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Words exposed. The Complaint of a Story-teller. - Heroic Epittle to Richard Twiss, Esq; F. R. S. with explanatory notes written by himself. - The Battiad in Two Cantos.- A Differtation upon Laughter.-An Essay upon Humour.-The Fribbleriad - Elegy in a Coun. try Church-Yard.-Elegy written in Covent Garden. - The Nun. nery, an Elegy: - Evening Contemplation in a College - Elegy written in Westminster. Hall during the long Vacation.--Elegy on the death of the Guardian Outwitted.- Epitaph on a ceriain Poet. The Advantages of Politicks to this Nation --Scheme for the Coalition of Parties.- The Art of Dressing the Hair.--Origines Divihara, or the Antiquities of the Devizes, by Dr. Davies.--A curious Specimen of Alliteration.

A Second Disertation on Heretical Opinions ; fhewing the Nature of

Heresy; in what respect Errors in Religion may be innocent or finful; the Causes from whence they generally proceed; the Excuses often alledged by false Christians and avowed Unbelievers. Cóncluding with an Audress to ihe Young, or Students in the University. By John Rawlins, M. A. Rector of Leigh in Worcestershire, Minister of Badley and Wickhamford, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable Lord Archer. 8vo. 2 s. Rivington.

It is some years since this author published his first differtation about Heresy. In this second also he writes still “ about it, Goddess, and about it.” In his third, a critical number, we shall probably come fully at his meaning. In the mean time, we cannot help thinking he has not hitherto made a sufficient distinction between heretics and unbelievers ; between those who entertain false notions of Christianity, and those who have no notion of Christianity at all. For our part, we should not be apt to dignify the latter with even the naine of Hereticks; they being in fact downright Heathens. An Introduction to Reading and Spelling, in four Parts.

Principles. 2. Lessons in Prose and Verfe. 3. Select Classes of Words 4. Monosyllables ranged by their. Sounds. To which is prefixed, a Plan of the Work, with some Directions to Teachers. By' William Scott, Teacher of English and Writing, in Edinburgh. 12mo. Richardson and Urquhart.

Among the Multiplicity of Elementary Tracts, calculated

to initiate young Beginners in the Art of Reading, we look upon this to be one of the best.

1. The


Cimmentary, with Notes, on the Four Evangelists and the Asts of the Apostles; together with a New Translation of St. Paul's Fird Epistle to the Corinthians, with a Paraphrase and Notes. To which are added other Theological Pieces. By Zachary Pearce, D. D. late Lord Bishop of Rochester. To the whole is prefixed, fome Account of his Lordship’s Life and Charaller, written by himself. Published from the Original Manuscripts, by John Derby, A. M. his Lordship's Chaplain, and Rector of Southfleet and Longfield. 4to. 2 Vols. 21. 2$. Cadell.

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To this elaborate commentary, which is dedicated, and has been presented, to the King by the Rev. Mr. Derby, the editor has prefixed the following advertisement.

“ Having been charged by my most honoured Patron, the very learned and pious Author of the following Commentary and Notes, &c. in his last Will and Testament, with the Care of their Publication, I have used my best Endeavours to fulfil the important Trust, by giving the Publick a faithful and, I hope, a correct Edition of them, from the original Manuscripts in his own Hand.

The Miracles of Jesus vindicated, which were first printed in 1727 and 1728, of which there have been five several Editions--and Epistola Dua, published in the Year 1721, but long fince out of Print, are given, with a View not only of rendering the Work itself more come plete by their intimate Connection therewith, but likewise of preserve ing them from the usual Fate of fugitive Pieces. The Two Letters, never before printed, to the Reverend Doctor Daniel Waterland, upon the Eucharift, are added, more fully to confirm what the Bishop has advanced upon that Subject, in his Notes on the Four Gospels, and also on the First Epistle to the Corinthians."

To the work is also prefixed a life of the author, written for the inoft patt by the bifhop himself, whose narrative is printed with inverted commas, and occasionally supplied and illustrated by the editor, who thus introduces it.

“ The curiosity of mankind seems naturally to require that a posthumous work should be accompanied with an account of its author ; becaute he that I aves behind him what is worthy to be published, must be supposed to have lived with a character worthy to be known. It has been therefore considered by the editor of the following Coma mentary, &c. as an inportant part of his duty, to communicate some memorial of the learned prelate, by whose iriendihip they were intrufied to his care.

