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pality; of the names of places, &c: and / of ropes and buckets, most of them in mo. we believe that he has honestly attributed

tion; and to reflect, that a single stone casu. to each author the extracts for which bis ally, thrown from above, or falling from a work has been laid under contribution. bucket, might in a moment destroy a fellow

creature, a mian must have a strong mind not We shall select as a specimen the com

to feel impressed with many unpleasant senbined account of the copper mines at sations. The sides of this dreadful hollory Parys mountain.

are mostly perpendicular. Along the edges From Holyhead, 20 miles, Bingley.

are the stages with the wbimsies by which Llanerchvmedd, 6 miles, Aikin.

the buckets are lowered; and from which the Beaumuris, 23 miles, Wamer.

inen descend to their stations upon the sides.

Here suspended, the workman picks with an AMLWCH, (near the lake) is a market-town iron instrument, a place for a footing, whence of Anglesey, on ebe coasi, chiefly supported he cuts out the ore, and tumbles it to the by the copper mines, with which the sur boutom, where it rests with a thundering rounding district abounds. About the year crash. After working the place into a caverů 1706, Amlwch contained no more than half ne removes to a new station. In the Parys a dozen houses in the whole parish, but now mountain are two mines: of these, that upon includes a population of 4 or 5000 inhabitants. the eastern side is called ihe Mona mine, i he “ I am acquainted with no piace," says Mr. entire property of the Earl of Uxbridge. Aikin, “ the manners of whose inhabitants The Parys mine is the joint property of the are so unexceptionable (as far at least as a Earl of' Uxbridge and the Rev. Edward stranger is enabled to judge of them) as Hughes, oi Kinmael, near St. Asaph. Amlwch. Not a single instance have I It is generally believed that the Romans known of drunkenness, not one quarrel have obtained copper ore from this mountain, for I witnessed during two very crowded markets vestiges are yet left of what was taken for days, and one of them a day of unusual in- their operations ; and some very ancient slone dulgence; and I believe no jail, or bridewell, utensils have, at different times, been found. or house of confinement exists in the town or From the time of the Romans to the year neighbourhood."

1701, these mines seem to have been epurely The following is extracted from Mr. Bing- neglected. The bed of ore is in sone places ley's account of bis visit to the Anglesea more than 60 feet in thickness; and the pro

“ Having ascended to the top prietors are said to ship annually 20,000 tons. of the celebrated Parys mountain, I stood The number of hands employed is upwards ypon the verge of a vast and tremendous of 1000. The workmen seemed inuch more chasm. I stepped upon one of the stages healthy than it would be natural to expect. suspended over the edge of the sleep, and the Their average wages are about is. 6d. a day, prospect was dreadful. The vumber of ca

The nines have increased the value of lands ferns, at different heights along the sides ; | in the parish of Amlwch from about 1400 W the broken and irregular masses of rock, 5000 pounds per annum, and upwards; the which every where presented themselves; the number of houses from 200 to upwards of nultitudes of men at work in different parts, 1000; and the population from 900 to abous and apparently in the most perilous sitnations; 5000. the motions of the windlasses, and the raising Mr. Aikin describes this iminense underand lowering of the buckets, to draw out the taking as follows. The substance of the ore and the rabbish ; the noise of picking mountain being ore, the work is carried on the ore from the rock, and of hammering the in a rery different manner from the caston wadding, when it was about to be blasted; of other mines. Here are comparatively few with, at intervals, the roar of the blasts in shafts or levels, the greater part being quarried distant parts of the mine, altogether excited out so as to leave a vast excavation open to the most sublinie ideas; intermixed with the day. The view down this sleep and sensations of terror. Leaving this situation, extensive hollow is singularly striking. The and following the road which leads into the sides are chiefly of a deep yellow or dusky mine, my astonishment was again excited, slate colour, sireaked, however, here and the moment I entered. The shagged arches there, by fine veins of blue or green, shooting And overhanging rocks, which seemed to across the cavern, mingled with seams of threaten annihilation to any one daring enough greyish yellow. The bottom of the pit is by 20 approach tben), when superadded to the no means regular, but exhibits large and deep sulphureous smell arising from the kilns in burrows in various paris, where a richer rcio which ihe ore is roasted, made it seem to me has been followed in preference to thie rest like the vestibule to Tartarus, described by

