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vate marriage must have removed all scruples between the partjes ; nay, could not have been contracted upon any other principle, since it was kept private, and consequently prevented no public scandal. It is therefore extremely evident, that Madame Maintenon could not be married to the King at the time when she scrupled granting, and when the Directeur advised her to grant, those favours which Sarah with so much submitsion granted to Abraham : and what the Directeur is pleased to call be myftere de Dieu, was most evidentiy a state of concubinage."
.After taking some pains to expose the false turn, which Lord C. has given the most interesting paliages in the above Letter, M. Des Enfans adds,
• An air of truth and sincerity reigns through the whole, which seems to have been written by the hand of Piety, under the direction of Prudence.
" Perfectly convinced of Madame de Maintenon's being married, Monfieur de Fenelon proposes the conduct of Sarah to Abraham, as a model for his penitent's imitation, in her behaviour to the king. And here it is that Lord Chesterfield, infamed with the rage of criticism, mounts his ftilts to acquaint us, in the more dictatorial tone, in what that conduct consisted; and that it occafioned the birth of Isaac. But as it is of as little consequence to know how Ifaac came into the world, as how he left it, I shall only stop here to observe the manner in which our noble critic has explained the example of Sarah. He tells us, that to follow the example of a virtuous wif, was to become a profitute!. Indignation glows on my cheek, when I think of such an interpretation, and that it was fo construed by the Earl of Chesterfield ! by a minister fo able, so difcerning in state affairs, as to be worthy of presiding at the council-board of England. Yes, I blush for him, when I think that fo great a politician ihould have been so poor a scholar.
“ Abraham feared that the beauty of Sarah, his lawful wife, might be productive of ill consequences to him, as he was going into Egypt with her ; he foresaw that the Egyptians would be captivated with her charms, and might probably put him to death if they knew he was her husband; he therefore commanded her to say she was his titter. * And it was indisputably in this particular point, that Montieur de Fenelon prescribed the imitation of Sarah to Madame de Maintenon ; “Sarah, ihe wife of Abraham, passed for his fitter, in obedience to her husband: you are the king's wife, but do not pass for iuch, in obedience to the king. And thus you are to be fubmiffive to the king, as Sarah was to Abraham. Look upon him as your lord, by the command of God." That is to say, obey him, as God has ordained that wives should obey their husbands. “Your fituation, (adda the archbishop; is enigmatical ;'' which is clearly to be understood
with regard to her being privately married. “ The world is ignorant whether you are the wife, or inistress of the king ; and the public, who would be amazed, were they as well informed of this matter as I am, lose themselves in doub:s and conjectures : but it is the myitery of God;" which fignifies, that God, whote decrees we should un. repiningly adore, has opposed obitacles, to her unknown, 'which must prevent her being declared Queen."
This M. Des Enfans thinks is the only construction that can possibly be given to the passages cited, defying iubiilty itielf to give them any other conliftent with reafon. A Difsurse upon some late Improvements of the Means for Preserving the Heussb of Mariners. 4to. Printed for the Royal Society.
This Discourse was delivered on occasion of the disposal of Sir Godfrey Copley's medal ; which was given to Captain Cook for his « Account of the method he had taken to preferve the health of the crew of his majesty's ship, the Kriolution, during her late voyage round the world." --- On the propriety of such disposal the President makes an obfervation, as much in favour of Captain Cook in particular, as of modern improvements in practical medicine and diet in general.
“ I imagine;" says he, that the name alone of so worthy a member of this Society would have inclined you to depart from the ftri&tness of your rules, by conferring upon him that honour, though you had received no direct communication from him ; considering how meritorious in your eyes that person must appear, who hath not only made the most extensive, but the most iuftructive voyages, who hath not only discovered, but furveyed, vast tracis of new coalls ; who hath dispelled the illusion of a terra uusirali incognito, and fixed the bounds of the habitable earth, as well as thote of the navigable ocean, in the Southern Hemisphere.
