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bus dis

covers the New World.



of na

6. At the court of Spain, he had spent two years in P'T. I. a succession of mortifying repulses; and at length, P’D. I. quite discouraged, he was preparing to go to England, cu. i. when he was recalled by a mandate from Isabella.

They are Not knowing how to raise the sum of money requisite accepted for defraying the expenses of the voyage, the excellent

by Isaqueen determined to sacrifice her jewels; but this was prevented by the extraordinary exertions of her ministers.

7. Columbus made his first voyage, the most inte- 1492 resting of any in the annals of navigation, in 1492. He Columdiscovered the first found land of the New World, on the eleventh of October. It was an Island called by the natives Guanahani, but to which he piously gave the name of San Salvador, the Holy Saviour.

8. In his third voyage he discovered the continent on the coast of South America, fourteen months after home in the Cabots had reached its shores in the north-east. By the ingratitude of Ferdinand, he was, like a condemned criminal, sent home in chains. Americus Ves

Deprived pucius, a native of Florence, having made a voyage to ming the the New World, received from the public an honor which belonged to Columbus, that of giving a name to the continent. In 1502, the great discoverer made his fourth and last voyage, when, having returned to Spain, in Vallohis patroness, Isabella, being dead, his just claims dis

Spain regarded, and himself neglected, he sunk beneath his 1506 sufferings, and died, in the 59th year of his age. When the good meet with calamities in this world, it is pleasant to reflect, that there is a future state, where they will be made happy.

9. Many attempts were now made to show that the country had been previously discovered. The Welsh Welch brought forward the story of Madoc, son of Owen Madoc.

6. Who was the only one to understand his views or favor them? What sacrifice was she prepared to make ? -9. When did Co. lumbus make his first voyage? What land did he first discover ? When? What name give ?-8. What did he discover in his third voyage? Did any persons discover the continent before him? How was he treated ? After whom was the continent named ? In what year did he make his last voyage? What occurred soon after ? –9. From what story did the Welch claim to be the discoverers of the western continent ?

He dies



P'D. I.

If this story

P'T.I. Gwyneth, who, in the twelfth century, had sailed west,

discovered a country, and afterwards conducted a coloCh. 11. ny thither, which was heard of no more.

be true, there exists no proof, that the region found was America.

10. The Norwegians discovered Iceland and Green

land, during the ninth century, and there established Nor- colonies. Biorn, or Biron, an Icelander, in a voyage wegian

to Greenland, during the eleventh century, was driven

south-west in a storm, and found a region which, from Vine- its great number of vines, he called Vineland; but land. here, also, proof fails, that the place found, had its

locality on the American coast.



nected with four nations of Euгоре.


English Discoveries-French. 1. The principal European nations who first discois con- vered and colonized our county, are

I. The English,
II. The French,
III. The Spanish,

IV. The Dutch. 1496.

2. John Cabot, a native of Venice, had, with his John and family, settled in England. He and his renowned son,

Sebastian, were men of great learning, enterprise, and ability. By a commission of Henry VII., dated March 5th, 1496, (the oldest American state paper of England) they had authority to discover and colonize any

hea1497. then countries not before known to Christians.

3. They sailed from England in May, 1497, and in tinent." June, discovered the Island of Newfoundland, which

Sebastian Ca


Discover he Con

10. From what the Norwegians

CHAPTER II. – 1. What European nations discovered and settled our continent ? – 2. Who was John Cabot ? Who Se. bastian ? Who gave them a commission, and at what time ? - 3. What important discovery did they make ?



P'D. I.


also em



they called Prima Vista. Steering northward, they P'T. I. made the first discovery of the continent, on the coast of Labrador, in latitude about 55o. On their return ch. 11. they pursued a southerly direction for an uncertain distance.

1498. 4. Sebastian Cabot sailed a second time,-reached SebasLabrador in latitude 58°, thence turning southerly, he than dito became the discoverer of the coast of the United States; covers along which he proceeded, as far as to the southern our coast latitude of Maryland.

5. The French King, Francis I., in 1524, sent out John French Verrazani, a native of Florence, who reached the con

ploy an tinent in the latitude of Wilmington, North Carolina. Italian His crew looked with wonder upon the wild costume of the natives, made of the skins of animals, and set off by necklaces of coral and garlands of feathers. As they sailed northward along the coast, they thought the country very inviting, it being covered with green

1524 trees, among which were many fragrant flowers.