Every corner of this vast excavation resounds Virgil. To look up froin shis situation and with the noise of pickaxes and hammers, the observe the people upon the stages, 150 feet sides are lined with workinen drawing op the above one's head ; to secake wrause number:' gre frein below; and at short interyals is

copper mines.

heard, from different quarters, the foud exo the shallow pool, and the copper is taken to plosion of the gunpowder by which the rock a kiln; well dried, and is then ready for is blasted, 'reverberated in pealing echoes from exportation. The sulphate of iron remaining every side ; after the ore is obtained from the in the pool, partly decomposes by spontaneous mine, it is broken into small pieces by the evaporation, and lets fall a yellow ochre, hammer (this being chiefly done by women which is dried and sent to Liverpool and and childan), and piled inío a kiln, to which London. The sulphur produced in the roastis attached, by Aues, a long sulphur cham, ing, after being melted and refined, is cast ber. It is now covered close ; a little fire is into rolls and large cones, and sent to London. applied in different places ; and the whole The coues are used chiefly for the manufac. mass becomes gradually kindled. The sul- tory of gunpowder and sulphuric acid. Green phur sublimes to the top of the kilu, whence vitriot, and alum are made by a separate com. The Aues conrey it to the chamber appointed pany, but to these works strangers are not for it's reception. This sinouldring heat is admitted. The number of men employed by kept up for 6 months, during which the the two companies is 1200 miners, and about sulphur-chamber is cleared four times. At 90 smelters. The depth of the mine, in the the expiration of this period the ore is suffi- lowest part, is 50 fathoms, and the ore conciently roasted. The poorest of this, that is, tinues as plentiful as ever, and of a quality such as contains from 14 to 2 per cent. of rather superior to that which lay nearer the metal, is then conveyed to the smelting houses surface. at Amlwch-port; the rest is sent to the Not far from Parys mountain is the port compar.y's furnaces of Swansea, and Stanley, whence the ore brought from the mines is Dear Liverpool. The greater part of the kilns transported to Liverpool and Swansea. It is are very long, about 6 feet "high, and the a chasm between two rocks, large enough to sulphur-chambers are of the same length and receive 30 vessels, each of 200 tons. The height, connected by three Aues, and on the same level with the kilns : some new ones,

two companies employ. 15 brigs, from 100 to

150 tons burden, besides sloops and other however, have been built at Amlwch-port, craft. by which much sulphur is preserved which

The whole of this coast consists of bays would have been dissipated in the old kilns and recesses of various forms and dimensions, The new ones are made like lime-kilns, with wiih lofty projecting promontories. a contrivance to take out at the bottom the roasted ore, and thus keep up a perpetual

To Caernarvon, Mr. Warner returned to fire: from the neck of the kiln branches off Plas Gwyn; thence to the village of Pen a single Hue, which conveys the sulphur into the great ancestor of a line of English Mon

Mynydd, the birth-place of Owen Tudor, as to be on a level with the neck of the kiln, archs. What remains of this ancient residence i. e. above the ore. The two smelting hou

is incorporated in a farm house ; but some ses, of which one belongs to each company,

coats of arms, escutcheons, and specimens of contain 31 reyerberatory furriaces, the chim old masonry, still exist. He then proceeded nies of which are 41' feet high; they are the park, an enclosure, which gently slopes

to the mapsion of Plas Newydd, through charged every 5 hours with 12 cwt, of ore, which yields cwt. of rough copper, con

to the Menai, and is covered with venerable taioing 50 per cent. of pure

metal; the price scene, stand two relics of druidic superstition

oaks and ashes. In the midst of this sylvan of rough copper is about £2. 108. per cwt. The coals are procured from Swansea, and is a magnificent castellated mansion, altered

or infamy, called cromlechs. Plås Newydd Liverpool, a great part of which is Wigan and enlarged by the Earl of Uxbridge, at an slack. richest ore which the mine yields, containing it stands. lv front appears the Snowdon chain. The sulphate of copper, however, is the immense expense. It commands a view of

the picturesque strait, on the banks of which found in solution at the bottom of the mine, There is a path through Plás Newydd park, whence it is pumped up into cisterns, like 19 a ferry of the same name. canners pits, about 2 feet deep; of these pits To Llanelian, 2 miles, Bingley. there are many ranges, each range commiini the village of Comınaes, miles, back eating with a shallow pool of considerable to Amlwch, thence through Llaner. extent ; into these cisterns are pui cast iron chymedd to Bangor ferry, 23 miles,

plates, and other damaged iron vessels pro- Aikin.
cured from Coalbrookdale; when the sulphuric Caernarvon, 31 miles, Wamer.
acid enters into combination with the iron,
letting fall the copper' in the form of a red

