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having the most conscientious linguist in the Gaboo and Fororo. I have seen them and
both of a brownish colour; they are brought They will tell you it is quite irregular to down by the Mandingoes to the floop country ask what the lodging is to be, until the wax to purchase corn. I have given the Jolid bę gone : but I can see only two ways of do- names of both, the former, is by the Man. ing business, by open honesty or low cun- dingues called Sanda quora. The Floops ning. the latter, alas! is the but too prevalent give those articles in exchange for cowries, system on this ill-fated coast.
count for count. They are in no esteem Cotton is to be had here in certain scasons here, but they may be sold at Gorce or in great plenty. It is fine, but short; they Senegal at 20 of the former, or 14 strings bring it with the seed, and I have seen a of the latter, for a dollar, which I ain basket about the size of a bushel given twice informed is the stated price of them there'full for a bottle of powder. This, of course, is about. not the proper season for it. I should think These are all the articles I recollect at preit will be most plentiful from December or sent that are to be had here of any note, January to May or June,
except slaves and stock, both of which are Rice, excellent in quality, may be had in tolerable plenty. cheap : the same quantity of rice in the When iron is scarce, as at present, a bar husk, as of corton, is bought for a bottle of of iron is a good price for a nice Jittle fat powder, worth about two shillings sterling. bullock : I have bought two goats for a quar:
measured the quantity of clean rice got ou ter of a bar of iron; a milch goat and kid of one of those bottle-of-powder-worths, for a bottle of powder ; a nice roasting pig and found it made 35 heaped quarts, (about for a cloth piece of an iron bar; and six 70lbs.)
fowls for the same. They seldom bring this article down unless Pleoa (a native woman residing at Barrow, it is sent for. If, therefore, you want to fatt) has, for the ten strings of an eight. supply yourself expeditiously, you had best penny bunch of red gatnets, bonght me hire a canoe and employ an honest natire to ten sowis : and the country soap and butter go to the Floop towns and make trade for
are very cheap.--I should like to know the you ; giving him a little of such money as manner they make iheir soap, for I find is he will point out to you.
rises with salt water." This method is perhaps generally a good Gold I have omitted, as not belonging prox' one I mean in regard to other articles as perly aw the Floop side, either by birth or rewell as rice, not even excepting wax. But sidence : there is some to be had on the rice ; corn of the three different sorts ; cloth; Gillifreyside, and a greater abundance up the honey; cotton ; stock, such as bullocks; River. The same of ivory, goats, hogs, and fowls; rams and plantain, also Gaboo and Fororo ; are to be nad most light. This rainy day has been so dismally
It is now evening and we have got candleexpeditiously in this manner: 'and, should dark, that I had to griess at writing the you be fortunate enough to meet with an
above, though done about iwo o'clock in the honest intelligent tradesman, most advan- afternoon. tageously loo.
I have sat down now to specify the articles, Honey. I have not had the good luck to of trade nost in demand for the purchase of meet with any to buy, but I have seen some the above, but I see my paper is nearly exvery good indeed : and by the accounts I pended. I must therefore for the present be hear, it is to be bought very cheap.
excused. Before I come to Gambia again I must
The following occur to me now, and I set know how to make honey-wine. · I ought them down, as they occur, as the first on in recollect it from a social and humane molive the list, viz. iron, amber, cowries, arrana. well as from interest.
tobacco, cutlasses, gud-powder, Corinn cloths, white, but rather coarse ; coral, and mock coral, Dutch "knives, their p. ce is commonly a piece of an iron rom, blue burdoe beads and black points. bar, about four or five inches long, An Indeed I could at present cominand the trade iron bar of the usual length may be cut into of Barrowfall, were there any thing in it 20 or 21 cloth-pieces. I have done it. worth commanding, with only a good supply
Mahogany trees are here in great abundance of iron, powder, rum, tobacco, arrangoes,
Indigo Mandingo wame Carro) may be cowries, Duich knives, and a few smallish had very cheap; but I know not how 10 beads. This last is a choice assortment, care il
and the articles ranked in their proper places.
and well defined, like that of the sun teen AX ACCOUNT OF A REMARKABLE SHOWER OP through a mist, It rose from the north, and
METEORIC STONES, AT WESTON, IN AME- proceeded in a direction nearly perpendicular BICA.-BY PROFESSORS SILLIMAN AND
to the horizon, but inclining, by a very small
angle, to the west, and deviating a little from: KINGSLEY.
