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Definitions, &c. 1. The subject of this work is the United States of char. 1. America; or, as those States are sometimes called, the

Subject. Republic or Nation of America.

What constitutes a nation? First, there must be a country, with the natural divisions of land and water; second, there must be men, women, and children to inhabit that country; and third, those inhabitants must division. be bound together in one, by living under a common government, which extends its protection over all, and which all are bound to obey.

2. To every nation there belongs a history: For whenever the inhabitants of any large portion of the earth are united under one government, important public events must there have taken place. The record of these events constitutes the history of that country. Any na3. The events of history should always be record- tion's

history. ed, with the circumstances of time and place. To tell wohen events happened, is to give their chronology; to

1. What is the subject of this work? What three parts compose a nation ? — 2. What constitutes any nation's history ? 3. How should events be recorded ? What is it to give their chronology ?



CH. I.




our country


tell where they happened, their geography. The history

of a nation, is therefore inseparably connected with its ed with geography and chronology. Indeed chronology may and properly be called the skeleton of history; but geog

raphy is the base on which it stands.

4. First, let us inquire, where is the country, of

which we desire to know the history? In the vast Where universe, is a system of planets surrounding a sun,

hence called the solar system. The third planet from the sun is called the earth. On the earth's surface, the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA occupies a northern portion of the smaller of two conti nents. In extent, it is one of the largest nations of the world.

5. In longitude, the Republic of America ranges Its lati- through sixty degrees, from the Atlantic ocean to the tude and Pacific. In latitude, it reaches from the Cape of Floluce rida, in north latitude twenty-five degrees, to British

and Russian America in about fifty. Thus stretching through the greater part of the northern temperatB zone, it includes every variety of climate, from the hot

unhealthy swamps of Florida, to the cold mountainous mate.regions of northern New England, and the north-west

ern territories.

6. The soil and productions of our country are as various as its climate. Compared with other countries, it contains a large proportion of arable land; and what

is of the utmost consequence to the accommodation Natural of man, it is well watered. On the whole, it may be lages. pronounced, one of the most fertile, healthy, and desi

rable regions of the earth. A good

7. In observing the United States, there is much to for one convince us, that an Almighty, Overruling Providence,

designed from the first, to place here a great, united

3. Their geography? Are chronology and geography connected with history? – 4. In regard to the universe where, as astronomy teaches, are the United States ? In regard to the earth's surface, or as regards geography, where is this country? What can you say of its extent? 3. What of its longitude ? Of its latitude ? Climate ?–6. Soil and productions ? Its natural advantages generally ?–7. Does this region, seem designed for one great nation, or several small ones

Its cli





CH. 1.

One no

evil of division.

people. Although this country, being one nation, is by means of its mighty rivers, well enabled to carry its inland productions to the ocean, and thence to foreign markets; yet, if it were divided, like southern Europe, into different nations, this would not be the case.

8. For this country is not, like southern Europe, indented with deep bays, gulfs, seas, and channels ; whereby many small nations, can each be accommodated with a portion of the sea-board. If our long rivers were owned in part by one government, and in cessary part by another, the commerce of the inland

nations, would be perpetually hampered, by those who owned the sea-board, and the mouths of the rivers. For they would be likely to insist on being paid for the use of their ports; and this would naturally breed quarrels and blood-shed. This is one reason among many, to show that the American people should continue to be ONE NATION; and, in the words of Washington, “frown indignantly on the first attempt to sever the union.”

9. The government of this vast nation, which now contains more than seventeen millions of inhabitants, govern is a FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC. It is federative, because ment in it there are several separate, independent states, confederated under one head, or general government. It is a republic, because the rulers are chosen by the people. The manner in which they are to be chosen, be underand in which they are bound to administer the

stood by

government, is set forth in the ConstiTUTION OF THE UNITED States. This therefore, should be early learned, and thoroughly understood by every American.

