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be affixed to the saddle-tree, by the ap- G. Hawkes, of Lucas-place, Commerplication and use of which, inconve- cial-road, for certain improvements or nience and distress to the horse may be capstans.-November 1. avoided.September 11.

W. Bundy, of Fulham, for an antiJ. Sprigg, of Birmingham, for a cer. evaporating cooler, to facilitate and retain improvement in the manufacture gulate the refrigerating of worts or wash of grates, fenders, and fire-iron rests.- in all seasons of the year, from any de. September 11.

gree of heat between boiling and the T. Wickham, of Nottingham, for an temperature required for fermenting.– improved and prepared rice, rendered November 1. applicable for use in all cases in which T. F. Gimson, of Tiverton, for imstarch is applied. - September 11. provements in, and additions to, machi

W. Hase, of Saxthorpe, for a method nery now in use for doubling and twistof constructing mills or machines chiefly ing cotton, silk, and other fibrous subapplicable to prison discipline.--Sep- stances. Partly communicated to him tember 11.

by a certain person residing abroad. J. Christie, of Mark-lane, London, November 6. and T. Harper, of Tamworth, merchant, T. Gawan, of Fleet-street,' for imfor an improved method of combining provements on trusses.—November ll. and using fuel in stoves, furnaces, J. Day, of Barnstaple, for improveboilers, and steam-engines.-October 9. ments on percussion gun-locks, applica

J. R. Cotter, of Castle-Magnor, near ble to various descriptions of firearms. Mallow, Cork, Ireland, clerk, for im- - November 13. provements on wind musical instru- J. Ward, of Grove-road, Mile End. ments.-October 9.

road, for improvements in the construcJ. Henfrey, of Little Henry-street, tion of locks and other fastenings. Surrey, and A. Applegath, of Duke- November 13. street, Blackfriars, for machinery for S. Servill, of Brown's-hill, Gloucestercasting types.-October 9.

shire, for a mode or improvement for E. S. Swanie, of Bucklersbury, Lon dressing of woollen or other cloths don, for a method of producing and November 13. preserving artificial mineral waters, and R. Green, of Lisle-street, for improvefor machinery to effect the same. Com- ments in constructing gambadoes, or municated to him by F. A. A. Streave, mud boots, and attaching spurs thereto; of Dresden, doctor of physic, and E. and part of which said improvements Swanie, of Leipzig, merchant, on whose are applicable to other boots.—Novembehalf he is pursuing this patent.- ber 13. October 9.

R. Stain, of the Tower Brewery, Lone Sir W. Congreve, of Cecil-street, don, for an improved construction of a Strand, for improvements in fire-works. blast-furnace, and apparatus to be con-October 16.

nected therewith, which is adapted to A. Buchanan, of Catrine Cotton- burn or consume fuel in a more econoworks, one of the partners of the house mical and useful manner than has been of James Finlay and Co., merchants, hitherto practised.- November 13. Glasgow, for an improvement in the con- J. Gillman, of Newgate-street, Lonstruction of weaving-looms impelled by don, and J. H. Wilson, of Manchester, machinery, whereby a greater quantity for improvements in the manufacture of of cotton may be woven in a given time, hats and bonnets.—November 18. without injury to the fabric, than by any J. Heathcoat, of Tiverton, for a tria application of power for that purpose chine for the manufacture of a platted heretofore employed.-October 16. substance, composed either of silk, cat

J. Ranking of New Bond-street, for ton, or other thread or yarn.—Novemthe means of securing valuable property ber 20. in mail and other stage-coaches, travel- T. Hopper, of Reading, for improve ling carriages, waggons, caravans, and ments in the manufacture of silk-hats.other similar public and private vehi. November 20. cles, from robbery.-Noveinber 1.

A. Deane, of Deptford, for an apG. Hawkes, of Lucas-place, Commer- paratus or machine to be worn by percial-road, Stepney Old Town, for an sons entering rooms or other places improvement in the construction of filled with smoke or other vapour, for ships' anchors. - Noveinber 1.

the purpose of extinguishing fore, or er

tricating persons or property therefrom J. Parkes, of Manchester, for a meNovember 20.

thod of manufacturing salt.-DecemJ. Perkin's, of Hill-street, London, ber 4. and J. Martineau the younger, of the

G. M. Glascott, of Great GardenCity-road, Middlesex, for an improve- street, Whitechapel, and T. Michell, of ment in the construction of the furnace Upper Thames-street, for improvements of steam-boilers and other vessels, by in the construction or form of nails to which fuel is economised and the smoke be used in or for securing of copper consumed... November 20.