Mr. Nicholson informs us in his pre. sediment very slightly oxidated. The cisternis face, that some advances have already are cleared once in a quarter of a year, when been made in a Caledonian Guide, on the sulphate of iron in solution is let off into the same plan as the present work. VOL V. (Lit. Pan. Eel. 1809.]

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who have only acquired a superficial knowledge LITERARY REGISTER.

of the use of the sword. To which will be added

some remarks on the sabre, and on the cut-andWORKS ANNOUNCED FOR PUBLICATION. thrust sword; also, observations on several erroAuthors, Ediiors, and Publishers are particularly

neous opinions generally entertained on the subrequested to forward to the Literary Panorama ject of sword-defence. :

NATURAL HISTORY. Office, the titles, prices, and other particulars of works in hand, or published, for insertion in

A volume by Mr. Bingley, intitled Memoirs of

British Quadrupeds, will very shortly be publish. this department of the work, free of expence.

ed. It will contain 70 engravings from original ANTIQUITIES.

drawings, chiefly by Howitt. All the species will The Rev. E. Davies, author of Celtic Researches, be figured, except three, and there will be reprehas a work in continuation of the subject in the

sentations of every variety of dogs, and of consipress, and which will shortly appear.

derably more than half the varieties of cattle, ARCHITECTURE.

sheep, and horses. This work has been several Mr. S. Ware, architect, will publish, in a few years in preparation. weeks, the first part of a Treatise on Arches, Bridges, Domes, Abutments, and Embankment Speedily will be published, in 8vo. the Four Walls. The author professes to shew a simple Slaves of Cythera, a romance, in 10 cantos, by mode of describing geometrically the,, catenaria, Rev. R. Bland. and to deduce his theory principally from that line.


Dr. Popham's Remarks on various Texts of Speedily will be published, by subscription, all Scripture, are expected to appear in a few weeks. the Odes of Pindar, translated into English lyric A new and complete edition of Dr. Gill's Expo verse, with notes explanatory and critical, from sition of the Old and New Testament, in 9 vols. the original Greck. By the Rev.J. L. Girdlesione, | 410. is in the press. It will be published in 18 M. A. late of Caius College, Camb.; appointed monthly parts, the first of which is intended to master of the classical school, Beccles, by the most

appear the Ist March. Rev. the Archbishop of Canrerbury, the Rev. Dr. Strachey, Archdeacon of Suffolk, and the Rev. Mr. P. Thomson, of Boston, has in the press Bence Bence, rector of Beccles; to whom this the Stranger's Guide through Boston and its Enwork is, with their permission, dedicated. No virons, being an attempt at a topographical, hisentire English version of this greatest of lyric poets torical, and descriptive account of that part of has ever yet appeared by one person; Wesi's is Lincolnshire, in a small volume, embellished the only work in repute, containing a very few with plates. only of the odes. The book will be elegantly printed in foolscap quarto, to be paid for on deli


Memoirs of an American Lady; with sketches Mr. T. Mortimer, vice-consul at Ostend 40

of manners and scenery in America, as they exe years ago, is preparing a new Dictionary of Trade, isted previous to the Revolution. By Mis. Granin Commerce, and Manufactures.

2 vols, 12mo. 10s. 60, EDUCATION. Mr. Edgeworth's work on Professional Educa- The School for Authors, a comedy in 3 acts, tion, in a quarto volume, is in a state of forward- now performing at the Theatre Royal, Haymarke!, ness, and may soon be expected.

written by the late J. Tobin, Esq. author of the HISTORY AND CHRONOLOGY.

Honeymoon, &c. 8vo. 2s. Mr. Johnes' translation of the Chronicles of

Man and Wife, or More Secrets than One, a Monstrelet, being a continuation of Froissart's comedy in û acts, now performing at Diury Chronicles, will soon appear in four quarto vo- Lane Theatre. By S. Arnold, Esq. 8vo. 25. 61. lumes.

