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bits and names of men and women ; and having travelled and conversed much, and met but with a very few of the same perceptions and qualifications, I can recommend myself to you as the most useful man you can correspond with. My father's father's father (for we had no grandfathers in our family) was the same John Bunyan that writ that memorable book, The Pilgrim's Progress, who had, in some degree a natural faculty of second sight. This faculty (how derived to him our family memoirs are not very clear) was en• joyed by all his decendants, but not by equal talents. It was very dim in several of my first cousins, and probably had been nearly extinct in our particular branch, had not my father been a traveller. He lived in his youthful days in New England. There he married, and there was born my elder brother, who had so much of this faculty, as to discover witches in some of their occult performances. My parents transporting themselves to Great Britain, my second brother's birth was in that kingdom. He shared but a small portion of this virtue, being only able to discern transactions about the time of, and for the most part after their happening. My good father, who delighted in the Pilgrim's Progress, and mountainous places, took shipping, with his wife, for Scotland, and inhabited in the Highlands, where myself was born ; and whether the soil, climate, or astral influences, of which are preserved divers prognostics, restored our ancestor's natural faculty of second sight, in a greater lustre to me, than it had shined in through several generations, I will not here discuss. But so it is, that I am possesse ed largely of it, and design, if you encourage the proposal, to take this opportunity of doing good with it, which I question not will be accepted of in a grateful way by many of your honest readers, though the discovery of my extraction bodes me no deference from your great scholars and modern philosophers. This my father was long ago aware of, and lest the name
alone should hurt the fortunes of his children, he, in
be useful to you, and as a reason for my not making myself more known in the world : by virtue of this great gift of nature, second sightedness, I do continually see numbers of men, women, and children, of all ranks, and what they are doing, while I am sitting in my closet ; which is too great a burthen for the mind, and makes me also conceit, even against reason, that all this host of people can see and observe me, which strongly inclines me to solitude, and an obscure living; and on the other hand, it will be an ease to me to disburthen my thoughts and observations in the way proposed to you, by Sir, your friend and humble servant.” I conceal this correspondent's name,
my care for his life and safety, and cannot but approve his prudence, in chusing to live obscurely. I remember the fate of my poor monkey: he had an ill-natured trick of grinning and chattering at every thing he saw in petticoats: my ignorant country neighbours got a notion, that pug snarled by instinct at every female who had lost her virginity. This was no sooner generally believed, than he was condemned to death ; by whom I could never learn, but he was assassinated in the night, barbarously stabbed and mangled in a thousand places, and left hanging dead on one of my gate posts where I found him the next morning.
The Censor observing, that the itch of scribbling begins to spread exceedingly, and being carefully tender of the reputation of his country, in point of wit and good sense, has determined to take all manner of writing in verse or prose, that pretended to either, under his immediate cognizance; and accordingly, here: by prohibits the publishing any such for the future, till they have first passed his examination, and received
his imprimatur : for which he demands as a fee only six pence per sheet.
N. B. He nevertheless permits to be published, all satirical remarks on the Busy-Body, the above prohibition notwithstanding, and without examination, or requiring the said fees; which indulgence the small wits, in and about this city, are advised gratefully to accept and acknowledge.
The gentleman who calls himself Sirronio, is directed, on receipt of this, to burn his great book of Crudities.
P. S. In compassion to that young man, on account of the great pains he has taken, in consideration of the character I have just received of him, that he is really good-natured, and on condition he shows it to no foreigner, or stranger of sense, I have thought fit to reprieve his said great book of Crudities from the flames, till further order.
Nolli me tongere.
I had resolved, when I first commenced this design, on no account to enter into a public dispute with any man; for I judged it would be equally unpleasant to me and my readers, to see this paper filled with contentious wrangling, answers, replies, &c. which is a way of writing that is endless, and at the same time seldom contains any thing that is either edifying or entertaining. Yet when such a considerable man as Mr. - finds himself concerned so warmly to acco.se and condemn me, as he has done in Keimer's laith ist Instructor, I cannot forbear endeavouring to say sol.funething in my own defence, from one of the worst 0x characters that could be given me by a man of worth. But as I have many things of more consequence to offer the public, I declare, that I will never, after this
time, take notice of any accusations, not better supported with truth and reason ; much less may every little scribbler, that shall attack me, expect an answer from the Busy-Body.
The sum of the charge delivered against me, either directly or indirectly, in the said paper, is this : not to mention the first weighty sentence concerning vanity and ill-nature, and the shrewd intimation, that I am without charity, and therefore can have no pretence to religion, I am represented as guilty of defamation and scandal, the odiousness of which is apparent to every good man, and the practice of it opposite to Christianity, morality, and common justice, and, in some cases, so far below all these, as to be inhuman , a blaster of reputations; as attempting by a pretence, to screen myself from the imputation of malice and prejudice : as using a weapon, which the wiser and better part of mankind hold in abhorrence : and as given treatment which the wiser and better part of mankind dislike on the same principles, and for the same reason, as they do assassination, &c. and all this is inferred and concluded from a character I have wrote in my Number III.
In order to examine the truth and justice of this heavy charge, let us recur to that character. And here we may be surprised to find what a trifle has raised this mighty clamour and complaint, this grievous accusation !—The worst thing said of the person, in what is called my gross description (be he who he will to whom my accuser has applied the character of Cretico) is, that he is a sour philosopher, crafty, but not wise. Few human characters can be drawn that will not fit some body, in so large a country as this ; but one would think, supposing I meant Cretico a real person, I had sufficiently manifested my impartiality,
, when I said, in that very paragraph, that Cretico is not without virtue ; that there are many good things in him, and many good actions reported of him;
which must be allowed in all reason, very much to overbalance in his favour those worst words, sour tempered and cunning. Nay, my very enemy and accuser must have been sensible of this, when he freely acknowledges, that he bas been seriously considering, and cannot yet determine, which he would choose to be, the Cato or Cretico of that
Cato is one of the best of characters.
Thus much in my own vindication. As to the only reasons there given, why I ought not to continue drawing characters, viz. Why should any man's picture be published which he never sat for ; or his good name taken from him any. more than his money or possessions, at the arbitrary will of another, &c. I have but this to answer; the money or possessions, I presume, are nothing, to the purpose ; since no man can claim a right either to those or a good name, if he has acted so as to forfeit them. And are not the public the only judges what
are of reputation they think proper to allow any man? Supposing I was capable, and had an inclination, to draw all the good and bad characters in America, why should a good man be offended with me for drawing good characters ?
And if I draw ill ones, can they fit any one but those that deserve them ? And ought any but such to be concerned that they have their deserts ? I have as great an aversion and abhorrence for defamation and scandal as any man, and would, with the utmost care, avoid being guilty of such base things : besides I am very sensible and certain, that if I should make use of this paper to defame any person, my reputation would be sooner hurt by it than his; and the Busy-Body would quickly become detestable ; because, in such a case, as is justly observed, the pleasure arising from a tale of wit and novelty soon dies away in generous and honest minds, and is followed with a secret grief, to see their neighbours calumniated. But if I myself was actually the worst maß in the province, and any one should draw my real cha