Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

{ages, the embátilerl houses were mmiformly | dows, and the other lofty, square, and conconstructed round a quadrangle with a tuto pact. Of the great square windows in such vied gate-joue of entrance', though not houses, it is a well-linown complaint or Lord fortiñed with the inossite round lowers and Bacon, " that one knows not where to be portcullis of the castle gate. The principal come to be out of the sun." The character. apartments were the hall, the great chainber, ! istic accompaniments of these houses within, kitchen, and chapel. Thiehall was a copy of were huge arol and tire-places in their balls, those in colleges, which in their turn were of and kitchens; chimney-pieces in their chamcourentual origin. Here the master, with bers of state, richly carved and adorned wiih his family and sperior guests, dined every day armorial bearings inixed with grotesque fiat a long oak table, elevated on two or ilireeguires in wood, stone, or alabaster; raised steps, called the highdees, at the upper end, heartla, long and massy tables of oak, from whilst the tenants and those of inferior rank, their bulk calculate. i to last for centuries. were seated at a table below, at right angles One apariment seldom omilled in houses of with the former. The hall was lig bied by this rank and date, but never found in ihose one or inore gothic windows and a long bow of higher antiquity, was a long gallery for window, forming a recess, near the high music and dancing, sometimes 150 feet long, table. It had no fire-place, but was warmed a proof that the ball was now beginning io 'by a brazier of live coals in the middle, the be deserted ; at all events, the practice of smoke escaping froin a hole at the top, this dining in these great apartments at different apartment being anciently always open to the tables, according to the rank of the guests roof, ihe timbers of which were formed into was scarcely continued below the restoration. a pointed archi, carved and adorned with The unembattled gentleman's house in arnis, rebusses, and quaterfoils. At the lower towns partook of the general features of the end was a wooden screen of latticed work, above but was of smaller dimensions, and which supported a gallery for the minstrelsy, without any fortifications. These were in on great days. Under si ran a narrow lobby general retired from the street, hy a small court willi a passage through, which communicated two or three sides of which were incloseul by with a butiery hatch, where the butler at the house and offices, the rest with walls, and tended to administer ale to the numerous shut up with a gate, usually without any applicants at all times of the day; and beyond lodge or apartment over it. The most ancient these were the offices. The great chamber of such houses consisted of a thorough lobby uljoined the hall at the upper end. In this with a parlour beyond it on one side, with a arriment was the luxury of a fire-place, if stone floor, tiie kitchens and offices, on the the wide open chimney-pieces of our ancestors other. The partitions were of rude oak, the deserve to be called luxuries, and it was the chimnies wide and ope, and the rooms, crual resort of the family when not al their fexcept the hall and great parlour, low and nieals: it is conceived also, that, as in the small. Vaughan's Place was originally a combination room of colleges, and the locuo fine house of this sort. These comforiless

derium or parlour of monasteries, the master habitations were succeeded by the houses of i will his chief guesis often retired soon after Queen Elizabeth's days. In them the ori.

dinger, from the cold atmosphere of ihe hail; inal form was retained, though with cone to the social cuinfort of its hearth; while the siderable improvement. The entrance was inferior visitors were left to carouse by the by an inclosed projecting porch, which led 10 dying embers of the brizier they had left. llie hall. This was lighted generally by one

The chapel was a small room oftes over the great square window with cross mullions, a Kateway, and sometimes adjoining ii, and was massy oak talle beneath, at the lower end a , ruther an, oratory for private devotion than for gallery for music, or to connect the apartments the isseintling of a congregation. Our town above, and a fire-place embracing in its ample does noi non possess one perfect mansion of space almost all ibe-width of the room, ile ihis early kind, but the suins of Charlton Christmas scene of rule and boisterous festiIl will give some idea of them.*

vily; beyond was uniformly a parlour, and To ihese ancient forvitier houses, succeeded on the other side, the great chamber, or tine combauled mansion of Queen Elizabeth withdrawing, room, sometimes up three or of Janies l. This was of two kinds, the four steps. In the windows of sach houses Prouter and the less; one an improvement and those of a rank above thein, are found **}}on the ride quadrangle, ile other an ex- che remains of painted glass in a style which pansion of the ancient castlet; one luminous seems to have been fashionable in the gereninamificcst, with deep projecting bow, win- teenih century; they.consist of arms. cyphers,

figures of animals, and scripture histories, or Sioke casile near Ludlow, improperly others, in small round and. oval pieces. Of called a castie, is a very curious and entire these the drawing is extremely correct, but specimen of the castellaied mansion of early the colours feint and dingy, very unlike the

deep and glowing lints of the foregoing cen

21.

