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VISIT FROM THE INDIANS.

P'D. III.
CH. III.

P'T... soonest completed, but was unfortunately destroyed by

fire.

11. Their huts went up but slowly; for though their hearts were strong, yet their hands had grown feeble, through fatigue, hardship, and scanty fare. Many were wasting with consumptions. Daily some yielded to sickness, and daily some sunk to the grave.

Before spring, half of their number, among whom was They suffer,

the

governor and his wife, lay buried on the shore. but rect

. Yet they never repined, or repented of the step they

had taken; and when, on the 5th of April, the MayFlower left them, not one, so much as spoke of return

ing to England. They rather confessed the continual April 5, 1621. mercies of a “wonder-working Providence,” that had

carried them through so many dangers, and was making them, the honored instruments, of so great a work.

CHAPTER III.

The Savages—Massasoit's Alliance Winslow's Visit to the

Pokanokets.

First visit.

1. The Pilgrims had as yet seen but few of the natives, and those hostile, when Samoset, an Indian, who had

learned a little English at Penobscot, boldly entered March their village, with a cheerful “Welcome Englishmen.” 16,

He soon came again, with four others, among whom was Tisquantum, who had spread favorable reports of the English among his countrymen, and was afterwards of great service as an interpreter.

2. They gave notice that Massasoit, the sachem of

the Pokanokets, was hard by. He appeared on a hill, The re- with a body of attendants, armed, and painted with ception.

gaudy colors. The chief desired that some one should

11. What was their condition during this first winter? Did they repine and complain ?

CHAPTER III.-1. Who was Samoset ? Tisquantum P - 2. What notice did they give? Who was Massasoit? What did he do, and what desire ?

WINSLOW'S VISITS TO MASSASOIT.

59

ac

Alliance

with Massa

soit,

be sent to confer with him. Edward Winslow, famed for P’T.I. the sweetness of his disposition and behavior, as well P:D. III. as for his talents, courage, and efficiency, was wisely ch. III. chosen. Captain Standish found means to make a martial show, with drums and trumpets; which gave the savages wonderful delight.

3. The sachem, on coming into the village, was so well pleased with the attentions paid him, that he knowledged the authority of the king of England, and entered into an alliance, offensive and defensive, with the colonists, which remained inviolate for more than fifty years.

4. In July, Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, went on an embassy to Massasoit, at Montaup. The sachem was much pleased, with the

1621. present of a red

July coat, from Governor Bradford, who had succeeded Embassy Carver. The envoys obtained from him an engagement, that the furs of the Pokanokets should be sold to the colony.

5. Massasoit feared the Narragansetts, and was doubtless, on that account, desirous of cultivating the friendship of the English. Canonicus, the old hereditary chieftain of that confederacy, perhaps offended at this Narraintimacy, or regarding the whites as intruders, medi- threatens

. tated a war against them. This he openly intimated, 16:22. by sending to Governor Bradford, a bunch of arrows, tied with the skin of a rattlesnake. Bradford stuffed the skin with powder and ball, and sent it back; and nothing more was heard, at that time, of war.

6. The next year, news came to Plymouth, that Massasoit was sick. Winslow taking suitable articles, went to Montaup. He found the Indians bewailing, and Winslow practising their noisy powows or incantations, around visits the the sightless chieftain. Affectionately he extended his hand and exclaimed, “Art thou Winsnow?" (He could not articulate the liquid l.) “Art thou Winsnow? But, 0, Winsnow! I shall never see thee

2. What was done, and who chosen by the Pilgrims? - 3. What alliance made ? -4. What visit was afterwards made ? What trade secured ? -5. What Indians was Massasoit afraid of ? How did their chief threaten the Pilgrims? How did Governor Bradford reply ? — 6. Give an account of Winslow's second visit to Massasoit.

sick chief.

60

PRIVATE PROPERTY AND PROSPERITY.

A rencounter.

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men.

P'T.I. more." Winslow administered cordials, and he reP’D. III. covered. He then revealed a conspiracy which the CH. III. Indians had formed and requested him to join. “But

now,” said he, “I know that the English love me.”

7. Agreeably to Massasoit's advice, that a bold stroke should be struck, and the heads of the plot taken off, the intrepid Standish, with a party of only eight, went into the hostile country, attacked a house where the principal conspirators had met, and put them to death.

8. In justice to the Indians, it should be stated, that they were provoked to this conspiracy, by “Master Weston's men. These were a colony of sixty Eng

lishmen, who had come over in the fall of 1621, sent Master by Thomas Weston, once the friend of the Pilgrims. Weston's After consuming the scanty stores of the half famish

ed colonists, during the winter, they had made, at Weymouth, a short-lived and pernicious settlement The Pilgrims had been the more alarmed at this Indian conspiracy, on account of the horrible news from Vire ginia, of the great Indian massacre there.

