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long, considerably larger at one end than the
are not claws ; neither are they near the other; the edges are made so very sharp, and tail. the wood being of the hardest kind, that a
A most remarkable conflagration took blow, aimed by a person who knows the use of these weapons, is sufficient not only to place in 1769, when the whole coast stun, but to kill a man on the spot.
was on fire progressively from Surinam to The Indians have a sincere dislike and the Demerary. The flames were supposed contempfor the blacks; considering them to have been unintentionally kindled by apparently as an inferior race, born, like rebel negroes: they spread with marvelcattle, io labour for the service of their lous continuity, licking up vast forests, betters. Of the rights of intellect to exert and laying waste wide plantations." control, they have an instinctive conviction; We should have willingly given a place and are still less scrupulous than the Euro- to the imports and exports of the colony, peans, about the means of maintaining as.
had Mr. B. stated them later than Sir. W. cendancy. With them, tenderness begins where fear ends ; there is in all their affec Young. We believe these must be sought tions, a something of contempt; it is extended for in England. to women, to children, to the young, rarely
of the district is prefixed by way to the adult. They are grateful to the most of frontispiece. punctilious honour; but like people, who feel an obligation as an indignity, and who, being defied to an emulation of good offices, Mrs. Leicesler's School ; or the History wish to surpass in them. A white planter, in this district, who shewed hospitality to a
of several Young Ladies, related by themtravelling Indian family, of which the woman selves. pp. 178. Crown 8vo. Price 3s. happened to lie in at his house, was called on Godwin, London, 1808. a year after by the husband, and presented These tales are supposed to be related with a beautiful female slave, the booty of a by a number of young ladies, on their ar. remote campaign.
rival at school, when it opens after the The philosopher will findample occasion holidays. The governess proposes this, for remark, in this description. These in order to bring them acquainted with men are simple sons of nature; they are the bistory of each other, and to introduce neither peverted by refinenient, nor "80- sociability among them. phisticated by the arts of superstition," The work is liable to the same excep (i. e, of religion) as a certain writer ex- tion as others are, which attempt to de presses himself.-But, those who infer scribe the manners of childhood: the that they need no amelioration of manners, speakers are too old for the characters which implies the reception of better they sustain. Very few writers can comprinciples, have very different notions of bine the simplicity and energy of this human happiness, as well as of human early age, with a sufficient portion of excellence, from what we entertain. amusement and vivacity. We might,
The Moravians have a negro chapel in nevertheless, have admitted this producStabroek. They have translated the Bible tion to a place among those intended to. anda book of hymns into the Talkee-talkee, diversify the attention of youth, had we or negro language, of which they have not detected in it a too great importance composed a grammar. This is commend attached to theatrical enjoyments. In able: yet we are hardly satisfied with the ourview of the conduct and company of elevation of this Talkee-talkee jargon to the theatre, we cannot but recommend a the dignity of a language. Is it impossi- total indifference to it, in younger minds. ble to teach the negroes a purer dialect? Theatrical pleasures should never be held Might they not learn English by the same out as rewards; nor should the gratifimeans as they now learn this mixture of cation to be expected from them be tongues ?
heightened by description or anticipa Mr. B. pays attention to the Natural tion. We should be glad to characterize History of the colony : he does not add most dramatic representations of our time, much ibat is new to us; yet we think his as no worse than blanks : but, who would diligence deserves praise, if he be the recommend a blank, to youth especially, original obseryer. He is, however, no as the reward of virtue already dise Naturalist: he describes the Aboma snake played, or as an excitement to exertions as having two claws, near the tail. They of talent, or excellence of deportment
- by avoiding the misrepresentations to
which both parties were prone, he has The Life of Thuanus, with some Account obtained the applause of all considerate
of his Writings, and a Translation of the men; and is deservedly preferred to those Preface to his History: by the Rev. J. who, however eminent for station (CarCollinson, M. A. 810. pp. 467. Price dinals Baronius, Bellarmine, and du Pergs. Longman, London, 1807.
ron), were too much identified with the CERTAINLY the lives of illustrious cause they espoused, to be impartial narramen, who have been of eminent utility tors of events connected with it.
