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No. XVI.-(Translation.) ---Letter from Mr. cerely regrets that this desire of his Majesty is disSecretary Canning to Count Nicolas de Roman-appointed. zoff, dated Foreign Office, 7th December, 1808, But his Majesty is determined not to abandon acknowledging the receipt of his letter.
che cause of the Spanish nation, and of the legitiNo. XVII.-Oficial Note, dated Foreign Office, France to exclude from the negociacion the Cen
mate monarchy of Spain ; and the pretension of 9th December, 1808.
tral and Supreme Government; acting in the name The undersigned, his Majesty's principal Secre- of his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand the Seventh, is tary of State for Foreign Affairs, has laid before the one, which his Majesty could not admit
, without King his master the Note transmitted to him by acquiescing in an usurpation which Kas no parallel his excellency the Count Nicholas de Romanzoff, in the history of the world. Minister for Foreign Affairs of his Majesty the Em
The undersigned, &c. peror of all the Russias, dated on the 16th (28.h)
(Signed) GEORGE CANNINO. of November. The King learns, with astonishment and re
No. XX.(Translation.) - Letter from Count -gret, the expectation which appears to have been Nicolas de Romanzoff to Mr. Secretary Canning, entertained, that his Majesty should consent to
dated Paris, Ist (13th) December, 1808; received commence a negociation for general peace by the December 17th, promising to forward Mr. Canprevious abandonment of the cause of the Spanish ning's Note to the Emperor of Russia. nation and of the legitimate monarchy of Spain,
No. XXI.-('Translation.)-Letter from M. de in deference to an usurpation which has no paral- | Champagny to Mt. Secretary Canning, dated Palel in the history of the world.
ris, 13th Deeember, 1808; received December His Majesty had hoped that the participation of 17th, promising to forward Mr. Canning's Note the Emperor of Russia in the overtures made to
to Buonaparte. his Majesty would have afforded a security to his The PANORAMA would deviate from Majesty against the proposal of a condition so un- that sedateness of character by which it just in its effect, and so fatal in its example,
Nor can his Majesty conceive by what obliga- | has been distinguished, were it to enter at tion of duty or of interest, or by what principal of large into what might be said on the subRussian policy his Imperial Majesty can have ject of this correspondence by the British found himself compelled to acknowledge the right nation. Our public officers, who have, assumed by France, to depose and imprison friendly sovereigns, and forcibly to transfer to herself
no doubt, additional information, which the allegiance of loyal and independent nations. they do not communicate to the world,
If these be indeed the principles to which the have spoken their sentiments on the sub. Emperor of Russia has inviloably attached himject; and to echo what they have said, is self; to which his Imperial Majesty has pledged not consistent wiih our independence of the character and resources of his empire ; which he has united himself with France to establish by opinion. We do most heartily repeat our war, and to maintain in peace, deeply does his wishes, that the Spaniards may have preMajesty lament a determination by which the suf- pared for a long resistance; and that ferings of Europe must be aggravated and proibeir affairs may be entrusted to hands the continuance of the calamities of war, by the incapable of TREACHERY. We may add, Jisappointment of all hope of such a peace as
that at length the man whom our best would be compatible with justice and with tonour. intelligence had pointed out, as most The undersigned, &c.
qualified to head the Spanish nation, and (Signed) GEORGE CANNING.
to guide the state in troublesome times, No. XVIII.- Letter from Mr. Secretary Can. occupies a · station of command. We ning to M. de Champagny, dated Foreign Office, mean the Duke de l'Infantado. Of this 7th December, 1808, acknowledging the receipt nobleman it has been said, in our hearing, of his letter.
by those who knew him personally ; No. XIX.- Official Note, dated Foreign Office,
• He can if he will !-and being the next 9th December, 1808.
