Lincoln.—14. All the worthies of the family of Pelham.—15. Lord Lyttelton.—16. General Conway.—17. Sir Jessery Amherst.—18. Admiral Pocock.— 19. The follicitor-general.—20. Mr. Edmund Bourke, a most worthy member of the house of commons.—21. Sir John Astley, a member in many parliaments, and always constitutional.—22. Success to serjeant Glynn in his election.—23. To the parson of Brentford.— 24. All the British worthies.—25. To the independent freeholders of Middlesex.—26.To the independent livery of London.—27. Success to trade.—28. Prosperity to the city of London.—29. The sons of liberty in America. —30. May the Scotchman be obliged to wear

Frejh Advice's from America. 163

birth-day of John wooden shoes, and sent to the bastile for life, —31, Wisdom and steadiness in the Britisli councils j then, and not till then, will trade flourish, and the people be happy.—

32. The repeal of the bounty act, to lead the way to reduce the high price of provisions*—

33. To the total abolition of forestalled and regrators, the pests of society,—34. May a stop be put to the inclosing of commons,' for the benefit of poor cottagers.—35. May the monopolizing of farms fail under the serious consideration of parliament.—36. To the decay of lotteries, thereby to promote a better circulation of money in trade.—37. To a speedy reduction of the national debt, as a means to reduce cur taxes.—38. To the happy fettling of a wile administration.—39. May the king always consider that his security consists in the love of his subjects.—40. May every device against the Britisli state fall to nought.— 41. Success to the British aams whenever called forth for the good of their country.—42. May our colonies be bound to their allegiance by reciprocal benefits rather than compulsion.— 43. Success to Paoli, and his brave Corsicans; may the God of armies go forth with them, as no earthly potentate will or dares astiit them.—44. May peace, plenty, and unanimity, be> always found in the British dominions.—Forty-five. Wilkes, with al} true friends to Liberty, with six ,huzzas.

FRESH ADVICES

From the N E wvY Ork Gazette of
September 16.
BOSTON, Sep. 19. .
At a meeting of the freeholders, and other in-
. habitants of the town of Boston, legally
qualified and warned in publick town
meeting assembled, at Faneuil-Hall, on
. Monday the. 12th of September, A, D.
'1768.

The meeting was opened with prayer by the

Rev. Dr. Cooper.
The Hon. James Otis, Esq; was unanimously

chosen Moderator.
'I 'HE petition of a considerable number of
the respectable inhabitants to the select-
men dated the 8th inst2nt, praying that the
town might be forthwith legally convened, to
enquire of his excellency the governor, the
frq.inds and reasons of iundry declarations
made by him, that three regiments may be
daily expected, two of them to be quartered in
this town, and one at Castle-William ; as also
to consider of the most wife, constitutional,
loyal, and salutary measures to be adopted on
such an occasion, was read,—whereupon the
follov.inj vote was pasted.

FROM AMERICA. 1

Whereas it has been reported in this town meeting, that his excellency the governor has intimated his apprehensions, that one or mar* regimeuts us his majesty's troops are daily to be expected here *. , ~

Voted, That the Hon. Thomas Cusliinz, Esq; Mr. Samuel Adams, Richard Dana, Elij; Benj. Kent, Esq; and Dr. Joseph Warren, to be a committee to wait upon his excellency, if in town, humbly requesting that he would be pleased to communicate to the town thp grounds and assurances he may have thereof.

Upon a motion made aud seconded.

Voted, That the following petition be presented to his excellency the governor,—and a committee was appointed for that purpose, whs were directed humbly to request his excellency to favour the town with an immediate answer.

To fail excellency Francis Bernard, Esq; governor, &c. May it pletise your excellency, '"THE inhabitants of the town of Boston le-1 gaily assembled, talcing into consideration the critical state of the publick attain, more especially the present precarious situation of

•ur To cur CORRESPONDENTS.

•ur invaluable rlgTit* and privileges, civil and religious, most humbly request, that your excellency would be pleased forthwith to issue precepts for a general assembly, to be convened with the utmost speed, in order that such mwfures may be taken as in their wisdom they may think proper for the preservation of •ur said rights and privileges.

And your petitioners as in duty bound, Sec.

Upon a motion made and seconded, a com- . mittee was appointed to take the state of our fullick affairs into consideration, and report at the adjournment the measures they apprehend most salutary to be taken in the present emergency.

