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LETTER FROM THE GOVERNOR OF PENNSYLVANIA ; REPORT AND RESO-

LUTIONS OF PENNSYLVANIA STATE.

LETTER OF GOVERNOR OF NEW-JERSEY, INCLOSING SUNDRY PAPERS.

LETTER OF GOVERNOR OF NEW-YORK, INCLOSING SUNDRY PAPERS,

RELATING TO AMENDMENTS OF THE CONSTITUTION,

PROPOSED BY MASSACHUSETTS.

.

PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF THE SENATE.

1815.

57

REPORT, &c.

The Delegates from the Legislatures of the States of Massa

chusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, and from the Counties of Grafton and Cheshire in the State of NewHampshire and the county of Windham in the State of Vermont, assembled in Convention, beg leave to report the following result of their conference.

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The Convention is deeply impressed with a sense of the arduous nature of the commission which they were appointed to execute, of devising the means of defence against dangers, and of relief from oppressions, proceeding from the act of their own Government, without violating constitutional principles, or disappointing the hopes of a suffering and injured people. To prescribe patience and firmness to those who are already exhausted by distress, is sometimes to drive them to despair, and the progress towards reform by the regular road, is irksome to those whose imaginations discern, and whose feelings prompt, to a shorter course. But when abuses, reduced to system and accumulated through a course of years, have pervaded every department of Government, and spread corruption through every region of the State; when these are clothed with the forms of law, and enforced by an Executive whose will is their source, no summary means of relief can be applied without recourse to direct and open resistance. This experiment, even when justifia. ble, cannot fail io be painful to the good citizen ; and the success of the effort will be no security against the danger of the example. Precedents of resistance to the worst administration, are eagerly seized by those who are naturally hostile to the best. Necessity alone can sanction a resort to this measure ; and it should never be extended in duration or degree beyond the exigency, until the people, not merely in the fervour of sudden excitement, but after fall deliberation, are determined to change the Constitution.

It is a truth, not to be canceled, that a sentiment prevails to no inconsiderable extant, that Acoustration bave guen such constructions to thai instrument, and meciiscd so many abuses

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