and other sheathing on ships, and for J. Bourne, of Derby, for improve other purposes.-December 9. ments in the burning of stone-ware and T. Horne the younger, of Birming. brown-ware in kilns or ovens, by carry. ham, for improvements in the manufacing up the heat and flame from the fur- ture of rack pullies, in brass or other nace or fire, below to the middle and metals.--December 9. upper parts of the kiln or oven, either W. Furnival, of Droitwich, and A. by means of Aues or chimnies in the Smith, of Glasgow, for an improved sides thereof, or by moveable pipes or boiler for steam-engines and other purconductors to be placed within such poses.-- December 9. kilns or ovens; and also by increasing Sir H. Heathcote, of Surrey-street, the heat in kilns or ovens by the con- Strand, for an improvement of the staystruction of additional furnaces or fires sails generally in use, for the purpose at the sides thereof, and to communi- of intercepting wind between the square cate with the centre or upper parts of sails of ships and other square-rigged such kilns or ovens; and also by con- vessels. veying the flame and heat of one kiln or J. Boot, of Nottingham, for an immore into another, or others, by means proved apparatus to be used in the proof chimnies or fues, and thus permitting cess of singeing lace and other purposes. the draft and smoke of several kilns or -December 13, ovens to escape through che chimnies of P.J. B. V. Gosset, of Queen-street, a central kiln

or oven of great elevation, Haymarket, for a combination of machiwhereby the degree of heat is increased nery for producing various shapes, patin the several kilns or ovens, and the terns, and sizes, from metals or other quantity of smoke diminished.-No materials, capable of receiving an oval, vember 22.

round, or other form. Communicated J. Slater, of Saddleworth, for im- to him by a certain foreigner residing provements in the machinery or appa- abroad.- December 18. ratus to facilitate or improve the ope

T. Greenwood, of Gildersoun, and J. ration of cutting or grinding wool or Thackrah, surgical mechanist, of Leeds, cotton from off the surfaces of woollen for improvements on, or substitutes for, cloths, kerseymeres, cotton cloths, or pattens and clogs.--December 27. mixtures of the said substances; and Patents lately granted in Scotland. for taking or removing hair or fur from H, Houldsworth, of Glasgow, civil skins.--November 22.

engineer, for a new contrivance for T. Todd, of Swansea, for an improve. heating dwelling-houses, hot-houses, ment in producing tone upon musical and other buildings.-January 8. instruments of various descriptions.- J. Perkins, of Fleet-street, London, November 22.

for improvements on steam-engines. S. Brown, of Windmill-street, Lam- February 8. beth, for an engine or instrument for W. Brunton, of Birmingham, for imeffecting a vacuum, and thus producing provements upon fire-grates, and the powers, by which water may be raised means of introducing coal therein.and machinery put in motion.-De- February 8. cember 4.

J. Fox, of Plymouth, for an addition A. Buchanan, of Catrine Cotton-works, to, or improvement on, the apparatus for an improvement in machinery here- commonly used in the distillation of tofore employed in spinning-mills the ardent spirits.—March 3. carding of cotton and other wool, where- P. Chell, of Earl's-court, Kensington, by the top cards are regularly stripped for improvements on machinery for and kept clean by the operation of the drawing, roving, and spinning hemp, machinery, without the agency of hard flax, and waste silk.–March 6. labour.--December 4.

R. Badnall, the younger, of Leek, for improvements on the throwing, twist. descriptions, to counteract the falling, ing, or spinning of sewing silks, organ- and facilitate the labour of animals atzine, bergam, and such other descrip- tached to them, and to render persons tions of silk as the said improvements and property in and near them more may be applicable to.- March 6. secure from injury. June 3.

W. Palmer, of Lothbury, London, C. Mackintosh, esq., of Crossbasket, paper-hanger, for improvements in ma- Lanarkshire, for a process of manufacchinery, for the purpose of printing or ture, whereby the texture of hemp, fas, staining paper.-April 4.

wool, cotton, and silk; and also leather, R. Winter, of Fen-court, London, for paper, and other substances, may be an improved method of conducting the rendered impervious to water and air.process of distillation.-April 28. June 3.

S. Hall, of Basford, for a method of R. Mushet, of the Royal Mint, Towerimproving lace, net, muslin, calico, and hill, Middlesex, for a mean or means, any other description of manufactured process or processes, for improving the goods whose fabric is composed of holes quality of copper, and of alloyed copper, or interstices, and also thread or yarn, applicable to the sheathing of ships and as usually manufactured, of any kind, other purposes.-June 21. whether the said manufactured goods, J. Green, of Mansfield, for an inor the said thread or yarn, be fabricated provement in certain machines used for from flax, cotton, silk, worsted, or any roving, spinning, and twisting cotton, other substance or mixture of substances flax, silk, wool, or other fibrous subwhatsoever.-May 7.

