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a general meeting convened for that purpose) HIGHLAND SOCIETY OF SCOTLAND to five-sixths of the trustees, that this institu- Anniversary meeting was held at their hall, tion should be dissolved, then the debts due Edinburgh, Ján. 11. -The premiums voled for to the society shall be collected, and the stock the year 1808, were for raising greea crops, mecouverted into money, when the several sums liorating the breed of cattle, io ploughmen før advanced by the trustees shall be restored to improvement in ploughing; also, for the introthem, and the surplus, if any, be applied to duction of woollen manufactories into the the use of such charitable' institutions, or Highlauds ; also for essays, containing inforpurposes, as to a majority of the trustees may mation on different useful subjects.appear most proper; but if it should be found Also for the erection of machinery, and that a loss bas been sustained, then the the introduction into Kintyre, Argyleshire, remaining funds shall be divided amongst of a manufactory'for carding and spinning of the trustees, in the proportion of their several wool, and making the same into cloth ; also subscriptions.- Patron, Sir Robert Peel, Bart. for an improved plough, and other machinery. M. P. Treasurer, N. Heywood, Esq.

A plan for the establishment of a Caledo

nian Asylum in London, for the mainteANIMALS' FRIEND.

nance and education of the sons and daughOn Tuesday, January 23, Lord Erskine, ters of Scottish sailors, soldiers, and marines, in the House of Lords,' gave notice of his brought forward by the Highland Society in intention, early in the session, to present a London, and communicated to them by this bill for more effectually preventing wanton society through Sir John Sinclair, Bari. was cruelty to animals—a practice, the suppression then laid upon the table, with the report froin of which is equally called for by public the directors thereupon. It is proposed that morals and the law of God. - Compare Pano- in this institution, besides reading, writing, raina, Vol. IV. p. 967, where this inten- and arithmetic, that the boys shall receive tion was first hinted at.

such preparatory instruction as may be necesTo the Editor of the Literary Panorama. sary to qualify them for the royal navy, the

arıny, merchant service, or the fisheries. The Dear Sir,--cannot but most heartily con- girls also to receive an education suited to gratulate you on the revival of that spirit of their situation in life ; and for the purpose humanity, which is now in exercise among of bringing up the children in habits of indusny generous countrymen,toward the Brute try, it was proposed to introduce into the esCreation. After what has been mentioned in tablishmeni certain manufacturers of niecha. your Panorama on this subject,* every phi- nic arts, adapted to their subsequent pursuits. lanthropic mind must have exulted in seeing The attention of the society was next called any of the plans there proposed carried into to the spirited conduct of two individuals, effect. Among these, Sir, I mention the zea- who, among many others of our gallant Jous attention of our chief city magistrate, countrymen had particularly distinguished who must endear himself to every friend of themselves at the battle of Vimiera, so as to huinanity, in having posted his marshals in attract the notice of Major-General FergusSmithfield on the market days, who have, son, under whose command the 7 ist High. so much to their praise, brought many land regiment, to which they belonged, ħad delinquents to punishment.

been placed. The one was Angus Mackay, On Sunday last, Sir, I was no less gratified then a corporal in the 71st regiment, but who in observing the scavengers employed in had since been very deservedly promoted to a Thames Street in removing the snow (not commission, and who refused to accept of being able to separate the dirt from it), London the French general Breivier's watch and purse Bridge, exhibited the same scene; and was when tendered to him by that officer at the moreover covered with ashes, for securing time he was taken prisoner. The other was the ease, comfort, and safety of our noble Steward, the piper of the grenadier company animals; and not less conducive to the benen of the same regiment, who, after being fil of our grand commercial city. May these dangerously wounded, continued to play upon

jhonourable patrons of patient suffering con- his pipe to animate the men. tinue and increase, and may they rcap the The meeting unanimously resolved, that a blessings of an approving conscience, and gold medal, with suitable device and inscripthe mercy of him, who has enjoined us to tion, should be presented by the society to shew mercy to ull, and forbidden cruelty Mr. Mackay, as a mark of the sense the (in every shape, either of commission or society entertains of his meritorious, manly. omission) as a sin, and a very great sin! and disinterested conduct, as above stated. New Kent Road,

I am, Sir, &c.

And that a handsome stand of Highland pipes, Jan. 20, 1809. A Constant Reader with a prosper inscription engraved thereon,

shall be given to Steward the piper, for his See papers on the Animals' Friend, in the highly spirited and laudable conduct at the pumbers for July anu Scpteinber 1807, et al. ba tule of Viiniera.

