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thereof as may
For the purchase of cattle for beef and milk, together with clothing and food, teams and farming tools for Indians in California, forty thousand dollars. For
pay of one physician, twelve hundred dollars; one blacksmith, seven hundred and fifty dollars; one assistant blacksmith, five hundred dollars; one farmer, seven hundred and twenty dollars ; one teacher, seven hundred and fifty dollars; and one carpenter, seven hundred and twenty dollars, upon each of the reservations in California; and one miller, at seven hundred and fifty dollars, upon each of the Round Valley and Hoopa Valley reservations.
For the purchase of a grist and saw mill, Round Valley reservation, California, five thousand dollars.
For expenses of removal and subsistence of Indians, not parties to any treaty, in Oregon and Washington Territory, and for pay of necessary employees, twenty thousand dollars.
For an amount to pay the settlers of Hoopa Valley for their personal property left
upon the Hoopa Valley reservation at the time the government took possession, four thousand two hundred and sixty-seven dollars.
For removing the Indians from Smith's River reservation to Hoopa Valley and Round Valley reservations, three thousand five hundred dollars, or so much
be necessary, and the Smith River reservation is hereby discontinued.
NAVAJO INDIANS OF NEW MEXICO. For amount of deficiency expended in subsisting the Navajoes at the Bosque Redondo, according to the contract made by Theodore H. Dodd, from the twenty-second of May, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, until their removal to their old homes, twenty-one thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, at eleven cents per ration.
For cost of removal of the Navajoes from the Bosque Redondo to their old home, and for sheep, cattle, and corn, as provided for in article twelve of the new treaty, one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be needed.
For annuity goods, not exceeding five dollars per head, as provided in article eight of the new treaty, thirty-eight thousand five hundred dollars.
For seeds, farming implements, work cattle, and other stock, provided for in article seven of said treaty, two hundred thousand dollars, to be expended under the direction of Lieutenant General Sherman, of the Indian peace commission.
For constructing warehouse, agency building, blacksmith and carpenter's shop, and school-house, per article three of said treaty, twelve thousand five hundred dollars, to be expended under the direction of Lieutenant General Sherman, of the Indian
commission. To enable the Secretary of the Interior to take charge of certain stray bands of Pottawatomie and Winnebago Indians, in the State of Wisconsin, five thousand dollars.
For salary of a special agent to take charge of Winnebago and Pottawatomie Indians now in the State of Wisconsin, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For subsistence, clothing, and general incidental expenses of the Sisseton, Wahpeton, Medawakanton, and Waupakoota bands of Sioux or Dakota Indians, known as the Santee Sioux, at their new homes near the mouth of the Niobrara, fifty thousand dollars.
For payment of interest on one million six hundred and ninety thousand three hundred dollars, pon-paying stock, held by the Secretary of the Interior in trust for various Indian tribes, up to and including the interest payable July first, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, one hundred thousand one hundred and fifty-three dollars. T, pay the expenses
of a commissioner to be appointed to fix the cost of
property and improvements on farms confiscated and sold by Cherokee nation, under laws of said nation made during the late rebellion, two thousand seven hundred and sixty dollars.
For payment of interest on fifteen thousand dollars, abstracted bonds, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, for the Cherokee school fund, nine hundred dollars.
For payment of interest on sixty-eight thousand dollars, abstracted bonds, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, of the Cherokee national fund, four thousand and eighty dollars.
For insurance, transportation, and necessary expenses of the delivery of annuities and provisions to the Indian tribes in Minnesota and Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For insurance, transportation, and necessary expenses of the delivery to the Pawnee, Ponca, and Yancton Sioux Indians of annuity goods and provisions, eight thousand dollars.
For this amount to pay the interest on certain non-paying stock held in trust by the Secretary of the Treasury for the Chickasaw Indians, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, fifty-nine thousand nine hundred and twenty-nine dollars and ninety-nine cents.
For completing the construction of irrigating canal on the Colorado reservation in Arizona, fifty thousand dollars.
For actual necessary expenses incurred, and that may hereafter be incurred by officers of the Indian department in the rescue of prisoners from Indian tribes and returning them to their homes, and for expenses incident to the arrest and confinement within the territory of the United States, by order of such officers, of persons charged with crimes against the Indians, five thousand dollars.