10. The government of the United States is acknowledged by the wise and good of other nations, to should be be the most free, impartial, and righteous government


made for




It is equi16

7. Why is it in regard to commerce better for one than for several? What part of the world admits of several small nations, and why ?-8. Mention one among many evils, which would result from dividing this nation into several smaller ones? What is the language of Washington on this subject ?—9. How many inhabitants has the United States ? What is its form of government ?

hy federative? W a republic? Where can we learn the form of government ? - 10. What is the character of this govern

table and


inent ?


сн. ІІ.

of the world; but all agree, that for such a government to be sustained many years, the principles of truth and righteousness, taught in the Holy Scriptures must be practised. The rulers must govern in the fear of God, and the people obey the laws.



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The Aborigines. 1. Before the territory of which our history treats,

was inhabited by the ancestors of its present inhabiThe red tants, it was occupied by another and a different race.

The red men were here, when the European settlers came; and either as friends or as enemies, for a time they dwelt contiguous to each other, and their history is blended.

2. The aborigines, or natives of the country, were by the Europeans, called Indians. As found by the

earliest settlers, they may be considered under three pants.

general divisions. First, the DELAWARES or AlgonQUINS; second, the IROQUOIS, and third, the MOBILIANS.

3. The Delawares, or Algonquins, were formerly

called the Lenni Lenape, and the Iroquois the Mengwe. Three They have a tradition that, in ancient times, each came, raid, though in somewhat different directions, from far dis

tant western regions. Happening to meet as they apTradi- proached the Mississippi, they united, and made war

upon the Allegewi, a more civilized people, who inhaware and bited the great valley of the Mississippi, and dwelt in Iroquois. cities. The Allegewi were defeated and fled down the

river. Perhaps the Mobilian tribes were their de

10. What is necessary to its being permanently sustained ?

Chapter II. – 2. What term is used to distinguish the race found in this country by our ancestors ? What three general divisions of them ?-3. Give an account of the tradition of the two former, respecting the direction from which they anciently came. Where did they unite? What more civilized nation did they find ? What happened to this nation ?

tions of the Dela

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er the


ans-thirty tribes.

scendants. Perhaps portions of them went still fur-
ther south, and were the builders of those cities,
the ruins of which, have lately been found in Central
4. The

Lenape and Mengwe, says the tradition, soon divided. The former crossed the Alleghany mountains, Del. Rivexplored, and took possession of the sea coast, fixing their chief place of council, or seat of government, on seat of

principal the Delaware river. This river received from a Euro- the Delapean nobleman the name, which it communicated to the Indian confederacy. As this confederacy increased in numbers, various tribes went off from the parent stock. But they still looked up to the Delawares, and gave them, long after, the reverential title of “grandfather.”

5. Of these branches of the Delaware or Algonquin Powhatrace, the first who figure in the early history of our nation, were the PowHATANS, a confederacy of thirty tribes; so called from their great sachem, Powhatan. His principal residence was on James river, near the site of Richmond. His authority extended throughout the lowlands, and to the falls of the rivers.

6. Farther west, and extending to the mountains, Manaho were two confederacies, with whom the Powhatans acks were at war: the Manahoacks, consisting of eight tribes. tribes on the north, and the Monacans of five, stretching southerly into Carolina. Afterwards the latter Monachanged their name, to that of Tuscaroras, removed northerly, and joined the Iroquois. The Yamasees were in South Carolina.

7. The Algonquins of New England next find place 3. What conjectures may be formed respecting their descendants ? — 4. According to the tradition what course did the Lenape take? Where fix their place of council ? When they became numerous what became of the various tribes of their descendants? What were their sentiments and language towards the Dela.

Trace out the course of the Delawares on Map I.-5. Which of them are first brought into notice? What the number of tribes? Their principal seat? How far did their limits ex

? Give an account of the Manahoacs? Of the Monacans ? Tell from Map I, which is the most northerly, the Manahoacs or Monocans. Where were the Catawbas? The Ya. masees?



wares ?

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