Thuanus was born Oct. 9, 1553. His and importance to the world, by their stations or their talents, ought to be grandfather and father successively filled communicated to the public: and if, the office of First President of the Parlia. from time to time, attention be called to ment of Paris, which is the highest disthem, by their appearance in new forms tinction in the law; and in some sense, or new editions, so much the better. is not unlike our Lord Chancellor; as it Those who have lived in times of distress He was of delicate health in his child
combines legal with political eminence. and difficulty, who have had access to the secret springs that moved or directed bood, and was more than once given over the machine of the state, or who have ex
as past recovery, from illness. This afamined the rival schemes and plans of
fliction interrupted his studies; but it opposing politicians, if they are at liberty left him at liberty to follow the bias of to state them fairly, have the means of his mind; and he gained more from the laying not only their contemporaries, but conversation of eminent personages, than succeeding ages, under great obligations. themselves too constantly from the
can be believed by those who seclude “ Never were such times; as those we
cheerful haunts of men.' live in!” exclaims the uninformed, to
He enjoyed, whom Knowledge
however, the advantages of a regular
course of learning, being originally in
her ample page, tended for the church ; but, on occasion Rich with the spoils of Time, did ne'er unroll : of his father's hopes being disappointed while those familiar with the events of by the deaths of his elder sons, Thuamus prior ages know, that the calamities, and quitted the sacred profession, and attached ihe intricacies, which afflict and perplex himself to the law. He was appointed mankind, have frequently, too frequent. President in 1587, being then 34 years ly, been the result of unprincipled am- of age; but was restricted, by an act, bition, and wanton pride.
from giving judgment as President, uniil M. Thuanus, or de Thou, was Presi. he had attained the legal age of forty. He dent of the Parliament of Paris, and a married the same year. After this we confidential minister to two kings of find him engaged in various services, France, Henry III. and Henry IV. He for the kings, his sovereigns ; and more saw the massacre of St. Bartholomew, than once, during the troubles of the Aug. 24, 1572 : he saw the civil wars times, obliged to have recourse to disguise which religion, or a sonjewhat assuming for personal safety. H saw foreign the guise of religion, kindled, in his couris, also, and the wisdom that he native land ; and he wrote in Latin the learned he made his own. The freedom history of those times. That work has and integrity of his advice was little faimmortalised his name. The sincerity vourable to bis interest at courtThe and accuracy of its author, the personal liberal sentiments that marked his writpiety, and the honest zeal for the prospe- ings, were construed perversely, by sity of his country, that appear in it, bigots. The Jesuits calumniated, not have distinguished it, and will continue to the work only, but its autlior. The king distinguish it, in the judgment of all trom policy wavered in his protection ; who are capable of proper esteem for such and the whole performance was condemn. excellent qualities. He beheld the ex-ed at Rome, while only one third part tremes of zeal, Catholic and Protestant ; of it was published. Like other great he was not ignorant of the evils attendant men, he experienced the fickleness of on sucb extremes. He does not suffer court favour; and, like them, had rehimself to be swayed by either party ; but, I course to sources of satisfaction within himself. He never retired wholly from make him desert his cause in difficulty, nor the duties of his station ; but died in his
was he detached from it by the inviting office, after a long illness, May 7, 1617. smiles and professions of the Duke of Guise.