For this amount, or so much thereof as may be necessary to establish the Shoshones, Bannocks, and other strolling bands of Indians in the southern portion of Idaho Territory, on the Fort Hall reservation, on Snake river, Idaho Territory, including the transportation of all necessary articles and the material and labor for the construction of the houses and mills and pay of
necessary employees for one year, thirty thousand dollars : Provided, That none of the payments herein provided for shall be made unless the Secretary of the Interior shall be satisfied that the tribes, bands, or individuals named have observed the treaty stipulations under which such payments have become due, and also the provisions of any other treaties with the government to which they may be parties; or in case of portions of said tribes or bands have observed all of said obligations, payments shall be made to them pro rata.
For this amount for the purpose of carrying out the treaty stipulations, making and preparing homes, furnishing provisions, tools and farming utensils, and furnishing food for such bands of Indians with which treaties have been made by the Indian peace commission and not yet ratified, and defraying the expenses of the commission in making such treaties, and carrying their provisions into effect, five hundred thousand dollars, to be expended under the direction of Lieutenant General Sherman of said commission, and drawn from the treasury upon his requisition upon the Secretary of the Interior.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all goods and merchandise furnished any tribe or band of Indians under the provisions of this act shall be turned over by the agent or superintendent of such tribe or band to the chiefs of the tribe or band, to be distributed to the tribe or band by the chiefs in such manner as the chiefs may deem best, and the delivery of all such goods and merchandise, or annuities of any character, shall be made in the presence of a military officer not below the rank of captain, to be detailed for that purpose by the cominander of the department in which the delivery shall be made, where such an officer shall be stationed within fifty miles of the place of delivery, which officer shall attest by his certificate the receipt thereof; and no receipt by Indians for goods or
property to any superintendent or agent shall be valid to discharge such officer, unless the same be accompanied by the certificate of such military officer, showing that said goods were actually delivered, and are of the quantity and quality stated in the invoice or bill thereof, a copy of which shall be attached to the receipt.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sum of three thousand five hundred dollars, provided for in the tenth article of the treaty of March sixth, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, with the Sacs, Foxes, and lowas, to be expended by the Secretary of the Interior in the construction of a toll bridge across the Great Nemaha river, may be applied to the purchase of oxen and agricultural implements, and so forth, for the use of said Indians, in compliance with their request.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the sum of ten thousand three hundred and fifty-six dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the Secretary of the Interior to defray the expenses of the Cherokee delegation to Washington, District of Columbia, during the year eighteen hundred and sixty-seven : Provided, That said sum be refunded to the treasury of the United States out of that portion of the proceeds of the sale of the Cherokee neutral lands in Kansas applicable to Cherokee national purposes. .
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Committees on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall examine the claim of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians for all matters of difference between them and the government of the United States, and shall report the result of said examination to their respective houses at the next session of Congress.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the Mendocino Indian reservation in California be restored to the public lands of the United States, and the Secretary of the Interior shall cause the same to be surveyed and offered for sale in legal subdivisions, at not less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre : Provided, That any improvement of the United States on said reservation shall be appraised by the register and receiver of the land office of the district, and be paid for by the purchaser of the land on which they are located : Provided further, That all improvements made by any persons on said reservation before the passage of this act, shall be the sole property of the person making them, who shall have priority of purchase of six hundred and forty acres of land covering and adjoining said improvements, and all said lands shall be sold and disposed of for money only.
Approved, July 27, 1868.
