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Quii dcdit a J lucem superasqj educcrc ad auras Quus perjura sides, & dextera juncta fefellit, Aut tratrem ambitiu ixnues detruiitad umbras.
Quis tibi. fheiTalicas artes, 6c lacra trit'ormis Expiicuit per quae foktiUa fepulchris
Ex:rc inlerwor manis, Sc car nine facro
G&obcriiy 176S. Oxonixnsis.
For the Oxford Magazine.
Anjnver to the Epistle in your last (fee p. 114, > from Mr. Ralph Singleton, to Mr. Gile5 Osman, of Christ Churchy Oxford,
G. O. to R. S.
Frcsto, speed letter quick from college;
Absence, dear friend, has not suppress ^
(Your own hyputhesis 1 follow)
Those Bacchanalian orgies you
Yet (blush, ye fools, to find It fame!)
Virtue the scented wreath has twin'd
Oft as bencach the grateful shade, (For meditation aptl> made) Of Academus' silent grove, Musing 1 solitary rove, Past scenes of pleasure crowd to view, Enjoy'd in partnership with \ou. To what did fond ambition tend, But to call Singleton my friend? Eager I sought th' approving smile To cheat away the classic toil. What honest raptures would it raise, More than e'eaMarkham's well-earn'd praises 1 bless'd the influencing skies, And Westminster was paradise. ■. ** Is panegyric this, or satire?" Curs still will bark, and coxcombs chatter j *Tis what an honest heart may sec, The language of simplicity j And, Mr. Critic, pray, in youth, What is simplicity but truth?
Poor Packer, rest his foul in peace, Has got from eaithly cares release. Dear lav'rite os the sons of mirth, Which draws from innocence its birth, Whose sterling humour, envied store, Could set the table -n a roar; Smooth onwards did the minutes roll When thou gav'st rapture to the bowl! Ah! hapless y.>uth, to fall thus soon, Why did thy morning s fun go down at noon? Life to my Singleton, and health, A competency too of wealth I wisiS, and that his frienofhip long May be the burden of my song. Heav'n, honest Ralph, preserve thee mine, Truly as is Giles Olman thine! Ch. Cbi Oxford.
AUTUMN. An Ode.
ALAS! with swift and silent pace,
Impatient Time rolls on the year;
'Twas Spring, 'twas Summer, all was gay,
The flowers of spring are swept away,
The verdant leaves that play'd on high,
Now trod in dust neelected lie,
The fields that wav'd with golden train,
Not moist with dew, but drench'd in rain,
Ko .more, while thro' the midnight shade,
Soft pler-sing woes my heart invade,
From this capricious clime she soars,
To where each morn the spring restores,
Vain wisli! me fate compells to be'ar
Compells to breathe polluted air,
What bliss to life can Autumn yield,
If glooms, and sliuw'rs, and storms prevail,
And Ceres fixes ihe naked field,
And stow'rs, and fruits, and Phœbus fail?
Oh! what remains, what lingers yet,
The grspe remains! the friend ot wit,
Haste, press the clusters, fill the bowl—»
Apullo! moot thy parting ray; This gives the sunshine of the soul,
This God of health, and verse, and day. Still, fhli the jocund strain shall flow,
The pulse with vigorous rapture beat j My Stella with new charms lhall glow,
And every bliss in wine shall meet.
To the agreeable JUiss N k.
TT ACH love-struck bard, in sweetly flowing strain,
Describes the fair one that creates his pain; Not the gay bluih of morn such charms can mow
As those which in his mistress' features glow,
But they, whose chief protection is a face, Jn beauty's list hold but the second place} Like some fkill'd painter's fairest proof of art, They strike.the eye, but not engage the heart. The charming face, fine shape, and piercing eyes,
Sickness or accident, or age destroys.
But me the fairest is, in whom we find The sweeter graces of a pleasing mind; These form the basis of a lasting love, They charm in youth, and will with age improve,
An even temper, and a heart that knows To share our joys, and suffer in our woes; A sprightly wit, that all the world must please, A gtfn'rous frankness, and a graceful cafe. Such charms as those the wisest breast suhdue, Such clurms, my fair, are center'd all invou, J * ft 9,
A Monody on the Death cf a favourite Dcg> called Tamerlane.
tJ AIL ! To thy manes peace !—Hail! gentle A1 Tamy,
Whose fur was beaver, and whose buff was chamois.