William .......

his money in a commercial concern which DIDASCALIA.

had failed. Lord Austencourt who svished to DRURY LANE THEATRE.

bribe his victim, and her father into silence, On Thursday, Jan. 5, a comedy in five with that sum, requests its rerubursemeni, acts, entitled Man and Wife, or More Se

as it had been expended without his knowcrets than One, was, for the first time, acted ledge. His guardian imploses his mercy, but at this theatre; of which the Dramatis Per.

his suit is rejected with corn, which awasonæ and fable are as follow:

kens the slumbering powers of conscience,

and he then declares before Falkner, (who Lord Austencourt............ Mr. Holland.

had in vain required he should wed his scduSir Rowland Austencourt. Mr. Powell.

ced daughter), Ellen, Sir Willoughby and Charles Austencourt.....

.M1r. Elliston.

lady Worrell, and the Attorney, that having Sir Willoughby Worrelt.. Mr. Dowton.

a son of the saine age as Lord Austencourt Falkner; i.e. Abel Growse } .Mr. Wroughton. when he became his ward, he had yielded

to the impulse of ambition, and substituted Cornelius O'Dedimus .......Mr. Johostone.

liis own son instead of the right heir, who Ponder ....

Mr. Matthews..

till then had appeared under the name of Mr. Webb.

Charles Austencourt. Cornelius O'Dedimus Servant.....

Mr. Evans.

then informs the company, that the person, Countryman.

.Mr. Scriven.

who had married the no longer Lord AustepSailor....

.Mr. Smith.

court and Fanny, was a real priest, acknow. Gamekeeper

.Mr. Maddocks.

ledges himself for a witness, as well as his Parish-Oficer

.Mr. Sparks. clerk, and leads her in triumph to the Lady Worrett

Mrs. Harlowe.

arms of her husband, who suddenly repents, Helen Worrett

.Mrs. Jordan.

and takes her to his bosom, and the real Lord Fanny.

Mrs. H. Siddons. Austencourt, of course, obtains the hand of Tiffany:

.Mrs. Scoit.

his Ellen. Fanny, a young and innocent girl, is seduced by Lord Austencourt, who marries her secretly, with the intention of deceiving

This comedy is the avowed production of her by employing a false priest and treacherous Mr. S. Arnold, son of the late celebrated witnesses : but whose designs are frustrated composer ; and if we were to judge of its by, the honesty of his attorney. The same

merit by the applause, it received, we should tilled lover pays his addresses to Ellen, Sir unquestionably assert that it is the best piece Willoughby Worrett's daughter, a rich heiress that has been performed at either of the of twelve ihousand a vear, whose affections theatres for some years; but as we have been are placed on his cousin, Charles Austencourt pretty well accustomed to the tricks of these a sailor, who being sent bome with disa irical managers and authors, we shall take the patches, through love deviates from his road liberty of viewing this coinedy as it deserves, to visit his mistress. On hearing of her ap

and even without being influenced by the proaching marriage with Lord Austincourt, repeated bravos !" of too officious friends, he steals into her house to reproach her for and more troublesome bawlers, whose admisa her unfaithfulness; when a quarrel ensues

sion to the theatres, as loud umpires of wit, is between the jealous irritated lover, and his obtained by overstraining exertion of lungs. wrongly suspected mistress, who retires in The plot and characters of Man and Wife anger. In a subsequent meeting however she may be traced not only from a variety of plays conceals him in her music room on hearing description it approaciris nearer than to the

but also from many novels, to which latter her father's voice, and the wise parent having

former. learnt that the sailor was lurking near his

We find in it a pretended or shaw mansion to see her, locks her up. uncon

marriage - infants changed, - a blundering sciously with bin and her maid. His friend, Irishman-a henpecked husband and other Mr. Fálkner, long thought dead but who ingredients for manufacturing genteel and had lived for many years disguised in the fashionable reading, under the title of roneighbourhood with an only daughter, now

mances, novels, &c. Our readers will therca, calls upon Sir Willoughby Worrett, advises fore we hope not be tempted to look into it him not to marry his Ellen to Lord Austen- for any thing original; the difficulty of proju. court, and is on the point of retiring, when cing originality, the author seems candidly w the baronet, desirous to present him tu bisavow, exclaiming in his prologue (vide p.ogijo child, unlocks the door, and finds her in As plays increase, tu strike out something re:0, company with Charles Austencourt. A scene What in the name of uit, can. authors doi of confusion, and conjugal strise ensues be- Although some of the siruations are not it tween the baronet and his lady.-Charles managed, and produce comic eliecl; yet the Austencourt's father being left kirardian to length of the two first acts renders the piece Lord Austencourt, had v«ntore: $14,000 of languid--and it would hiaterially iinprove the

general effect if they were considerably short, i forbear particularising Mrs. Jordan), to whose ened: the latter acis are managed with actroit- kindness he is indebted for the introduction of ness.

