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Poscere, non alii; soli Telamone creato
Laërteque fuit tantae fiducia laudis.

625 A se Tantalides onus invidiamque removit, Argolicosque duces mediis considere castris

Jussit, et arbitrium litis trajecit in omnes. Agamemnon.—624. Soli, grammatically referring to the first, but to both according to the sense. -625. Laërte, sc. creato.-626. Tantalides. Agamemnon is so called from his great-grandfather Tantalus, the father of Pelops, the father of Atreus.

METAMORPH. LIB. XIII.

CERTAMEN INTER AJACEM ET ULIXEN.

CONSEDERE duces et, vulgi stante corona,
Surgit ad hos clypei dominus septemplicis Ajax;
Utque erat impatiens irae, Sigeïa torvo
Litora respexit classemque in litore vultu,
Intendensque manus ' Agimus, pro Jupiter !' inquit 5
Ante rates causam: et mecum confertur Ulixes!
At non Hectoreis dubitavit cedere flammis:
Quas ego sustinui, quas hac a classe fugavi!
Tutius est igitur fictis contendere verbis,
Quam pugnare manu ! Sed nec mihi dicere promtum, 10
Nec facere est isti; quantumque ego Marte feroci,
Quantum acie valeo, tantum valet iste loquendo.
Nec memoranda tamen vobis mea facta, Pelasgi,
Esse reor: vidistis enim; sua narret Ulixes,
Quae sine teste gerit, quorum nox conscia sola est. 15
Praemia magna peti fateor; sed demit honorem
Aemulus: Ajaci non est tenuisse superbum,

1. Vulgi stante corona, the common soldiers standing round in a circle.-2. Clypei septemplicis. Seven plies of bull's hide were covered with one of brass, and formed the shield of Ajax.-3. Utque erat gives the reason of what follows, utpote qui esset.-5. Intendens, equivalent to tendens.-6. Ante rates. "An expression of the greatest bitterness at the very commencement. Before the ships which I alone saved : and yet there is a question about the decision ! Ulixes, the genuine Latin form for Odysseus, as Ajax for Aias.7. Hectoreis flammis, the flames with which Hector attempted to set fire to the Greek ships.-9. Fictis verbis, dolis, fallacis. He thus intentionally depreciates skill in expression. - 10. Dicerefacere, both in the strongest sense : words opposed to actions.17. Superbum, not, as usual, in a subjective sense : haughty; but objective: bringing honour. Tenuisse, aorist, obtinuisse et tenere

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Sit licet hoc ingens, quicquid speravit Ulixes.
Iste tulit pretium jam nunc certaminis hujus :
Quo cum victus erit, mecum certasse feretur.
Atque ego, si virtus in me dubitabilis esset,
Nobilitate potens essem, Telamone creatus,
Moenia qui forti Trojana sub Hercule cepit,
Litoraque intravit Pagasaea Colcha carina.
Aeacus huic pater est, qui jura silentibus illic
Reddit, ubi Aeoliden saxum grave Sisyphon urget.
Aeacon agnoscit summus prolemque fatetur
Jupiter esse suam. Sic ab Jove tertius Ajax:
Nec tamen haec series in causa prosit, Achivi,
Si mihi cum magno non est communis Achille.
Frater erat : fraterna peto. Quid sanguine cretus
Sisyphio, furtisque et fraude simillimus illi,
Inserit Aeacidis alienae nomina gentis ?
An, quod in arma prior nulloque sub indice veni,
Arma neganda mihi, potiorque videbitur ille,
Ultima qui cepit detrectavitque furore
Militiam ficto, donec sollertior isto,
Sed sibi inutilior, timidi commenta retexit
Naupliades animi vitataque traxit ad arma ?

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-20. Quo cum victus erit, the reason of the preceding, nam cum eo victus erit.—23. Moenia-cepit. Hercules had delivered Hesione, the daughter of Laomedon, from a sea-monster; when Laomedon thereupon refused him the promised reward, he besieged and conquered Troy.-24. Pagasaea, from Pagasae, a port in Thessaly, where Argo, the ship of the Argonauts, was built. Litora Colcha, portum Colchicum.

So Metam. vi. 445: veloque et remige portus Cecropios intrat Piraeaque litora tangit.--25. Silentibus, poetic ex. pression for the dead. Above, v. 356 : Rex silentum. – 26. Ubi Aeoliden-urget. According to the less usual account, Sisyphus was condemned to carry a heavy stone. Prop. ii. 16, 30: Tumque ego Sisyphio saxa labore geram.-29. Series, descent, genealogy.31. Frater, strictly cousin, for Telamon and Peleus were brothers. Hence v. 41: donis patruelibus orbi. Sanguine cretus Sisyphio. According to a later fable, Ulysses was the son of Sisyphus and Anticlea, before the marriage of the latter to Laertes. Sisyphus was the representative of ingenuity and cunning in an earlier gene. ration, as Ulysses in a later, and ihe fable probably arose from the desire to bring the two into connection. – 34. Nulloque sub indice, under the influence of no informer, referring to Palamedes. See v. 39. Sub is used in this sense in the poetry of the Augustan age, and in the later prose.—36. Ultima, sc. arma. The epithet is transferred from the person to the object, as v. 42: prima pericula. Fisrore ficto. Ulysses had pretended to be mad, that he might be allowed to remain at home with Penelope.—38. Sibi inutilior, to his own greater hurt, for inutilis is often put for perniciosus.-39. Naupliades. Palamedes, the son of Nauplius, king of Euboea.