" in rank after the Duke of Medina Celi, The undersigned, his Majesty's principal Secre
" who is universally regarded as incapable, tary of State for Foreign Affairs, bas laid before the King his master the Note transmitted to him " to him the Spanish nation may look for by his excellency M. de Champagny, dated the a head and leader." The forced resort 28th November.
of this nobleman to Bayonne, was consiHe is especially commanded by his Majesty to
dered by our informant as a serious evil : abstain from noticing any of those topics and expressions insulting to his Majesty, to his allies, but, we suspect, that it was not in the and to the Spanish nation, with which the Of issue injurious to the Spanish cause. ficial Note transmitted by M. de Champagny Wailing the result of the whole, for only abounds.
a partial view of existing circumstances is His Majesty was desirous to have treated for a peace which might have arranged the respective voice to that of our countrymen, in den
within our power at present, we add our interests of all the powers engaged in the war on principles of equal justice, and his Majesty sin- claring, explicitly, that SPAIN MUST BB
SUPPORTED!--The man who may deliver | militia of Great Britain as will leare serving, that country may start up when we do including corporals, three-fifths of the nume not expect him. - Spain is very likely ber of the establishment iu rank and file of to prove the grave of the Frenchmen
each regiment of militia, to enlist into his
Majesty's regular forces, under certain provie who are transported thither by_the
sions and restrictions; and to enable his violence of ambition. In a word, Bpo- Majesty to accept the services of the men so naparte has got into Spain; but, he has voluntarily enlisting : Be it enacted, that not yet got out of it.
His Majesty may appoint regiments of the We cannot say that any great disap- regular forces in which militia men may enlist. pointment has succeeded the termination -Commanding officer to ascertain the numof the correspondence with Paris, because bers willing to enlist, up to the number no very ardent hopes were excited by it, allowed.--His Majesty may appoint officers from the first; and when it was known to approve or reject the men.-Men enlisted that Buonaparte had quitted Paris before marines : but men so enlisted may refuse that
into the regulars, may be transferred to the he could be informed of the result, every service.-Commanding officer of every regi, ray of hope was extinct. What, then, ment, out of which the proportion limited is the duty of Britain in such a con- shall not enlist, shall draw out his men, and juncture? TO PREPARE FOR THE VERY read his Majesty's order, and explain the WORST THAT CAN HAPPEN. To anticipate terms of enrolment, and shall cause the names in preparation the time when Buonaparte of the men who shall then voluntarily declare may be master of Spain; but not of the their intention of enlisting to be written Spanish resources, ships, &c. to suppose down; excess shall be reduced by ballot to he has put in motion his meditated descent
the number authorised to enlist. If the num
ber who shall enlist shall not be the due proupon Ireland ; and that he means there to meet and annihilate our power.-Now, -For appointing further periods for enlisting
portion, a further enlistment may take place. what should we wish we had done in such
the full proportion. As soon as the number circumstances ?--Taught all our active po- enlisted is ascertained, they shall be discharg. pulation the use of arms ;-roused the patri-ed, and if approved, attested ; and shall (as otic sentiments which glow in the bosom soon as conveniently may be) be transferred to of Britons; and have contributed all that some officer of such regiment of his Majesty's is possible to the completion of unanimity regular forces, as his Majesty may have apamong us.
pointed to recajve them.---Lord lieutenant to We certainly should attribute the great
iransmit to the Privy Council the number of est importance to the last of these parti- shall be entiiled to enlist until he shall have
men discharged.-No person in confinement culars : but we well know that Britons see
suffered the sentence of a court martial.-No things in lights so different, that what private militia man shall be entitled to his appears bright to one appears obscure to discharge, or to enlist under this act, who another. To conciliate all opinions exceeds shall have been in confinement, or who shall our hopes : nothing short of the sight of a
have been sentenced to any punishment by French army on British ground will effect any court martial, for any offence committed that wonder. -But, that our population
within the space of calendar months may be taught the use of arms, has been
before the time of his so offering to enlist,
unless he shall obtain the consent of the comour repeated suggestion and even remon
manding officer of the regiment of militia in strance. Our advice will prevail in time- which he shall be serving at the time.-AdjuIn the meanwhile, the proposals made by tants, clerk, or regimental clerk, or drummer, government to attain this end, by degrees, or musician in the band of the regiment of deserve attention, and we have thought it militia, or armourer, or artillery man, or maour duty to procure acopy of Lord Castle-, tross, shall not enlist without the consent of Jeagh's intended regulations on this subject, the commanding officer. - Allowing comwhich we present to our readers without manding officers to discharge upon sufficient further comment.
