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followed; and I made signs again to him to do so. He fell to work, and in an instant he had scraped a hole in the sand with his hands, big enough to bury the first in, and then dragged him into it, and covered him, and did so also by the other. I believe he had buried them both 5 in a quarter of an hour. Then calling him away, I carried him to my cave.

Here I gave him bread and a bunch of raisins to eat, and a draught of water, which I found he was indeed in great distress for; and having refreshed him, I made signs 10 for him to go lie down and sleep, pointing to a place where I had laid a great parcel of rice straw, and a blanket upon it, which I used to sleep upon myself sometimes; so the poor creature lay down, and went to sleep.

After he had slept about half an hour, he waked again, 15 and came out of the cave to me, for I had been milking my goats, which I had in the inclosure just by. When he espied me, he came running to me, laying himself down again upon the ground, with all the possible signs of thankfulness. At last he laid his head flat upon the 20 ground, close to my foot, and set my other foot upon his head, as he had done before, to let me know how he would serve me as long as he lived. I understood him in many things, and let him know I was very well pleased with him. In a little time I began to speak to him and 25 teach him to speak to me; and, first, I made him know his name should be Friday, which was the day I saved his

life. I likewise taught him to say "master," and then let him know that was to be my name. I likewise taught him to say "yes" and "no," and to know the meaning of them.

-DANIEL DEFOE: Robinson Crusoe.

Oral Composition. Tell the story of Robinson Crusoe's man Friday, how Robinson first saw him, his escape from his captors, his rescue by Crusoe, his gratitude.

Word Study. Fill in the following blanks with appropriate words (see page 381):

was a

1. The day was
hot. 2. The sea was
calm. 3. It
wreck. 4. How the sea is after a storm! 5. Did
sunset? 6. I was
frightened. 7. This is
8. We have many
flowers in
our garden.
tree that great elm is! 10. Some dogs have very

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Suffixes.-1. The water had a saltish taste. 2. Friday had a manly face. 3. He showed a childish pleasure in my surroundings. 4. I addressed him in a friendly manner. 5. They attacked their comrade savagely.

What two suffixes are used in the underlined words? Substitute in each sentence a phrase to express the same meaning.

Make a list of ten other words that may take either ly or ish as a suffix.



THE sea! the sea! the open sea!
The blue, the fresh, the ever free!
Without a mark, without a bound,
It runneth the earth's wide regions round;

It plays with the clouds; it mocks the skies;
Or like a cradled creature lies.

I'm on the sea! I'm on the sea!

I am where I would ever be;

With the blue above, and the blue below,
And silence whereso'er I go;

If a storm should come and awake the deep,
What matter? I shall ride and sleep.

I love, oh, how I love to ride
On the fierce, foaming, bursting tide,
When every mad wave drowns the moon
Or whistles aloft his tempest tune,
And tells how goeth the world below,
And why the sou'west blasts do blow.
I never was on the dull, tame shore,
But I lov'd the great sea more and more,
And backwards flew to her billowy breast,
Like a bird that seeketh its mother's nest;
And a mother she was, and is, to me;
For I was born on the open sea!

The waves were white, and red the morn,
In the noisy hour when I was born;
And the whale it whistled, the porpoise roll'd,
And the dolphins bared their backs of gold;
And never was heard such an outcry wild
As welcom'd to life the ocean child!







I've liv'd since then in calm and strife,
Full fifty summers, a sailor's life,
With wealth to spend and a power to range,
But never have sought nor sighed for change;
And Death, whenever he comes to me,
Shall come on the wild, unbounded sea!


1. Read the poem aloud in order to get the swing of the lines. What kind of feeling toward the sea does it give you? 2. Who is supposed to be speaking? 3. Read all the lines that show his love for the sea. Does he love it best in calm or in storm? 4. How can "the mad waves drown the moon"? 5. Why does he call the shore dull and tame? 6. Find all the words that he uses to describe the sea. 7. To what does he compare his return to the sea? 8. What were the various welcomes that he received at his birth? 9. What is a porpoise? A dolphin? 10. Why is death written with a capital?

Nouns. Select and read aloud the names of five objects mentioned in the poem.

Write in columns the names of: 1. Five objects that you can see from your window. 2. Five sounds that you have heard. 3. Five things that you can feel but can neither see nor hear; as, hunger, pain, etc. 4. Five of your classmates. 5. Five places.

These words are all names of something that you can either see, feel, touch, taste, smell, or think of.

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Rule. A word used as a name is a noun.

Use the following nouns in sentences:

1. Longfellow. 2. John. 3. Mary. 4. Mt. Washington. 5. Mississippi. 6. England. 7. book. 8. desk. 9. pencil.

10. thunder. 11. music. 12. noise. 13. wind. 14. storm. 16. sorrow. 17. joy.

18. pain. 19. warmth

15. ocean. 20. anger.

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Mother. "O TELL me, sailor, tell me true,
Is my little lad, my Elihu,

A-sailing with your ship?"
The sailor's eyes were dim with dew.


Sailor. "Your little lad, your Elihu ?"
He said, with trembling lip, -
"What little lad? what ship?"

M. "What little lad? as if there could be
Another such a one as he!

What little lad, do you say?

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