JURISPRUDENCE. Dr. Hales' first volume of a new Analysis of A Treatise on the Law of Distresses, with full Chronology is expected to appear this month. It directions for making and conducting a distress for will make 3 vols. 410.

rent, &c. By Jas. Bradby, of Lincoln's Inn. MEDICINE AND CHIRURGERY.

8vo. 7s.60. Mr. Macartney will shortly publish a set of The 2d part of Reports of Cases argued and - Rules for ascertaining the Situation and Relations, ruled at Nisi Prius, in the Courts of King's Beach

in the living Body, of the principal Blood vessels, and Common Plcas, from Hilary Term co Trimty Nerves, &c. concerned in Surgical Operations. | Term, 1808. By John Campbell, of Lincoln's The work will be illustrated by plates, and con- Inn, Esq. Barrister at Law. 8vo. 6s. tain some practical remaiks on the performance of The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great the most usual operations in surgery.

Britain and Ireland, 48th Ģeo. III. 1808. vol. 3, MISCELLANEOUS.

part 2. 4to. 18s Mr. Todd's new edition of Milton will appear in A Practical Treatise on Pleading, with a colleca few wecks; and he has sent to the press, Obser- tion of practical precedents. By J. Chitty, Esq. servations on Gower and Chaucer.

of the Middle Temple 2 vols. 8vo. £2. 2s. Mr. J. Roland, fencing-master at the Royal Mi- Jurisdictia of thc Court Sect, exemplified in the litary Academy at Woolwich, intends publishing, artieles which the jury or inquest for the king in by subscriptivn, a Treatise on the Art of Fencing, that court is charged and swom, and by law estheoretically and experimentally explained upon joined to inquire of and present, with precedcols principles entiely now, chicfly designed for those By J.Riston, Esg. of Gray's Inn, 8vo. 58.


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The Law and Practice of Patents for Inventions, A Letter to the Governors of Christ's Hospital, in 2 parts, 8vo. 5s.

being a refutation of the invectives and mis-reEDUCATION.

presentations contained in a letter from Rev. D. Mentorian Lectures on Sacred and Moral Sub- Warren, vicar of Edmonton to W. Mellish, Esq. jects, adapted to the comprehension of juvenile M. P. By R. Waiihman. Is. 64. readers : to which are added, some original mis- Selections in Portuguese, from various authors, cellaneous poems. By Ann Murray, author of with English translations. 5s. boards. Mentoria. With a map of the Holy Land, Syria, The Compositor's and Pressman's Guide to the &c. 12mg. 45, 6d.

Art of Printing. By C. Stower, Printer, 12mo, An easy Grain mar of Natural and Experimental 35. 6d. Philosophy, designed to simplify the study of A Collection of Portraits drawn from the life, philosophy at Schools. By Rev. D. Blair. 35. No. I; to be continued quarterly. £1. ls.

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An Historical Review of the commercial, po- London Characters, Fashions, and Customs of litical, and moral State of Hindoostan, from the the 18th century, 2 vols. earliest period to the present time. By R. Chat- Woman; or Ida of Athens. By Miss Owenfield, L L. D. vicar of Chattoris in Cambridge- 4 vols. 12mo.' £1. Is. shire. 4to. £1. 16s.

The Iron Mask ; or the adventures of a father

and a son: a romance. By Rev. J. P. Hunt, Observations on an eruptive discase which has 3 vols. 12mo. 158. lately occurred in the town of Sherborne, Dorset,

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POETRY history. Illustrated by a great number of plates. The Ladies' Poetical Petition for a winter assemo By B. Parr, M. D. F. R. S. of London and bly at Newport, in the Isle of Wight. 2s.6d. Elinburgh, and Secretary of the Exeter Hospi- Poetical Amusement, consisting of a sample of tal. 2 vols. 410. £4. 16s.

sonnets, epistolary poems, moral tales, and misa A Com. Celsi de Medicina, libri octo, quibus cellaneous pieces. By Rev. T. Beck. 45. 6d., accedunt indices capitum, autorum, et resum, ex Poems on various subjects, by H. R. Wood, recensione Leonardi Targae. 8vo. 128.

