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decision shall have been made upon any act of Congress, or upon any section
or clause of such act, the same shall be cited specifically. And if any previous
interpretation or construction shall have been given to such act, section, or
clause, by the said department or bureau transmitting such statement, the same
shall be set forth succinctly in said statement, and a copy of the opinion filed,
if
any,

shall be annexed to such statement and transmitted with the same to the Attorney General aforesaid. And where any decision in the case shall have been based upon any regulation of an executive department, or where such reg. ulation shall or may, in the opinion of the department, bureau, or officer transmitting such statement, have any bearing upon the claim in suit, the same shall be distinctly referred to and quoted in extenso in the statement transınitted to said Attorney General: Provided, however, That where there shall be pending in said court more than one case, or a class of cases, the defence to which shall rest upon the same facts, circumstances, and proofs, the said department, bureau, or officer shall only be required to certify and transmit one statement of the same, and such statement shall be held to apply to all such classes of cases as if made out, certified, and transmitted in each case respectively.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the head of any executive department, whenever any claim is made upon said department involving disputed facts or controverted questions of law, where the amount in controversy exceeds three thousand dollars, or where the decision will affect a class of cases or furnish a precedent for the future action of any executive department in the adjustment of a class of cases, without regard to the amount involved in the particular case, or where any authority, right, privilege, or exemption is claimed or denied under the Constitution of the United States, to cause such claim, with all the vouchers, papers, proofs, and documents pertaining thereto, to be transmitted to the Court of Claims, and the same shall be there proceeded in as if originally commenced by the voluntary action of the claimant. And the Secretary of the Treasury may, upon the certificate of any Auditor or Comptroller of the Treasury, direct any account, matter, or claim of the character, amount, or class described or limited in this section to be transmitted, with all the vouchers, papers, documents, and proofs pertaining thereto, to the said Court of Claims, for trial and adjudication: Provided, however, That no case shall be referred by any head of a department unless it belongs to one of the several classes of cases to which, by reason of the subject matter and character, the said Court of Claims might, under existing laws, take jurisdiction on such voluntary action of the claimant. And all the cases mentioned in this section which shall be transmitted by the head of any executive department, or upon the certificate of any Auditor or Comptroller, shall be proceeded in as other cases pending in said court, and shall, in all respects, be subject to the same rules and regulations ; and appeals from the final judgments or decrees of said court therein to the Supreme Court of the United States shall be allowed in the manner now provided by law." The amount of the final judgments or decrees in such cases so transmitted to said court, where rendered in favor of the claimants, shall in all cases be paid out of any specific appropriation applicable to the same, if any such there be; and where no such appropriation exists, the same shall be paid in the same manner as other judgments of said court.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That no person shall file or prosecute any claim or suit in the Court of Claims, or an appeal therefrom, for or in respect to which he or any assignee of his shall have commenced and has pending any suit or process in any other court against any officer or person who, at the time of the cause of action alleged in such suit or process arose, was in

respect thereto acting or professing to act, mediately or immediately, under the authority of the United States; unless such suit or process, if now pending in such other court, sball be withdrawn or dismissed within thirty days after the passage of this act.

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Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the clerk of the said Court of Claims to transmit to Congress, at the commencement of every December session, a full and complete statement of all the judgments rendered by the said court for the previous year, stating the amounts thereof and the parties in whose favor rendered, together with a brief synopsis of the nature of the claims upon which said judgments have been rendered.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That all provisions of any act incompatible herewith be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

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AN ACT constituting eight hours a day's work for all laborers, workmen, and mechanics

employed by or on behalf of the government of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That eight hours shall constitute a day's work for all laborers, workmen, and mechanics now employed, or who may be hereafter employed, by or on behalf of the government of the United States ; and that all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

[Public-No. 47.]

AN ACT' for the relief of certain exporters of rum.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act of January eleventh, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, entitled "An act to prevent frauds in the collection of tax on distilled spirits,” be so construed as to permit rum, which at the date of the

passage of said act was already distilled or redistilled and intended for export and actually contracted for to be delivered for exportation, to be withdrawn, removed, and exported from the United States under such transportation and export bonds and regulations as were required therefor immediately prior to the passage of said act, and as shall be provided for hereafter : Provided, That all such spirits shall be actually exported within sixty days from the passage of this act; and that before any such exportation shall be permitted, proof in writing shall be furnished by sworn evidence, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, that such rum was in fact at the date mentioned intended for export and distilled or redistilled for that purpose or actually contracted for to be so exported. And upon failure to so export the same within said sixty days, the tax thereon shall become due and payable, and the bonds given for the transportation and export thereof shall be forfeited and collected, as in case of such bonds not cancelled according to law.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

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(PUBLIC—No. 48.] AN ACT to re-establish the boundaries of the collection districts of Michigan and Michili

mackinac, and to change the names of the collection districts of Michilimackinac and Port Huron,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the collection district of Michigan

shall be extended so as to embrace all the territory and waters of the State of Michigan lying west of the principal meridian and south of the latitudinal line dividing townships number forty-three from townships number forty-four, north of the base line of said State, excluding the territory bordering Green Bay and including the island of Bois Blanc.