the comedy to the managers ; though as that The author has not forgot the “ heinous lady is ever as anxious to do a friendly action sin of punning," nor the other usual ingredi- as she is privately to perform benevolent oncs, ents of a modern comedy,--swearing and he is convinced, that acknowlelgment on vulgarism ; this we charitably suppose is this subject is neither desired nor expected." in compliment to the times, as we have been We say nothing about this lady's private told by some well-bred critics, “ that a new performances ; —but, to her public conduct piece stands no chance of succeeding now.a- we claim a right, at least in what regards days, unless it is seasoned with such attic ex- the stage ; and notwithstanding all this fiumhilarators."

inery, "if ve may be allowed the expression, It has been too common a custom at the the andience, we conceive, were indelicately theatres to introduce old people on the stage treated, on Tuesday evening, Jan. 17, by the solely for the purpose of rendering ihein ridi- manager informing them, " that the incleculous; our author is gailty of this illiberality: mency of the weather prevented Mrs. Jordan hence we find many instances of " quizzing from attending the theatre."— One would the old ones," as it is called and one of the imagine that these play actors and managers heroes styles his father “a whirligig!" This thought the inclemency of the weather could prevalence has been severcly noticed by a only affect their own tender feelings, and that sensible foreiguer, who has judiciously re- their audiences might be treated just as their marked, that ar in tragedies, old people are whim and caprice suited---else why tell them made tyrants and usurpers ; in comedies, they about the inclemency of the weather, when are either represented as usurers, jealous, or they had braved that difficulty, and paid their insupportable fathers, that every body con- money, not merely for Mr. Arnold's MAN AND spires to cheat.---Such is the honourable point Wife, but also to enjoy the “ various talents of view in which old age is shewn at the of Mrs. Jordan exerted in his favour !" theatre; such is the respect which young people are taught to have for old age. Who NEW THEATRE ROYAL, COVENT GARDEN. can doubt that the habit of always contempla

The first stond of this new editice was laid, ting old people, under odious forms, at the Dec. 31, 1908, by H. R. H. the Prince of theatre, may teach us to treat them ill in Wales, who was attended by the duke of Susa society? and thai, by habituating ourselves, sex, earl of Moira, general Hulse, colovels to confound trose we see in the world with M'llabon and Ruise. H.R. H. was received the old dotards represented on the stage, we by a numerous deputation from the grand mamay at last despise them all equally?..

sonic lodge, with the plav-house managers.Yet it is to the Stage we go to forget our

The bands struck up God swe the King, friends, our neighbours, our relations; in and some pieces of artillery within the area order to interest ourselves in fables ; to weep fired a royal salute of 21 guns. for the misfortunes of the dead, or to laugh

H.R. H. being arrived at his tent, proat the expenee of the living; where are ani-ceeded immediately in the ceremonial. A mated and cherished those dispositions which plan of the building was presented 10 H. K. we ought to restrain, making that obedient 11. by Mr. Smiske, the architect, and a gilt which ought to rule ; and which, so far fro:n silver isoveby Mr. Copland, the builder making us better or happier, renders us still of the edinice. The cemcut was the laid by less virtuous and less happy."

the workinen, and justed by the grand We shall not expatiate on the merits and

master; the stone was lowered to its bu. exertions of the performers, as the author The plunıb, the level, and the square, were has scattered incense enough before them : in then successively presented to H. R. H. by suhjoining his puff on their account, we may the junior and senior wardens, and deputý be allowed to express our dissent to this waste grand master, with which having tried the of words, this worse than nothing, spent in stone, and found its position correct, H. R. evlogizing the play actors by our moderu play- H. laid it, by giving it three strokes with a wrights.

mallet.-- A brass bus was then delivered to * To the performers who have so essential- H. R. H., which con:ained a bronze medal, ly, contributed to the very Aattering success of with a Latin inscription, that the stone was Man and Wife, the Author offers his best laid by George Prince of Wales, with his thanks ; and if he omits, in this public ac

our hand ; and on the reverse, a head in knowledgment, to enumerate their separate

relievo, of H. R. 11. with the date 1808. claims, it is, because he fears, where all are

Also a copper medal, of the same size, with entitled to his gratitude, be can but imper- the following inscription.--- Under the Auspio fecily express the different degrees which the

ces of His Most Sucred Majesty, George111: various talents exerted in his favour, with so Phraseulony, in Mr. Arnold's Man and much justice demand.-lle cannot however Wifc.