9. Notwithstanding all the hardships, all the wisdom 1624

and constancy, of the colonists, the partners of the

concern in London complained of small returns; and 1626. even had the meanness to send a vessel to rival 'them

in their trade with the Indians. Winslow went to

England, and negociated a purchase for himself and low's ne- seven of his associates in the colony, by which the tion. property was vested in them; and they sold out to the

colony at large, for the consideration of a monopoly of the trade with the Indians for six years.

10. New Plymouth now began to flourish. For

the land being divided, each man labored for himself Govern- and his family. Their government was a pure democ

racy, resembling that now exercised in a town meeting

Each male inhabitant had a vote; the governor had two.

to

Wing

ment.

7. In what respect did the Pilgrims follow the sachem's advice ? —8. By whom had the natives been provoked ? -- 9. On what account did Winslow go to England ? What bargain did he make? To whom did the eight first purchasers sell out ? And for what consideration ?- 10. Why did New Plymouth now flourish ? What was their government at first ?

THE GRAND COUNCIL.

61

11. Numbers of their brethren of the church at P'T.I. Leyden came over within the first few years to join the P'D. III. settlement. The people of Plymouth gave a thousand ch. iv. pounds to assist them to emigrate. But the good Ro

1625. binson was not permitted to enter the land of his hopes Death of and affections. He died in Leyden, 1625, to the great grief of the Pilgrims.

Robin

son,

CHAPTER IV.

Grand

Grand Council of Plymouth.- New Hampshire--Massachusetts

Bay. 1. In November, 1620, the same month in which the Pilgrims arrived on the American coast, James I. issued a charter, or patent, to the duke of Lenox, the marquisses of Buckingham and Hamilton, the earls of

1620. Arundel and Warwick, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and thirty-four associates; styling them the “Grand Coun- Council. cil of Plymouth, for planting and governing New SweepEngland, in America.” This patent granted them the ing paterritory between the “fortieth and forty-eighth degrees of north latitude, and extending throughout the main land from sea to sea.

2. This territory, which had been previously called North Virginia, now received the name of New England, by royal authority. From this patent were de- North rived all the subsequent grants, under which the New Virginia England colonies were settled. But the persons who New transacted business for the company, were unacquainted England. with geography, and avaricious. They accordingly made their grants in an ignorant or dishonest manner; so that much trouble ensued.

11. Did any of their brethren from Leyden come over ? Did the good Robinson ?

CHAPTER IV.-1. Of whom did the Grand Council of Ply. mouth consist? Of whom receive a charter When ? What was the territory granted them ? — 2. How was the name changed? What was derived from this patent? How was the business of the company transacted ?

F

62

MORE

WILDERNESS-WORK."

P'T. I.

Mason.

and N. H.

3. Sir Ferdinando Gorges had been an officer in the P’D. III. navy of Elizabeth, and a companion of Sir Walter CH, Iv. Raleigh. He was ambitious, and perhaps thought Gorges he should become the duke or prince of some large and territory.

He was the prime mover in getting up the Grand Council of Plymouth, and was made its President. Similar motives actuated Captain Mason, and he became its Secretary.

4. Mason procured from the Grand Council the ab

surd grant of “all the land from the river of Naum1621. keag, (Salem,) round Cape Ann, to the mouth of the March 9, Merrimack, and all the country lying between the two Mariana. rivers, and all islands within three miles of the coast.”

The district was to be called Mariana.

5. The next year Gorges and Mason jointly obtain

ed of the Council another patent of all the lands 1622. between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers, extendCharter ing back to the great lakes, and river of Canada.”

This tract received the name of Lacaonia. Under this grant some feeble settlements were made at the mouth of the Piscataqua, and as far

ир the river, as the present town of Dover.

6. The persecution of the Puritans in England conMr. tinued, and Mr. White, a minister of Dorchester, prothe pat jected another colony to America. As early as 1624,

a few persons were established on the site of Salem.

7. Several gentlemen of Dorchester purchased of

the Grand Council in 1628, a patent “ of that part of 1628. New England which lies between three miles north of Patent the Merrimack river, and three miles to the south of

Charles river, and extending from the Atlantic to the South Sea.” This tract was in part covered by Mason's patent.

8. John Endicot, a rugged puritan, began in Salem, The pio- the “ wilderness-work for the colony of MassachuSalem. setts.” He brought over his family, and other emi

grants, to the number of one hundred. Roger Conant

3. Who was Sir F. Gorges ? What person had similar objects ? -4. What patent did Mason obtain ? -5. What patent did Mason and Gorges obtain jointly ?. 6. Who projected ano. ther colony to America ? Where was a settlement begun? - 7. What patent was obtained ?-8. Who was the pioneer for the Bay state? Where did he begin? How many bring over ?

ron of

Mass.

for Mass.

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