Šec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the collection district of Michilimackinac shall hereafter be called the district of Superior, and shall embrace all that part of the upper peninsula of the State of Michigan lying east of the principal meridian, all the islands in, and bordering upon, the Saint Marie river, and all that part of the State of Michigan lying west of the principal meridian and north of the latitudinal line dividing townships number forty-three from townships number forty-four, north of the base line of the said State, including the territury in said State bordering Green Bay, together with all the islands, waters, and shores of Lake Superior and the adjacent territory unto the headwaters of all the rivers and streams tributary thereto and within the jurisdiction of the United States.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the collection district of Port Huron, in the State of Michigan, shall hereafter be called the district of Huron.

Approved, June 25, 1868

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PUBLIC_No. 49.)

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AN ACT to extend the boundaries of the collection district of Philadelphia so as to include

the whole consolidated city of Philadelphia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the port of entry and delivery of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is hereby extended so as to include within its boundaries the whole consolidated city of Philadelphia.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

[PUBLIC_No. 50.] AN ACT to amend an act entitled "An act to provide for carrying the mails from the United

States to foreign ports, and for other purposes," approved March twenty-five, eighteen hundred and sixty-four.

Be it enacted by the Smate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the operation of the fourth section of an act to provide for carrying the mails of the United States to foreign ports, and for other purposes, approved March twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixtyfour, shall cease and determine on and after the thirtieth day of September, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight. Approved, June 25, 1868.

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[PUBLIC_No. 51.] AN ACT relative to filing reports of railroad companies. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the reports required to be made to the Secretary of the Treasury on or before the first day of July of each year, by the corporations created by or entitled to subsidies under the provisions of an act entitled “An act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes,” approved July first, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and the acts supplemental to and amendatory thereof, shall hereafter be made to the Secretary of the Interior, on or before the first day of October of each year. Said reports shall furnish full and specific information upon the several points mentioned in the twentieth section of the said act of eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and shall be verified as therein prescribed, and on failure to make the same as herein required, the issue of bonds or patents to the company in default shall be suspended until the requirements of this act shall be complied with by such company. And the reports hitherto made to the Secretary of the Treasury under the said act of July first, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, shall be transferred and delivered by him to the Secretary of the Interior to be filed by him.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the corporations created by the provisions of the acts of Congress approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, and July twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, and known as the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company, and the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, shall make reports to the Secretary of the Interior on or before the first of October of each year, as are required to be made by the Union Pacific railroad and branches, under the provisions of the first section of this act, and on failure so to do, shall be subject to the like suspension.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the reports required from the commissioners appointed to examine and report in relation to the road of any of the corporations whereto reference is made in this act, shall be addressed to and filed in the Department of the Interior; and all such reports heretofore made shall be transferred to and filed in said Department of the Interior; and so much of any and all acts as requires any reports from such companies, or any officers thereof, to be made to the Secretary of the Treasury, is hereby repealed.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, in addition to the eight subjects referred to in section twenty of the act of July, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, to be reported upon, there shall also be furnished annually to the Secretary of the Interior all reports of engineers, superintendents, or other officers who make annually reports to any of said railroad companies.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

[PUBLIC_No. 52.] AN ACT appropriating money to sustain the Indian commission and carry out treaties made

thereby. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That for the purpose of carrying out treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes, and defraying the expenses and disbursements made by the commission authorized by the act of July twenty, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, entitled "An act to establish peace with certain hostile Indian tribes, during the year eighteen hundred and sixty-eight,” the sum of

one hundred and fifty thousand dollars is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be expended under the direction of said commission.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

[Public-No. 53.] AN ACT to change the times of holding the district and circuit courts of the United States

in the several districts in the State of Tennessee, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the circuit and district courts for the district of East Tennessee shall hereafter be held at Knoxville, on the second Mondays of January and July in each year; and for the district of Middle Tennessee, at Nashville, on the third Mondays of April and October of each year; and for the district of West Tennessee, at Memphis, on the fourth Mondays of May and November, of each year; and that all recognizances, indictments, or other proceedings, civil and criminal, now pending or returnab said courts, shall be entered in court and be heard and tried according to the times of holding said courts as herein provided. This act shall take effect from and after the first Monday in July, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

[PUBLIC-No. 54.] AN ACT to amend an act entitled "An act granting lands to aid in the construction of a

jailroad and telegraph line from the Central Pacific railroad, in California, to Portland, in Oregon."

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section six of an act entitled “An act granting lands to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Central Pacific railroad, in California, to Portland, in Oregon," approved July twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, be so amended as to provide that instead of the times now fixed in said section, the first section of twenty miles of said railroad and telegraph shall be completed within eighteen months from the passage of this act, and at least twenty miles in each two years thereafter, and the whole on or before the first day of July, anno Domini eighteen hundred and eighty.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

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(Public-No. 55.] AN ACT relating to the Supreme Court of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in case of a vacancy in the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, or of his inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve upon the associate justice of said court whose commission is senior in time, until such inability shall be removed or another appointment shall be duly made and the person so appointed shall be duly qualified, and this act shall apply to every person succeeding to the office of Chief Justice pursuant to its provisions.

Approved, June 25, 1868.

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