King of the United Kingdom of Great Bric, in the most scientific branch of the art, and tuin and Ireland, the Foundation Stone of | in some both natural and acquired qualifica. the Theatre, Covent Garden, was laid by 11. tions. His great excellence consists in the R. H. George Prince of Wales, MDCCCVIII. duration and velocity of his pirouette, or On the reverse --Rouert Smirke, Archi- spinning round on one foot. He finishes it tect.-Added to these wese a series of all the with a slow and graceful movement which coins of the present reign; and this box was relieves the almost painful sensations produ. inserted by H. R. H. in a cavity made in the ced by his wonderful exertions in the first stove for its reception.

part of it. In every other respect he is infe. II. R. H. then poured upon the stone the rior to his father and must leave the palm to offerings of corn, wine, and oil, from three Deshayes.-Angiolini is a little but extremely silver goblets. During this ceremony all the elegani figure, finely shaped ; and she dances bands played God save the King, and a np to Vestris with a considerable show of bis second roya! salute was fired by the artillery, skill

, and a greater portion of grace and su

plesse. Their pas de deur is altogether a fine KING'S THEATRE.

performance and drew great applause. The This theatre opened for the season on Fri- ballet seems to have been composed in a hurty: day, 6th January. It has been refitted with The subject of it has been ill chosen and great care ; the boxes new.papered and paint. awkardly treated : the scenery is shabby, and ed and ihe benches and chairs renewed. the machinery is still worse,

Al the actors in the Italian Opera' are the same as last year, with the audition of Naldi, whose return was hailed with great applause, Patent for the Edinburgh Theatre-A The actresses, on the contrary, are all different; new Patent for the Edinburgh Theatre has but hitherto we have seen only two, Signora been granted by his Majesty for the term of Collini and Signora Griglietti. The latter twenty-one years from September next, when had already made her appearance three years the present Patent expires in favour of the ago on this stage ; as a singer she ranks far | Duke of Buccleugh, and Lord Viscount Mel. above mediocrity ; but in her acting she ville. As it has been thought expedient* w wants grace and dignity. Collini made her vest the contract of the dramatic amuse. debut in the comic opera of La Capricciosa inents of this city in a committee of gentle. Sentila, the music of which, by Finavanti, men residing on the spot, we understand is lively and pleasing ; particularly in a finale the noble patentecs have assigned ihe patent at the end of the first act, and in several airs, to the following gentlemien - The Lord and a duet. She appeared to feel the diffi- Provost of Edinburgh, the Lord Advocate culties she liad to encounter, in succeeding an for Scotland, the Solicitor General for Scala actress and singer of such known popularity land, the Keeper of the Signet, the Dean of as Catalani, and her unassuming manners the Faculty of Advocates, and the successors and countenance so prepossessed the spectators in office of these gentlemen, 'the Lord in her favor, that had she wanted it, she Chief Baron of Exchequer, Sir Patrick Morwould have obtained from them a boundless ray, of Ochtertyre, Bart. Gilbert Innes, of indulgence. She is an elegant woman and a Stow, Esq. John Hay, Esq. Banker in very pleasing actress. Her voice is mellow,

Edinburgh, Henry Mackenzie, Esq. David powerful, and in the lower notes somewhat Hume, Esq. Advocate, and Wm. 'Erskine, resembles that of Grassini. She sings with Esq. Advocate, with power to them to gratit great ease, taste and precision. Her figure leases from time to time not exceeding the and acting reminded us of Catalani ; but the

term of five years. powers of the latter are much more commanding and of a superios cast.

From the respectability of the names Two new dancers made their first appear- attached to this theatre, we presume the ance in this country ou the saine night; One Edinburgh admirers of the Drama will not be is Vestris, the grandson of the Dieu de la forced to witness the many depravities the danse, * as he called himself

, and son of London theatres exhibit every evening, to the Auguste Vestris, who was in this country almost total exclusiou of those old fashioned some twenty years ago, and whose agile powers we have frequently witnesscd, as well here as frequenters of theatric exhibition the lovers ar Paris and Versailles. He is a very young of morality and decency. Perhaps a theatre in man, and although he is not so well made as his London guaranteed by similarity of arrangere father, he is not inferior to him in point of ment (we mean a committee of gentlemer :) strength and agility, whatever he may be so

might do more to effect a reform of the abuses The same whose vanity led him to re- so often complained of than all the presctie mark that the three greatese men living were ing of our moralists. Frederic of Prussia, Voltaire, illd HIMSELF.