[ocr errors]

taries. These were probably of Fleinish city of Westminster, the county of Middle, manufacture. Of this kind of mansion, the sex, and four deameries in Hertfordshire and While Hall and Bell Stone are good spe- Essex, containing nearly one hundred and cinens.

sixty parishes, exclusive of the peculiars,-1 The tradesman's house was one or some- have inel with very few churches in such an times two long ranges onited, ternsinating | advanced state of decay as io occasiou a charge with gables in the street. The shop occupied upon the parish for their restoration that can the whole breadıh next the streei, and was be thought in any degree burthensome; whilst entirely without glass, like our present un

in numberless instances this seasonable exersightly butchers' shops. Behind was a kitch- cise of nig authority has awakened attenen, and beyond a small open yard round which tion, and opened a way to the knowledge of were the warehouses and offices. The pride some iinportant particulars and latent defeats, of the owners were their signs, which denoted which, bad they been suffered to remain the trade or craft by some animal or device : much longer uvattended to, would have these either projected far into ihe street from proved highly injurious, and even hazarlous the house, or were stuck upon high timbers to the existence of many neglected and deopposite the door. In fornier days cur towns caying structures. must have exhibited the appearance of the

My jurisdiction, whilst it includes some streets of Pekin, rather than of the open of the largest, the most populous, and wealand lively air of a modern European city. thy parishes in the kingdom, also compreThe barber's solitary pole, and here and there hends many others of very limited income; a heavy gilt sign projecting from an inn in an

and small extent. old towi, are ihe only remains of these When we consider the state of the large clumsy and inconvenient ornaments. Messrs.

parishes in the western part of the metropolis, Stanier and Meire's house in the market-place, I have no hesitation in pronouncing, that and some of the butcher's houses, are good great and important benefiis would follow, specimens of these ancient dwellings. if better accommodation could be provided,

and more effectual encouragement given, 10 We understand that the author is the the middle and lower classes of the inhaRev. Hugh Owen, of Shrewsbury. His bitants to frequent the worship of the estatownsmen are obliged to him for his blished church, by the erection of free Jabours; and the public for his illustra- churches, or by allowing to them a larger tions of various interesting particulars in share of accommodation in the churches our national manners and history. and chapels already established.

The archdeacon proceeds to notice the

most prominent causes of premature in. A Charge delivered to ihe Clergy of the jury and decay—such as burying within Archdeaconry of Middlesex, at the Vin the walls of the church-this has proved sitation in May and June, 1808. Ву

fatal to many churches ;—why not render George Owen Cambridge, A.M. F.a.s. | it exceedingly difficulí, if not forbid it Archdeacon of Middlesex; and Preben altogether? The injuries occasioned by dary of Ely: Carlell and Davies. Lona injudicious repairs and improvements, are don, 1908.

strongly and justly pointed out. To ob.

tain more ligbt, betier glass in the winThis tract forms no improper com. dows is recommended. Casements that panion to the statements of the venerable will open to permit a thorough draught diocesan, given in p. 540. The observa- of air ;-why not sashes? The churchtions contained in it, are highly important, yard receives a share of the visitor's noand cannot be too generally disseminated tice-the fence the

grave-stones, &c. in our country. . We are sorry to be

The state of the Parish Registers was a obliged to present them in a contracted subject of 100 much consequence to be over form. They are the result of personal looked. As these are records of high legal visitation, throughout the parishes of the authority, which are always open to be rearchdeacoory. The parish officers are sorted to for the determination of questions commended generally for their ready of great moment to the parties interested, a assistance. The worthy author directs suitable attention should be paid to them, and to the choice of such officers, especially they are to be regarded by the incuinbent as churchwardens, from among the most re

an important document, placed under his spectable inhabitants. He proceeds to say, is personally responsible ; and from whence

he

immediate care, for the accuracy of which he After completing the inspection of the should always be able to furnish a satisfactory whole of this archdeaconry, including the and authentic extract; but how can this be