the plane of a great circle, but in pretty large [This relation was first communicated in curves, sometimes on one side of the plane,
England, by the right hon. Charles Gre- and sometimes on the other, but never riile, F.R.S. &c.]
making an angle with it of more than four or
tive degrees. It appeared about one half or twoYale College, December 26,1807.--Asim- thirds ihe diameter of the full moon. This deperfect and erroneous accounts of the late scription of its apparent magnitude is vague, but' phenomenon at Weson are huding their it was impossible to ascertain what angleit subway into circulation, we wke the liberty of tended. Ius progress was not so rapid as that inclosing for publication the result of an in- of com.non meteors and shooting stars. When restigativninto the circumstances and evidence it passed behind the thinner clouds, it apof the event referred to, which we have made peared brighter than before : and when it on tive ground where it happened. That we passes the spors of clear sky it Aashed with a ruuş not interrupe our narration by repeating vivid light, yet not so intense as the light-'' ine observation wherever it is applicable, we ding in a thunder-storm, but rather like what may remark, once for all, that we visited and is commonly called heat lightning. Its surcarefully examined evity spot where the stones face was apparently convex. had been ascertained to have fallen, and seve- Where it was not too much obscured by tal places where they had been only suspected thick clouds, a conical train of paler light without any discovery; that we obtained was seen in attend it, waving, and in length specimens of every stone--conversed with all about 10 or 12 diameters of the body. In the the principal original witnesses ; speat several clear sky a brisk scintillation was observed days in the investigation, and were, at the about the body of the meteor, like that of time, the only persons who had explored the a burning firebrand carried against the wind. whole ground.
It disappeared about 15 degrees short of the BENJAMIN SILLIMAN. zenith, and about the same number of degrees JAMES L. KINGSLEY. west of the meridian. It did not vanish in
stantaneously, but grew, pretty á rapidly,
fainter and fainter, as a red-hot cannon ball The meteor, which has so recently excited would do, if cooling in the dark, only with alarm in many, and astonishment in all, first much more rapidity.es inade its apppearance in Weston, about a There was no peculiar smell in the atmo-> quarter or bali past six o'clock, A. M. on sphere, nor were any luminous masses seen blonday, the 14th instant (Dec. 1807). The lo separate from the body. The whole. period morning was soinewhat cloudy; the clouds between its first appearance and total extince -vere dispersed in unequal masses, being in tion was estimated at about 30 seconds. some places thick and opaque; in others About 30 or 40 seconds after this, three's light, Acecy, and partially transparent ; while loud and distinct reports, like those of a four-?) spots of upclouded sky appeared here and pounder, near at hand, were heard. Theyo ! there among them. Along the northern succeeded cach other with as much rapidity as .. part of the horizon, a space of 10 or 15 de- was consistent with distinctness, and, alco; grees was perfectly clear.' The day had mere- sether, did not accupy jhree seconds. Then hy dawned, and there was liule or no light, followed a rapid succession of reports less loud, : except from the inoon, which was just sel and running into each other, so as to produce ting. Jadge Wheeler, to whose inielligence a continued rumbling, like that of a cannon ! and observation, apparently uninfluenced by ball rolling over a Hoor, sometimes louder and feat or'imagination, we are indebied for the at other times fainter; some compared it to : substance of this part of our account, was the noise of a waggon, running rapidly down passing through the inclosure adjoining his a long and stony hill, or to a volley of mushouse, with his face to the north, and his goetry, protracted into what is called, in mic eses on the ground, when a sudden Aash, litary language, a running fire. This noise occasioned by the transition of a luminous continued about as long as the lindy-was in, body across the northern margin of clear sky, rising, and died away, apparently in the diilluminated every object, and caused him to rection fro:ni which the ineteor carne. look up. He immediately discovered a globe The accounts of others corresponded subof fire, just then passing behind the first stantially with this. Time was differently cloud, which was very dark, and obscured, estimated by different people, but the variaalthough it did not entirely hide the meteor. zion was not material.' Some auginented the
In this situation its appearance was distinct, number of loud reports, and terror and ina.'
gination seem, in various instances, to havey 2. The masses projected at the second eso magnified every circunstance of this phieu plosion seem te lwve fallen principally at and nomenon.