“ Dr. Zachary Pearce, late Lord Bishop of Rochefier, was born the eighth of September, 1690, in the parith of St. Giles, in High Holbora, where his father followed the business of a distiller, with great success; and, having at about the age of forty, acquired a competent fortune, he purchased an eftare at Little Ealing, in the county of Middiesex, to which he retired, and which he enjoyed to his eighty-fifth year.

Vol. V.

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" The family, as far as it has been traced, was eminent for longe vity, so that our author entered the world with an hereditary claim to length of days, which it is evident he did not defeat by negligence, intemperance, or vice.

“ The first part of his literary education he received in a private school at Great Ealing, from whence, having, undoubtedly, attained a considerable proticiency in the learned languages, he was, on the twelfth of February, 1764, removed to Wettminfter-school, where he was foon distinguished by his merit, and elected one of the forty King's fcholars. He seems, in the latter part of his life, to have recollected this distinction with pleasure; for, in a collection of minute.memorials written by himself not long before his death, he has inferted an epigram spoken by him in praise of Dr. Sprat, who was then Dean of Weitminster..

“ After fix years spent at Westminfter, he was elected to Trinity Col. lege, in Cambridge, in the year 1710, having endured the conttraint of a gramınar-school to the twentieth year of his age. Why his leo moval was so long delayed, no other reason can be given, than that Doctor Bufby uted to derain thofe boys longest under his discipline, of whose future eminence he had most expectation; confidering the fundamental knowledge which grammar-Ichools inculcate, as that which is least likely to be supplied by future diligence, if the student be sent deficient to the univerlity. To this long continuance of his initiatory Studies, he was perhaps indebted for the philological reputation by which he was afterwards so happily diftinguished.

“c Of his life, from the year 1910 to 1768, he has left a short nar. rative written by himpelf in November, 1769, the seventy-ninth year of his age; in which he has related principally his publick transactions, and the series of his preferments. This narrative, for whatever purpole it was left, has been thought necessary to be published, without any alteråtion, as being more fatisfactory, at least of more authority, than any other account that could be given of him.".

In this narrative we are told, that after being at the university about fix years, he published the firft edition of his cieero de Oratore, which brought him acquainted with Lord Parker, then chief justice of the King's-Bench, and afterwards Earl of Macclesfield, and lord chancellor of Great Britain; who continued his patron, and to whose memory he has erected a lasting monument of gratitude in the justification here published of that nobleman's conduet on occasion of the remarka. ble impeaclıment and penalty inflicted on him after his refignation of the feals, :

“ In the first years of his residence in Cambridge, fays the editor, he sometimes ainused himself with lighter compositions. The diurnal papers of that time afforded to men, at once ainbitious and timorous, very tempring opportunities of trying their power of writing without hazard of reputation. A letter to the Spectator or Guardian fole upon the publick with great advantage, being certain to be read, and if it deferved praise, certain to be praised; at least it was fecure of candid perusal and impartial criticism, by which the writer might be pleased without envy, or corrected without shame.

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* Mr. Pearce did not on it to make the experiment. He wrote in the eighth volume of the Spectator, No 572, a bumorous essay upon quacks, and N° 633, a serious differtation on the eloquence of the pulpit, of which the hint is taken from a fragment of Longinus, where Paul of Tartus is numbered among the great masters of oratory. In the ludicrous paper the editor confelles that he has made additions and retrenchments, but the other is printed as it came to his hand without was riation. A year before (1713) he had sent a letter to the Guardian figned Ned Milm, which gives a sprightly and fanciful account ofia filent club. In two of these little pieces there is humour and gaiety, which might perhaps have been much advanced by cultivation, had not chey been thrown afide in pursuit of more important truths, and application to higher Audies.