“ I fhall not, however, ex patiate on that ample field of praise, but con fine my discourse to what was the intention of ihis honorary premium, namely, to crown that Paper of the year which should contain the most useful and most successful experimental inquiry. Now what inquiry can be so useful as that which hath for its object the saving the lives of men ? and when shall we find one more successtul than that before us? Here are no vain boastings of the empiric, nor ingenious and delufive theories of the dogmatist ; but a concise, an artiels, and an incontested relation of the means, by which, under the divine favour, Cap!ain Cook, with a company of a bundred and eightun mer, performed a voyage of three sears and eighteen days, throughout all the climates from fifty-two degrees North to ftventy-one degrees South,
with the loss of only one man by a difeafe.* What must enhance to us the value of these falutary obfervations, is to see the practice hath been no less simple than efficacious.
" I would now inquire of the most conversant in the study of Bills of Mortality; whether in the most healthful climate, and the belt condition of life, they have ever found so small a number of deaths in such a nuinber of men, within that period of time? How great and agreeable then must our furprize be, after perusing the histories of long navigations in former days, when so many perished by marine diseases, to find the air of the tea acquitted of all malignity, and in fine that a voyage round the world may be undertaken with less danger to health than a common tour in Europe !"
To this discourse is annexed Captain Cook's account ittelf, as read before the society on the 7th of March last: from which we learn that the use of sweet-wort, four-krout, portable foup, the rob of lemons and oranges and sugar, instead of oil, affifted by suitable rules of living, contributed chiefly to the extraordinary state of good health, observed in his ship’s-crew. The Diaboliad, a Poem. Dedicated to the Worst Man in his
Majesty's Dominions. 4to. Is. 6d. Kearsly. We should be forry, for the honour of the nobility, (if the author of the Diaboliad might be supposed to insinuate the truth) to understand that the worst man in his majesty's dominions is to be found among the Lords.--If this infinuation be not scandalum magnalum, we know not what is : except, indeed, the author meant to pay the whole body of the peerage a compliment, by suggesting that even the throne of Hell is too dignified a station to be filled by any but a person of quality.. His tale is that
" The devil, grown 'old, was anxious to prepare
A fit !uccessor for the Infernal chair.” Hedoes not inform us, however, whether Satan, like some other primitive christian monarchs, intends to resign and retire to a monastery ; or whether he really thinks himlelf mortal, and prefumes to make his peace with God in articulo mortis. We mention this, as, in the latter case, we conceive the Bench of Bishops would immediately fee and dispatch the College of Physicians, to prevent his decease.—Be this as it will, the poet pretends that the devil has made an offer of his infernal chair, to
* This was a pbibifis pulmonalis terminating in a dropsy. Mr. Patten, surgeon to the Rojolrition; who mentioned to me this case, observed that this man began fo early to complain of a cough and other consumptive symptoms, which had never left him, that his lungs must have been affected before he came on board.
the man of fashion best qualified to fill it.- On the principle of the author's motto, that
“ To reign is worth ambition, tho' in Hell,” it is no wonder that as many candidates should start, particularly among our younger sprigs of family, as on the declaration of a vacant borough.---After exhibiting their several pretensions, the poet prefers the pation, to whom he has dedicated his work, in the following lines, which conclude this diabolical pocm.
“ But as he spoke, there issued from the crowd, * * * * * * the base, the cruel, and the proud ; And eager cried, “I Boaft fuperior claim “ To Hell s dark throne, and *
is my name.
'Th' astonish'd demons on each other gaz'd,
Should our readers be at any loss to know who is meant by the fix stars in the last line, we would recommend them, as we ou rselves do not know, to Mr.P partner to Mr. A. W-s, as one of the best decypherers of poetical libels and fatirical innuendos.
The Repository: a Select Collection of fugitive Pieces of Wit and
By the most eminent Writers. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Dilly.
To this entertaining collection is annexed the following preface.
* See the Letters of Junius, where that able writer has observed, with his usual Spirit and good senfe, upon this guilty transact:on. Junius felt for human nature, and would not fuffer his pen to trace all the particulars of it. To degrade the crimirial, they should be remembered; but for the sake of humanity, they had better be forgotten.
" It is the observation of an excellent writer *, " That there is no
In no species of literature have our countrymen more excelled than
Amongst the various publications of fugitive pieces which have yer
From a reflection on the want of a Repository like the present, the
The pieces, contained in this selection, are, nevertheless,
Ver-vert; or, the Nunnery Parrot ; an Heroic Poem.-The Coun-
Crooked Six-pence - The Copper Farthing - The School.
Words . Ds. Samuel Johnson,