stances.-June 24. W. Mitchell, of Glasgow, for a pro. J. Bourdieu, esq., of Lime-street, for cess whereby gold and silver plate, and a mucilage or thickening matter to be any other plate formed of ductile me- used in printing or colouring linen, tals, may be manufactured in a more woollen, and cotton cloths and silks, in perfect and expeditious manner than by cases in which gums, mucilages, and any process which has hitherto been em- other thickening matters are now employed in such manufacture.—May 12. ployed. Communicated to him by a

J. Woolamns, of Wells, for improve- foreigner residing abroad.-June 24. ments in wheeled carriages of various





VHANCERY Records. The to the return, it does not appear

labour and researches promoted to have been known that there by the royal commissionerson public were any proceedings in the Court records, have led to the discovery of Chancery preserved there, of of a great variety and number of an earlier date than the reign of unarranged records of the Court queen Elizabeth, except some few of Chancery. They have been in the reign of Henry 7th; and found dispersed through the Recordthere have since been discovered, office, the chapel, and the room in besides the documents already the White Tower, in lockers, noted, in an obscure part of the drawers, and cupboards, as well as north gallery of the chapel of the in the great heap (where many White Tower, a series of those charters were also found), under proceedings, consisting of bundles the arch in the Tower of the city of bills, answers, and depositions, of London. They consist of par during the reigns of Henry 6th, titions of lands, assignments of. Edward 4th and 5th, and Richard dower, writs of scire facias to re- 3rd. The great mass of unsorted peal letters patent, with the plead- records lying under the arch at the ing thereon ; “ of these latter do- north-east corner of the White cuments there are 56 issued on Tower, first discovered in the year behalf of Henry Prince of Wales, 1809, have been taken out and to repeal letters patent of queen sorted. The Chancery records, to Elizabeth, by which she had the amount of upwards of seven granted to divers persons several of thousand, have since been unfolded, the possessions of the Duchy of cleaned, smoothed, and arranged Cornwall.” There are, besides, in portfolios, under the names of many other curious and valuable the several chancellors; chiefly documents of the reigns of Henry during the reigns of Henry 3rd, 7th and Henry 8th, and various Henry 8th, Edward 6th, Philip other important records relating to and Mary, queen Elizabeth, and lands. When the records in the James Ist. There have already Tower were examined in 1800, been found (observe the commisby order of parliament, according sioners) the proceedings in eight

hundred and forty suits, whilst plored the whole extent of the cardinal Wolsey was chancellor; Picts' wall, and brought away the proceedings in 1,560 suits, in several inscriptions and monuthe chancellorship of sir Thomas ments, which he ultimately preAudley; and the proceedings in sented to his college at Cambridge, 1,250 suits in the time of sir N. where they are now carefully preBacon.

served. After an active public life, The Cottonian Manuscripts. this preface feelingly observesThe commissioners have caused the “ It is, no doubt, greatly to be catalogue of the Cottonian MSS. lamented that a life so meritorious to be printed ; and have prefaced should, toward its close, have been it with a long, but exceedingly imbittered by base calumny and interesting, "account of the for- the arbitrary proceedings of those mation, contents, and catalogues from whom he had an undoubted of the collection of Cottonian right to expect distinguished favour MSS." This preface gives some and protection. By order of the particulars of this memorable col- privy-council, once in the reign of lector. Sir Robert Cotton, who James 1st, 1615, and again in the was a descendant from a very reign of Charles 1st, 1629, his ancient family, which, in the reign library was locked up, as not of a of Edward 3rd, flourished in the nature to be exposed to public incounty of Chester, was born at spection, and he was himself er. Denton, Huntingdonshire, Janu- cluded from the use of it!" Shortly ary 22, 1570. He was educated before his death, he caused it to be at Trinity College, Cambridge, signified to the privy council, " that where he early imbibed a taste, their so long detaining his books and laid the foundation for his from him, without rendering any pre-eminent learning in the anti- reason for the same, had been the quities and history of his country. cause of his mortal malady." He On his leaving college, this bias died May 6, 1631. “That the was greatly increased by the free library continued in sequestration intercourse he immediately com

some time after his death, appears menced with those celebrated anti- manifest (observes the royal comquaries, Jocelin, Lambard, Cam- missioners' preface) from the petiden, Noel, and several others, who, tion of sir Thomas Cotton, his about that time (though unsuccess- only son and heir, wherein he fully) attempted the establishment states that his study had been a of an Antiquarian Society. He long time locked up, and himself neglected no opportunities to ac- debarred from the use of it; and quire chronicles, chartularies, and that it appeared from a schedule of other original muniments; and the contents of the said library, many presented themselves, as prepared for the purpose, that there numbers of such documents at the were no books or papers therein late dissolution of the monasteries but such as were the undoubted had found their way into private property of the petitioner; be hands, who were rarely aware of therefore praved that be might their importance.

henceforth have the free use of his · In 1599, he accompanied Cam- study, it being the best room in den in a journey to the north of his house. Although no acepunt England, where they jointly exis extant that the prayer of such

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