in the vicinity of Mr. Willian Princes, in The only thing which seemed of any impor- Weston, distane about five miles, in a soub. tance beyonk this statement was derived erly direction, from Mr. Burr's. Mr. Prince from Mr. ElibuStaples who said, that when and family were still in bed, when they heard the meteor disappeared, there were apparently a noise like the fall of a very beavy body; ihree successive efforts or loaps of the fire-ball, immediately after chic explosipuis. They soruwhich gres more dim at every clarue, and ed various unsatisfactory coojeclures concerne disappeared with the last.
ing the cause ; nos did even a fresh hvic nade A number of masses of stone fell in several through the turf in the door-vard, about twenplaces, principally within the town of Weso tv-tive feet froin the house, lead to any conton. The places which had been well ascer ception of the cause or induce any other ing tained at the period of our iorestigation, were quiry than why a new post-hole should have six. The most. remote were about 9 or 10 been dug where there was no use for it: sem iniles distant from each other, in a line dif- far were this family from conceiving of the fering little from the course of the meteor. possibility of such an event as stones falling It is therefore probable that she successive from the clouels. They had indeed fornirci'a masses fell in this order, the most northeriv vague conjecture that the hole might lose first, and the inost southerly last. Jle think been made by lightning, but would probably we are able to point out three principal places have paid no furiher attention to the circumin where stones have fallen, corresponding with stance, bad they not heard, in the course of the three laud cadnou-like reports, and with the day, that siones had fallen ihat morning the slıree lepps of the meteor observed by Ms. in other parts of the towns. This induced Staples. There were smine circunstances thom, towards evening; to search the linie in common to all the cases. There was in every the yard; where they found a stone buried in inalanee, iminediately after the explosions the loose cand which had fallen upon it.. Te had ceased, a loud whizzing or roaring noise was two feet froin the curface: the hole was in the air, observed at ail the places, and, so about twelve inches in diametos; and as the far as, was ascertained, at the momeni of the earth was soft and nearly free from stones, fall. li excited in some ihe idea of a tornado ; the mass had sustained little injury, only a in others, of a large cannon-shou in rapid mo- few small fragments having been deiached lyx tion; and it filled all with astonishment and the shock. The weight of this sione vid apprehension of some impending catastrophe. about thirty-five pounds. From the descrip. In every instance imminediately after this was tions which we have heard, it must have bein. heard a sudden and abrupt noise, like that of a noble specimen, and men of science will: a ponderous body striking the ground in its not cease to deplore that so rare a treasure fall
. Exceptiog one, the stones were 'rore should have been inmediately brokeu im or less broken. The most important circum pieces. All that remained unbroken of this biances of the particular cases were as follow : noble mass, was a piece of twelve pounds.
1. The most northerly fall was within the neight, since purchased by Isaac Bronson, limits of Huntington, on the border of Wes. | lisq. of Greenfield, with the liberal view of tos, about 40 of 50 rods east of the great road presenting it to some public institution. fron Bridgeport to Newtown, in a cross road, Six days after, another mass was discovered, and contiguous to the house of Mr. Mersin half a mile north-west froin Mr. Prince's. Burr. Mr. Bur was standing in the road, The search was induced by the confident pera in front of his house, when the stone fell. suasion of the neighbours that they heard it The noise produced by its collision with a fall near the spot where it was actually found! rock of granite, on which it struck, was very buried in the earth, weighing from seven yo ten lond. Mr. Bure was within 50 feet, and pounds. It was found by Gideon Hall and immediately searched for the body, but, it Isaac Fairchild. It was in small fragments, being still clark, he did not find it will half an having fallen on a globular detached mass of hour after. By the fall, some of it was ren gneiss rock, which it split in two, and by duced to powder, and the rest of it was broken which it was itself shivered to pieces. inio very small fragments, 'which were throwu The same men informed us that they suspectaround to the distance of 20 or 30 feet. The ed another stone had fallen in the vicinity, granite rock was stained at the place of contact as the report had been distincily heard, and twith a duep Icad colour. The largest frag- could be referred to a particular region somement wbici ruinained did not exceed the size what to the east. Reiurning to the place, af of a goose-egg, and ehis Mr. Burr found 10 beter an excursion of a few hours to another still warm to tris hand. There was reason to part of the town, we were gratified to find concluale from all the circumstances, that lino conjecture verihed, by the actual discoibis seone must hare wighed about twenty or very of a mass of thirteen pounds weighi, tukeady-fove pounds
which had fallen half a milo to the north-east
