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my mind, it is only the strength of our passions, and the weakness of our reaton, that make us so fond of lie ; but, when the former fubfide and give way to the latter, we grow weary of being, and willing to withdraw. I do not recommend this train of serious reflections to you, nor ought you to adopt them. Our ages, our fituations are widely different. You have children" to educate and and provide for, you have all your senses, and can enjoy all the comforts both of do inestic and social life. I am in every sense isolé, and have wound up all my bottoms. I may now walk off quietly, neither mifling nor missed. Till when,

Yours mon fincerely,

CHESTERFIELD." Book the Third contains Letters to Dr. Richard Chenevix, Bihop of Waterford, and other friends in Ireland. From this correspondence we fhall sele&t two or three Thort epiftles; descriptive of our noble author's humorous disposition and placid temper of mind even at the close of his life. To Dr. R. CHENEVIX, Lord Bishop of Waterford.

Bath, Nov. 21, 1757, DEAR LORD, “ I shall make but a very unsatisfactory return to your kind inquiries and follicitude about my health, when I tell you that but three days ago, I had a very strong attack of my usual illness, which has teft me still weak and languid. I thought inyself the better for the waters, which I have now drank à month, till this relapse came and undeceived me. All mineral waters, and the whole materia medica, lose their efficacy upon my shattered carcase; and the enemy within is 100 hard for them. I bear it all with patience, and without melancholy, because I must bear it whether I will or no. Physical ills are the taxes laid upon

this wretched life; fome are taxed higher, and fome lower, but all pay fomething. My philofopiry teaches me to reflect, how much higher, rather than how much lower, I might have been cased. How gentle are my phytical ills, compared with the exquisite torments of the gout, stone, &c.! Tlie jaculties of my mind are, thank God, not yet much impaired; and they comfort me in my worit moments, and amule me in the beli.

it I read with more pleasure than ever; perhaps, because it is the only pleasure I have left For, fince I am fruck out of living company by my deafness, I have recourse to the dead whom alone I can hear; and I have afligned them their stated hours of audience. Solid folios are the people of buliness, with whom I converse in the morning. Quartos are the easier mixed company, with whom I fit after dinner; and I pass my evenings in the light, and often frivolous, chitchat of Linäll octavos and duodecimos. This, upon the whole, hinders' me from withing for death, while other considerations hinder me from fearing it.

** Does lord Clanbrazil bring in his register bill this session ? If he can keep it short, clear, and mild, it will be in my opinion a very good


one. Come time or other, though God knows when, it will be found out in Ireland, that the popish religion and influence cannot be subdu. ed by force, but inay be underinined and destroyed by art. Allow they papists' to buy lands, let and take leases equally with the protestants, but subject to the gavel act, which will always have its effect upon their posterity at least. Tye them down to the government by the tender But strong bonds of landed property, which the pope will have much ado to dilolve, notwithstanding his power of loosening and binding. Use those who come over to you, though perhaps only seemingly at first, well and kindly, instead of looking for their cloven feet and their tails as you do now.". Increase both

your number, and your care of the protestant charter schools. Make your penal laws extremely mild, and then put them Itrictly in execution.

He tibi crunt artes.

(These will be your arts.) This would do in time, and nothing else will, nor ought. I would as soon murder a man for his estate, as prosecute him for his religious and speculative errors; and, fince I am in a way of quoting verles I will give you three out of Walth's famous ode to King William,

Nor think it a sufficient cause,
To punish men by penal laws,

For not believing right.
I am very glad that your daughter is recovered. I am glad that you are
well, and whatever you are glad of will upon my word gladden
Your faithful friend and servant,



Blackheath, May 231 1758. « I have received your letter of the 4th inftant. The day afterwards I reccived the book which you was so kind as to send me by major Maccullogh, and the day after that, by Mr. Ruflçl, your bill for expencee incurred and not provided for, which I have paid.

