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point one, and should he refuse to serve, he is fined sixty two and a half dollars. His business is to see to, or look to and superintend the general affairs and interests of the county; and the supervisors belonging to the same county, constitute a board.
Have the goodness, sir, said Philo, to enumerate some of his duties; we may then judge of the nature of his office.
His duties are various and important; for although he is appointed by the people of his own town, yet he is overseer or guardian of the civil concerns of the whole county; and takes cognizance of all the money matters belonging to the connty.He acts under the responsibility of an oath, and receives for his services two dollars for each day passed in the duties of his office.
Among other duties which devolve upon him, he notifies the tax gatherer of the amount of taxes to be collected, and receives from him a bond with surety for the proper discharge of that duty. He causes the boundary line of his town to be surveyed, if necessary, or any portion of the land, at the expense of the town. He meets annually, on the first Tuesday in October, with the other supervisors of his county, to settle accounts, and to provide ways
and means to defray contingent expenses, &c. to apportion the public school monies, and audit and apportion town expenses ; to appoint a county treasurer; and a clerk for their own board; to provide for the repairs of the court houses and jails of the county, and to regulate bounties on wolves and panthers. And if he neglect or refuse to do his duty in the foregoing respects, he shall forfeit and pay to the state two hundred and fisty dollars.
In order to perform all these duties, the supervisor must be invested with some power, said Horace; will you enumerate his principal powers?
He has powers, replied the father, either in his individual capacity or in connexion with the board, to carry into effect the following objects, to wit:
Prosecute and recover of the tax gatherer, if he forfeit his bond, and apply the damages ;-—to raise monies for the repair of bridges, if necessary, to the amount of a thousand dollars; to levy and collect taxes for the support of common schools and for various other purposes ;-to hold deeds of lands for the county;~and to act in a two fold capacity in session of the board, namely, a special representative of his own town, and one of the representatives of the whole county.
County Treasurer.-We pass from the supervisors of the county to the Treasurer of the county, said Philo. We already
understand that he is appointed by the board of supervisors;what are his duties and powers?
The treasurer's office is one of high trust and importance, and of great responsibility. On receiving the appointment, he executes a bond to the board of supervisors, with approved sureties for the faithful performance of the duties of his office.
What is done, said Horace, if he forfeits his bond and runs away with the people's money?
The supervisors have power to prosecute his surety and recover the condition of the bond or at least what the treasurer embezels.
It is his duty to receive all monies raised in the county to defray the expenses thereof, and also all that is paid in on account of the state; and to keep a true account of his receipts and pay: ments. These accounts he exhibits to the board of supervisors at their annual meeting for examination and audit.
Is this all the treasurer does? asked Horace; if it is, he has less to do than the loan officer.
This is not quite all, my son, though all he does is something less laborious than the duties attached to some other county offices.
He has duties to perform in regard to the forfeit of the collector's bonds;—in regard to settlements with colleciors;--in regard to paying orders and public creditors; and in regard to receiving and disposing of the common school monies.
What compensation does the county treasurer receive for his services? asked Philo.
He gets, said the father, one cent on each dollar that passes through his hands; his office, therefore, cannot be very lucrative.
Board Measure. Note. 1. Board measure is nothing more than finding the superficial contents of a rectangle, for which see Parallelogram, chap. 34, page 542.
The superficial contents of a board may be found by the following
Rule. Multiply the length in feet by the breadth in inches, and divide the product by 19, the quotient will be the answer. Thus:
In a board 16 feet; 6 inches long, and 14 1-2 inches wide; how many square feet are there?
16.5 x 14.5=239.25-12=19.94 or nearly 20ft. Ans. Obs. Should the length of the board in inches be multiplied by the breadth in inches, then the divisor must be 144. Thus: Suppose the board 198 inches long and 14 1-2 wide; then 198 X 14,5=28710;144=19.94 nearly.
Note. 2. Having found the contents of one board, those of a wholo stock may be determined by multiplying the contents of one board by the number of boards.
