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15. Va’-pours, s. steam, fume. *

Snow, s. thick clouds congealed or frozen in the air before they

can unite into drops, which return to the earth in white flakes. Hail, s. drops of rain frozen while falling through the air.

Me'-te-ors, s. pl. bodies in the air of a transitory nature.t 16. In'-di-go, s. a very deep blue. 18. Mus'-cle, s. (pro. muss-el;) a fleshy fibre or string. Nerve, s. an organ of sensation passing from the brain to any part

of the body; a sinew or tendon. Vein, s. a tube in the flesh through which the blood flows. It

also signifies a course or streak of metal in a mine. Ar-te-ry, s. a blood vessel conveying the blood from the heart to

all parts of the body.

12. A COMMA may be made use of in a variety of ways, but the inflection of the voice is much the same : it is used after every distinct word of numbers; as one, two, three, four, five, six, &c.; and also after every distinct figure of numbers; as, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, &c.

13. Also after things distinctly mentioned; as, chance never produced lions, tigers, bears, stags, bulls, sheep, dogs, nor cats.

14. The earth is adorned with a beautiful variety of mountains, hills, valleys, plains, seas, lakes, rivers, trees, flowers, plants, and beasts. .

15. Vapours are formed into clouds, dew, mist, rain, snow, hail, lightning, and other meteors.

16. The colours in the rainbow are, violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange, and red.

* Vapours are the damps of the earth drawn up by the heat of the sun, which form the clouds, &c. Any kind of steam or fume is called a vapour. It also means a vain idea or thought.

+ A meteor is formed out of the common elements, (air, earth, fire, water,) by the action of the heavenly bodies.

Meteors are of three kinds ; igneous or fiery, aerial or airy, aqueous or watery. Igneous meteors arc, lightning, thunder, falling stars, &c. Aerial are, winds, whirlwinds, hurricanes, &c. Aqueous are, clouds, rainbow, hail, snow, rain, dew, &c.

17. Every leaf, every twig, every drop of water, teems with life.

18. In the least insect there are muscles, nerves, joints, veins, arteries, and blood.

19. The astonishing multitude of created beings, the wonderful laws of nature, the beautiful arrangement of the heavenly bodies, the elegance of the vegetable world,* the operations of animal life, and the amazing harmony of the whole creation, loudly proclaim the widom of the Deity.

20. You must submit to hear what you would not, whenever you do what you should not.

CHAP. IV.
Semicolon.

2. Pride, s. too high an opinion of one's own qualities, and too mear

a one of those belonging to another. Oʻ-di-ous, a. abominable, detestable. 3. De’-cen-cy, s. a method of address or action proper and becoming

a person's sex, character, or rank. 7. Af-fic-tion, s, that which causes a sensation of pain, either of mind

or body. 8. Death, s. the departue of the soul from the body.

9. Ge-ne-ra’-ti-on, s. production, race. (An age.) 10. Spe-ci-es, s. (pro. spe-shees,) sort, kind, order, class. i

was crown and A SEMICOLON requires double the pause of the comma, and will also assist you in relieving your voice; but be sure to keep it up and well support it, and then you will have power to fill out your sentence.

* By the vegetable world are understood all kinds of plants, fruit, &c, that have growth without sensation.

This point is used when a part of a sentence re. quires a greater pause than a comma, and when the sense is imperfect and needs some other member to render incomplete.

1. Make a proper use of your time ; for the loss of it can never be regained.

2. Be not proud; for pride is odious both to God and man.'

3. Use no indecent language; for want of decency is want of sense.

4. A good layer up makes a good layer out; and a good sparer makes a good spender.

5. If you speak any thing, think first, and look narrowly into what you speak; where you speak; of whom you speak; and to whom you speak; lest you bring yourself into great trouble.

6. He who praises every thing, is but a ffatterer; he alone knows how to praise, who praises with discretion.

7. As the earth does not always produce roses and lilies, but likewise nettles and thistles; so the world does not always afford is contentment and pleasures, but sometimes afflictions and troubles.

8. Men often think of death when it is too late ; and begin to study how to live, when they should learn how to die.

9. Every thing grows old; every thing passes away; every thing disappears: yet the world is renewed with fresh life and beauty; with a constant succession of trees and plants; with a new race of animals; and with a new generation of men. 10. Every seed contains a plant of its own species;

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this plant another seed; this seed another plant; and so on without end.

11. Be thankful to those who give you advice; and endeavour to follow it.

12. Be attentive to what you are about; and take pains to do it well; nothing can be done well without attention and pains.

CHAP. V.
The Colon.

De-pres'-si-on, s. a sinking or falling; dejection. 2. In-ti ma'-ti-on, s. a hint, item.

Dic'-tates, s. pl. rules or mandates.

Di-vi'ne, a. heavenly. 3. Re-doun'd, v. to conduce, to add. 4. Po'.ver-ty, s. the state of those who want the necessaries of life. 7. Pert, a. saucy. (Lively and brisk.) 13. Ge”-ne-ral, s. one who commands an army.

Vi"-gi-lance, s. (pro. vid-je-lence,) watchfulness, incessant care.
In-tre-pi”-di’-ty, š. great courage, boldness.
Af-fec'-ti-on, s. love, fondness.
Mi"-li-ta-ry, a. relating to war, or warlike.
As-pect, s. the face, look, appearance.
Con-sti-tu'-ti-on, s. relating to health, frame of body or mind.

(Form of government.)
Ro-bust', a. strong, stout, sinewy.
14. Con-tem-pla’-ti-on, s. study.
15. Tran-quil-li-ty, s. calmness, an undisturbed state of mind.

Vice, s. an action contrary to the laws of virtue.
Su-per-sti”--ti-on, s. false devotion.

THE'Colon requires a pause somewhat longer than a semicolon, and also a little depression of the voice, but not so much as that of a period; yet the voice must be kept up, so as to give some intimation that the sentence is not complete, as in the following examples :

1. Fear God: he is thy Creator and Preserver.

2. Read the Scriptures: they are the dictates of divine wisdom.

3. Apply thyself to learning: it will redound much to thine honour.

4. Keep close to thy business : it will keep thee from wickedness, poverty, and shame.

5. All mankind want assistance : all, therefore, ought to assist.

6. The way of the wicked is darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

7. Avoid pert answers : civil language is always becoming

8. No one should be too positive: the wisest are often deceived.

9. Of crosses, universally let these be thy rules: make thyself none; avoid some; bear the rest; and make good use of all.

10. To common friends and acquaintances be civil, kind, just, and constant : but yet not lay thyself open to them.

11. Refuse not what thou canst not avoid: desire not what thou canst not obtain : repent not of what thou canst not alter.

12. Speak well and act well: the one shews a good head, the other a good heart; and both spring from a superiority of mind.

13. William the Conqueror* was one of the greatest generals of his age : in him were united

* The natural son of Robert the First, Duke of Normandy. He was crowned King of England, at Westminster, on Christmas-day, 1066. Normandy is a province of France.

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