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THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

VOL. XVIII.

POTASH TO ROME.

THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA,

OR

UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY

OF

SCIENCE, ART, LITERATURE, AND PRACTICAL MECHANICS,

COMPRISING A

POPULAR VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE.

ILLUSTRATED BY

NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS, A GENERAL ATLAS,

AND APPROPRIATE DIAGRAMS.

Sie oportet ad librum, presertim miscellanei generis, legendum accedere lectorem, ut solet ad convivium conviva civilis.
soovivater anpititur omnibus satisfacere ; et tamen si quid apponitur, quod bujus aut illius palato non respondeat, et hic et
ille erbane dissimulant, et alia fercula probant, ne quid contristent convivatorem.

Erasmus.
A reader should sit down to a book, especially of the miscellaneous kind, as a well-behaved visitor does to a banquet. The
easter of the feast exerts himself to satisfy his guests; but if, after all his care and pains, something should appear on the
table that does not suit this or that person's taste, they politely pase it over without notice, and commend other dishes, that
they may not distress a kind host.

Translation.

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PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE;
R. GRIFFIN & Co., GLASGOW; TEGG AND CO., DUBLIN ; ALSO J. & S. A. TEGG,

SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

1839.

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THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA. .

POT, 1. s.
Fr. and Belg. pot, in all Let me see her Arabian pothooks.

Id. PO'TABLE, adj. the senses; Islandic and

The sheep went first to pot, the goats next, and Pota'tiox, n. s. Dan. potte ; Goth. polt. A after them the oxen, and all little enough to keep POT'HERE, vessel in which meat is life together.

L'Estrange. Рот'воок, , -boiled; any vessel to hold Whenever potters meet with any chalk or marl POTLID, liquids; a cup: ' to go to hold burning, yet, whenever any water comes near

mixed with their clay, though it will with the clay POT'SHERD,

pot,' to be destroyed or Pot'TAGE, devoured : to pot is to pre- and marl will slack and spoil their ware.

any such pots after they are burnt, both the chalk Pot'TER. serve in pots : potable is

Mortimer. . drinkable : potation, a draught : potherb is a Acorns, mast, and other seeds may be kept well, Berb fit for boiling : pot-hook and pot-lid ex- by being barrelled or potted up with moist sand. plain themselves : potsherd (pot and sherd, from

Id. Belg. schaerde ; properly potshard), a fragment of A potter will not have any chalk or marl mixed a broken poi : pottage, any thing boiled for food. with the clay.

Id. Husbandry.

Pot them in natural, not forced earth ; a layer of Jacob sod pottage, and Esau came from the fie.a faint.

Genesis.

nca mould beneath and about this natural earth to

nourish the fibres, but not so as to touch the bulbs. The woman left her water-pot, and went her way, John.

Evelyn.

Where solar beams
He on the ashes sits, his fate deplores ;
And with a potsherd scrapes the swelling sores.

Parch thirsty human veins, the damasked meads
Sandys.

Unforced display ten thousand painted flowers

Useful in potables.
Toad that under the cold stone

Philips. Sweltered, venom sleeping got ;

Sir Tristram telling us tobacco was a potherb, bid

the drawer bring in t' other half pint. Taller. Boil thou first i'th' charmed pot. Shakspeare. But that I think his father loves him not,

Suppose your eyes sent equal rays I'd have him poisoned with a pot of ale. Id.

Upon two distant pots of ale,

Not knowing which was mild or stale. Prior. My thoughts are whirled like a poller's wheel.

Id.

He like the potter in a mould has cast
The world's great fame.

Id. I learnt it in England, where they are most potent in potting

Id. Othello.

John's ready money went into the lawyers' pockets ;

then John began to borrow money upon the bank Thou best of gold art worst of gold, Other less fine in carat is more precious,

stock, now and then a farm went to poi. Preserving life in medicine potablo. Shakspeare.

Arbuthnot's History of John Bull. If I had a thousand sons, the first human princi

Of alimentary leaves, the olera or potherbs afford ple I would teach them, should be to forswear thin

an excellent nourishment; amongst those are the cole or cabbage kind.

Arbuthnot. Dotations, and to addict themselves to sack.

Id. Henry IV.

The columella is a fine, thin, light, bony tube, the

bottom of which spreads about, and gives it the reAt this day at Gaza, they couch potsherds of vessels of earth in their walls to gather the wind from semblance of a wooden potlid in country houses.

Derham. the top, and pass it in spouts into rooms. Bacon's Natural History. A soldier drinks his pot, and then offers payment.

Swift. Dig a pit upon the sea shore, somewhat above the

Leaves eaten raw are termed sallad ; if boiled, high-water mark; and sink it as deep as the lowwater mark; and, as the tide cometh in,

it will fill they become potherbs: and some of those plants with water fresh and potable.

Bacon.

which are pot-herbs in one family, are sallads in another.

Watts. The said potable gold should be endued with a capacity of being agglutinated and assimilated to the who seasons pottage, or expels the gout;

For great the man, and useful, without doubt, inpaie heat. Rivers run potable gold. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Whose science keeps life in, and keeps death out.

Harte. Gigantic minds, as soon as work was done, To their huge pots of boiling pulse would run,

POTAGER, n. s. From Pottage. A porFell to with eager joy:

Dryden. ringer.
Potted fowl and fish come in so fast,

An Indian dish or potager, made of the bark of That ere the first is out the second stinks,

a tree, with the sides and rim sewed together after And mouldy mother gathers on the brinks. Id. the manner of twiggen-work. Grew's Museum. Whence come broken potsherds tumbling down, POTAMOGETON, pond weed, a genus of And leaky ware from garret windows thrown : Well may they break our heads.

the tetragynia order, and tetrandria class of plants; Some press the plants with sherds of potter's clay. natural order fifteenth, inundatæ : cal. none;

Id.' petals four; no style, and four seeds. There Egypt baser than the beasts they worship; are twelve species, all of them vegetables floating Below their potherb gods that grow in gardens.

on the surface of stagnant waters, affording

Id. agreeable shade to fish, and food to cattle.
Vol XVIII.-PART 1.

B

Id.

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