[Public—No. 101.] AN ACT concerning the rights of American citizens in foreign states. Whereas the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people, indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and whereas in the recognition of this principle, this government has freely received emigrants from all nations, and invested them with the rights of citizenship; and whereas it is claimed that such American citizens, with their descendents, are subjects of foreign states, owing allegiance to the governments thereof; and whereas it is necessary to the maintenance of public peace that this claim of foreign allegiance should be promptly and finally disavowed : Therefore,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any declaration, instruction, opinion, order, or decision of any officers of this government which denies,
restricts, impairs, or questions the right of expatriation, is hereby declared inconsistent with
the fundamental principles of this government. Sec. 2. And be ut further enacted, That all naturalized citizens of the United States, while in foreign states, shall be entitled to, and shall receive from this government, the same protection of persons and property that is accorded to native-born citizens in like situations and circumstances.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That whenever it shall be made known to the President that any citizen of the United States has been unjustly deprived of his liberty by or under the authority of any foreign government, it shall be the duty of the President forthwith to demand of that government the reasons for such imprisonment, and if it appears to be wrongful and in violation of the rights of American citizenship the President shall forthwith demand the release of such citizen, and if the release so demanded is unreasonably delayed or refused, it shall be the duty of the President to use such means, not amounting to acts of war, as he may think necessary and proper to obtain or effectuate such release, and all the facts and proceedings relative thereto shall as soon as practicable be communicated by the President to Congress.
Approved, July 27, 1868.
AN ACT to establish a new land district in the State of Nebraska.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all that portion of the Omaha, land district in the State of Nebraska included within the following limits, to wit : On the east by the line dividing ranges six and seven east; on the north by the line dividing townships twenty and twenty-one north ; on the south by the south bank of the Platte river ; and on the west by the west boundary of the State, shall constitute an additional land district, to be called the “Grand Island” district, the location of the office for which shall be designated by the President of the United States, and shall by him, from time to time, be changed as the public interest may seem to require.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President be, and is hereby authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, a register and a receiver for said land district, who shall be required to reside at the site of their office, have the same powers, responsibilities, and emoluments, and be subject to the same acts and penalties which are or may be prescribed by law in relation to other land officers in said State.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President is hereby authorized to cause the public lands in said district, with the exception of such as may have been or may be reserved for other purposes, to be exposed to sale in the same manner and upon the same terms and conditions as other public lands of the United States: Provided, That all sales and locations made at the office of the old district of lands situated within the limits of the new district which shall be valid and right in other respects, up to the day on which the new office shall go into operation, be, and the same are hereby, confirmed.“
Approved, July 27, 1968.
[Public-No. 103.] AN ACT to regulate the sale of hay in the District of Columbia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all hay and straw, which
may be sold by weight in the District of Columbia, shall be sold by the net hundred, and every twenty hundred pounds net weight shall be a ton.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and
after its passage.
Approved, July 27, 1868.
[PUBLIC-No. 104.) AN ACT to incorporate the Evening Star Newspaper Company, of Washington. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Crosby S. Noyes, Clarence B. Laker, Alexander R. Shepherd, George W. Adams, and Samuel H. Kauffman, and their associates and successors, are hereby created and declared a body corporate and politic by the name and style of the Evening Star Newspaper Company, of Washington, for the purpose of carrying on the business of printing and publishing at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, and shall and may have perpetual succession, and be empowered in law to contract and be contracted with, to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered, defend and be defended in all courts of law and equity, and els[e]where, to make and use a common seal, and to change, alter, or renew the same at their pleasure, to adopt by-laws, issue certificates of stock, and generally to do and perform all things relative to the objects of their corporation, which is now and shall be lawful for
individual or body politic or corporate to do. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the affairs of said company shall be managed by a board of directors consisting of not less than five members or stockholders, three of whom shall constitute a quorum; and the officers thereof shall consist of a president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer, who, with such other stockholders as may be added by the board, shall constitute an executive committee, which may, when the board of directors are not in session, exercise all the powers vested in the company, (except as may be otherwise provided by the board of directors in the by.laws of the company,) and a majority of the same shall constitute a quorum.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the capital stock of the company shall not be less than one hundred thousand dollars, nor more than two hundred thousand dollars, in shares of one thousand dollars each; and every
stockholder shall be entitled to one vote at the elections of the
share therein by him or her owned ; and a plurality of votes cast at any election shall elect.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the company shall have power to hold real estate suitable and proper for the conduct of its business ; and the directors thereof shall have power to declare such dividends of the profits of the company, as they may deem proper.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the stockholders in said company shall be individually liable for the debts of the company to the extent of the stock held by them respectively, at its par value.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That Congress may at any time alter, amend, or revoke the said corporation.
Approved, July 27, 1868.