of Mr. Prince's. Having killen in a ploughied | which seems to have heen peculiar.- Mr. held, without coming into contact with Elihu Staples, a man of integrity, lives on roek, it was broken only into two principal the hill at the botrom of which this body felt, pieces, one of which; possessing all the cha- and witnessed the first appearance, progress, räters of the stone in a remarkable degree, and explosing of the metcor. After the last we purchased ; for it had now become an ar- explosion, a reunding noise like that of a' ticle of sale.-It was urged that it had pleased whirlwind passed along to the east of his heaven to rain down this reasure upon them, house and immediately over his orekani, and they could bring their thunderbolts to which is on the declivity of the I:II. At the the best market they could. This was, it same instant a streak of lighe passed over the most be confessed, a wiser mode of managing Orchard in a large curve, and seemed to pierce the business then that which had been adopt- the ground. A shock was felt, and a repore ! ed by some others at an earlier period of these heard like that of a beary body falling to the discoveries. Strongly impressed with the idea earth; but vo conception being enteruined that these stones contained gold and silver, of the real cause, (for no one in ihis vicinity,” they subjected them to all the torlures of an with whom we conversed, appeared to have cient alchemy, and the goldsmith's crucible, ever heard of the fall of stones from the skies), ilke forge, and the blacksmith's anvil, were it was supposed that lightning hard struck the employed in vain to elicit riches which existed ground. Three or four hours after ihe event only in the imagination.
Mr. Seeley went into his field to look after his Two miles south east from Mr. Prince's, cattle. He found that some of them had et the foot of Tashowa lull, a fifth mass fell. leaped into the adjoining enclosure, and all Its fall was distinctly heard by Mr. Ephraim exhibited strong indications of terror. PassPorter and his family, who live within 40 ing on, he was struck with surprise at seeing rods of the place, and in full view. They a spot of ground which he knew to have been saw a smoke rise froin the spot, as they did recently turler over, all torn up, and the also from the hill, where they are positive earth looking fresh, as if from recent violence. that another stone struck, as they heard it Coming to the place, he found a great mass distinctly. At the time of the fall, having of fragments of a strange-luoking stove, and never heard of any such thing, they supposed immediately called for his wife, who was see ibat lightning har struck the ground; but cond on the ground. after three or four days, hearing of the stones
Here were exhibited the most striking proofs which had been found in their vicinity, they of violent collision. A ridge of micaceons pete induced to search, and the result was schistus lying nearly even with the ground, the discorery of a mass of stone in the road, and so inewhat inclining like the hill to the at the place where they supposed the lightning south-east, was shivered to pieces, to a cere had struck. It penetrated the ground to the tain extent, by the inpulses of the stone, depth of two fret in the deepest place; the which thus received a still more oblique direco hoe was about twenty inches in diameter, tion, apd forced itself into the earth to the and its margin was coloured bluz from the depth of three feet, tearing a hole of five feet powder of the stone struck off in iis fall. in 'length and four feet and a half in breadth,
It was broken into fragınents of inoderate and throwing large masses of turf-and fragsize, and from the best calculations might ments of stone and earth to the distanee of 50 have weighed 20 or 25 pounds.
and 100 feet. Had there been no moreor, no The hole exhibited inarks of much violence, explosions, and no witnesses of the light and the turf being very much torn, and thrown shock, it would have been impossible for any about to some distance.
«person contemplating the scenie ta donbt that It is probable that the four stones last de- a large and heavy body had really fallen from seribed were all projected at the second ex
the skies with tremendous momentum. plosion, and should one be discovered on the This stone was all in fragments, none of neighbouring hill, we must without doubt whicl exceeded the size of a mau's fist, and reler it to the same avulsion.
was rapidly dispersed by numerous visiters 3. Last of all, we hasten to what appears who carried it away at pleasure. Indeed we. by have been the catastrophe of this wonderful formd it very difficult to obtain a suticienie. phenoinenon,
supply of specimens of the various stones, an. A mass of stone, far exceeding the united object which was at length accomplished prin. weight of all which we have hitherto describ- cipally br importunity and purchase. From
fell in a field belonging to Mr. Elijah | the best information which we could obtain Seely, and within 30 rods of his house. of the quantity of fragments of thris last stone, circunstance attended the fall of this compared with iis specific gravity, we con
cluded that its weighi could not have fallen Which has since been found, weighing much short of 2000 pounds. All the stones, thirty-six pounds and a quarter. I have secn when first found, were friable, being easily, and weigbed it myself. G. Bur.