cause.- Persons discharged refusing to enlist,
or not approved of, they shall continue to Heads of a Bill to allow a certain Proportion belong to the regiment from which discharged.
of the Militia of Great Britain, to enlist -Oficers not authorised to enlist, or pervoluntarily into the Regular Forces. suade to enlist any militia men, other than
Whereas it is necessary that the most such as shall have been duly discharged. — effectual measures should be taken for aug. His Majesty may issue orders to lord lieutenant menting his Majesty's regular forces ; and it and commanding officers, for executing act.is therefore expedient to allow so many of the No person shall be drafted from the regident
in which he enlisted unless wholly and abso- Effective strength on 1st June 1808 : serlutely discharged from all service whatever in jeants, 3,414; corporals, 3,183; drummers, the regiment in which he shall originally have 1,636 ; privates, 59,602 ; total, 67,835. enlisted.-On production of certificates under It appears also, that 1,576 men have joined the hand of any justice of the peace of any the militia since June 1, 1808 : add the county in Great Britain, or of any magistrate number reported to have joined previous to of any borough, town or place therein, men the 1st June, 34,659, gives a total of 36,235 to be discharged.For transmission of returns men.-In the number 1,576, are included a of militia men, who shall have enlisted under certain number of men who have joined as this act.-Act not to extend to London.- substitutes for men discharged.
to ridings, divisions, cities, and places in Great Stale of the Recruiting, under the Act of Britain, and to all battalions, corps, and
the 47th of the King, chap. 56, for increascompanies, as fully and amply as if they
ing the Militia of Ireland, from Returns were severally and respectively repeated in
and Reports received at the War-Office. every such provision, direction and clause. Number to be raised
9,905 This act may be altered, amended, or repealed, Reported to have been levied ......... 9,169 by any act or acts to be made in this present session of Parliament.
736 Abstract of the Number of Men, who volun- Dec. 12, 1808. teered from the Militiu into the Regular
HARRY CALVERT, A. G. Army, under the Acts of 47th Geo. 111. Adjutant-General's Office, chap. 55 and 57. From the Adjutant
Jan. 25th, 1809. General's Office, 25th January, 1809.
From the English militia.- Into the By accounts laid before the House of Com, Royal Artillery, for limited service, 77; mons, by Lord Castlereagh, it appears, that for unliınited service, 70. Into regiments of The recruits which have been raised Men, the line, for limited service, 12,552 ; for for the regular arny, since Au- 19,072 unlimited service, 1,504. Into the Royal gust 1, 1807, amount to........ Marines, for limited service, 401 ; for un- That the effective rank and file of limited service, 658. Total, 15, 262.
the militia of England is 53,262 From the Scotch militia.-Into the Artil- Do. Scotland 6,917 81,577 lery, for limited service, 77; for unlimited Do. Ireland 21,398 service, 75. Into Regiments of the Line, And that the effective force,in rank for limited service, 3,233; for unlimited and file, of the British regular 210,614 service, 323. Into the inarines, for limited service, 56; for unlimited service, 126. To.
HARRY CALVERT, A. G. tal, 3,890.
Adjutant-General's Office, Jan. 26, 1809. From the Trish militia.- Into the Regiments of the Line, for limited service, 4,163 ; for unlimited service, 3,955. Into the ma- We may be allowed to congratulate the rines, for unlinvited service, 235. Total, inhabitants of this little island on such a artillery, 299; Line, 25,730 ; Marines, 1,476. demonstrative proof of their power, and General total, 27,505 ; deficient, 883. of the effect of measures taken to secure State of the Militia in Great-Britnin, accord their independence and dignity, as a peo.
