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“ Perhaps I am the properest person for deciding whether deafness, blindness, or want of digestion is the greatest calamity: From a knowledge of the case, I can judge of all the three, but it is a long time fince I have presumed to decide upon trifles, and therefore have the stronger reasons for not attempting io decide on matters which are fo important," I am content with believing, that if you have plenty of sunshine in the handfome house which you have built, there will be tolerable moments. That is all which can be hoped for at our time of life, or indeed at any time of life. Cicero wrote a very fine treatise upon old age, but he did not prove by facts what he had advanced in his writings, for the last years of his life were very un. fortunate.
“ You have lived much longer and happier than he did. You had nothing to do with either perpetual dictators or triumvirs. Your lot has been, and is still, one of the most enviable in the great loto tery of life, where the good prizes are fo few, and where the great prize of coprinual happiness has never yet been gained by any one.
“ Your philosophy has neyer been distracted by chimeras, which have now and then perplexed some brains that were otherwise tolerably good. You have never been in any sense a Quack yourself; nor a dupe to Quacks, which I esteem as no common degree of merit, and contributes much to the Madow of happiness that we can talte of in this short life, &c. &c."
We may see, from the above letter, how little the shrewdest and moft fagacious of mankind know either themselves or others. Nothing appears more evident, from Lord Chesterfield's own letters, than that he was himself the greatest of Empirics; an arrant moral quack, constantly inaking a dupe of the fimplicity and fincerity of others, while he was no less imposed on by that vanity, with which he fo egregiously made a dupe of himself,
Caraslacus. A Dramatic Poem. Written on the Model
of the ancient Greek Tragedy: Firf published in the Year 1759, and now altered for Theatrical Representation. By W. Mafon, M. de 8vo.
8vo. Is. td. Dodsley. The Lyric Part of the Drama of Caractačus, as altered by the
Author, and as spoken and lung. 8vo. 6d. Dodfley. The reputation, which this piece hath obtained, from the pleasure it afforded in reading, added to the favourable reception which the Elfrida of the fame author lately met with on the stage; feems to have induced the manager to bring this forward likewise in representation. In doing this he appears also to have acted on a more liberal and gentleman-like plan, than did his predecessor in the management of the fame theatre with regard to Elfrida. We mufc confcis, nevertheless, that,
potwithstanding the judicious alterations of the author, and the splendid embellifhments of mufic and scenery that were furnished by the managers, the performance seemed to flag in the exhibition. To say the truth, it wants the life and spirit of business, necessary to please a modern English audience : for whom the antique and the exotic appear to have no very seductive charms. This edition is dedicated to Bishop Hurd in the following sonnet, a fpecies of poetical manufacture equally foreign to an English taste.
"S O N N E T. Still let my, Hurd a smile, of candour, lend Tọ scenes, that dar'd on Grecian pennons tower,
When, " in low Thurcafton's sequester'd bower," • He prais'd the Itrain, because he lov'd the friend : 1. There goiden leisure did his steps attend,
Nor had the rare, yet well-weigh’d, call of power
To those ligh cares decreed his watchful hour, On which fair Albion's future hopes depend.
A fare unlook'd for waits my friend and me; He
pay's to duty what was learning's claim,
Resigning classic eafe -for dignity; 1 yield my musc to fashion's praise or blame:
Yet Hill our hearts in this great truth agree, That
peace alone is bliss, and virtue fame." « Peace alone is bliss!" --Peace to such meck souls who are fatisfied with such bliss.- " Virtue, fame!"-of course, we fuppose, fame is virtue : and then how defireable at most would that mart be where" a cominodity of good names were to « be bought."--In good footh, this said Sonnet is fad stuff, with as little philofophy in it as poetry,–What if we should adopt Addison's plan of representing its imagery on canvass !
" To Scenes that dard on Grecian pennons tower!" Docs tlie Sonneteer here mean to personify his own written scenes or the painted scenes at the playhouse? The first would be the inoft extravagant profopopeia 'that ever the muse suggested; and as to the painted scenes towering upon pennons, we keave the fcene-painters to make the best of them. Nor bue that your fcené-shifting criticks might stand up for the propriety of the image, by infifting that the scenes are always furnished with one or two pair of wings !
Letters on Female Education, addreffed to a Married Lady. By
Mrs. Cartwright. 12.o. 35. Dilly. : It is beyond a dispute that the present age is eminently disa ținguished for female writers. A Carter, a Barbauld, a Mons tague, a Macaulay, a Chapone, a Moore, a Miller, and many others, do honour to the press and their fex. We wish we could honestly add Mrs. Cartwright to the number ; 'but really we find little in these letters but trite reflections on as trite fubjects. A purity of stile and correctness of thinking might indeed recommend these ; as it must be owned, there is something agreeable in the manner in which Mrs. C. has treated them; but in this, we are sorry to fay, we find her wanting. In the very first sentence of her dedication to Mrs. Montagu, she expresses herself thus. « Conscious of my inability to produce any thing worthy the attention of a lady so justly renowned for her literary fame, &c."_That is renowned for her renown, or famous for her fame. Instead of fame The certainly meant to lay' merit or talents. Not but that there are many names in the literary, as well as in the moral and political, world; which owe their celebrity to nobody knows what. They are not, as Shakespeare says of the Jealous,
ever famous for a cause;
But famous for they're famous.Should it be Mrs. C's good fortune to obtain fame for writing these letters, she will stand in much the same predicament,
The Penal Statutes abridged and alpbabetically arranged. Calu.
lated to serve the desireable end of an alphabetical common; place book of the Penal Laws. By George Clarke, Esquire. 8vo. 3s. "Fielding & Walker.
