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Canute, called the Great, was a famous king of England, nine hundred years ago; glee'men, singers, minstrels; lam'preys, a rare and costly kind of fish; im pair', harm; prith'ee, I pray thee; lack'eys, servants; court'iers, gentlemen at the court; "The Jewish captain" was Joshua (see Joshua x. 12).
1. How much can you learn from the poem about the king, what kind of a man he was, how long he had reigned, etc.? 2. Which lines show that he realized that even a great king's power is limited? Read them aloud. 3. Why is the ocean called sullen? 4. Why did he never wear his golden crown again? 5. What is a gleeman? What word, meaning the same, is used to describe Orpheus in The Story of Jason? 6. Why is That in the last stanza written with a capital?
Punctuation: The Comma in a Series. What words are used in a series in the first stanza of King Canute? In the fourth stanza? Notice the use of the comma in these series.
Written Exercise. Copy the following sentences, inserting commas where they are needed:—
1. Toiling rejoicing sorrowing
Onward through life he goes. 2. Matthew Mark Luke and John Guard the bed that I lie on. 3. Joy temperance and repose
Slam the door on the doctor's nose. 4. Cæsar came saw and conquered.
5. I slip I slide I gloom I glance
6. Great rats small rats lean rats brawny rats
Brown rats black rats gray rats tawny rats
Brothers sisters husbands wives
Followed the piper for their lives.
7. Ripe in wisdom was he, but patient and simple and childlike
Read the following business letters care
Written Composition. fully. Copy them exactly as they are printed, being sure to place each punctuation mark where it belongs.
THE CENTURY COMPANY,
New York City, N.Y.
Inclosed you will find a post office money order for $3.00 for a year's subscription to St. Nicholas. Please begin my subscription with the new volume.
400 IRVING PLACE,
New York, N.Y.
1140 AMSTERDAM Avenue,
NEW YORK, N.Y.
Please send me as promptly as possible 5 yards of serge like the sample inclosed. Send the goods C.O.D. and oblige
(Mrs.) MARY C. SCOTT.
You will notice that Mrs. in the signature of the second letter is inclosed in a parenthesis. Why is this? How does the complimentary close of these letters differ from the complimentary close of friendly letters?
Write a letter to some coal dealer in your town, either inquiring the price of coal or ordering some. Do not forget that the business man's address, as well as your own, is necessary. Tell him definitely what kind of coal you want and how much and when. Read these class letters aloud, and decide who has written the clearest and most businesslike one.
In writing business letters, in addressing envelopes, etc., it is customary to abbreviate certain words. Those most often abbreviated are given below. Study them until you can write them from dictation. Notice that an abbreviation always ends with a pericd, and that it usually begins with a capital letter.
ABBREVIATIONS IN COMMON USE
May, June, July, are not ab
OLD Tubal Cain was a man of might,
In the days when the earth was young;
And he lifted high his brawny hand
On the iron glowing clear,
Till the sparks. rushed out in scarlet showers,
Hurrah for the Spear and the Sword!
Hurrah for the hand that shall wield them well,
To Tubal Cain came many a one,
As he wrought by his roaring fire,
And each one prayed for a strong steel blade
And he made them weapons sharp and strong,
And gave him gifts of pearls and gold,
And they sang: "Hurrah for Tubal Cain,
But a sudden change came o'er his heart,
Ere the setting of the sun,
And Tubal Cain was filled with pain
For the evil he had done;
He saw that men, with rage and hate,
Made war upon their kind;
That the land was red with the blood they shed,
And he said: "Alas! that ever I made,
Or that skill of mine should plan,
The spear and the sword for men whose joy
And for many a day old Tubal Cain
And his hand forbore to smite the ore,
And bared his strong right arm for work,
"Not alone for the blade was the bright steel made,”
And men, taught wisdom from the past,