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to their eternal shame be it spoken, have been , niard seems to recognize an old friend in every the only theatres performing those pieces you Englishman he meels.- Indeed we now see have so decidedly condemned. Nay, so perse verifying their old proverb, “ Con todo el vering has been the self-willed controuler of the mundo guerra, y pas con Ynglattera.second, that Pizarro was again advertised in Peace with England and war with all the the bills for Tuesday the 25th of October; world.” and I am confidently told wasonly withdrawn Now, Mr. Editor, if our London managers by the express command of ast whom the continue so intent in performing pieces whose manager dare not offend. Although, Sir, history is against the spirit of patriotism, I do not wish to overload my good Lord why 'not at once dramatize the Norman Chamberlain with the ungracious manage: Conquest, à la Corse. They may find one ment of the play-houses, yet someborly should ready for them at Paris, entited Guillaume le take care to prevent the ambassadors to our Conquérant, in which “ Harold is represented court from being insultes ; and am glad as a greai coward, in order that he may be like 10 recognize the authority here used.

the English ;" for though it must be acknow In pure justice to other theatrical managers lodged they allow us some bravery on the I beg leave to inform your readers that Mr. sea, yet the soldiers and the people are taught Wroughton is manager of Drury-Lane the- to believe that we cannot possibly encounter atre ; Mr. John Philip Kemble, of Covent- them on land. As this piece was written by Garden, (and not Don Philip, or Don John, order of Buonaparte, at the time of his so as ill-naturedly said in a morning print, who much boasted of invasion, I have no doubt it certainly did not mean 10 compliment the would be soon noticed in the Moniteur as a Spaniaids thereby).

proof of the English people's returning to I am truly pleased at the attention you pay reason through those virtuous organs the to the thratre, and hope you will not relax in play-houses of the capital !—It would delight, your laudable observations ; for it is dis- the Thuilleries more than ihe spectacle of gusting to read the fulsome panegyricks of Caractacus, though that is writien hy an our diumal prints; scarcely any of them have Englishman, and set off by the splendid had the hardihood to condeind the thrusting decorations of the genius of French dan forward Pizarro at the present crisis ; none cer;- it would please our enemy - perhaps of thein in the manly manner you have so ar- as much as the representation of the Maror dently expressed yourself.

of Garrai, which is now exhibiting at Drury,

Lane theatre, to ridicule our militia. Én pressant, Mr. Editor, allow me lo remark

I am, Sir, yours, &c. bow very different the noble Spaniards were November, 1808

DRAMATICOS. trearing us at the time the Covent-Garden manager, by the aid of Korzebuc-Sheridan's Pizarro, was consigning them to execration. The following is an extract of a letter from Corunna, daled October 16th,

A new theatre will

be erected with all posGenerals Sir D). Baird, Nanningham, sible expedition, by Robert Smirk, jun. esq. Warde and Cranford went last night to the architect, on the site of the late theatre-royal, theatre; a new entertainment was repeated, Covent-garden, and that of the houses adentitled 'THE PARLIAMENT OF Plurus, ok joining. In order to defray, in part, the FERNANDO AND GEORGE TRIUMPHANT; in great expence attached to this undertaking, which Kings Ferdinand VII. and George III. the sum of 50,000!. we are informed has embraced each other several lines; ihis was been already subscribed for, in shares of 5001. received with enthusiastic applause, as also each, under the immediate patronage of his GUD SAVE THE King, which was introduced majesty. Each of the subscribers to receive, frequently, and performed with the whole clear of the property tax, and all other house standing. The British officers were charges and rotgnings whatsoever, an ana invited into the private boxes, and every Spa nuity of 251. to commence from the open

ing of the said new theatre, and to continue as to preclude every possibility of for the term of eighty-five years (being the oveu a chance of preservation. You: observa- remaining term of the lease, and of all the tions very justly tend to censure the pro- premises), with the addition of an annual prietors for not having (since that melancholy iransferrable free admission to any part of the event at which I was present) rendered that theatre before the curtain, (private boxes extheatre more cominodious and convenient; cepted), for which the subscribers will be it is still a disgrace to them, and to the secured by the patent, and the riew theatre, metropolis, so far as concerns egress and with the scenery, machinery, and all other regress, and should be speedily remedierl.-In property therein contained. The subscription fact, every theatre onght to be completely to be paid by instalments. The amount insulated.

of the insurance money is 44,0001.



manufactures, bridges, banks, and causeways, VIEWS OF SPAIN.

of the kingdom.