broken' between the fingets; this was espe
cially the case where they had been burieri ir, rough and irregular fracture with the ham-, the moist earth, but by exposure to the air they gradually hardened. Such were the cir- On inspecting the mass, four distinct kinda cumstances attending the fall of these singular of matter may be perceived by the eye. masses. We have named living witnesses; 1. The stone is thickly interspersed with the list of these may be augmented, but we black globular masses, most of their spherical, consider the proof as sufficient to satisfy any some are oblong and irregular. The largest rational mind.' Further confirmation will be are of the size of a pigeon-shot, bat generalderived from the mineralogical destription | ly they are much smaller. They can be des and chemical examination of these stones. tached with any poiuted iron instrument, and
The specimens obtained from all the differ leave a concavily in the stone. They are not ent places are perfectly similar. The most attractable by the magnet, and can be broken careless observer would instantly pronounce with the hanımer. then portions of a common mass, and differ- 2. Masses of yellow pyrites may be observent from any of the stones commonly seen on
ed Some of them are of a brilliant golden ibis globe.
colour, and are readily distinguished by the Of their form nothing very certain can be eye. said, because only comparatively small frag- 3. The whole stone is thickly interspersed pretits of the great body of the meieor have with metallic points, many of thein evident been obtained: Few of the specimens weigh to the eye, and they appear numerous and one pound-most of them less than half a distinct with a lens. Their colour is whitish, pound, and from that to the 'fraction of an and was mistaken by the discoverers of the ounce. Mr. Hronson's piece is the largest stone for silver. They appear to be chiefly with which we are acquainted; we possess malleable iron alloyed with nickel. the next, which weighs six pounds, and is
4. The lead-coloured mass which cenients, very perfect in its characteristic marks, and these things together, has been described alwe have a good collection of smaller speci- ready, and constitutes by far the greater part mens, many of which are very instructive. of the stone. After being wetted and exposed They possess every irregular variety of form to the air, the stone becomes covered with nua which might be supposed to arise from acci. merous reddish spots, which do not appear it dental fracture with violent force. On many a fresh fractyre, and arise manifestly from the of them, however, and chiefly on the large rusting of thciron, specimens, may be distinctly perceived por. Finally, the stone has been analysed in the tion's of the external part of the meteor. laboratory of this College according to the ex.
It is everywhere covered with a thin black cellent instructions of Howard, Vauquelin, crust, destitute of splendour, and bounded by and Fourcroy: The analysis was hasty, and portions of the large irregular curve which it ended only for the purpose of general infor. seems to have inclosed the meteoric inass. mation. The exact proportions, and the steps This corve is far from being uniform. It is of the analysis, are reserved for more leisure, sometimes depressed with concavities such as and may be given to the philosophical world
night be produced by pressing a soft and yield-hereafter. It is sufficient at present to ob: ing sabstance. The surface of the crusi feels serve that the stone appears to consist of the harsh like the prepared fish-skin or stagreen following ingredients : --silex, iron, magne. It gives sparks with steel. There are certain sia, nickel, sulphur. portions of the stones corered with the black The two first constituie by far the greater crust, which appear not to have formed a part part of the stone-the third is in considerable of the outside of the meteor, but to have re- proportion, but much less than the others ceived this coating in the interior parts, in the fourth is probably suill less; and the sul cousequence of fissures or cracks, produced phur exists in a small but indeterminate quase probably by the intenscheat to which the bo- tity. dy seems to have been subjected. The speci- Most of the iron is in a perfeçily metallic fic gravity of the stone is 3.0, water being 1. state ; the whole stone attracts, the magnet, The colour of the mass of the stone is princi- and this instrument takes up a large proporpally a dark ashte strengere perioder andera den colour. It is interspersed with distinct masses, tallic iron may he separated, so large that they
tion of it when pulverized. Portions of me. from the size of a pin's head to ahe diameter can be readily extendeduuder the hammer, of one or two inches, which are almost white, Some of the iron is in combiąation with sulresembling in many instances the crystals of phur in the pyrites, and probably, most of the feldtspar in some varieties of granite, and in iton is alloyed by nickel. that species of porphyry known by the name It remains to be observed that this acconnt of verd antique
of the appearances of the stone-accords - very The texture of the stone is granular and exactly with the descriptions, now become coarse, resembling some pieces of grit-stone. considerably numerous, of similat bodies It cannot be broken by the tingers, but gives winch have fallen in other countries at farious