ing to a General Return made up in the ple. It may be true, for aught we know, Adjutant-General's Office, June, 1808. that France, with its subjugated sovereign
Effective strength of the Militia in Great ties, has double this number of men in Britain, August, 1807, previous to the ope- arms: but those are more than counterration of the acts of the 47th Geo. III. chap. balanced by the immense number of Bri57 : serjeants, 2,993 ; corporals, 2,636 ; tish seamen and marines : with various drummers, 1,589 ; privates, 50,943 ; 1o!a!, bodies of our volunteers, and local mili58,161.-Number of men added to the milia tia by the ballot, under the act of the 47th tia. These, too, ARE FREEMEN : Geo. III. chap. 71, 34,659; returned from
SAME TEMPER, desertion, 466; substitutes for men discharged, FRANCE is so well ACQUAINTED WITH 267. Encrease between 1st August 1807 and ELSEWHERE* --AND THEY HAVE PLEDGED 1st June 1808, 35,392 ; total, 93,553.- THEIR HONOUR TO THEIR COUNTRY TO Number of men volunteered from the inili.
LIVE FREE OR DIE ! tia, under the act of the 47 Geo. III. chap. 57, 18,763.; discharged, 4,397 ; dead, 1,291"; * We allude here only to our own umes, deserted, 1,267. Decrease between 1st Egypt, Maida, and, lastly, Corunna. See August 1807 and 1st June 1808, 25,718. London Gazette, p. 1095, of this number.
AS THOSE WHOM
west. They are attached to one speci
fic country in the east; and every attempt d Companion to the Holy Bible ; the Sub- to refer their origin to any other part of
ject Sacred GEOGRAPHY ; being a Geo-Asia (to India, or to China, for instance)
that without such assistance might bare
remained in the deepest obscurity, and It must be confessed, that of all might have puzzled, from generation to books entitled to general consideration, generation, our countrymen who endeathe Bible has in many instances fared the vour to read their Bibles with an underworst. Attention to the spirituality of standing heart, as well as with a willing its contents has swallowed up almost every mind. other sentiment, as the rod of Aaron This volume is the close of an effort swallowed up the rods of his opponents. which has been many years in a course of There bave been some in the Christian publication, to illustrate Scripture by world, who decried the advantages of means of the testimony of travellers who human knowledge in interpreting the sa. have visited the Holy Land. The first cred books; and depended for a more division of this undertaking was, an atthan common facility in understanding tempt to elucidate the customs and man. them, not on external assistance, but on ners, the dresses and domestic arrangeinternal communications.
If these com
meats, &c. of the east, in the form of short munications had enabled them to state discussions called FRAGMENTS, annexed to matters of fact accurately, much benefit Calmer's Dictionary of the Holy Bible. might have been derived from them; for The second division treated principally the work before us regrets that the best of the Natural History of Scripture; the geographers of our days, with all the ad- third and last is the Sacred Geography vantages they possess, and all the diligence before us. they bave exerted, cannot so much as The writer has availed himself of Dr. tell the true form or situation of the Well's Manual of Sacred Geography, southern extremity of the Dead Sea, or which preserves the order of the books. agree on the existence and dimensions of The second division of this work conthe gulf of Eloth. It is, nevertheless, sists of original dissertations on various true, that the Dead Sea is at this day an subjects connected with sacred geography; undeniable witness to the truth of Holy such as the most probable settlements of Scripture. Had Scripture been totally the nations after the flood : the migrasilept on a subject of natural history and tion of Abraham : the builders of the geography so remarkable, or bad it attri- Pyramids of Egypt: the city of Egypt: buted qualities contrary to those which the travels of Israel in the desert: the accurate examinations, by the chemical deportation of the Israelites : the protests of modern science, discover, unbe bable extent of scripture geography : the lief might have availed itself of such a early spread of Christianity, &c. But, violation of truth, with propriety, as it the most considerable division, in point of certainly would have caught at the plea labour, is a geographical index to Scripwith eagerness. Happily, Providence has ture, in which we observe with pleasure, preserved abundant evidence of the cor- that many of the appellations of places rectness of the Scriptures ; nor can any are traced to significations much more doubt be started, as to their derivation probable than those heretofore current from that region which they claim as their among expositors ; and that much addiorigin. The eastern ideas they present, de- tional information has been obtained from monstrate, beyond controversy, that they modern sources, foreign and English. are not forgeries manufactured in the If the general principles adopted by
the author be correct, we have long fa reference to Biblical inquiries. We know voured errors of no small magnitude and that Cardinal Noris, Hardouin, and inconvenience, in determining the origi- others, have illustrated particular events nal country of the Abrahamic family. It by the testimony of medals; and Vaillant, has always been supposed, that on the &c. has composed the history of king. other side of the Euphrates, was far doms and states from similar documents : enough eastward to place the native land yet the application of the principles of of that eminent patriarch; but this work the writer before us, is far more extencarries our ideas far beyond the Euphrates, sive than any that has come under our and supposes the Jihoon was the river, notice; and the least that can be said of it, from the further banks of which the is that it opens a very extensive field for refather of the faithful migrated.
