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losopbic folly. The operation was scarce over, when in came my experimental philosopher, and told me, with all the indifference in the world, that he had invited six gentlemen to dine with him at three o'clock. It was then past one. I complained of the short notice, "Poh! poh!" said he, u you can get a lee of mutton, and a loin of veal, and a few potatoes, which will do well enough." Heaven! what a chaos must the head of a philosopher be! a leg of mutton, a loin of veal, and potatoes ! I was at a loss whether I should laugh or be angry; but there was no time fur determining: 1 had but an hour and a half to do a world of business in. My carpet, which had suffered in the cause of experimental philosophy in the morning, was destined to be most shamefully dishonoured in the afternoon by a deluge of nasty tobacco juice. Gentlemen smokers love segars better than carpets. Think, Sir, what a woman must endure under such circumstances; and then, after all, to be reproached with her cleanliness, and to have her white-washings, her scourings, and scrubbings, made the subject of ridicule ; it is more than patience can put up with. What I have now exhibited is but a small specimen of the injuries we sustain from the boasted superiority of men. But we will not be laughed out of our cleanliness. A woman would rather be called any thing than a slut, as a man would rather be thought a knave than a fool. I had a great deal more to say, but am called away; we are just preparing to white-wash, and of course I nave a deal of business on my hands. The white-wash buckets are paraded, the brushes are ready, my husband is gone off—so much the better; when we are upon a thorough cleaning, the first dirty thing to be removed is one's husband. I am called for ;ftgain. Adieu.
Final Speech Of Dr. Franklin In Tne Late
Mr. President i— ,
I Confess that I do not entirely approve ofthis constitution at present; but, Sir, I am not sure I shall never approve it; for having lived long, I have experienced many instances »f being obliged, by better in
* Our reasons for ascribing this speech to Dr. Franklin, are its interna? evidence, and its having appeared with his name, during his lifetime, uncontradicted, in an American periodical publication.
formation, or fuller consideration, to change opinions even on important subjects, which I once thought right, but found to be otherwise. It is, therefore, that the older I grow, the more apt I am to doubt my own judgment, and to pay more respect to the judgment of others. Most men, indeed, as well as most sects in religion, Think themselves in possession of all truth, and that whenever others differ from them, it is so far error. Steele, a Proetestant, in a dedication, teUs the Pope, that, "the only difference between our two churches, in their opinions of the certainty of their doctrines is, the Romish church is infallible, and the church of England neve* in the wrong." But, though many private persons think almost as highly of their own infallibility as that of their sect, few express it so naturally as a certain French lady, who, in a little dispute with her sister, said, " I don't know how it happens, sister, but I meet with nobody but myself that is always in the right." // n'y a que ttwi qui a toujours raison. In these sentiments, Sir, I agree to this constitution, with all its faults, if they are such; because I think a general government necessary for us, and there is no form of government but what may be a blessing, if well administered ; and 1 believe, farther, that this is likely to he well administered for a course of years, and] can only end in despotism, as other forms have done before it, when the people shall become so corrupted as to need despotic government, being incapable of any other. I doubt, too, whether any other convention we can obtain may be able to make a better constitution: for when you assemble a number of. men, to have the advantage of their joint wisdom, you inevitably assemble with those men all their prejudices, their passions, their errors of opinion, their local interests, and their selfish views. From such an assembly can a perfect production be expected ? It therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this system approachingso neurto perfection as it does ; and I think it will astonish our enemies, who are waiting with confidence, to hear that our councils are confounded, like those of the builders of Babel, *Uid that our States are on the point of separation, only to meet hereafter for the purpose of cutting each other's throats.
Thus I consent, Sir, to this constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure that this is not the best. The opinions I have had of its errors -I sacrifice to the public good. I have never whispered a syllable of them abroad. Within these walls they were born, and here they shall die. If every one of us, in returning to our constituents, were to report the objections he has had to it, and endeavour to gain partisans in support of them, we might prevent its being generally received, and thereby lose all the salutary effects and great advantages resulting naturally in our favour among foreign nations, as well as among ourselves, from our real or apparent unanimity. Much of the strength and efficiency of any government, in procuring and securing happiness to the people, depends on opinion ; on the general opinion of the goodness of that government, as well as of the wisdom and integrity of its governors.
I hope, therefore, that for our awn sakes, as a part of the people, and for the sake of our posterity, we shall act heartily and unanimously in recommending this constitution, wherever our influence may extend, and turn our future thoughts and endeavours to the means of having it well administered.
On the whole, Sir, I cannot help expressing a wish, that every member of the Convention, who may still have objections, would with me, on this occasion, doubt a little of his own infallibility, and to make manifest our unanimity, put his name to this instrument.
[The motion was then made for adding the last formula, viz.—
"Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent," &c. which was agreed to, and added accordingly.] %
Life of Dr. Franklin, as written by himself - - - 5 Continuation of his Life, by Dr. Stuber - - - . 69 Extracts from his Will IQg
ESSAYS. On Early Marriages -------____ 173
On the Death of his Brother, Mr. John Franklin - 114
To the late Dr. Mather of Boston 115
The Whistle : a true Story, written to his Nenhew 117
A Petition of the Left Hand _ TM jjg
The Handsome and Deformed Leg ----__ 119 Conversation of a Company of Ephemera: with the Soliloquy of one advanced in Age - - - . 101 .1..-.,1. . .• ..1 a **J
The Art of procuring Pleasant Dreams - - - - log
Advice to a Young Tradesman Ioq
Necessary Hints to those, that would be Hich - - 131 The Way to make Money plenty in every Man's
Pocket -----------___ '30
An Economical Project -----__ "m
Sketch of an English School "- 137
On modern Innovations in the English Language
and m Printing .. »""s<=
An account of the highest Court of Judicature in
Pennsylvania, viz. the Court of the Press - - - 147
Paper: a Poem J^X
On the Art of Swimming "JS
New Mode of Bathing "154
Observations on the generally prevailing Doctrines
ot Life and Death -----_- j«
Precautions to be used by those who are about to
undertake a Sea Voyage 1SR
On Luxury, Idleness, and Industry -..."" tm
On the Slave Trade ,S
Observations on War -----__ "\ZZ
On the Impress of Seamen - - - . "TM
On the Criminal Laws, and the Practice of Piiva
Remarks concerning the Savases of North Amerii-n Itt To Mr.Dubourg concerningV DiiTntTons £ ,77
tweeu England and America - - - _ _ - 182
A comparison of the conduct of the Ancient Jews,
Preliminary Address to the Pennsylvania Almanac,
1758" ^ - - - 192