Os The LADRONES.

at 600, neither of which suppositions I think ON THE LADRONES.

exceeds the truth, the total number of these

pirates will amount to 25,000 men. Inden [Concluded from page 738.).

pendent of the force above mentioned, several Account of their Numbers and Force; Disci- of the vessels have belonging to thein a row

pline and Divisions ; Nature of Depre- boat, mounting from 0 to 10 wall pieces, dations; and Treatment of Prisoners ; with and swivels; also well armed with boarding other Observations, made by Mr. Turner, pikes and swords, according to their size, First Mate of the Tay Country Ship, carrying from 18 to 30 men. These are

during his Captivity among the Ladrones. rigged with one or two masts ; and pull from ” I shall now proceed to make a few remarks, 14 to 20 oars. They are more particularly respecting the force, discipline, &c. of the employed in going close along shore at night's Ladrones; so far as they came within my that do not pay them tribute, and to carry

to plunder and desolate villages and farms observation, during my confinement' among off such of the inhabitants as fall into their them. Numbers and Force.

hands. They chiefly infest the mouths of the

river Macao, and sach placés as have small The total number of ressels engaged in trading boats. They in general leave the piracy, on the south coast of China, and large vessel an hour or uwo before sunset, which are known to Europeans l'y the name and return about noon the following day; of Ladrones, is, as vearly as I can conjec- though they are sometimes absem two or three ture, between five and six hundred sail. days. They lie at anchor during the day, se These are of different sizes; the largest inay as not to be seen by those on whom they be about 200 tons burthen, the smallest do intend making their depredatious. At dark, not exceed 15, but the greater part are from they issue forth, and plunder whatever falls 70 to 150 tons. Like other Chinese vessels, in their way. Sometimes, when successful, their draught of water is much less than the they go on ihe sides or tops of the hills, and generality of Europeans, of the same bur- on perceiving any boat or vessel which they then. As they have not been built on pur- think they can master, ihey immediately give poše, by the pirates themselves, , but, are chace to it

. The Larrones are abundantly vessels which, from time to time, have supplied with shot from Macao and Whams fallen into their hands, there is nothing in poa; stolen, I suppose, by the Chinese, their construction or appearance to distinguish from the forts and shipping, at those places, shem from Chinese truding vessels.

and brought by them for sale, The largest carry 12 guns, from 6 to 12 I have seen so many 18--pound shot brought, pounders, the rest carry according to their that they were rerused; and these, I had every size ; besides long wall pieces, matchlocks, reason to believe, came from Whampoa; pikes with bamboo shafis, from 14 to 18 When at close quarters they frequently use feet long, which they use, by throwing them, nails, fragments of iron pots, &c. which like javelins, at a distance; also shorter ones, supply ilie place of grape and cannister. O with shafts of solid wood, the iron part being powder of Chinese manufacture they readily similar to the blade of a dirk, slightly curv- procure what they want, from different ed, and made sharp on one edge or both places. These they keep in their hands, for fighting Their numbers are kept up, and even con, at close quarters, for which they also use siderably angmented, partly by such of their short swords, hardly exceeding 18 inches in captives as are unable to ranson themselves; - length. Like the guns in the Chinese forts and partly by Chinese, who come daily from aod vessels, those of ihe Ladrones are mounted different paris of the coast to join them. It on carriages withont trucks, having neither will hardly be credited, how great the numbreechings, nor tackle, and, being all run ber is of this latter description. I have free out-right a-bean, never pointed fore and aft, quently seen 5 to 10 come at one time; and they are obliged, in making an attack, to on one occasion, upwards of 30. Some of wear the vessel, in order to bring the guns to these were doubtless vagabonds, insugated by bear on the object. A man stands with a poverty and idleness, to embrace this inimal match, ready to fire, as soon as he bas a good inode of life; but, inany were men of decent aim. The gons are previously elevated or appearance ; some of whom brough: money depressed according to the distance. Having win them. The only reason I ever heard in this way fired their broadsides, they them assign for their conduct evas, that the haul off, to reload. The number of men in Mandarines of their district were unjust, and each, ressed is generally considerable for iis that they came away to avoid their oppression size. The larger have upwards of one hun. These people who go voluntarily to join the dred men. Few even of the sinallest have Ladrones,' are at liberty to leave theni, I less than thirty. If we average the whole believe, whenever they choose; as several of at 50 men, and reckon the number of vessels them left them, after being with the Lun

Vol. V. (Lit, Pan. Fel. 1909. ]

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