searches, to Biblical, :well as to general Indeed, a desire to connect Judea with students. It concerns nations and tribes India seems to run through the whole of of men, as well as cities, and colonies. the geographical discussions. If this hy- The number of plates attached to this pothesis be correct, the intercourse be- volume is forty-four : the maps are distween the east and west must have been tinguished in a very ingenious manner, in early times much more facile than we and will be thought valuable and useful. have ever supposed. It is true, that our The other plates are mostly filled with want of information on the subject of the medallic memorials, such as those we caravans which in all ages have travers have been describing. From among the ed in Asia, is no evidence that such mi-explanations of these we select one, which grations might not have taken place; but is not only recomnended by its novelty, the difficulties of so long a journey for but by its effect in reconciling the assernumerous flocks and herds, appear to us tion of a Christian evangelist with that of to extremely have been great, if not insu- a Christian father, hitherto abandoned as perable. The writer does not diminish this irreconcileable, in a manner perfectly difficulty by affirming, that all the honourable to the characters of both. It western nations were originally from the is under the article Antioch. head of the Indus (the ancient India.) In
By far the most interesting inedal to us, as proof of this, he supposes that they pre- Christians, is No. 13, where we read “ of served memorials of their original country, the Antiocheans under Saturninus :"--this in their religious institutions, and objects Saturninus was governor of Syria, at the of worship. Their coins too, he thinks, time of our Saviour's birth ; as is admitted by contain allusions to this fact; and several the learned, on the authority of Josephus ;
and Tertullian, Contr. Marc. lib. iv. cap. medallic types, which have hitherto baf fled the learned, he explains by the help 19, goes so far as to say that the enrolment or of this principle. It is certain, that suu
taxing, Luke ii. 1. was made by him.
Hence has arisen a very great difficulty, dry of the Grecian images and idols cor
how to reconcile this fact with the character respond in figure to those still extant in given to Cyrenius, by the evangelist, who Hindoostan; and the evidence collected describes him as governor of Syria,” at in this work contributes unexpected sup the țime of the taxing or enrolment. Noport to the hypothesis of the late learn- body has hitherto suggested that both were ed Jacob Bryant.
governors of Syria, in the same sense, with This is not the first time that Iodia has equal power, and at the same time : but been considered as the original seat of some have proposed, instead of “ Cyrenius," mankind. Sir Walter Raleigh, in his to read " Saturninus," in the text of Luke, History of the World, derived all nations Tertullian, in conjunction with that of Jo
so strongly have they felt this testimony of from the same country; and since his time, others have been of the same opi- nius, at a later period.
sephus for an enrolment by this same Cyre. nion. But, we believe that this is the first instance, in which the proposition OYOAO, which, I presume, are the
On our medal appear the letters pas been supported by arguments of the first letters of OroOj8, Volumnisame kind (for what d’Ancarville and others have done in the history of art, is deed, Josephus, Ant. lit. ari. cap. 9; 10,
us, the colleague of Saturnious: and in. hardly applicable to the present subject), speaking of these persons, stiles them Presi. and the species of evidence directed to dents, or Governors, in the plural; though bear on it, is in great measure new, in Saturnicus was properly Psesident, and Vo