Timber Measure. Ia measuring timber, the solid or cubic contents is sought, and may be obtained by the following
RULE. The area of either end, (if the timber be square and have equal bases throughout,) multiplied by the length, gives the cubic contents. Thus:
Suppose a stick of square timber to be 18st. long, and each side 15 inches; what is its contents?
15X15=225. +18=40507-144=23.125ft. Note. 3. Should the timber be unequally squared, or tapering, it will present unequal bases, its figure therefore will be that of the frustum of a square cone, and its contents may be found by the rule by which frustums of cones are measured. (See lesson 35, chapter 34.) --Thus.
Suppose the stick of timber to be 18 ft. long, its greater base, 32 by 20 inches, its lesser, 16 by 10 inches; what is its contents?
32 X 20=640, and 16X10=160; then 640 X 160=102400 the square root of which is 320; and 320+640+160=11203=373.3 the area of the mean base. Finally,
373.3 X 18=6720.07-144=46.6 Ans. Nore. 4. The common way is to take the rectangle of the middle of the stick for the mean base, and work as though the timber presented <qual bases. Thus:
32+16=48-=-2=24; and 20+10=30--2=15; then,
24X15=360 area of the mean base. Finally,
360X18=6480:-144=45 feet, Ans. Now, 46.6—45=1.6 error by the last process.
REMARKS, &C.--LESSON 24.
Ilustrations of the lambic Meisure. 4. The fourth form of the iambic measure, is distinguished by four iambuses, but admits no additional syllable. Thus:-
and māy, át lāst, my weary äge,
Find out some peaceful hērmitage. 5. This form of the iambic is composed of five iambuses, without any additional syllable. Thus:
The God of glory sēnds his sūmmons förth,
Note. 1. This is called heroic measure. It admits of several variations by associating with it other measures; and the variety may be still further increased by the changes which the position of the pauses admit.
6. The sixth kind of iambic measure, consists of six iam buses, but admits of no additional syllable. Thus:-
Thy reālm för ēvěr lāsts, thy own Měssiăh reigns. Note. 2. This is called the Alexandrine measure, and may be introduced into heroic verse.
7. The seventh and last form of the iambic verse, is composed of seven iambuses. Thus:-Thě Lörd děscēnděd from ăbove and bow'd the heāvěns high, ind undĂrnẽath his feet hè cāst the darkness of thể sky.
NOTE. 3. This is the ancient manner of arranging the lines in this measure; it is now generally broken into two lines, the first consisting of four, and the second of three iambuses; and it is distinguished from other ineasures by being termed Common Metre.
Thě charming voice of blēēding love,
i hear from lips divine,
ăs-sa-f ět'e-dā al-mos-pher-i-cal
it-mbs-f br/e-ka1 au-then-ti-ci-ty
sēr-kūm-ăm'bê-ent cir-cum-nav-i-gate ser-kūm-năv'ê-găte con-san-guin-i-ty
kòr-je-a l'e-te cor-nu-co-pi-a
ēk-sěn-tris'ē-të ec-o-nom-i cal
ễn-lg-mất ©-k8l e-qua-nim-i-ty
jen-er-os’ē-tē CONVERSATIONS, &C.--LESSON 26. To night, father, said Philo, we expect to hear something about Auctioneers; how are they appointed?
They hold their office, replied the father, under a commission from the governor of the state, who, with the advice and consent of the senate, give them their appointment. The auctioneer gives a bond to the people of the state of five thousand dollars, with good security, for the faithful discharge of his duties in that station.
Cannot any man sell his own goods at auction, or be his own auctioneer, if he pleases? asked Philo.
Not without being guilty of a misdemeanour, my son, and risking a fine of two hundred and fifty dollars, and imprisonment to boot if the court shall think proper.
What are the particular duties of the auctioneer? asked Hor
He has several duties, replied the father; -—the most important of which is that of paying the auction duty of a cent and a half on every dollar of the amount of his sales to the people of the state.
But are not the people liable to be imposed upon by the auctioneer? asked Philo, in as much as he may sell more than what he accounts for.
In that respect, he acts under the solemnity of an oáth, and would hardly dare to break it for the trifle which he might chance to smuggle into his pocket by such dishonest means.