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Knights of Malta.--During the Nations of Provence, Auvergne. pendency of the negotiation of a France, Castile and Portugal, loan to the sovereign order of St. Arragon and Leon ; the represen. John of Jerusalem, the following tatives of which resided formerly circumstances were stated with re- at the principal seat of the order spect to the actual situation of the at Malta ; the government being order.

thus concentrated in this permaAccording to the statutes of the nent chapter which included a order, the supreme power is vested representation of the Italian and in the General Chapter, which is German tongues, by knights secomposed of a dignitary of each lected from those tongues, or from tongue or nation, who are the others, in conformity to the statutes. representatives or general attornies This chapter is empowered to treat of the whole body. The Grand on political, civil, and financial Master alone has two voices, the affairs. The Bailley de Lasteyrie, Lieutenant but one. At the pre- grand prior of Auvergne, is prese sent time there is no Grand Master, dent. The Commander Bertrand but a Lieutenant of the Grand de Molville, the knight Peyre Master, Antonio Busca, Grand de Chateuaneuf, the kniglit de Bailly of Armenia, now in Aus- Dienne, receiver of the Public tria, on the business of the order Treasury and attorney-general of in that country, with the Ambassa- the late grandmaster, are the comdor of the Order at Vienna, the missioners and general attorneys Bailly Miari. The Knight Vela, of the different Tongues; and the Vice-Chancellor, is at Catania. Marquis of St. Croix Molaix is After the taking of Malta, the the chancellor. chiefs of the tongues or nations The actual number of the knights retired to their respective priories is 1452, composed of Catholics, and commandaries ; and continued, Protestants, and members of the according to the statutes, to regu. Greek Church. There are 4,000 late the internal affairs of the applicants, who, on paying their Tongues; and as the dispersion of respective fees, will furnish a suna the Knights required a central of twelve millions of francs, to government, the General Chapter the treasury of the order. It is assembled in France on the 26th of not to be imagined that the reve. May, 1814, under the presidency nues and existence of the order, of Prince Camille de Rohan, when it had its seat of Government Grand Prior of Aquitaine, for the at Malta, were dependent on the election of a permanent Capitulary possession of that island. Commissioni, until possession should the greatest part of the revenue be obtained of a seat for the knights was derived from the possessions of of the Order, that may represent the order in France, Spain, Portuthe Chapters of the Tongues, and gal, Italy, Austria, Bavaria, and the Provincial Chapters of the other parts of Germany, Russia, Grand Priories, which assembled and Poland ; it arose from the only twice a year. This commis- estates called Commanderies, in sion was invested with all the fa- which each commander had only a culties and powers which were ex- life interest, and was obliged to ercised by the general chapters contribute a certain part to the and assemblies of the Tongues and common treasury of the ordes.

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At the death of a knight, another der sold.......... 1,398,043
contribution, called mortuary, was
due to the order, which, besides, Amount of the revenue
received a certain part of the rents actually paid for
of the first subsequent year of responsions into the
estates in that situation. The treasury of the or-
island of Malta produced little der ...,

revenue; on the other hand it Amount of the mortu-
consumed the revenue transmitted aries, and various
from the other parts of Europe, in other dues annually
the expenses of the Government received into the
and the maintenance of the for- treasury

1,545,000 tifications, ships of war,

and troops.

Actual amount of the The following is a detailed revenue received inaccount of the revenue of the to the general trea

sury of the order«, 3,790,762

Francs. Annual income from
The total revenue of

the forests in France
the Commanderies

belonging to the formerly amounted

order (valued at to....

25,778,704 29,000,000 francs) 870,000 Deduct the total revenue of those seques

Total .. 4,660,772 trated or sold by

Prussian Universities. In the different Govern

summer of 1822, the university of ments

10,151,758 Berlin had 1,182 students; Bonn,

571; Breslau, 539; Halle, 866; Total of the annual

Kænisberg, 259: the number at revenue still pos

Griesswalde is unknown. The sessed by them.... 15,626,946 total number of students in Prussia,

in 1822, was 1,236 students of The responsions or

theology (193 only being Cathocontributions from

lics); 1,069 in law ; 644 in medithe above revenue,

eine ; 468 in philosophy and phiformerly paid an

lology Those at Griesswalde mually into the trea

were but few. sury of the order .. 3,638,835

Sweden and Norway.A map Deduct the annual

of Sweden and Norway, conresponsions of the

structed by Hagelstam in 1820, commanders or pos

from official documents, presents sessions of the or

the following results:

Norway Extent in Swedish miles (108 to a degree)

3,871 2,828 Population in 1815,

2,465,066 886,470 Number of parishes and churches,

2,400 840 Military force by land,

116,569 22,000 Military force by sea,

23,739 Population of both,...