The chamber of Mil y Quinientos or of Taken in the Year 1805.

one thousand five hundred, thus called bee No. VII.

cause those who appeal to it from the senWe are desirous, in the present number, of tences and judgments of the sovereign tribu.

nals accomplishing two purposes; the first is, that ducats, which they forfeit in case of losing

are obliged to deposit fifteen hundred of enabling our readers to judge on the ex

the appeal. ercise of the duties and authorities of govern- The Sala de Justicia has an exclusive cogment, as at present established by the nizance of certain causes, the particulars of Spaniards, in this extraordinary crisis of their which would be uninteresting, and perhaps nation ; and, as we conceive that Catalonia unintelligible, to most of our readers ; and is likely to be before long the scene of impor description this chamber is united to the

for the judgment of capital causes of a certain tant military events, we should, also, be others. happy to prepare our readers for judging on The Sala de Provincia judges appeals them with discrimination and correciness. in all important cases, and receives those from We might have introduced these subjects in the judgments of the two lieutenants civil of · succession, as they are distinct in their nature ; l of the Alcaldes de Corte in civil affairs.

Madrid ?Tenientes de Villa) and from those but according to the best intelligence that has These form a sixth chamber. reached us, time presses the consideration of The chamber of the Alcaldes de Casa y them upon us.

Corle was formerly the tribunal which always The council of Castile was the highest accompanied the court of Spain. Since this authority in Spain, and was treated as such bunal has been fixed there also; and as it

is understood to be fixed at Madrid, the triby Joseph Buonaparte. It was in some forinerly had a provincial jurisdiction near degree analogous to our Privy Council, the the residence of the Sovereign, it has still Orders of which are regarded as entitled to preserved such a jurisdiction to a certain dis-, general obedience, when they are the conse

tance from the capital. quences of regulations authorised by parlia: acknowledged by the grandees of Spain, and

The council of Castile is the only one ment; or when they look forward to speedy all its members have the right of cummilsupport by parliamentary authority. It was

timus. also in some degree analogous to our upper The head of the council of Castile has the house of parliament, as a tribunal of dernier title of president or governor: these two resort, and competent to the decision of dignities differ but little, except in honorary. Cases of intricacy and importance. The folo distinctions. The president of the council lowing account of this council is the niost of Castile must always be a grandee of Spain.

When he appears in public, he has particular satisfactory with which we are acquainted.

privileges. The council of Castile holds the first rank

The office of president of the council of among the councils and tribunals of the king Casrile had been revived, after a long interdow; it is at once a council of administration, ruption, in the person of the count d'Aranda, which has the inspection of all the interior in one of those critical moments when men operations of gorernment, and a sovereign of genius become necessary. . He discharged tribunal that has an exclusive cognizance of the duties of it during seven years, with certain causes, and in certain cases receives

energy and wisdom. appeals from the other tribunals.

The oldest penibers of this council, form The council of Castile is composed of five what is called in Sprin the Camara, properly chainbers. The first, the Sala de Goriei no, the privy council vi the monarch, and at tie which is confined to the affairs of adinisis

time a sovereign tribunal for certain tration; it also receives references accompa- canses, such as all which have relation to the nied with necessary forms, brought to the right of patroyage, the successions of persons council in extraordinary cases; but it is only of the ro al family, and all contests relative to send them to the second Sala de Govierno, to the rights of cities i Ciududes) whic' differ or to the Sala de Justicia,, according to cir- from Villus, the former having a particular cumstances.

jurisdiction, and being represented in the The second Sala de Govierno judges some Cortes of the kingdom. Nalrid is only a of the causes brought before the council of Ville, yet is represented in the Cories like Castile by extraordinary, reference, but its the Ciudades. But this is the only excepe', ehief occupation is in matters relative to the tion. VOL. V. [Lit. Pan. Dec, i Sos.)