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Optima nunc sumat, qui sumere noluit ulla ;
Nos inhonorati et donis patruelibus orbi,
Obtulimus quia nos ad prima pericula, simus?
Atque utinam aut verus suror ille aut creditus esset,
Nec comes hic Phrygias unquam venisset ad arces
Hortator scelerum : non te, Poeantia proles,
Expositum Lemnos nostro cum crimine haberet.
Qui nunc—ut memorant-silvestribus abditus antris
Saxa moves gemitu, Laërtiadaeque precaris
Quae meruit: quae, si di sunt, non vana preceris !
Et hunc ille eadem nobis juratus in arma,
Heu, pars una ducum, quo successore sagittae
Herculis utuntur, fractus morboque fameque,
Velaturque aliturque avibus, volucresque petendo
Debita Trojanis exercet spicula fatis.
Ille tamen vivit, quia non comitavit Ulixen.
Mallet et infelix Palamedes esse relictus :
Viveret, aut certe letum sine crimine haberet.
Quem male convicti nimium memor iste furoris
Prodere rem Danaam finxit, fictumque probavit
Crimen, et ostendit, quod jam praefoderat aurum.
Ergo aut exsilio vires subduxit Achivis,
Aut nece: sic pugnat, sic est metuendús Ulixes !

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When Ulysses, pretending madness, yoked an ox and a horse to the plough, and sowed salt, Palamedes placed Telemachus in the way; and as Ulysses turned aside the plough, not to injure his child, the cheat was detected, and he was compelled to go to Troy.–44. Phrygias, Trojanas. - 45. Poeantia proles. Philoctetes, son of Poeas. He had received the poisoned arrows of Hercules, without which the oracle had declared that Troy could not be conquered. On the way, however, he was bitten by a snake, and, by the advice of Ulysses, left behind on the island of Lemnos.-49. Si di sunt, as truly as there are gods. The conjunction si is commonly employed in oaths. So above, i. 377: si precibus-numina justis Victa remol. lescunt.-50. Juratus. See Gram. V 152, at the end. Eadem nobis, eadem in arma in quae nos juravimus. Gram. D 267, note 4.-53. Velaturque-avibus. The poets who have treated this subject, to convey a vivid impression of the helplessness of Philoctetes, represent him as clothed with the feathers of the birds which he had killed.—55. Comitavit, the active form, 'as above, viii. 693: comitate.—57. Sine crimine, without the reproach of a crime. Ulysses, to revenge himself on Palamedes, forged a letter from Priam to Palamedes, in which mention was made of gold bestowed upon the latter in consequence of his agreement to betray the Greek army. At the same time he caused an amount of gold to be buried in the tent of his victim; and in the course of the investigation which followed, this was found, and Palamedes put to death.-58. Male convicti, convicted to his hurt. So bove, ii. 148, of taëthon: Dum male optatos nondum premis inscius axes; xi. 136, of Midas :

Qui licet eloquio fidum quoque Nestora vincat,
Haud tamen efficiet, desertum ut Nestora crimen
Esse rear nullum : qui cum imploraret Ulixen

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Vulnere tardus equi fessusque senilibus annis,
Proditus a socio est. Non haec mihi crimina fingi,
Scit bene Tydides, qui nomine saepe vocatum
Corripuit, trepidoque fugam exprobravit amico.
Adspiciunt oculis superi mortalia justis :

70 En, eget auxilio, qui non tulit; utque reliquit, Sic linquendus erat: legem sibi dixerat ipse. Conclamat socios: adsum, videoque trementem Pallentemque metu et trepidantem morte futura ; Opposui molem clypei texique jacentem,

75 Servavique animam-minimum est hic laudis-inertem. Si perstas certare, locum redeamus in illum: Redde hostem vulnusque tuum solitumque timorem, Post clypeumque late et-mecum contende sub illo! At postquam eripui, cui standi vulnera vires

80 Non dederant, nullo tardatus vulnere fugit:Hector adest secumque deos in proelia ducit, Quaque ruit, non tu tantum terreris, Ulixe, Sed fortes etiam : tantum trahit ille timoris. Hunc ego sanguineae successu caedis ovantem