6,699 ..



Extent, { English ditto,....

Russian Statistics.-- Population Lutheran, and other communities; -return.-- From the official state- the number of deaths was 9,706. ment published by the Synod (which Education in Portugal.-Portuhowever includes only the mem- gal contains 873 elementary schools; bers of the Russian Greek church) in 266 of which, Latin is taught, it

appears that in the year 1820, and in 21, Greek and Rhetoric; there were in the whole empire in 27, Philosophy, natural and moBorn, males, 827,729; females, ral.-At Coimbra, there is a uni742,670-total 1,570,399. Died-versity, directed by six of the fa. males, 467,683; females, 449,997 culty, and a preparatory college -total 917,680-Excess of births, for students. The university and 652,719.

college together contain, annualls, The births were 48,265 more from 1,280 to 1,600 students. In than in the year 1819; yet not- 1819, all these establishments were withstanding the increase of popu- attended by 31,401 pupils Belation, the deaths were 1,429 fewer sides these national institutions, than in 1819. The deaths of there are several others, where male children under five years of youth are educated for particular age were 243,029'; being above professions--such as the Marine one half of the whole. Among and Commercial Academies at the males who died in the same Porto, which contained 315 stuyear (the ages of the females are dents in 1820; and the Academy not stated), 807 had attained an at Lisbon, in which there were age of above 100 years ; 301, 105; 315 students in 1821. The Com143, 110; 78, 115; 41, 120 ; 14, mercial Academy at Lisbon is at125; 7, 130 ; 4, 135; 1, between tended annually by 150 pupils 140 and 145.

In the same city there are, the The greatest number of those Royal College of Nobles, the Roy. who attained the age of above al Academy for the Arabian lavninety years, in proportion to the guage, the Royal Sehool of Civil population, was in the govern- Architecture and Drawing, a Ror. ments of Tambof, Kaluga, and al School for Sculpture, another Kasan ; the fewest in Archangel, for Engraving, an Institution for Woronesch, and the Ukraine. In Music, and several other public the governments of St. Peters- Institutions of less note. The burg, Moscow, Archangel, and Military School for mutual instrucMoħilew, no person attained the tion, to which are adınitted the age of a hundred years. It is to children of citizens, had 2,518 be observed, that if we except the scholars in 1818, and this number ten first years of infancy, the has much increased since. The greatest mortality takes place be- Royal Academy of Sciences at tween the ages of sixty and sixty- Lisbon has published, annualis, five ; for in this period the deaths memoirs not less learned than usof the male sex were 17,460, that ful, on every branch of knowledge. is, the 27th part of the whole. - The Portugueze have lately formThe marriages were · 317,805, ed several literary societies, among being 22,470 fewer than in 1819. · which are, The Patriotic Literary In St. Petersburg, in 1821, the Society, and the Society of Ennumber of births was 8,504 ; in- .couragement, at Lisbon. The an cluding, however, the Catholic, . nual average of books printed in

Portugal, between 1805 and 1819, arts to everything valuable in amounts to ninety-four. But liber- science and literature, any attempt ty has conferred new energies on to prove their importance to a the press and genius of Portugal; country would be superfluous; but and the publications, within the that, in addition to the benefits two last years, have been trebled, which have always accrued to every besides the increase of journals nation by which the arts have been and newspapers.

successfully protected, the improvePetition of Haydon.

ment of its manufactures cannot

be denied nor overlooked. That “ To the Honourable the Commons there are two ways in which your

of the United Kingdom of Great petitioner presumes to think a · Britain and Ireland, in Parlia- successful excitement to the genius ment assembled.