The Camarn is also the council wbich We confess, that we had dreaded the effect issues all acts or patents of royal favour. All of Spanish pride and inflexibility on the places in the magistracy, and all consistorial question of precedence in the arrangement of benefices are conferred by its means. Il re the powers destined to exercise autority; cominends to his majesty, through the que- hui, ii afjords us intiunile ,pleasure to learn dimin of his winister of favour and justice, that an uniformity of action is likely eloree persons to fill ihem, and the king established, and we shali not ibiuk the worse chuses one of the three.

of Ferdinand, or his advisers, if" încasures 2. All the members of the Camarg are appear to have been taken by his sugestion, ancient counsellors of Castile; these seldom. or al bis instance, for this purpose. obtain their places without having been pre- for the present, the government of Spain is sidents of a chancery or an audience, or a1 Least anciens counsellors of oue of these tri- as the members which compose il persorna

in the Supre:ne Junia of the kingdon : and bunals, or Alcade de Corte.

no common part on the theatre of evenis, Under the circumstances that have lately but are destined either to an enviable inınorhappened in Spain, the council of Castile tality, if successful, or to a pitiful distinction was placed in a very delicate and difficult among the unfortunate, if unsuccessful, we situation. Ferdinand had appoinıcd his uncle shall record their instailation into office, and Antonio, presideni of a junta for governing their names, and close the subject with our the stalea. The old council naturally con- best wishes in behair of their hopest a d timued to the the cliannel of communication patriotic endeavours io save and serve ileir beiieci ile government and the nation, as country. batore: Wific the French troops were 'in List of the Members assembled, of the Junta Madrid the council was under French powers, and was obliged tỏ yield obedience to the pe

of Aranjuez, Sept. 23, 1808. 1411 remptory tone-of Muat, in his deniand for President, ad interim ; The "most csi the delivery of the Prince of Peace from his cellent Senor the 'Conde Florida Blanca prison. The council hoverer interfered with Arragon ; Don Francisco Palafox, Don Lo. some effect in saving several of the Spaniards renzo Caloe.-Asturias; The Niost Excels who were taken by the French in the affair of lent Senor Don Melchor de Jovellanos, the the second of May; and it received verbal Marquis de Campo Segrado.- Old Castile ; and confidential communications froin Fer- Don Lorenzo Bonifaes de Quintan,

Vala dinand by means of Don J. J. Nararros. In des, absent.-Catalonia ; The Marquis de consequence of these, it debated on the pro- Villel, the Marquis de Sabazona.--Cordova; piety of ordering a general increase of the The Marquis de la Puebla, Don Juan ile Spanish military, throughout the provinces; Dios Raber.--Estreinadura; Don Martin de but, this, on account of the augmented Garoy, Don Felix de Oyalle. Grenada ;sisque to which it would subject their Princes Don Rodrigo Requeliude, Don Luis Gines de taken in the toils at Bayonne, was aban-Gines y Sálido. --Jaen Don Sebastian de doned, as a formal act, or act of the council, Tocano, Don Francisco Paul Castanedo.--and the measure was entrusted to the president For Majorca, and the arijhcent Islands, Bon the lufint. Antonio, who “ trausmined in Flonias de Vizi, Don Josef Sanglada de 3tructions privately to the captains general of Tajores: Murcia'; The Most Excellen? the provinces, to take every measure con

Senor the President, ay inierit, the Serior sistent with prudence to increase their military Marquis de Viliar.-Seyille'; The Senor forec.” To 'ihe meanwhile the council pub- Archbishop of Laodicea, the Conde de Tilti. licly commanded the most cordial inter

--Toledo : Don Pedro de Ribero, Dón course to be maintained with the French Josef Garcia de la Torre - Valencia; The troops, and was under the necessity of ap- Conde de Contamina, El Principe de Pio. praring to countenance the acts of Murat, In consequence of the agreement of yesterand the assumption of Joseph Buonaparte, day, the 24th inst. made in a preparatory whn, when he arrived at Madrid, lost no conference, and by which it was resolved, tiae in canvassing this council for its good that at half past nine o'clock this morning, Opinion, and inducing it to lend a sanction by the Supreme Central Junta pigovérument of its authority and weight in the state to his the kingdom should be in-alied; io wluich ulterior projects

. When that usurper quitted effect all the most serené députies, Jresent ... Mastrid, the whole weight of government this toyal residence, amounting to more than pelled for a time, on the council of Castile: wo-thirds of the nuniberishich should coin but the institution of a SUPREME Junta of pose ihc junta of government, who are the Kingdom deprived it of the precerience, toned alphabetically in the warm, were which it had injorrd, and it has publicly' sulumdnet, the 'ccrevetti was observed in prosessed obedience;' in the present extraordi- the following mannes The said inošt natt ticorumist vices to this new depository of seiette depues asceti.b fed in the saçrints, the severeign power.