Adjourned till the next day ten o'clock, A M. Tuesday, the 13th of September, ten o'clock, A. M. met accordingly. 'I *HE committee appointed yesterday to watt upon his excellency with the petition and request of the town, reported from his excellency the following answer in writing.

GtNTLtMIK,

* TV/sY apprehensions that some of his ma'jesty's trooops are to be expected in 'Boston, arise from information of a private < nature: I have received no publick letters, c notifying to me the coming of such troops,

* and requiring quarter for them j whenever I 'do, I shall communicate them to his ma'jesty's. council.

c The business of calling another assembly

* for this year, is now before the king, and I f can do nothing in it, until I receive his ma

* jesty's commands.

« FRA. BERNARD.' Upon a motion made and seconded, the following vote was passed by a very great majority, viz.

T*JHEREAS by an act of parliament of the first of king William and queen Mary,. it is declared, That the subjects being protestants, may have arms for their defence: It is the opinion of this town, that the said declaration is founded in nature, season and sound policy, and is well adapted for the necessary defence of the community.

And forasmuch, as by a good and wholesome law of this province, every listed soldier and other housoolder (except troopers, who by

law arc otherwise to be provided) siiall be a!» ways provided with a well-fixed firelock, musket, accoutrements and ammunition, as is in said law particularly mentioned, to the sasisfaction of the commission officers of the company: And as there is at this time a prevailing apprehension in the minds of many of an approaching war with France; in order that the inhabitants of this town may be prepared in cafe of sudden danger: Voted, That those of the said inhabitants, who may at present be unprovided, be and hereby arc requested duly to observe the said Jaw at this time.

The Hon. Thomas Cusliing, Esq; communicated to the town a letter received from a committee of the merchants in the city of New-York, acquainting him with their agreement relative to a non-importation of Britisli goods :—Whereupon the town by a vote expressed theirhighest satisfaction therein.

The town taking into ferioua consideration the present aspect of their publick affairs, and being of opinion that it greatly behoves a people professing godliness to address the supreme ruler of the world, on all important occasions, for that wisdom which is profitable to direct;

Voted unanimously, That the selectmen be a committee to wait on the several ministers of the gospel within this town, desiring that the next Tuesday may be set apart as a day of fasting and prayer.

Ordered, That the votes and proceeding* of the town in their present meeting, be published in the several news-papers.

The town voted their thanks to the moderator for his good services, and then the meeting was dissolved.

Attest WILLIAM COOPER; Town-Clerk.

It is said that orders for troops to be quartered in this province, are in consequence of letters wrote here on the 19th of March last.

Thursday next there will be a general muster of the regiment in this town, and we hear a critical view of the arms of the soldiers.

A very elegant and polite answer to the letter sent from hence, by a number of gentle* x men well attached to the cause of liberty, was received yesterday from Mr. Wilkes, by Capt. Bruce.

(~)VR he]! thanks are due to Cruphiac, and Jonathan Eyebright, cfq; their favours pall itiftserted in our^next. The poem by Thomas Warboys, and another signed J.R. pail be auly attended to. The epistle signed Philos Justitia, the speech of a learned orator at Newcasile-uponTyne, the abuse of the Sabbath', Mr. J. B. Asliton of Lincoln, tie epistle of Pbilomathes, tVc. pall be Inserted. William Sewell'j favour is ingenious, bat his subject is too confned. We hope R. S. tuill readily excuse us from injerting his peejn : he appears to be young, and may, perhaps, hereafter furnijh us with a better piece. The letters row. Southwell, though ingenious, is of tor private a nature to be entertaining to the public. Tee poem on lady Charlotte Cranfield and child, shall certainly appear in cur next. All the favour! of our other correfeindents pall be partku/arlj attended to.

The Oxford Magazine;

For NOVEMBER, 1768.

EJsay on the National Debt, ivith an Anecdote of Henry VJR.