S4

donc, or how can he answer for the fidelity of an intelligent and decorous person to fill that this record, uuless the entries are correctly situation. and faithfully made with his own hand, and the books preserved in bis own custody? Such tion that a competent parish clerk, in

We add the expression of our convic. personal aitention is the only sure method effectually to secure them from that disorder respect to the comfort of public worship, and confusion which has sometimes been se-approaches mure nearly than is usually verely animadverted upon in the courts of thonght, to the importance of a coinlaw, when unsuccessfully resorted to for the petent incumbent, establishment of doubtful and litigated claims. Instances of this, I am reluctantly compelled to remark, have recently occurred within this archdeaconry; and my late examination of The Propriety of the Time of Christ's Apthe register-books obliges me, in truth, lo

pearance in the World; a Sermon, preachacknowledge, that if further proofs of similar

ed May 23, 1808, at the Opening of the neglect are not brought to light, it would be more owing to good fortune than to the care

New General-Baptist Meeting House, of some of the clergy, who appear to leave

Cranbrook in Kent, by John Evans, the performance of this duty to iheir parish A. M. Price is. clerk.

Duplicates should be regularly transmitted An Address, delivered at Worship Street, to the bishop's registry. Many excellent October 2, 1808, on the Baptism by Iin. parsonage houses have been recently built, Inersion of Mr. Isaac Litlleter of the while others have undergone extensive repairs Israelitish Nation, on his Profession of and improvements.

Christianity, &c. By John Evans, A. M. Means are taking for rearing such a growth Price 1s. Sherwood and Co. London. of timber upon the glebes [in some instances] as cannot fail to prove a valuable ap- Wk place these articles together, bependage to the benefice, and an acceptable cause we learn, from an account prefixlegacy to successors.

ed to the latter, ibat Mr. Littleter being In the course of my parochial visits more struck with Mr. Evans's explanation of than one or two instances occurred of applica- the seventy weeks of Daniel, in the first tions froin the parish clerk for my inter- of these discourses, requested an interference to obtain an augmentation of his sa- view with the author, and after sundry tary. The rery small pittance they now in conversations, publicly professed his general receire from the parish was probably faith in Jesus as the Messiah, and sufficient, when it was first granted, to

was baptized. Mr. E. considers the engage the service of persons in respectable situations, and of competent abilities ; hut

“ doctrine of the Divine Unity," as harfrom the alteration in the value of money ing produced the most beneficial effects the profits of the appoinument are so much on this occasion. As we fully agree with reduced as to be hardly worth the acceptance this converted Jew that “the unity of of a day.labourer ; whilst the additional fees God is as much a doctrine of the New, which he receives as the sexton, being fixed as it is of the Old Testament," we abanat a time when the price of labour was so don to his censure all who explain the much lower than it is at present, are but a doctrine of three distinctions, (of some bare equivalent for the interruption of his kind) in the Deity, in such a manner as to ordinary occupation. It would be attended with very beneficial effects, if the respect

impeach his unity. They are “ workdue to this very useful, though subordinate men who need to be ashamed of their office, were maintained beyond what it is, work." Whether the principal impedi. at present, by the appointment of men of ments to the conversion of the Jews do Father a superior description to those who not arise from the doctrine of the resornow generally fill it; and that their accept. rection, deservés Mr. E.'s further consideance of the office were insured by a literal ratiou. In former days, the Jews certainaddition to the salary, which the parish iy were “ grieved that the resurrection would not fail to find their account in grant from the dead was taught in the instance *ing to persons of worthy characters and suitable attainments; whilst the parochial

of Jesus: " and when the gentiles heard minister, with whom the appointment ab- of the resurrection," some mocked," solutely rests, would receive much accom- and others deferred the investigation modation ; and even the solemnity of divine of the matter. It may be said with worship be materially promoted by baving great truth," the Assertion of the Resurrection always has been, and always truth for theinselves. Let us avoid all rash will be, an insurmountable obstacle io ljudying, and leave their future state to God." the general conversion of the Jews:

The text of ihe address is Rom. xi. i. it does not, therefore, follow, that we are to The same inadvertencies as in the former abandon the doctrine of the resurrection. discourse mark ihe same want of time

Mr. £. is a gentleman of well known for revision. The writer describes the abilities, and arduous professional duties; destruction of Jerusalem by Titus as the that these discourses were composed in custing away intended by the Apostle, p. haste is evident, as we think, froin seve- 19, yer says, in p. 20, the Jews were tal trips of the pen. The Jewisia phylac-cost away at the time of their being carSeries were not " large pieces of parch

ried away captive by the heathen nations, ment sewed on the borders of their gar- though they were afterwards restored." ments : they were square entelopes worn

He has ill expressed his meaning, on the forehead, and the left arm.

We give no opinion on the question “The Essenes were a kind of hermits, whether the Jews shall return to their own renouncing the common enjoyments of land, though our private feeling inclines life, and dwelling in the caves and desarts to the affirmative. Neither do we so of the earth.” No: they dwelt in commu.

much as attempt a calculation as to the nities, or convents.

time when. The following remarks are Every thing that Jesus did possessed judicious. publicity." No: the Evangelists describe If the dispersion of the Jews was thought some things he did as private.

long in the time of Julian [about 300 years Mr. E.'s remarks on the importance of after the destruction of the temple), and public worship are just; and he censures

means were taken for their restoration, what the late Mr. Wakefield for his attack of

must now be the opinion of all thinking per

sons, when nearly fifteen hundred years (ad10 beneficial an institution. In our opi. ditional] have elapsed, and these people are nion that attack did a great deal of good; still in a state of ignominy and depression? as it startled a number of half-unsettled | We may be assured, that some valuable well-intending ninds.

purpose is to be answered. The Jews are the In the pretace to his second discourse depositaries of the Old Testament records, Mr. E. speaking of thc transactions of the and these records describe the Messiah with Grand Sanhedrim at Paris,* observes every token of triumph and glory! Received " that the sacrifices made by the Jews by them, and read in their synagogues, they on the continent, for the extension of are perinanent and energetic attestations of their civil rights, ill accord with the un

the truth of Christianity. Besides, their

existence as a distinct people, in every nation bending strictness of the Mosiac ritual, under heaven, is an irrefragable proof of the and have given considerable offence to authenticity of the sacred records. It is a their breihrer in this country." His pre- species of protracted miracle. Go where you face closes with sentiments which every will, into Europe. Asia, Africa, or America, · rational niind will approve, whoever be you meet the descendants of Abraham; you their author.

instantly recognize them by their features, “ Let us avoid putting stumbling blocks religion of their forefathers! They are, not

and find them scrupulously' attached to the in the way of the Jews. Let us propose withstanding the lapse of eighteen centuries, Christianity to them as Jesus proposed it to the same as they were in the time of our them. Instead of the inodern magic of scho- Saviour-tenacious and superstitious-perverse lastic divinity, let us lay before them their and obstinate to a proverb. All this is an own prophecies. Let us shew them their ac, argument for the truth of the gospel of Jesus complishment in Jesus. Let us appland Christ. They are reserved to the glorious era, their hatred, of idolatry. Let us show them when the fullness of the Gentiles shall come the morality of Jesus in our lives and tem- in, and all Israel shall be saved, pers. Let us never abridge their civil liberty, nor ever try to force their consciences. Let

The Jews are now so scattered and din us remind ihem, that as Jews they are bound vided on the earth, that the most power. to nuake the law of Moses the rule of their ful potentate, however outrageous and actions. Let us try to inspire them with intent on their destruction, could not desuspicion of rabbinical and received traditions, stroy the whole nation. Nor could even the and a generous love of investigating religious coulescing. of several governments insure

the complete execution of such a design. Compare Panosania, Vol. II. p. 913. In some place there would still be Jows,