85 Cominus ingenti resupinum pondere fudi. Hunc ego poscentem, cum quo concurreret, unus Sustinui ; sortemque meam vovistis, Achivi,

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Neve male optato maneas circumlitus auro. -63. Eloquio, eloquentia. Fidum, amicum. - 64. Desertum Nestora. When the Greeks fled in alarm at the lightning of Jupiter, Nestor, whose horse had been wounded by Paris, seeing Hector coming against him, called to Ulysses for assistance. Ulysses, however, paid no attention to him, and he was rescued by Diomedes.—67. Mihi fingi, a me fingi.-68. Tydides, Diomedes, the son of Tydeus. — 69. Corripuit, upbraid. ed, as Metam. iii. 564: Hunc cetera turba suorum Corripiunt dictis. -70. Mortalia, res mortalium.—71. En introduces something new : now, another time, he requires help. Ulysses was wounded by the Trojans, and cut off from his friends. He called for help, and was rescued by Ajax and Menelaus.—72. Legem sibi dixerat ipse, conditionem qua tractandus esset ipse in Nestoris exemplo praescripserat.—73. Conclamat socios, a rare construction, socios clamando con. vocat. Conclamare generally stands absolute, as an intransitive verb. Trementem-pallentem-trepidantem-jacentem. Words accumulated to strengthen the reproach of cowardice.—79. Post clypeumque late. Here also the most odious expression: hide yourself behind the shield. —82. Deos in proelia ducit. In Homer, Apollo goes before him concealed in a cloud, and spreads terror among the Greeks. 83. Ulixe, ancient form of the vocative, after the Greek.-86. Ingenti pondere, ingenti saxo. Resupinum, ita ut resupinus jaceret. — 87. Poscentem, provocantem ad certamen singulare. - 88. Sortemque

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Et vestrae valuere precis. Si quaeritis hujus
Fortunam pugnae, non sum superatus ab illo.

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Ecce, ferunt Troës ferrumque ignemque Jovemque
In Danaas classes : ubi nunc facundus Ulixes?
Nempe ego mille meo protexi pectore puppes,
Spem vestri reditus. Date tot pro navibus arma!
Quod si vera licet mihi dicere, quaeritur istis,

95 Quam mihi, major honos, conjunctaque gloria nostra est, Atque Ajax armis, non Ajaci arma petuntur. Conferat his Ithacus Rhesum imbellemque Dolona Priamidenque Helenum rapta cum Pallade captum! Luce nihil gestum, nihil est Diomede remoto.

100 Si semel ista datis meritis tam vilibus arma, Dividite, et major pars sit Diomedis in illis.Quo tamen haec Ithaco, qui clam, qui semper inermis Rem gerit, et furtis incautum decipit hostem ? Ipse nitor galeae claro radiantis ab auro

105 Insidias prodet, manifestabitque latentem. Sed neque Dulichius sub Achillis casside vertex Pondera tanta feret, nec non onerosa gravisque

meam vovistis. According to the proposal of Nestor, lots were cast among nine of the bravest of the Greeks, who offered themselves to fight in single combat with Hector. In Homer, the Greeks pray to the gods that_ihe lot may fall upon Ajax, or Diomedes, or Agamemnon. — 91. Jovemque, and the assistance of Jupiter, who took part for a time with ihe Trojans, out of regard for Achilles. — 92. Facundus, with scorn, who can only speak, not fight.-94. Pro navibus, sc, servatis. — 98. Rhesum. Rhesus was a king of Thrace who hastened to the assistance of the Trojans, but was murdered in his sleep by Diomedes and Ulysses, who entered the Trojan camp by night as spies. Imbellemque Dolona. Dolon, a Trojan sent by Hector to reconnoitre the Greek camp, was taken prisoner on his way by Ulysses and Diomedes, and sought to save his life by entreaties and promises (hence imbellis), but was slain

by Diomedes.–99. Pria. midenque Helenum. Helenus, the son of Priam, a soothsayer, was taken prisoner by Ulysses, and compelled to make a revelation as to the fate of Troy; he declared that it could not be taken without Philoctetes. Pallade, Palladio. The Palladium was a wooden image of Pallas, supposed to have fallen from heaven, and preserved with particular care, because it was believed that the nation in whose possession it was, was sure to conquer. Diomedes and Ulysses stole into Troy, and carried it away to the Greek camp. Rapta cum Pallade, simply equivalent to: et captam Palladem. -102. In illis, inter illa. Illorum would be more usual. — 103. Quo, cui bono, to what end. Inermis, not exactly unarmed, but without making use of his arms.-104. Furtis, dolis, insidiis.-106. Manifestabit, a late word, perhaps coined by Ovid.—107. Dulichius, from the island Dulichion, which lies near Ithaca, and, according to some accounts, formed part of the kingdom of Ulysses.—108. Nec non. Nec belongs to potest;

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