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port-Political quacks disturb the States

-Washington urges the States to form an
indissoluble unionThe Articles not ade-
quate for their purposeThe drift toward
anarchy - Movement for a Constitu-
tional Convention-Delegates appointed-
A notable company of statesmen and pa-
triotsWashington made president of
convention-Pen-pictures of the delegates
-The roll-call-Intense political interest
-Proceedings behind locked doors But
Madison reports for history-Randolph
submits a groundwork planWhy Rhode
Island alone was not representedHow
the delegates worked-Sentiment for
strong Federal government~Washing-
ton's immortal speech.

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Dr. Franklin suggests prayersThe Sen-
ate - Equal representation - The Vice-
President-ImpeachmentsCongress reg-
ulates election of its .membersEach
House is judge of qualification of its mem-
bers Pay

Pay of Congressmen - Salary
"grabs-Separating the legislative from
the executive departments.

CHAPTER V

THE BUILDERS TOIL ON...

142
The House originates revenue bills-A
concession to the large StatesHow the
President may approve or veto legislation
-The most important grant to Congress-
Tawing for protectionand taxing for
revenue-Direct taxes seldom laid-The
income tax-Once collected, later declared
unconstitutionalThe borrowing power-
Paper bills unintentionally made legal ten-
der---A natural power of government not
prohibited is permittedCommerce regu-
lation, foreign and interstateA brief
clause with tremendous consequencesRe-
sult of another CompromiseTo regulate
commerce-New England agrees to slavery
-Authority for naturalizing foreigners, to
coin money, to conduct postal affairs-

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Great economic value of the patent system
-Congress controls the army pay-Pro-
riding for the seat of government-Im-
plied powers of Congress-Their vast
scope, aided by the general welfare"
clause-How the Constitution has devel-
oped.

CHAPTER VI

THE STRUCTURE ASSUMES SHAPE...

165
Limiting the powers of CongressImpor-
tation of slavesPeriod of permission
limited The habeas corpus Derived
from Magna Charta-Bills of attainder.
and ex post facto Taws prohibitedWhat
they areDirect taxes shall be in propor-
tion to population-Export duties prohib-
itedPreference for domestic ships-Con-
gress holds the purse-stringsFear in
1787 of titles of nobility-Limiting the
rights of the States-Nearly all sovereign
powers denied to themThe nation to be
not only a federation-Also to be a consoli-
dationSome rights expressly granted,
some impliedConvention working with
greater facilityThe Chief Executive-
Varied ideas concerning the Presidency-
Thirteen different lengths of term suggest-
edThe puzzle how to elect-Electoral

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