32. Figures that have more than four sides, are called polygons. When the sides are equal to each other, they are termed regular polygons, but when the sides are unequal. they are called irregular. Faulty Composition. The good scholar.-I know the good scholar for lie respects and obeys the rules of his school and the teachings of his teacher who is never at the trouble of repeating his instructions he attends school punctual takes his place quiet and applies himself diligent he keeps no toys to amuse himself or impede the attention of others he has no fruit no sweet meats no cakes to nibble or to give away his books are his playthings and knowledge his sweet meats and his pasery if others are idle and endeavour to make him so he tells them of his and their duties and if they pay no attention to his admonitions he marfully informs the teacher and requests him politely to interfere and for the good of all concerned put a stop to their improper conduct I know the good scholar for when strangers enter the school he still holds fast on his way: nor leaves his duty or his place to gape and stare them in the face but should they have occasion to speak to him he answers with modesty and respect yet with confidence in the integrity of his motives and with se f possession his great desire is to advance himself in knowledge and therefore he makes all his movements and appointments and even his pastime engagements turn to the advancing that object and sink or swim he will obtain it. I know the good scholar for when his studies multiply upon his hands and become more difficult and trying he rises above them like a conqueror and compels them to yield to his in dustry and generalship and yet nothing is done in a bustle or hurry for he applies system to his most familiar habits his books are clean and in order and in their place and so are his personal habits his manners foretel the gentlemen and upon his lips truth and fair dealing is impressed as with the point of 2 diamond. a name. ance, SPELLING.--LESSON 13. ref-use ref'ūse, remains. sur-name sūr-nāme',to give u re-fuse rē-füze', to reject. re-gen-er-ate re-jěn'ér-ate, to sub-le-mate súb'lē-mäte, to reproduce. raise by chemical fire. re-gen-er-ate re-jén'ěr-at, born sub-le-mate sūb'le-măt, of anew by the gift of grace. quick silver. re-tail rē'tāl,sold in small deal. tor-ment tòr'měnt, anguish. re-tail rē-tāl', to sell by small tor-ment tòr-měnt', to put to deal. pain. schis-mat-ic sĩz-măt’tik, relat-tow-ard to'urd, near to. ing to schism. to-ward to-würd', ready to learn schis-ma-tic siz'mă-tik, a sep- trans-fer trăns'f er, a convey aratist. sep-ar-ate sépʼpăr-āte, to part. trans-fer trăns-fēr', to convey. sep-ar-ate sépʻpăr-ăt, divided. trans-port trăns'port, rapture. sep-ul-chre sépʻpul-kr, a grave. trans-port trăns-port', to banislı se-pul-chre se-pūl’kr, to bury. trav-erse trăv'ěrse, to cross. sew-er sõ’úr, one who uses a tra-verse trā-věrse', crosswise. needle. tur-moil túr'mòil, trouble. sew-er shor, passage for foul tur-moil túr-mòil', to weary. water. [ed of. un-dress un'drés, a loose dress. sub-ject súbʻjěkt, matter treat-un-dress ún-drés', to disrobe. sub-jekt súb-jěkť, to put under. up-cast úp kăst, a throw. su-pine sūʻpine, a verbal noun. up-cast úp-kăst', thown upsu-pine sū-pine', negligent. wards. sur-name sūr'name, family up-start up'stàrt, a pert fellow up-start up-start, to spring up READING EXERCISES, &c.--LESSON 14. The Pilgrim Fathers. The waves that brought them o'er, And white the shore with snow. Still brood upon the tide; name. But the snow white sail which they gave to the gale Is seen and then withdrawn. The hill whose ice clad brow, But, the pilgrim; -where is he? When summer's thron'd on high, Looks kindly on that spot last. 5. The pilgrim's spirit has not fled: It walk's in noon's broad light; Geometrical Problems. PROBLEM 1. To draw a line parallel to a given line, and at a given distance;--as at the point, D, from the given line, 1, B. RULE. 1. With the distance D, from the line A, B, in the dividers, and one foot on the line E, describe the arc C. D 2. Draw a line through the point D, A E B to cut the arc C, and the line C, D; will be parallel to A B. PROB. 2. To divide a given line into two equal parts. Bb RULE. 1. Extend the dividers to something more than half the given line A, B. and with one foot in A, de- & scribe an arc above and below the A B line. As C. D. 2. With one foot in B, describe an arc to cross the first arc at C and D. 3. Draw the line from C to D, through E, and the line A, B, is divided into two equal parts. PROB. 3. To erect a perpendicular on a given line, or any part thereof. As A, B. Rule. 1. With one foot of the di H viders at B, describe the arc, C, D, E. 2. Set off the same distance from C, D to D, and from D, to E, then upon D, and E, describe two arcs to cross each other at H. A B 3. Draw the line H, B, and the work is done; for, H, B, is perpendicular to A, Note. 1. There are several other modes for erecting perpendiculars, but this is the most simple, unless a small brass or ivory square be used. PROB. 4. To construct an angle equal to a given number of degrees, say, 36. RULE. 1. Produce the right line, C, B, and call it the base. 2. Lay the base of the protracter along the line C, B, with the centre at C. 3. From B, count off 36 degrees as graduated on the circle of the protract 36° B. er, to D. B 136 360 4. Produce the line C, D, and the angle B, C, D, is the or jo of a circle, of which C, B, or C, D, is the semidiameter. Prob. 5. To make a right angle triangle, when the length of the hypotenuse is given. Suppose the bypotenuse to be 25ft; the angle at C, 35° 30', consequently, that at A, is 54, 30'. 54030 350 30% RULE. 1. Produce the line C, B, A any convenient length, and apply the protracter with the centre at C, and set off 35°, 30'. 25 2. Then from a scale of equal parts, produce the line C, A, 25ft. and let C fall the perpendicular, A, B, and the angle is done. Note. The sides C, B, and A, B, may be measured by the scale of equal parts, from which was taken the length of the hypotenuse. The dividers, protracter, and scale of equal parts, with various other conveniencies, can be had in a set of mathematical instruments. Prob. 6. To construct a right angle triangle when an angle and one leg are given. Suppose the angle at C, to be 33°, 15' and the side A, C to be 285 rods. A]900 RULE. 1. From a scale of equal B parts lay down the line A, C, 285 rods, and at A, erect a perpendicular an indefinite length. 56°45 2. Apply the protracter to the line A, C, with the centre at C, and set off 33° 15°C the angle 33° 15', on the line A, B. 3. Draw the hypotenuse B, C, and the angle is complete. REMARKS, &c.—LESSON 16. Faulty Composition. The good School Master.- Who can draw the portrait of a good school master how few perfect models can be collected in the whole country what is the reason is nature in fault or is it in the bringing up the reasons are few the pupil of four years may con them over and my grandmother though deaf and blind from age and who has stuttered for these ninety four years can rehearse them like an orator one is that mere boys who have no pretentions to learning and who devote the sunshine of the year to the business of the farm are promoted with lean wages to the business of teachers during the stormy part he is employed because he works cheap and will answer well enough and he labours because he gets more than he can earn on the farm and at the same time lives more like a genileman another reason is that young students able to teach are |