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royal resicknce, and when formed, seated | fulfil such great hopes, which were the more theinselves on the benches placed on both properly conceivel, in proportion to the dig: siles for that purpose. They then hearu nified sincerity with which the most anges bulass, which was celebrated by the inost proceeding which the nation has ever witnessed excellent the archbishop of Laodicea, cvad has been celebraled. jutor of the archbishop of Seville, and deputy The most serene depulics being placed in of that kingdom: afier which the following their respective sia:ions, and the President vatli, "which had been previously taken by having pronounced a short but appropriate thili pirelare, was administered by hian, upon discourse, the Jaota declared itself legitimatethe book of the holy Evangelists, !o all the ly couşaimed, without any.prejudice to the most serene deputies:

absentees, who, according to the agreeme!!! “You swear by Goul and his Holy Evange- of yesterday, are in compose the Junta of " lists, and by Jesus Christ crucified, whose governmeni, in absence of our king and " sacred image you have here present, that in inaster Ferdinand VII. and ordered a literal

the employment and functions of a mein. certification of this act to be drawn up, and " ber of the Central Supreme Junta of go directed to the presistent of the council, for "vernment of the kingdom, you will defend his information, and that of the tribunal, " and pronto:e the preservation and increase in the meantimc communications are made

of our Holy, Catholic, Apostolic, and to him of the last orders agreed on. * Roinan Religión; that you will be loyal to,

MARTIN DE Garoy, it and defend our august sovereign Ferdinand

General Secretary ad interim. * VII. and his righis and sovereignty ; that Royal Palace of Araujuez, Sept. 27, 1808. "Nou will promote the preservation of our

rights and privileges, our laws and usages, Buonaparte has deceived himself and us " and especially those relative to the succes. very greatly if he do not make Catalonia she sion in the reigning family, and those also

scene of tremendous exploits before long which are, particularly laid down in the

His inain effort will certainly be made in the sanje taws and finally, that you mote every thing conducive to the general province of Biscay, and in the North West of welfare and happiness of this kingdom, the Peninsula ; but the Eastern coast muss and the ainelioration of its customs, keep: expect its share of the convulsions attendant ing secret everzibing that should be sú,

on the atrocities of the times. We hare protecúng the laws from every evil, and persecuting their chemies eren at the ha

already (Vidc Panorama, Vol. IV. p. 1146] "zard of your life, safety, and properly? — suggested some purticulars relating to this proSo I swear.

vince; in the present paper we shall endca. Colls If you do so, God be your helper; and our to complete them by original commu: if not, may he pupish you, as one who nications from another quarter. has taken bis holy name in vaio. Amen." We begiu our account with Lerida; A A solenin Te Deum was sung by the com, city, the walls of which are bathed by the munity of barefooled monks of St. Pas jual Segra : this river, which forced Cæsar io dis, of this place; and this religious act being con- play the whole of those vast resources which cluded, the Junta passed in front of the fine distinguished his genius, presents the soldier battalion of light troops of Valentia, which who follows his course with an extensive field was forined in two files from ine entrance of for meditation and study: Fromu Siuda the thie chapel to the staircase of the royal palace, first city in Catalonia on ihe side of Arragon, and adjourned to one of the principal halls you next reach Cervera; a city which overdestined al present for the sitting of the juntas. looks a spacious and fruirful plain. Not far Tlie opening of the gates of the royal palace, from Cervera, is the mountains of Cardonna, which had been so long shyl, the inelancholy covered ou the top with a forest of pines, and solitude of the magnificent habitatiou of our containing within its bulky, sides an inexkings, and the remembrance of the epoch haustible salı nine, on which the rays of at which, and of the reasons for which, they the sun play with such carious effect as ló were shut up, drew tears eren trom the make it appear a quarry of diamonds, rubies, firmest of the spectators. The enthusiasm and emeralds. This salt is hard enough even and interest felt by the people increased, to admit of vases, urns, boxes, and various when the inost serene deputies proceeded to other utensils being found of it. the great gallery of the principal front of the Having passed Iqualada, a city which offers palaee, from which the actual president ad nothing ibat ca fix a traveller's alienuion, you interim, Count Florida Blanca, again pro- teach Molio del Rey, a remarkable nown for claimed King Ferdinand, and the people in picturesque situation, its nudierous paper followed, often expressing by lively acclama- mills

, and ihe beautiful bridge five hundred Lions their joy, and the affections with which and fifty paces in lengih across the Lobregai, they were inspired by a body who were so a rivulei which swells into a dangerous 10cm



jent after a day's rain, although you mighi | an appearance of great neatness. Fortified.on wade across it in five weather.