Hail! To thy manes peace!—Hail! mighty Rowe,
Whose bufkin'd genius from the sliades below, Springs in my breast, as o'er thine awful marble, This doleful dirge, great Tamerlane, I warble. 1 he tribe canine, Shock, Phvllis, Pompev, Tray,
Weep the defunct—each dag must have his day. Van-Tromp, thy riling hope, " bone of thy bone,
Flesh of thy flesh," deep groans Ob bone! Ob hone!
But fate consigns thee to the realms of Dis, WhereTityus howls, and madd'ning furies hiss; There chain'd with Cerberus, whose triple rage No force can tame, nor mollient arts ast'uage, Th' infernal courts you pierce, with bowgh#
wough, wowgh, His Stygian majesty"'s grim porter now. Yet think not, honour'd ihade, the muse (» , ram is,
To mock thy memory, and rake thine ashes,
Fain would Melpomene lugubrious carol
Worcester, Written in April 1768.' "S«
* A bold epithet: but let us remembea, that the animal we stile a jqv.irrel, is only a corruption of the Greek cvAbpq, Jic diilus Cltto we, o-y.icic tifuc, from theftadoiv of its tail,
pROM listeners, spies, th* informer, and the "knave,
Th' unmeaning coxcomb pert, and pedant grave;
From sycophants, the flatterer, and the 5—,
From modern rhimers, punsters, politicians. Reviewers, quacks, impostors, and musicians. From horns, a sullen wise, and duns tremendous,
•* Angels, and ministers of grace, defend us," Worcester. Written in June 1768. 'S»
WILKES iri Masquerade.
"XKs ILKES, warm'd with patriot fire, had
he been there, t
Far tie Oxford Magazim*.
GlKTlIMIN, ,1 IC' S
The following inscription is taken from ut ancient book printed at Rome. If any of your learned correspondents will elucidate the fame, in your Magazine, they will oblige , Your humble servant, Margate, Sept.16,1768.
Sykilla scalpi jujjit has litttras in Area ■ quvdam Roma,
p. p. P: E. S. S. S. v. v.- v. v.
• V. V, V. F, F. F. F.
Fr&m the Boston Gazette. Tb'dadelpbia, Artguft g. The instructions to the representatives of the city of Philadelphia, having been generally signed by the freemen •f the said city and county, were delivered on Saturday last to Joseph Galiov/ay, and James Femberton, escjrs. to be by them communicated to their brethren, and arc as foliow:
Philadelphia, July 30, 176S. 9o the Representatives of the Freemen of the city and county of Philadelphia.
observe that duties for the sole and express purpose of raisings revenue, have fceen lately imposed by acts of parliament, upon several articles of commerce, imported into these colonies. This we consider ac an infringement of our natural and constitutional rights: it is a taxation of us by persons who do not and cannot represent us. Such a taxation, therefore, takes away our money without our consent; and if the parliament can do this legally and of right, it must follow of undeniable consequence, that we have no property, and that all we possess belongs to others^ whose sovereign pleasure must determine how long we shall be indulged in the use of those things, which our own labours, and our own cares, have acquired and saved.
A doctrine so destructive of property, liberty, and happiness, we cannot but deem in the utmost degree unreasonable and unconstitutional, and being asserted by so august a body as. the British parliament, it strikes with surprize, affliction, and apprehension, all which are greatly increases by the violence of other measures •
Not long since we beheld a sister colony deprived of her legislative power, for no other offence than for daring to exercise her judgment on a point confefiedly within her own jurisdiction j and fof refusing to pi herself to
a considerable expence, in obedience tr an act of parliament: a treatment severe to the immediate objects of it; dangerous and alarming to others j but this we perceive is not to be the utmost extent of American servitude.
The house of representatives in the province of Massachusetts-Bay, roused by the common danger, candidly and wisely communicated their sentiments and proceedings to the other aliemblies on this continent; it being " necessary that all possible care mould be taken that the representations of the several assemblies, upon so delicate a point, mould harmonize with each other.** This behaviour of that truly respectable house, so prudent with regard to themselves, so affectionate with regard to other colonies, and so loyal with regard to our gracious sovereign, is represented in ministerial language, as a " Measure of most factious tendency, and a flagitious attempt to disturb the public peace." Nor have these reproaches satisfied the resentment of the administration. The houieof representative* has been required " to rescind the resolution that gave birth to the circular letter j" and because they have magnanimously refused ta betray the liberties of these colonies, they have been dissolved in an insulting manner. Besides this, the assembly of Maryland has bren prorogued by their governor in obedience to a .ministerial order, because they coulci not be prevailed on to " resent and treat with contempt the latter from the speaker of the house of representat;ves of the Massachusetts-Bay,** These measures excite in our minds the strongest fense of public danger. On the one hand, we hear claims set up destructive to our rights; on the other, threatenings uttered if we offer to oppose those claims. But as no> ministerial rhetoric can persuade us, that a denial of the authority of parliament, in cafes pernicious tQ liberty, is to " subvert the principles of the constitution," or that to be deeply
AMERICAN AFFAIRS. 15$
and that they do further instruct their agents to join the agents of the other provinces, ia all matters where the general interest of Nortk America is concerned.'*
In consequence of this order, I have the pleasure to acquaint you, that the committee of correspondence have, by letter of the t$th. of April last, given ample instructions to Mr, Gath the agent, on these important points.