1

[ocr errors]

supper in his Rake's Progress. What parent

can conduct his wife and daughters through Thoughts upon the present Condition of this sty without trembling with the fear,

the Stage, and upon the Construction of that, though those sighıs are to them shockthe new Theatre. pp. 43. Price 18. 6. ing and horrible to-day, they may not be so London, 1808.

to-imorrow? An audience, ihat went to the

play to hear and see, would quickly interfere It does not become a corpe of re. with these orgies.viewers to maintain opposite sentiments, The scene was hardly ever disconcerted by in the same number of their work: scenes noisy quarrels, blows, or such indecencies as in different kingdoms are prohibited from we now witness. appearing in the same act, on the theatre; in the boxes below stairs, with the single ex

Women of the lown were never permitted -how then can we, who lave gloried ception of the beautiful Kitty Fisher, whose in the morality of our age, a few pages appearance occasioned great dismay among all before, coincide with this ancient gentle, the frequenters, male and female, of the man (and we believe ancient writer too,) hitherto unpolluted front boxes. who boasts of the decorum of times past, As the subject is of great importance, and lyys very serious misbehaviour to the we could have wished that some profes. charge of time present?

sional man of eminence had favoured this Yet we have not the clioice of postpon writer with assistance, on that part of his ing inii subject; as we conjecture, from

pamphlet which proposes to insure the the rapid movements of the bricklayers safety of an audience, under an appreand their labourers, that the new theatre hension of danger. Mr. Sanders, who will be roofed in before our next is put to published a Treatise on the Construction press, unless our printer bestir himself of Theatres, would have been an accept* quick! quick!"

In this dilemma, able coadjutor. The only proposition the writer shall tell his own tale : nobody made by our author is the following: the is bound to suppose that we believe it.

public to pay the extra expence. He complains, in the first place, of the “ outrageous size of our theatres," in which boxes, three distinct rooms or corridors should

To the two galleries, and the lowest tier of an actor can neither be heard nor seen.

be joined; these should be arched, and the This accounts (says he) for what appears to Aoors stuccoed. An additional solid staircase be a most vitiated laste of the public in the to each tier should be flung open to facilitaic endurance of those childish pantomimes, the escape of the multitude, on the appear. Blue Beard, &c. on the very boards where ance or apprehension of danger. Under the Shakespeare and Oway once stormed the conviction that the moment such places were human heart. But this, in fact, is not such a reached, all peril would cease, a fair hope sign of pervested iaste as it is of a prudent tole- might be eniertained, that these staircases ration of Blue Beards, keule-drimms, or the would be descended with little dangerous predistant view of big-bellied virgins of the sun ; cipitation, whereby some of the worst calainifor if the idanager did not provide these, he ties might be avoided, the terrible accidents could give the audience naibing.

that happen fro:n pressure, and one unfortuA graver evil also is caused by the outrage- nate being falling over the other. ous size of the playhouse. With nothing to

We have on former occasions stated fix the attention or touch the feelings of the generality of those who frequent the theatre, our opinion on further facilities for exit the constant and indecent interruptions from to a disturbed audience: we insist, that a ladies of easy virtue, and their paramours, substantial wall should separate the tbeatre are not resented as they ought to be, or as from the corridors; that the doors for egress they would be, could we suppose Gerrick should, some or more of them, be opened and Mrs. Cibber arising from the dead, to the audience every night: inany parts again to charmi us, and treading a stage also, that are now made of wood, as filof reasonable dimensions, and on which lars, and other supports, and even wintheir powers conld be understood and appre dow and door frames, should be of iron ; ziured. Should the internal part of the

as they are in the linen manufactory at theatre have attractions to keep those who at the door, in their places, the lobbies would Shrewsbury, described in a preceding arnot be filled with profligates of every descripticle, page 489. The building itself should tion, familiarizing the yet uncorrupted and also be insulated, and situated where the modest to scenes of such meretricious impu- crowds issuing from it, could stop a few deace; hardly exaggerated by Hogarth in the minutes, on occasion, in safety and at ease.

« ZurückWeiter »