“ In the year 1717 (says the bishop's narrative), Mr. Pearce was " ordained a deacon by Dr. Fleetwood, the bishop of Ely, and in 1718

was ordained a prieit by the fanie bishop; he having always had in " his intention to devote himself to that holy profeffion, which he de“ layed to do till he was twenty-seven years of age; and, as he " thought, taken time enough to prepare himself, and attain to lo s much knowledge of that facred othce, as should be sufficient to an" {wer all the good purposes for which it is designed.

s. On the twelfth of May, in 1718, the Lord Chief Justice Parker " was appointed lord high chancellor of Great Britain; and Mr. Pearce 66. having been the next morning informed, that the great seal had been - the day before delivered to his lordship by King George the First, " and that a great number of the nobility and gentry were then at his 4 chambers in Serjeant's-Inn, in Fleet-ftreet, congratulating him upon " the occafion, he went thither, and his name being carried to him, so in an inner room, where his lordship received the company one " after another, his secretary came foon out to Mr. Pearce, and said, " that his lordship desired him to Itay till all the company was gone, " and that then he would see him. He did fa, and being brought to " the lord chancellor, he, among other things, said, that he should • now want a chaplain to live with him in his house ;' and he aiked • Mr. Pearce, if it would suit with his convenience to live with him in that capacity. With this Mr. Pearce very readily, and with thanks, complied; and, as soon as his lordship had provided himself with a

proper house, he went into his family as his chaplain, and there - continued three years."

In December, 1719, Mr. Pearce was instituted into the rectory of " Stapleford Abbots, in Essex.

" In 1720, the rectory of St. Bartholomew, behind the Royal Ex" change, becoming vacant by the death of Doctor Adams, the Pro“ voit of King's College Cambridge, of the yearly value of £.400, the " lord chancellor, in whose gift it was, presented him to that living, “ which was then supposed to be the most valuable of any in the city, "' of London. And when Mr. Pearce made his acknowledgement of “ thanks to the lord chancellor for this favour, his lordship faid, ' You

are not to thank me so much as Doctor Bentley for this benefice." How is that, my lord, faid Mr. Pearce? . Why, added his lordship, ' when I alked Doctor Bendey to make you a fellow of Trinity Col

lege, lege, he consented fo to do, but on this condition, that I would pro• mile to unmake you again as soon as it lay in my power, and now • he, by having performed his promise, has bound me to give you this & living.'

“ He was inducted into the rectory of St. Bartholomew, March 10, 56 1719-20.

" In the same year, the ministers of Itate dining one day with the “ lord chancellor, Mr. Pearce being called in to say grace to them " before they sat down to dinner, the Duke of Newcaitle, then lord “ chamberlain, and one of the company, was pleased to take notice 6 of Mr. Pearce, as he had known him at Westminster-school, and at “ Cambridge, in which places they had both been educated together; " and after he was withdrawn, the duke expreiled to the lord chan

cellor a favourable opinion of him. Upon which the lord chancel“ lor said, " Then, lord chamberlain, I hope, that, as you think so ! well of him, you will make him one of his Majesty's chaplains, when & there is a vacancy: Pes, my lord, replied he, I will do so, when I bave an opportunity,' and accordingly Mr. Pearce received soon after 66 this the said chamberlain's warrant for that honour."

“ In the year 1722, fays the editor, the plague at Marseilles filled Europe with terror.

r. A Fait was appointed for the deprecation of divine vengeance, which was obterved through the kingdom with parti, cular seriousness and devotion. We escaped the dreadful visitation, and when the day of thanksgiving for the deliverance was set apart in the year following, Mr. Pearce preached before the lord mayor and aldermen of London, and afterwards published the sermon.

“ In February 1721-22, he married Mrs. Mary Adams, the daughter of Mr. Benjamin Adams, an eminent distiller in Holborn, with a considerable fortune. It is always pleasing to be told, that men who deterve well of the publiek, are happy in domestick life. He lived with her fifty-two years in the higheit degree of connubial happiness. The fiftieth year of their union they celebrated as a year of jubilee; on which occafion they were complimented by a friend in the follow, ing itanzas.

No more let CALUMNY complain,
That Hymen binds in cruel chain,

And makes his subjects flaves :
Supported by the good and wife,
Her keenest llander he defies,

Her utmost malice braves.
TO-DAY-he triumphs o'er his foes,
And to the world a Pair he shews,

Though long his subjects-Free:
Who happy in his bands appear,
And joyful call the FIFTIETH year,

A year of JUBILEE." On January the roth, 1723-24, we are told, Mr. Pearce was inducted into the vicarage of St. Martin's in the Fields, to which he was presented by his patron the lord chancellor, betweca whom and Lord Carteret, then fecrctary of state,


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