The house adjourned on the nthof April last, and have been since prorogued; and as the time of their existence by law will expire on the 18th of September next, I think that they will not meet again; but that they will be speedily dislblved, and writs be immediately issued for the election of a new astembly; for which reason, I am afraid, I shall not have an opportunity of laying your letter before the present house: but this, 1 hope, will not be attended with any inconvenience, as the steps are already taken, which you have so fully and warmly recommended.
Persuaded, that notwithstanding the invidious light in which his majesty's faithful colonies have been misrepresented to their mother country, the time will soon come when they will have a fair and candid hearing, the consequence of which must be a relief from all their grievances.
J am, with great respect, Sir,
Your obliged and obedient servant, P. Manigault, Speaker of the commons bouse of ass embly of the province of South-Oarolina. Boston, Aug. 4. Yesterday his excellency governor Bernard issued the following proclamation:
"Whereas the peace and good order of the province hath been of late greatly interrupted by the riots and tumults which have taken place in divers town's within the fame:
u I do, by and with the advice of his majesty's-TOuncil, issue this proclamation, hereby strictly enjoining all magistrates, sheriffs, and their deputies, and all civil officers whatsoever, in their several districts and departments, with in the said province respectively, to do their utmost for preserving the public peace, and f or the protection of all his majesty's subjects whatever. And that to this end and purpose, they take effectual care, so far as to them respectively appertains, to put in execution the laws for preventing, suppressing, and puniihing all riots, tumults, and unlawful assemblies.
"And 1 do hereby likewise call upon all his majesty's good subjects, within the province, to exert themselves in promoting peace and good order, in restoring vigour and firmness to the government, and in supporting the civil oÆcers in the due execution of the laws. "Given isl the council- chamber in Boston, &c.
u Fka. Bernard.'
sensible of oppression, humbly to complain of them, and peaceably (tho* jointly) to seek redress of them, is a factious and flagitious attempt to disturb the public peace;" we therefore do, in the most earnest manner, call upon you to exert yourselves at the next meeting of assembly, for procuring a redress of our present grievances, and for promoting a cordial union in sentiments and measures with the other colonies, on which union alone the happiness of the whole undoubtedly depends.
We recommend it to you to exert yourselves as the house meets, that a petition to his majesty, a memorial to the house of lords, and a remonstrance to the house of commons, be immediately drawn up and transmitted home. Too much dispatch cannot be used at this important crisis, as we are fully persuaded that nothing is so likely to overwhelm the colonies with calamities as an appearance of disunion among them. In those addrestes, we desire you to express, with all poflible force of language, our loyalty to his majesty, our firm attachment to the British constitution, and affection to the people of the parent country: that we value and revere the connection between her and us above every thing but religion and liberty, that we know it is the band of peace and prosperity, that, influenced by these sentiments, we ever have been, are, and always stiall be, ready and willing, upon every just occasion, to demonstrate our loyalty and duty by every method in our poVer.—But, with equal zeal and firmness, are immoveably resolved to astert and maintain the ineflimable rights and liberties given us by God, and confirmed to us by the constitution,
Boston, August 22. To the honourable Thomas Cushing, Esq; speaker of the honourable house of representatives of the province of Mastach u settsBay.
Charles-Town, South-Carolina, J!uly 10.
S I R,
Your letter directed to the speaker of the honourable house of representatives of the province of South-Carolina, dated the nth of February last, is just now come to my hands.