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composed of as great a number of ladies and PROPOSITA PHILANTHROPICA. gentleinen as are disposed to encourage the

Homo sum :

undertaking, and contribute, by way of loan, Humanum nihil a me alienum puto.

the sum of £5 each, which shall 'form the

capital stock of the society, and entitle the SPANISH PATRIOTS.

individual to one vote, and so on in propor. Lloyd's Coffee House, Jan. 18, 1809. tion for every further sum of £5 so advanced. The cotumittee for inanaging the subscrip: dered as a donation ; but that no donation

4. That any sum under £5 shall be consition for the Spanish Patriots, have received less than £2, or annual subscription less than numerous solicitations to recoin mend to the clergy and ministers of congregations, 10

10s. 6d. shall entitle the individual to the exert their priwerful influence in and of their power of recommending objects for emplog. great object, on the approaching fast day, I'he committee do not feel coniperent to such under the management of a committee of 26

5. That the affairs of this society shall be a general recommendation as the wishes of ladies, elected by ballot at a general meeting, their numerous correspondents point to, which they the less regret, confident they 14 of whom shall be expected to act, and that should leave the cause of the brave Spaniards their employment shall be to cut out, and to the spontaneous impulses of Britons, on a

prepare work for the industrious poor who day when they are callerl on to consider this

are the

objects of this society's care.

6. That out of the 14 ladies on the comawful crisis, and to offer up their


for the favour and assistance of heaven in the mittee, a president and secretary shall be just cause of self-defence, from the arts, bursements, during i9 months ; six of the 12

appointed, to manage the receipts and dis. cruelties, and oppression of a perfidious tyrant shall be allowed to go ont quarterly and their and invader,

places be filled by an equal number, in rola.

tion, from the remainder of the 26 previously LADIES SOCIETY FOR EMPLOYING THE POOR.

chosen. At Manchester is lately established a ladies shall be appointed by ballot at a general

7. That a committee of twelve gentlemen society for employing the female poor. The high price of cotton (which formerly meeting ; three of whom shall

be competent

lo act, whose business it shall be to attend to employed nearly the whole poor of this county), together with the difficulty of finding a

the purchase of materials, and seek out

suitable channels for the sent of the articles market for the manufactured article, is unprecedented.

manufactured, to appoint visitors jointly with

the ladies, and give assistance to the ladies The suitable and princely munificence ex

committee. tended to a neighbouring nation, who are 8. That it shall be the business of every contending for the liberties, of Europe, and member to seek out, and recommend to the for all that is dear to themselves, will never society's notice, any individual who may cease to fill the nations around us with astonishment, but at the same time they should appear worthy of employment; when the

visitors shall wait on such, at their own know that our funds for beneficent purposes houses, and if they find them deserving, a are not exhausted ; that, whilst aiding others, certificate, signed by one or more of the our own poor are not starving. The society visitors, shall entitle the individual 10 work. have subjoined their rules, and particularly request attention to the tenth. Letiers (paid) tion to be provided.

9. A room or rooms, in some eligible situawith donations, loans, subscriptions, 10. Plain and useful articles of clothing, orders for clothing, will be gratefully received, made up in the most substantial mannere by the chajrınan, Manchester..

may be at all times had at a low rare, by At a meeting of ladies and gentlemen, societies or benevolent individuals, who may held at No 15, Mosley-street, Manchester, feel disposed to distribute them. Jan. 1809, Mr. David Holt in the chair ; it

11. A general meeting shall be held annuwas unanimously resolved.

ally: on the third Wednesday in January. 1. That a socieży be formed, to be deno- 12. That any trustee may, at an anmal minated “ The Manchester Ladies Society for meeting, propose a new law; or an anvendEmploying the Female Poor,” capable of ma- ment of an established one, provided he has kingup wearing apparel and other plain articles the sanction of five others; or a geixeral of domestic usefulness.

meeting for that purpose, may be at any time 2. The society shall consist of such ladies called by 15 trustees. and gentlemen who may contribute by way 13. The ladies, trustees, may rote by of loan, without interest, by annual subscrip- proxy. tion or donation.

14. The trusteeship is transferable. 3. That the trustees of this society shall be 15. That if it should appear expedient (at

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