6. At a fine harbor, supposed to be that of Newport in Rhode Island, Verrazani remained fifteen days, and there found the goodliest people he had seen.” From Verraza thence he followed the north-eastern shore of New England. England, finding the inhabitants jealous and hostile. From Nova Scotia, he returned to France, and wrote 1534 a narrative of his voyage, which is still existing.

7. James Cartier was the discoverer to whom the French trace the extensive empire which they possessed in North America. Cartier, after a prosperous voyage of twenty days, made Cape Bonavista, the most easterly point of Newfoundland. Sailing around the great disnorth-eastern extremity of the island, he encountered severe weather and icy seas. Then stretching to the south-west, he discovered, on St. Lawrence's day, the noble gulf which bears the name of that saint.

3. At what place ? -4. Who discovered the coast of the United States ? and how far ? - 5. What Italian did the king of France send out ? Where did he reach our shore ? What account did he give of the natives ? -6. What Indians do you suppose he encountered at Newport ? . Who was the greatest discoverer employed by the French? During Cartier's first voyage, what great discoveries did he make ?

James Cartier makes





Cartier's second



8. In 1535, he sailed on a second voyage, entered P:D. 1. the gulf of St. Lawrence, proceeded up the river, to CH. 11. which he gave the same name, and anchored at an

island, which, abounding in grapes, he named Bacchus 1535. Isle, now the Isle of Orleans. He continued his voyage to the Island of Hochelega, to which he gave

the name of Mont Real. After a severe winter he returnvoyage. ed in the spring with dreary accounts of the country.

He, however, named it New France, and it was also called Canada, but at what time, or whether from any significancy in the word, is not known.

9. France now possessed a country in the New France. World, through which, flowed a river, more majestio

than any in Europe. Francis De La Roque, lord of

Roberval, in Picardy, obtained from the king full auHis third thority to rule, as viceroy, the vast territory around the der Rob bay and river of St. Lawrence. Cartier was necessary

to him, and received the title of chief pilot and captaingeneral of the enterprise. The prisons were thrown open, and with their inmates, Cartier sailed.

10. He built a fort near the site of Quebec, and there May, 1541. spent a winter, in which he had occasion to hang one Cartier of his disorderly company, and put several in irons. Quebec.

In the spring he took them back to France, just as Roberval arrived with supplies and fresh emigrants. By him, however, nothing permanent was effected; and after a year, he abandoned his viceroyalty.

11. Čoligni, the distinguished high admiral of France 1562.

was the friend of the Huguenots, a name given to Coligni the French Protestants. These were objects of such sends out hatred and fear to the monarchs, that they were plot

ting their destruction, and when a project was formed by the admiral to plant with them a colony in America, it found ready favor. He therefore sent out, under the command of John Ribault, distinguished as a brave

8. Give an account of his second voyage ? What can you say of the name of the country?-9. Under whose authority did he make this third voyage ? What kind of people were brought over as colonists - 10. Did any good rest take place? What can you say of Roberval ? -11. Who was Coligni ? Whose friend was he? What project did he contrive? Whom did he send as leader of the colony ?




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and pious protestant, two ships loaded with conscien- P’T. I. tious Huguenots, many of whom were of the best families in France.

12. They approached land in the delightful clime of St. Hebuilds Augustine ; and, on the first of May,discovered the St. Ft. Caro John, which they called the river of May. Sailing Carolina. -long the coast north-easterly, they fixed on Port Royal 1564. entrance. There they built a fort, and called it Carolina, a name which is preserved in that of two of our states. Ribault left there a colony, and returned to France.

13. The commander of the fort provoked a mutiny, Colonists: and was slain. The colonists longed for home. They abandons. put to sea without suitable provisions, and being found in a famishing state by a British vessel, they were carried to England.

14. The persevering Coligni soon after sent out another colony under the worthy Laudonniere. Upon the 1566.. banks of the river of May, with psalms of thanksgiving, lina in they made their dwelling

place, and erected another fort, Florida called also Carolina. The next year Ribault arrived with vessels containing emigrants and supplies; and taking the command, the colony seemed happily planted.



Spanish Discoveries, Adventures, and Cruelties.--St. Augustine.

1. John Ponce De Leon, a Spanish soldier, who had Ponce de once voyaged with Columbus, had received an impres- seeks the sion, common in those times, that there existed in the New World a fountain, whose waters had power to

fountain of life.

12. What country did they first reach? Where did they build a fort, and what name give it ? — 13. What happened after Ribault had departed ? 14. By whom did Coligni send out another colony? Where did they build a fort, and what name give it? Who came and for what purpose ?

CHAPTER III.--1. Who was John Ponce de Leon? What in. duced him to come to the New World ?

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