The commons house of assembly of this province, ever attentive to the right and privileges of themselves, and their constituents in particular, and the liberties of America in general, before their last adjournment, " Ordered, the committee of correspondence to write to the agent in Great-Britain, and instruct him to joins with the agents of the other provinces in America, in obtaining a repeal of the several acts of parliament, -which have lately been passed for laying duties in America, and* to endeavour to prevent the clause for billeting soldiers in America from being inserted in die next mutiny a£t which shall Ji£ passad 1
Tbe following U a cosy of a petition reported to gentlemen of character here, without gi?In]g the bvuj'e of representatives atBoston in New the accused, the least notice of his purposes f England, by a committee., and under their and proceedings.—He has created divers new consideration ivben the aJJ'embiy ivas dissolved, and unconstitutional offices.—He has drawn U We, your majesty's most dutiful and divers warrants on the treasury, for the payfaithful subjects, the representatives of your ment of monies, against the express appropriancient and loyal province of the Malfachu- ations of the assembly.—He has, .at ihis kssetts-Bay, imprested with the deepest fense vf sion, presumed to' threaten the general aifemgratitude to Heaven, for calling to the British My, upon the non-compliance os the house of succession your majesty's illustrious family, and representatives with a certain requisition, not so firmly establishing your majesty on the throne only to dislblve them, but to delay to call a os your royal progenitors: and being abun- newaslembly, which is beyond your majesty's dantly convinced of your majesty's grace and orders.—By the means aforesaid, and many clemency, most humbly implore the royal others, that might be enumerated, he has not favour, while we brlerly represent the grie- only rendered his administration disagreeable Vances we labour under, and which, under to the whole body of the people, but entirely God, your majesty alone can redress. alienated their affections from him; and
It is with inexpressible concern that we are thereby wholly destroyed that confidence in a constrained thus publicly to complain of the governor, which your majesty's service indisadminislration of his excellency Francis Ber- pensably requires.—Wheieibre we mor^humijard, efqj your majesty's governor of this pro- bly intreat your majesty, that his excellency vince, who has betrayed an arbitrary disposi- Francis Bernard, esq; may be removed from tion.—He early attached himself to a party, the government of this province, and that your whose principles and views, we apprehend, majesty will be graciously pleased to place one have ever been repugnant to your majesty's in his stead, worthy to represent the greatest real service.—He has, both in his speeches, and best monarch on earth, and other public acts, treated the representa- And zve, &c. Jball ever pray .'* ■
live bodv with contempt.—He has, in an un- From the New-york Gazette.
warrantable manner, taken upon himself the Neiv-Ycrk, Sept, 8. The following is a exercise of your majesty's royal prerogative, in copy of the resolves subscribed by^the mergranting a charter for a college, without even chants in this city, dated August 27. the advice of your majesty's council.—He has I. That we will nbt fend tor from Greatopenly attempted to make himself sole and Britain, either upon our own account or cornabsolute judge os the qualification os members mission, this fall, any other goods than what returned to serve in the house of representa- we have already ordered.
lives.—We have also reason to apprehend, that II. That we will not import any kind of he has endeavoured to persuade your majesty's merchandize from Great-Britain, either on ministers to believe, that an intention was our own account, or on commission, or any formed, and a plan fettled, in this, and the otherwise; nor purchase from any. factof, Of rest of your colonies, treasonably to withdraw others, any kind of goods imported from themselves from all connection with, and de- Great-Britain directly, or by way of any of pendance upon, Great-Britain, and frem their the other colonies, or by way of the Weil-Innatufal allegiance to your majesty's rov-*l per- dies, that mail be shipped from Great-Britain /on and government.—He has, in his public after the first day of November, until the speeches, charged both houses of assembly with forementioned acts of parliament, imposing uppugnation against the >royal authority, and duties on paper, glass, &c. be repealed; except with leaving gentlemen out of the council only the articles of coals, salt, sail-cloth, woolOnly for their fidelity to the crov. a.—He has cards, and card-wire, grindstones, chalk, lead, indiscreetly, not to say wantonly, exercised tin, sheet-copper and German steel, the prerogative of the crown in the repeated III. We further agree, not to impert any negative of counsellors of an unblemished re- kind of. merchandize from HamburaK and putation, and duly elected by a great majo- Holland, directly from thence, nor by any rity of both houses of assembly.—He has de- other way whatever, more than what we have cbred, that certain feats at the council-board already ordered (except tiles and bricks.) fh?.ll be kept vacant, till certain gentlemen, IV. We also promise to countermand all his favourites, mall be re-elected.-—He has, orders given from Great-Britain, on or since unconstitutionally, interfered with, and un- the 16th instant, by the first conveyance, orduly influenced elections; particularly in the dering those goods not to be sent, unless the choice of an agent for the province.—He has, forementioned duties are taken off, very abruptly, displaced dfvers gentlemen of V. And we further agree, that if arry perworth, for 110 apparent reason but theirvoting sun or persons, subscribers hereto, mall'take against his measures.—He has practised the any advantage by importing any kind of go<»C5 fending over depositions to the ministry, against that are herein restricted, directly cr indirectly,