Yet was his service given more to his commery Aged 64.
than to the monarch. He always maintained Thuanus left six children, three sons and the independence of the parliament; and, three daughters, the eldest of whom was not in a memorable passage of his preface, exmore than ten years of age. The daughters, horts the amiable Henry IV. to remember when arrived at maturity, inarried into res- " that Frenchmen were all the servants of pectable families.
the laws, in order that they might be free." Francis Augustus, the eldest son, applied Learned hiinself, he was a munificent to the study of the law, and rose to be a
patron of literature; and, by his barish Counsellor of State, and Master of the Re- praises of scholars, seeing to hare entertaine! quests. Unfortunately he became privy, to a predilection for police learning, above any the conspiracy against the state, which M. Other attainment. His talents, if not of de Cinq Mars, in concert with the Dukes the first rate, were directed to the best purd'Orleans and de Bouillon, princes of the
poses, with sound judgment and unwearied blood, projected in 1642. The plot, though application. in reality directed againat the exorbitant and His conduct, in private life, was most atinvidious power of Cardinal Richelieu, tractive. We may wish for more familiar amounted to high treason; and young and minute particulars and anecdotes of his Thuanus, being treated as an accomplice in manners and disposition : but it is sufficiently it, was beheaded at Lyons, September 12, evident that he was without any disguise of 1642. He was in his 36th ycar, and suf- concealment, of great simplicity, plain, sinfered with great fortitude.
cere, and affectionate. He was a tende: It has been asserted, perhaps without suf- husband and a provident father; and it is ficient grounds, that Richelieu instigated this pleasing to observe, from his will, that he act of severity, in revenge of an unfavours would not have his daughters forced to take able but just character of his uncle, which the reil against their inclinations. had appeared in the history of Thuanus. Those who wish to be acquainted with
The contemplation of a noble charac- the shades of our Author's character will ter cannot but produce beneficial effects perhaps discover that he felt a too great conou the mind; we shall, therefore, insert sciousness of his own merit, which wide the description of the more prominent unbending, and sometimes degenerated into
the gravity of his manners appear formal and parts of the character of Thuanus as expressions of vanity and pride. Though in given by the present writer.
most respects superior to the idle prejudices of It is evident that Thuanus disapproved per
the age in which he lived, he was a belierer secution, and did not believe that those who
in omens and presages. dissented from the Church of Rome were ex- To be gratified with the incense of ffattery clacled from all hope of salvation.
is so general a tendeircy of human nature, These two tenets, of the Papal infallibili- that it can hardly be ascribed as a peculiar ty, and of the final perdition of all who are failing to Thuanus. not of the Romanish Coinmunion, havé,
His weaknesses never amounted to vice; perhaps, never been strongly maintained by but the energy he possessed was all employed sensible and humane Romanists. They, in on the side of viriue. So severe and oice deed, bear no relation to the Gospel of Christ; were his principles, that he seeins unwilling but it must be allowed that they are powerful to allow that he regarded in any action the instruments to sway the minds of the multi- praise even of good and wise men ; but endealude, and have actually been at the root of voured to regulate his whole conduct upon the most dreadful tumults and excesses. religious motives. If Thuanus was not a good Papist, we
He was uniform and consistent in the prace may be allowed to call him a good Christian; tice of virtue ; and was one of tlie few of for his sincerity in religion cannot be doubled whom to record the truth is their best praise." by those who aitend to the language he uses.
The words which Tacitus applies to the ex. Ti is probable that he saw many errors in the pression of Agricola's countenance, may, Church of Rome, and wished that it might with some propriety, be adopted in sumising silently reform the abuses that had crept into up the general character of Thuanus : " Boo it, and thuis obviale schism and contention. num virum facilè dixeris, magnum libenter :: His political principles were of the purest
You pronounce him without hesitation to kind.' Fortune, dignity, life itself, were
have been a good man; you feel willing to fiever by him put in competition with his rank liim among the great." duty and the suggestions of his conscience. Thuanus was eighteen years of age The imbccility of King Henry III. did not when the massacre of St. Bartholomew took place at Paris. It is probable, that maxims of other states, beside that in the this enormity confirmed his hatred of service of which he is engaged. bigotted zeal on the Catholic side: as At Strasburgh Thuanus visited Languet, the calamities his country endured from the illustrious prime minister of the Elector the religious wars, to which the Protes- of Saxovy, who gave hiin much valuable tants were one party, might lead him to information respecting the Germanic constithink ill of whatever persuasion had tution.“ From him he learned that the recourse to arms. Doubtless he discover abolition of celibacy had greatly distressed the ed more of the pride of man, than of German princes and nobles, as they were the fear of God, in many whose pro- riage, with a portion, whom they formerly
now obliged to bestow their daughters in márfessions deceived the world. We have dedicated to a religious lise, with the prospect seen in our own days events at Paris, uf their becoming abbesses of rich cónvents." which render perfectly credible all the
The description of the conduct of the horrors of the famous St. Bartholomew.
