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SIR THOMAS GATES SHIP-WRECKED.

43

ment made

Wreck

ed at Bermuda.

whom were of the nobility and gentry. Without at P'T. I. all consulting the wishes, and against the interests of P:D. II. the colony, they now obtained from the king a new ch.111. charter, by which they were to hold the lands in fee; Governand all the powers of government formerly reserved to the crown, were hereafter to vest in the company. worse The council in England, chosen by the stockholders, was to appoint a governor, who was to rule the colonists with absolute sway. 2. The company now collected five hundred adven

Newport turers, many of whom were men of desperate fortunes sent with and abandoned characters. They appointed as gover-dred. nor for life the excellent Lord Delaware, and freighted with the emigrants nine ships, of which Captain Newport was to take the command.

3. As Lord Delaware was not ready to embark with the fleet, the admiral, with Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George Somers, were empowered to govern the colony until his arrival. Newport took into his own ship Gates and Somers. Arriving at the Bermudas, a terrible storm separated the fleet. The admiral's vessel was stranded on the rocky shores of Bermuda; a small ketch perished, and only seven of the vessels reached Jamestown.

4. Smith now found himself without authority; and the three persons who alone possessed it, were per- 1609. haps in the depths of the ocean. His genius, however, sustained him; and he compelled to submission head. the disorderly gallants who had just arrived.

5. Pocahontas repeatedly saved the life of Smith, and preserved this earliest English settlement from destruction. In the various fortunes of the colony, she was its unchanging friend, often coming with her at- kindness. tendants to bring baskets of provisions in times of scarcity, and sometimes giving notice of hostile designs.

Smith yet at the

1. What did they obtain ? What was the character of the in. strument obtained ? - 2. What was the number, and what was the description of the persons sent out ? What office had Lord Delaware? What Capt. Newport ? - 3. What was the fate of Newport's ship? What persons had he on board ? -4. As neither the governor, or his substitutes were there, what was the position and conduct of Smith ? - 5. What is said of Pocahontas ?

Native

44

THE STARVING TIME."

P'T. I.

tress.

6. At length, an accidental explosion of gunpowder P’D. II. so injured Smith, that no medical skill there, could CH. 111. properly manage his case; and delegating his auSmith thority to George Percy, he returned to England. leaves After his departure, all subordination and industry Virginia. ceased among the colonists.

7. The Indians, no longer afraid, harassed them, and withheld their customary supplies. Their stores

were soon exhausted. The domestic animals were Great devoured; and, in two instances, the act was perpeand diš trated of feeding on human flesh. Smith left four hun

dred and ninety persons. In six months, anarchy and vice had reduced the number to sixty; and those so feeble and forlorn, that in ten days more they must all have perished.

8. In the meantime, Sir Thomas Gates and his companions, who had been wrecked on the rocks of Bermuda, had found there the means to construct a vessel; and now approaching Jamestown, they anticipated a happy meeting with their friends. But, instead of this,

but few remained, and they wasted to skeletons. Gates Depart- was obliged to yield to the universal cry, desert the ure of the settlement, and re-embark with the whole colony. They colony.

departed in the morning, and falling down the stream with the tide, they descried, at evening, near the river's

mouth, three ships. Lord Delaware, their paternal June, 1610.

governor had arrived with supplies; and their hearts were cheered with the consoling thought that God had delivered them. And then the residue returned, a chastened, and a better people.

9. The colony again became flourishing; but in 1611. March, 1611, the governor's health declined, and he Mayho was obliged to leave the country. On the departure mas Dale of Lord Delaware, Percy was again at the head of af

fairs, until the arrival of Sir Thomas Dale, in May. Although good order and industry now prevailed, yet

6. What now happened to Smith ? What was the conduct of the colonists? - 7. What consequences ensued ?-8. Relate the circumstances of Sir Thomas Gates arrival ? What was he obliged to do? Where were the people, and what their feelings on Lord Delaware's arrival ? —9. How long did Lord Delaware remain in the country?

its re

turn.

arrives,

A BAD MAN MAKES A BAD GOVERNOR. .

45

CH. I.

of Pocahontas.

the state of the colony was not flourishing, and Dale P'T. I. immediately wrote to England for aid. In less than PD. II. four months, Sir Thomas Gates arrived, with six ships and three hundred emigrants.

10. Pocahontas, after the departure of Capt. Smith, had married John Rolfe, a young Englishman of the

1616. colony. She went with her husband to England, Baptism where she received Christian baptism, under the name of Rebecca. Special attention was paid her by the king and queen, at the instigation of Smith. She had been told that he was dead; and when he came to see her she turned away, and for a time could not, or would not speak. He kindly soothed her, and at length she addressed him as her father, and recalled the scenes of their early acquaintance. Having given birth to a son, she was about to return, when she sickened and died, at the age of twenty-two. Her son survived and reared an offspring, which is perpetuated in some of the best families in Virginia.