the land side, this city is protected on the west Between Igualda and Molin del Rey, you by Mount Jouy, a lofty mountain crowned have on your left the prospect of Mont- wiih a fortress, from ihe centre of which Serrat, celebrated for its monastery, and the rises a signal tower. Between the fortress sixty friars whose virtues obtained praise and the foot of the nountain are vineyards even from a philosopher of the day. The and houses which decorate its sides. On the archbishop of Auch, the bishops of Tarbes eastern side the city is overlooked by a citadel and Castres passed part of the season of perse built by Philip V. the purpose of which cution in that retreat, and through their piety seems rather to awe the inhabitants than to and resignation in adversity, acquired the protect them : though it might answer this esteem and veneration of their hospitable pro- last intention if absolutely necessary. The sea tectors.

on the south terminata ihe picture by a vast Like all churches in Spain, the convent or semicircular horizon. is, while going down Mont-Serrat possesses immense property, ac- the soft declivity that leads from the corered eumulated by the piety of the faithful." But cross to Barcelona, we look behind us, the who can explore that part of the mountain eye is agreeably engaged by a chain of mouncalled the desert, without experiencing a sen- tains that border the plain on the north. The timent of respect and admiration for those summit of those mountains is covered with anchorets, who inhabit thirteen hermitages, groves of pine trees ; the sides with vinebuilt on the points of sharp rocks like so yards in a high state of cultiration ; the foot many pyraniids, which give the mountain with villages and country houses farther than an aspecy both hideous and picturesque? Those the eye can reach, vieing with each other in hermits are for the most part old officers or beauty and elegance. On Sundays and other gentlemen, who having long been tossed on festivals the inhabitants of Barcelona visit ihe stormy sea of the passions, seek and find these country houses for diversion and pleagrue felicity in meditation and silence. These impending rocks, these delightful vallies, co- Whoever desires to meet with an instance sered with cool shades and carpeted with rich of commercial activity and industry, let him Verdure; these streams of limpid waters pre- visit Barcelona. Men think of, talk about, eipitating themselves down the sharp edges wd concern themselves in, nothing but specuof the rocks; the doleful croaking of birds lations ; the merchants and manufacturers are of prey that keep slowly bovering over the crowded together. The city of Barcelona black points of rocks that secm to reach the may easily be walked around in an hour, yet clouds'; the soft mielody of the nightingale, it contais 180,000 souls, and the churches, that breaks on the astonished ear ; these her convents, and palaces are numerous, and comoits you meet prostrate before a cross placed ver much ground. at the entrance of some grotto; those contrasts The trade of this city consists principally in plunge the soul in a delightful reverie, and wine and brandy with the nortli, in cotion, sensations little short of divine.

stuffs and paper with America. - Holland From Molin del Rey the distance is only alone dra's, on an average, 80,000 pipes of four leagues to Barcelona, the capital of Ca- wine or brandr yearly from Barcelona. ' Corn talonia. The road follows the banks of the from the coasis of Africa, and Aour from the Lobregat for some time, and afterwards leaves Cnited States of America form other branches it meandring across a fruitful plain on the of trade ; but that with 'Turkey is abandoned. right. After having passed through several The Barcelonians supplied the Turks formerly well built and opulent villages, we come to with the caps they use instead of hats. The the covered cross; thus called from a lofty king invited them some years ago to resume cross, placed under an arch supported by co- that lucrative branch of trade, but they do not Termís. It is difficult to imagine a inor scem inclined to it. pleasant landscape and a more majes:ic pros- If the Barcelonians neglect much longer pect, than that which is discovered from this the cleansing of their port, "before fifty years hill. To the right and left the sight loses have elapsed, merchant ships will not be able itself on a plain covered with orange, lemon, to enter it. The river Lobregat at the west, olive, fig , and almond trees, set in rows, part and that of Besos at the east, bring down sands ing the different estates, or scattered about in which the currents drift into the bay, where the fields. Some pretig country houses and they form a bar which vessels of 400 tons inanufactories, the while walls of which re burihen can scarcely get over. It is easy to flect the rays of the sun, offer an agreeable perceive that the sea retires gradually: the contrast with ibe deep green of the trees. At little town of Barcelonette, built by the the distance of a league, and directly opposite, Marquis de la Mina, and separated from slands the city of Barcelona. It seems as if Barcelona by a bastion, the walls of which fresh from the hands of the workmen: the the sca battied formerly, now appears to be houses painted white on the outside, give it land which the sca has abandoned. In the

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