Holy See, we believe to be perfectly just : Paris at that time resounded with pre- At Rome, the following interesting comparations for the nuptials of the young munication was made privately, and in the king of Navarre with Margaret of Valois, presence only of Thuanus, by one of the sister to Charles IX. King of France. Thu- cardinals ro De Foix, who had a vexatious ánus, with some difficulty, gained admis- cause penulig in the ecclesiastical court. sion to the ceremony, and took particular no- “ Our couri," said the Cardinal di Santa tice of the celebrated Coligni, chief of the Cruce, " is disposed, when it can really ex
Protestant party, and who, nor many days ercise severity with impunity, id 'oppress toafier, was wounded by a concealed assassin. reigners, and 10 protract the causes of men This occurrence first interrupied the public of rank by unnecessary delays, for the purpose tranquillity; and on the 24th of August, of making our name reverenced and leared six days after the nuptials, ensued the dread-abroad. The papal power flourishes indeed ful massacre of St. Bartholomew. Of this through the prevalence of weakness and sutransaction, Thuanus expresses his decideri perstition; and as the crafty Florentine detestation, and defends his opinion against (Machiavelli) says, is supported by those the prevailing arguments of the time, by the
acts which prove roinous to other empires. example of his father, an acknowledged When the parties discover vignr and spirit, Catholic, whom he considers an unescep this severity is relaxed cautiously, and with tionable guide in all political and religious much dissimulation. For instance, the concerns, and who applied to that day ihese Chevalier de St. Goard (who I am informed verses of Stalius :
is now your ambassador at the court of Spain) Excidat illa dies avo, nec pestera credant
had directions from the King of France to Sacula ; nos certè taceumus, et obruto multa,
reclaim one of his subjects, who had been Nocte legi nostre patiamur crimina gentis.
unjustly seized by the Holy Office. After
much expostulation and solicitation, conMay that foul clay be blotted in time's flight, tinued from day to day, he at length, with a And buried in th' oblivious gloom of night : resolite air, told the Pope in council, that he We will at least forbear the deed to name, had orders from the king his master to depart, Nor let posterity believe our shame.
and to take the French ambassador with him, As he went to mass, (for the festival of St. Ithus said, leit the spot. The Pope (Pius
unless satisfaction were given ; and, having Bartholomew took place that year on a Sun. IV.) was much enraged, abused him, after day) he was forced to behold some of the he was gone, in violent terms, and, tossing mangled bodies, and to suppress his tears, which even thie slaughter of beasts would thority would be extinct, if thus braved with
about his arms, cried out that the papal auhave excited in one of his tender disposition," he retired from the tuinult to a house of his
impunity by a boy. The result, however, brother Christopher's,
was, that the gentleman in question was
near Montmartre, from which place the body of Coligni, sus
shortly released. Let me recommend you, pended on a gibbet, ivas discernible. Нау.
