Elsevier, 02.12.2012 - 402 Seiten
Primate Locomotion discusses researches on the concept of primate locomotion. It is organized into 11 chapters that cover biomechanical principles, which are the foundation of understanding of locomotor adaptations.
This book first gives an introduction to parallels and analogs between mammalian and mechanical structures. It then describes the mechanisms of arboreal mammal locomotion, as well as the behavioral observations and locomotor patterns of tree shrew. The jumping locomotion of Galago alleni and the role of wrist specialization in the locomotor evolution of the Hominoidea are also explained. The subsequent chapter discusses the relationship between the mechanical features of the scapula and shoulder region and the characteristics of locomotor behavior. A chapter also discusses the adaptive nature of postural behavior in quadrupedal primates, represented by the New and Old World monkeys.
Moreover, this book examines the morphological differences between living Insectivora, Carnivora, Primates, and the relevant known fossils of Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Eutheria. This is to evaluate the origins, evolution, and function of the Tarsus. Another chapter presents a functional analysis of most of the foot skeleton, primarily, the Lemuriformes. The concluding chapters deal with electromyographical studies on gorillas; the mechanics of knuckle-walking; the theories on hominoid phylogeny; and the locomotor adaptations in prosimians.
This text is intended not only for researchers dealing with primate locomotion, but equally for students and others who share an interest in mammals and locomotor adaptations.
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Chapter 2 Pads and Claws in Arboreal Locomotion
Chapter 3 Tree Shrew Locomotion and the Origins of Primate Arborealism
Chapter 4 A Cineradiographical Analysis of Leaping in an African Prosimian Galago alleni
Chapter 5 The Wrist Articulations of the Anthropoidea
Chapter 6 Structure and Function of the Primate Scapula
Chapter 7 Postural Adaptations in New and Old World Monkeys
Chapter 8 Origins Evolution and Function of the Tarsus in Late Cretaceous Eutheria and Paleocene Primates
Chapter 9 Origins and Function of the Pes in the Eocene Adapidae Lemuriformes Primates
Chapter 10 Electromyography of Forearm Musculature in Gorilla and Problems Related to KnuckleWalking
Chapter 11 Locomotor Adaptations in Past and Present Prosimian Primates
activities Adapis adaptations Amer angle animal animal’s ankle joint Anthropol Archaeolemur articular surface articulation astragalar astragalocalcaneal astragalus axis behavior biomechanical bipedal body brachiation branch calcaneocuboid calcaneocuboid joint calcaneum Cercopithecus chimpanzee claws clingers and leapers clinging and leaping Cretaceous cuboid Daubentonia developed digitorum digits distal dorsal eutherian evolution facet femur ﬁexor ﬁrst ﬂat ﬂexed ﬂexion ﬂexor foot force forelimb fossa fossil function Galago genera gorilla hallux hand hindlimbs hominoid Hominoidea indriids jump knuckle-walking lateral Lemur lemuriforms ligament locomotion locomotor lower ankle mammals medial Megaladapis monkeys morphology movements muscles Napier navicular Notharctus orangutan Palaeopropithecus Paleocene Papio paromomyiforms phase pisiform plantar Plesiadapis Pongo position posterior postures primates Procerberus Propithecus prosimians Protungulatum proximal quadrupedal quadrupeds relatively rotation scapula signiﬁcant species stress structure substrate Szalay tarsal tarsus tendon terrestrial tibia tion tree shrew trunk tubercle Tupaia glis Tuttle ulnar styloid process upper ankle vertebral vertical clinging wrist joint Zool