Who this Mr. G. Clarke is, we are not informed; but from the title of Esquire, here tacked to his name, we presume hc is to pass on the publick for: a Counsellor at Law. If we may judge, however, from internal evidence, the matter and composition of the work itself, we should rather suspect this coinpilation to be the result of the joint efforts of some pettifogging Attorney's clerk, and broken Bookseller.We would advise, therefore, the magistrates of Great Britain, to whoma it is dedicated, to be cautious how they confide in Such constructions of the penal laws, or in the instructions for adminiftring them, contained in this wretched catch-penny.
The Life of Robert Lord Clive, Baron Plaffey. By Charles Carracioli, Gent. 4 Vols. 8vo. Il. 2sBell
... If Lord Clive really lived. as bad a life as Charles Carracioli, *Gent, hath hcre written for him, he deserved to come to no better an end than common fame reports he met with. But common fame is a liar, and, as to Mafter Carracioli, we do not think him altogether free from fibbing. Nor that Lord Clive had much to do with all the transactions and reports here collected. The General Faft; a Lyric Ode: With a Form of Prayer proper
for the Occasion, and a Dedication to the King. 4to. 1. Fielding and Walker.
Impious and indecent !- It is a pity but this Grub of a Lyrift were himself obliged to fas, till he should learn a little more manners at least, if not modesty. Religion and Morality are out of the question with such sorry fcribblers.
It is also a pity that the publishers of such horrid trash never learnt to read: if they had, they inust have been frequently admonished, even from their alehouse sign, to “ Fear God, and Honour the King." A Letter to the Rev. Josiah Tucker, D.D. Dean' of Glouceler,
in Answer to his " Humble Address and Earnest Appeal, &c."" With a Poffcript, in which the present War with America is thewn to be the Effect, not of the Causes aligned by him and others, but of a fixed Plan of Administration, founded in Syftem : The Landed opposed to the Commercial Interest of the State, being as the Means in order to the End. By Samuel Eftwick, LL. D. 8vo. Is. 6d. Almon.
Dr. Samuel Eftwick is a very warm advocate for the Americans; whose defection he looks upon as an act of neceffity, and 'therefore offers the best excuse that can be made for them, viz. Necessity's having no Law!
CORRESPONDENCE. TO THE LONDON REVIEWERS. On reading the London Review for last month, 1 observe your just remarks on " The Spiritual Diary by Dr. Rutty," which exactly corscfpond with my own sentiments of that medley.
Such a performance by a man, of Dr. Rusty's abilities in his profession and knowledge in various branches of science, can only be accounted for by the imbecillity of the human mind, and the extravagan.cies it is apt to run into, when it submits itself to the influence of en
thufiafm. But the principal view I have in troubling you with this, is to exculpate the society of which I am a member, from the cenfure apparently due to the publishers of this work. Dr. Raty, by a clause in his wilí, obliged his executors to print and publish it. This gave great uneafinels to many of }is friends; who in general disapprove it; and are sorry to see it in print.
They are therefore not accountable for it: and I wish that, in the next Review, fons remark of this kind may be made ;
and am respectfully yours,
A Constant Reader
Τ Η Ε
FOR FEBRU A RY, 1777.
Elays on the Nature and Immutability of Truth, in Opposition to Sophistry and Scepticism; on Poetry and Music, as they affect the Mind; on Laughter, and Ludicrous Composition; on the Utility of Claffical Learning. By James Beattie, LL.D. Professor of Moral Philosophy and Logic in the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen. 4to. Dilly.
Having given an introductory account of this publication, and cited enough, of the author's Essay on Poetry and Music, to induce the reader to wish for the perufal of the whole, we proceed to the next original tract in this instructive and entertaining miscellany, viz. that on Laughter and Ludicrous Coin. position. This subject our very ingenious author introduces with the following apology.
“ Of man, it is observed by Honer, that he is the most wretched, and, by Addison' and others, that he is the merrieft animal in the whole creation : and both opinions are plausible, and boile perhaps may be true. If, from the acuteness and delicacy of his perceptive powers, from his remembrance of the past, and his anticipation of what is to come, from his restless and creative fancy, and from the various fenfibilities of his moral nature, Man be exposed to many evils, both imaginary and real, from which the brutes are exempled, he does also from the faine sources derive innumerable delights, that are far beyond the reach of every other animal. That our pre-eminence in pieafure should thus, in fome degree, be counter-balanced by our pre-eminence in pain, was neceflary to exercise our virtue, and wean our hearts from lublunary enjoyment; and that beings thus beset with a multitude of sorrows should be supplied from so many quarters with the means of comfort, is suitable to that benign æconomy which characterises every operation of nature. Voi, V,