Sir, io profit by this example ; and remem: ing lately seen that victorious general crowned bering the advice, to forget the monitor." with honour and rjumph, he was induced 10
We insert a circumstance, deserv. reflect on the vicissitudes of life, and silently ing the attention of naturalists. We to adore the wonderful judgmenis of God, have in Smith's Kerry, a similar instance ; which continually, remind man of his frail to the great relief of a poor man, who and perishable siete.“
supported his family during a summer of The life of a statesman may be sup. scarcily, with provisions obtained by posed to afford some insight into the stealth from an eagle's nest. Sach histoa ries manifest how subservient even ab- , satiate the thirsty plains, is but a precursor solute wildness may be rendered to the to that of harvest : the conversion of man purposes of rationality.
“ from the error of his ways," by the When they reached Mande, the bishop of power of Divine Goodness, is an earnest the place entertained them in the most suinp- of future and eternal felicity. Can there tuous manner for some days. They perceived be a more noble employment, than that that the game af table generally wanted a wing of promoting the diffusion of such blessor a leg, and sometimes the head ; on inquiry ings among mankind? Can ite charities they were surprised to hear that it was sup- of our nature be more honourably, more plied from the nests of eagles in the neighi characteristically engaged, than in prohovels or huts near, to screen themselves mulgating the principles of brotherly love, from the fury of the parent bird, which among the human race, and binding in brings food for its young, and after the spoil one sacred bond, all, all the sons of men, is deposited, flies away. The peasants then however distinguishable by form or colour, hasten to remove what they find, chickens, by opinion or practice ; however separated bares, patridges, or pheasants, and throw in by local peculiarities, or marked by the garbage to the eagleis; but some portion of strong distinction between rudeness and the prey is generally devoured. Three or civilization. The true christian sighs for four nesis supply an elegant table through the the introduction of that state upon earth, year, and chains are fastened round the which his imagination attaches to the young, to prevent their flying as soon as they establishment of the Millennium. He otherwise would. Thuanus had the curiosity beholds, in that state, the prevalence of to ascend to one of these nests, and was a witness of the scene described.
good, and the absence of evil: genuine To his account of the life of Thuanus, mingled by human frailties
. He contem
piety producing her natural effects, unMr. Collinson has added notices of the editions of his principal work : with plates one vast organization of virtues the opinions of learned men on his style mation of excellence of every form and
; and Latinity; parts of which appear sufficiently uncouth ; especially his excessive
order, of every description and connec
tion. Is there in any other religion Latinising of modern appellations. An interesting sketch of his History, with professed among men, a conception so parts of his prefaces, carefully translated, the idea of such perfection? Who among
grand ?- which holds out to mankind, and specimens of his Latin style, conclude the institutors of those modes of worship, the volume, the general execution of which is highly reputable to the diligence world, has directed the expectation of his
or principles of faith, that obtain in the and abilities of Mr. C.
followers to the universal prosperity of
piety and religion, the unpolluted purity Christianity in India. An Essay on the of manners and of life? Let this expeco
Duty, Means, and Consequences, of in- tation of human perfection stand as one troducing the Christian Religion anong mark of a dispensation originating from the Native Inhabitants of the British condemned for awaiting it, although alas!
; none be Dominions in the East. By J. W. Cun- we need no proofs,additional to those which ningham, A. M. 8vo. pp. 212. Price every day presents, that the “Kalee Yug“ 5s. 6. Hatchard, London, 1808.
is not yet expired. The mild principles of Christianity The spread of Christianity is one of are, undoubtedly, the greatest blessing those precursors whose approach announthat Divine Benevolence has bestowed on ces glad tidings. In various parts of our mankind. Free in their nature as the work, we have recorded the progress of passing breeze, they visit and refresh all this joyful harbinger. Among our red ranks and stations without exception. brethren in America; among our black Unconfined as the cloud laden with the brethren in Africa, or in the West Indies, principle of fertility, they "drop fatness" their non-native islands; among the frowithout partiality. Pore christianity dis-, zen regions of the north, where within charges itself in benefits, as the cloud a few years the Laplanders, as well as the dissolves, without reserve. The joy of the Greenlanders, have embraced the docagriculturist, when the descending showers trines of the cross; and amid the desarts