Her death.

CHAPTER IV.

Argall 1617.

Virginia-Hudson River-Canada. 1. In 1617, Captain Argall was made acting governor of Virginia.

Lord Delaware having attempted to reach the settlement, died on the passage. governed with so much rigor, as to excite universal Argalls discontent. Not only did he play the tyrant over the duct. colonists, but he cheated the company. The rumor of his oppression made emigration unpopular. By the influence of the good Sir Edwin Sandys, the benevolent Yeardly was sent over to take his place.

9. On what occasion did their numbers receive an accession ? 10. With whom did Pocahontas go to England ? What took place there? Whom did she meet and how? Has she left descendants ?

CHAPTER IV.-1. What is here said of Argall? What effect had the report of his bad conduct? Who was sent as governor ?

46

FIRST RESPECT PAID TO THE PEOPLE.

P'T. I,

town.

2. Governor Yeardly called the first general assemP:D. II. bly which was held in Virginia, consisting of reprech. Iv. sentatives, chosen from among the people, who were

to act conjointly with the governor and council ap1619. The first pointed by the company, in all matters of importance. general

. The colonists, who, till then, had been nothing more

than the servants of the company, were thus raised to the distinction and privileges of freemen.

3. In this assembly, which met at Jamestown, eleven

boroughs were each represented by two burgesses. men For this cheering dawn of civil liberty, the colonists James expressed to the company “the greatest possible thanks,”

,” and forth with “fell to building houses and planting corn."

4. In order to attach the colonists more entirely to

their new settlements, there was, about this time, sent Young out, by the advice of Sandys, a considerable number

of young women of humble birth, but of unexcepwives. tionable character, as wives for the young planters.

The price paid for the passage of each was at first one hundred, and afterwards, one

hundred and fifty pounds of tobacco. To fail of discharging debts so incurred, was esteemed particularly dishonorable.

5. About this time were introduced also into the 1620. Convicto colony, by order of King James, many idle and dissosent to lute persons, then in custody for their offences. They

were dispersed through the colony, and employed as laborers.

6. A Dutch ship from Africa arriving at Jamestown, Slavery

a part of her cargo of negroes was purchased by the colony. This was the commencement of negro slavery

in the United States. 1609.

7. In 1609, occurred the discovery of the Hudson River river, which has proved the finest for navigation of any

in republican America. Henry Hudson, the discoverer,

women sent as

ny.

commences,

Hudson

discover

ed.

2. What important privilege did the people obtain ? Of whom did the first assembly consist ? - 3. Where did they meet ? What did they express, and what do ? — 4. What was done to attach them to their new homes? What price was paid ? -5, What unwholesome settlers were introduced ? — 6. When did slavery commence?-7. Who discovered the great river of New York ?

NEW ENGLAND EXPLORED.

47

P’D. II.

ers Lake

was an Englishmen by birth, but was in the service of P'T. I. the Dutch East India Company. The next year,

the Dutch sent ships to this river, to open a trade with the ch. iv. natives, but the Court of England disowned their claim to the country. The Dutch, however, followed up their good fortune, and soon erected Forts Orange and Manhattan, near the sites of Albany and New York. 8. In 1608, Champlain, under De Monts, conducted

1608. a colony to America, and founded Quebec. Wishing Chamto secure the friendship of the adjacent natives, he plaid, consented, the next year, to accompany them on an Quebec. expedition against the Iroquois, with whom they were at war. They entered upon the lake which now bears,

1609 in honor of its discoverer, the name of Champlain, Discovand traversed it until they approached its junction with Lake St. Sacrament, now Lake George. Here, in Chamthe vicinity of Ticonderoga, a bloody engagement plain. took place, in which Champlain and his allies were victorious.

9. Captain Smith, after his return from Virginia, explored the north-eastern coast of the United States with a trading squadron of two ships. Smith sailed in

1614. the largest, and the other was commanded by Captain Smithin Hunt; before mentioned as having kidnapped twenty- N.Engseven of the subjects of Massasoit. Smith accurately examined the shore, with its bays and rivers, from the mouth of the Penobscot to Cape Cod, and having With

Captain drawn a map, he laid it, on his return, before Prince Charles, with a hint, that so beautiful and excellent a country deserved to bear an honorable name. The Prince listened to his suggestion, and declared that it should thereafter be called NEW ENGLAND.

10. The French having established themselves within the limits of the northern colony of Virginia, Capt. Argall was sent from Jamestown to dispossess them.

land.

Hunt.

7. What was done by the Dutch? Were the English satisfied? What important cities were begun ? —8. Relate what was done by Champlain at the North ? — 9. In what enterprise was Captain Smith now engaged ? With whom? What was done on Smith's return ?

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