of the country towards historical “ The humble petition of Benja- painting could be given, viz. the min Robert Haydon, Historical purchase and presentation of picPainter, late of Lisson-grove tures to adorn the altars of North, now in the King's-bench churches, or the sides of public halls, prison ;

and the employment of artists of “Sheweth --That it is now distinguished reputation to produce seven years since the committee for them. That, were such an exthe purchase of Elgin marbles, in ample given by your honourable dismissing the subject of their de house, the corporate authorities of liberation, submitted to the atten.. the most distinguished towns would tive consideration of the house how immediately follow it, as they are highly the cultivation of the Fine doing and have done with regard Arts had contributed to the repu- to the encouragement of sculpture. tation, character, and dignity of “That had your hon. house every government by which they done 'nothing whatever for any had been encouraged, and how in art or science, historical painting timately they were connected with could not complain ; but as your the advancement of every thing hon. house has for 50 years bestowe valuable in science literature, ored the most liberal patronage on art.'

sculpture, as examples have been " That though this recommen- purchased for its improvement, and dation of the honourable com- galleries built for their reception, mittee excited the hopes and am- your petitioner appeals to the feelbition of all those who were desi- ings of justice in your hon. house, rous of seeing their country distin- whether the English historical guished by excellence in the arts, painters, who, without one public no further notice has been taken act in their favour, have rescued of the subject; and that, under their country from the stigma of the sanction of this recommend- incapacity which so long hung ation, your petitioner presumes to over it in the opinion of foreign hope that permission will be grant- nations, do not deserve to share ed to him to bring so interesting a some part of the favour of your subject before the attention of your hon. house so liberally bestowed on honourable house.

another departinent. “ That as the said committee That were there no pictures has admitted the importance of the in churches, no music, or no sculp

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ture, painting could not object to mation from many of the most share exclusion with her sister celebrated men in Europe ; that arts; but that as sculpture, and the day after he was imprisoned, music, and painting are admitted, he was greeted by a distinguished and as many of the highest au- honour from a foreign academy ; thorities in the Church have ex, but that historical pictures of the pressed their approbation at such size of life being ill-adapted to admission, your petitioner earnest private patronage, he has been ly hopes that your honourable overwhelmed by the immense er. house will not think it a subject pense of such undertakings. That over which you ought to have no he has been torn from his home control. That most of the histori- and his studies; and all the matecal productions painted in this rials of his art, collected with the country, by which its reputation greatest care from all parts of the has been raised, have been execu- world, the savings and aceumulated, not as in Italy and Greece, tion of his life, have been seized. in consequence of encouragement, That he is now in the King'sbut in spite of difficulties. That bench, separated from his family Barry painted the Adelphi for and his habits of employment, and nothing; that Hogarth adorned will have to begin life again, with the Foundling for nothing; that his prospects blighted, and the Reynolds offered to grace St. Paul's means by which alone he could by his pencil, and yet was refused. pursue his art, scattered and deThat historical pictures the full stroyed. size of life being inadmissible “ That your petitioner prays you into private houses from the nature would take the situation of the art of their execution, and such into your consideration, more expictures being the only ones that pecially at a time when large sums have given countries their fame, are expending upon the erection of where art has flourished; as the new churches, a very inconsiderleading authorities of those coun- able fraction of which would imtries were always the patrons of prove those sacred edifices, and efsuch productions, and from the ex- fectually rescue historical painting pense attendant on their execution and its professors froni their could alone be so, your petitioner present state of discouragement. humbly hopes your honourable And he humbly prays you to aphouse will not think it beneath its point such a committee as investidignity to interfere, and by a gated the subject of the Elgin marregular distribution of a small bles, to inquire into the state of enpart of the public wealth, place couragement of historical painting, historical painting and its professors and to ascertain the best method on a level with those of the other of preventing, by moderate and departments of the arts.

judicious patronage, those who “That your petitioner (if he devote their lives to such honourmay be permitted to allude to his able pursuits, so essential (as your own misfortunes), has devoted 19 committee has affirmed) to science, years to the study of historical literature, and art, from ending painting; that his productions have their days in prison and in disbeen visited by thousands in Eng- grace. And your petitioner will land and in Scotland ; that he has ever pray, &c. &e. received signs of regard and esti


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