THOUGH nothing is more difficult to understand than politics, yet the press seems to fliew us that no subject is more easy to write upon. The state of the nation is better understood by every man, than that of his own family: and he who cannot pay his own debts, thinks he can easily put the ministry into the way of discharging those of the nation. Some gentlemen, who figured away in the last parliament, have indeed been at great pains to convince us, that the payment of the national debt is impossible; and have plunged us as much into the slough of despondence, as the others have elevated us on the pinions of hope. Thanks to them both, we are neither so bad as to become the slaves of despondence, nor so happy as not to perceive that our disease cannot easily be cured. The vast sums that are raised to support the calls of the public, shew us that we are not poor: and the increase of luxury, whether in dress, diet, or attendants, shews, us that there are riches enough in the hands of individuals to make the nation rich likewise. When a private man finds that his expences exceed his income, he has no other way of preventing his ruin, but that of retrenching. Should he increase in extravagance in such a situation,

.. • vqL. 1:

he will immediately be branded as a fool, a knave, or a madman. But what must we think of a commercial nation, which feels its public debts already too heavy, and yet adds to them every year? The plain mechanic, when he finds his beast finking under its load, would rather lighten, than increase it. But statesmen know nothing of lightening, and study only how to increase. Ruat caslum, fiat—is the maxim by which they regulate their conduct; and, like the ancient of infamous memory, they seek for immortality , by destroying an edifice which they have not skill enough either to erector to preserve. Cheapness is the basis of commerce; when this ceases, commerce ceases too. We need not be informed, that the price of food must heighten or lower^the price of labour; and that the price of labour mull have the fame effect upon the commodities, which our commerce consists in. The interest of a large national debt is raised by taxes on the necessaries of life; and the poor, on whom this tax falls, raise another tax in their own defence, and this they do by necessity; because they must either starve or increase the price os their labour, in proportion to the increased value of the necessaries of life. To lessen th» Y national

national debt, is in efect to ieflen the be contented with the consciousness

price of provisions, the only means of having done his duty, while in

erf" enabling us to sell cheap at foreign office; bat when a bad man resigns,

markets, and securing the trade, which he neither deserves, nor should he fae

would be stolen from us by those who allowed to expect any reward for his

could undersell os. errors or his iniquities. Instead of

To pretend that scarcity is the expecting a reward, I think that every

melancholy cause of the high price person who resigns, mould be assessed

of provisions, is putting the saddle in proportion to what he sliali have

upon the wrong horse. If we could raised from, his appointment: and

decrease the interest and principal of when that sura is successively applied

the national debt, we mould not only to discharge the national debt, the

be convinced of this, but mould good minister will have the double

likewise feel and rejoice at it. If satisfaction, that he has notonly saved

we cannot save one way, we mould his country when in power, but

endeavour to do it in another: if we likewise that when he resigned, he

cannot avoid necessary expences, we contributed to relieve her. And even

should not incur those that are on- the bad minister will have this pallia

neceflary. The frequent changes of tive for his former faults, that on

the supreme personage in the law, his laying down his staff, he made

and those in the administration, who some expiation for the crimes he

hardly ever resign without a pension, committed, while he was in possession

is an excels of extravagance; it is of it; as he that can give most

drawing out the vital blood from a would be obliged to do so, is required

subject, which is already exhausted both by justice and equity. But as

"by too frequent bleeding. If the affairs are now established, the rich

other great officers who compose the are exempted from burthens, but

m , must be changed to prevent the poor are obliged to bear them.

their becoming despotic, I see no The superfluities of luxury are free

reason for the resignation os him, from taxation, but the necessaries of

who is at the head department of the life are loaded with them. Wh.^t

law; and much less assigning him a can be the reason of this solecism in

pennon, when he is to be laid aside government? What, but this? That

as apiece of lifeless lumber. Iwould taxes are established by the rich, but

conceive his knowledge in the law not by the poor,

was the source of his preferment; The most despotic monarchs that

aud it is a great injury to the nation, England has seen, have endeavoured

to displace a person, so qualified, for to remedy this evil: no one more so

one of less abilities, only because than Henry VIII. This will be evi

the persons joined with him in the dent from an anecdote preserved by

administration should prove either Sir Francis Eacon, with which I shall

k or f . To turn a man conclude these remarks.—" There

of integrity out of any of the de- remaineth to this day," fays his lord

partments of government, is to do ship, " a report, that the king was,

an injury to the kingdom in general; on a time, entertained by the earl of

to aflign him a pension for doing Oxford, his principal servant both

nothing, is saddling the nation with for war and peace, nobly and sump

an additional load, though it can- tuoufly, at his castle at Hemingham j

not sustain that which it is burthened and at the king's going away, the

with at present. A good man, when earl's servants stood in their liverjr

jjiC retires from public business, would coats, with (oguixanw, ranged Or

■ "both

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