• Now, first to the first. You solicit a very poor employment fo modestly, and offered your daughters as a security for your good behaviour, that I cannot refuse it you, and do hereby appoint you my sole conmiffioner for the kingdom of Ireland. To the second. 'This ninth volume * of Swift #ill not do him so much honour, as I hope it will bring profit to my friend George Faulkner. The historical part t is a party pamphlet, founded on the lie of the day, which, as lord Bulingbroke who had read is, ofien assured me, was coined and delivered out to him, to write Examiners, and other political papers upon. That spirit remarkably runs through it. Macarieney, for instance, murdered duke Hamilton; nothing is falser, for though Macarteney was very capable of the vilest actions, he was guiltiels of that, as I myself can

* The ninth volume of Faulkner's edition.
+ The history of the four last years of the queen.

testify, teftify, who was at his trial in the king's bench, when he came over voluntarily to take it, in the late king's time. There did not appear even the least ground for a fulpicion of it, nor did Hamilton, who appeared in court, pretend to tax him with it, which would have been in truth accusing himself of the utmost baleness, in letting the murderer of his friend go off from the field of battle, without either resentment, pursuit, or even accusation, till three days afterwards. This lie was invented to infame the Scotch nation agiinst the whigs; as the other, that prince Eugene intended to murder lord Oxford, by employing a set of people called Mohocks, which fociety, by the way never existed, was calculated to inflame the mob of London. Swift took those hints de la meilleure foi du monde, and thought them materials for history. So, far he is blameless.

“ Thirdly and lastly, I paid Mr. Ruffel the twenty-seven pounds fire shillings, for which you drew your bill. I hope you are fenfible that I need not have paid it till I had received the goods, or at least till I had proofs of your having sent them, but where i have in general a good opinion of the perion, I always proceed frankly, and do not itand upon forms, and I have without flattery fo good an opinion of you, that I would trust you not only with twenty seven pounds, but even as far as thirty seven..

" Your friend's letter to you, inclosed in the book, is an honest and melancholic one : but what can I do in it? He seems not to know the nature of factions in Ireland; the prevailing for the time being is absolute, and wholo transgresseth the leait of their commandments is guilty of the whole. A lord lieutenant may if he pleases govern alone, but then he must, as I know by experience, take a great deal more trouble : upon himself' thán moit lord lieutenants care to do, and he muit not be afraid: but as they confinonly p:eter otium cum dignitate, their guards, their battle axes, and their trumpets, not to mention perhar's, the profits of their post, to a laborious execution of it, they muit necessarily rule by a faction for the time i eing, they are only the first flaves : the condition of the obligation is this, your excellency or your grace wants to carry on his majesty's business smoothly, and to have it to lay when you go back, that you met with no difficulties, this we have túflicient itrength in parliament to engage for, provided we appear to have the favour and countenance of the government, the money, he it what it will, thall be chearfully voted; as for the public you shall do what you will, or nothing at all, for we care for that no more than we suppose your grace or excellency does, but we repeat it again, our recommendations to places, penfionis, &c. must prevail, or we shall not be able to keep our people in order. These are always the exprefled, or at leait the implied, conditions of these treaties, which either the indolence or the infufficiency of the governors ratify : from that ino.ncat thicle un. dertakers bury the governor alive, but indeed pompoutly: different from the worshipful company of undertakers baie, who foldun bury any body alive, or at leait never without ihe content and privity of the next heirs.

“ I am now settled here for the funnier, perhaps for.ever, in great upanquillity of mind, not equally of body; I make the most of it, I


yegetate with the vegetables, and I crawl with the infects in my garden, and I am, such as I am, most faithfully and sincerely




Blackheath, June 2, 1758. MY DEAR LORD, “ I am now in poffeffion of the goods you procured me, and they are both excellent in their kind; but how difficult, not to say imporfible, it is to find an honest factor ! You have not cheated me it is true, but you have most grofly defrauded the bishop of Waterford, as appears by your own account here inclosed, you let down two pieces and fourteen yards yards of cloth 4.16. 75. 3d. whereas I have receiv'ed seven pieces and fourteen yards, which mult certainly come to a great deal more, Item, you fet down but fix dozen and lix pints of Ufquebaugh, whereas I have received vine dozen and fix, for which you put down only £.13. 55. and which makes it as cheap as porter's ále. Pray retrieve your character, which is at stake, and clear up this matter to the Bishop, and to

Your faithful servant,

CHESTERFIELD." In a subsequent letter dated in the same year, his lordship writes to the bishop in the following words.

“ I am extremely obliged to you for your kind letter of the 2d, and, thank God, can return you a more satisfactory answer than for fome time past, I have been able to do. In the first place I am alive, which neither I nor any body else, fix months ago," thought that I should be. In the next place my old, crazy, and thattered carcaje enjoys more negative health than it has done for a long time. I owe this unexpected amendment to milk, which, in this my second intancy, I live upon almost as entirely as I did in my first. Afles, cows, and even goats club to maintain me. I have in particular a white amalthea, that strays upon the heath all day, and selects the most falutary and odoriferous herbs, whicñ she brings me night and morning filtrated into milk. Thus I rub on in a toleravle mediocrity; life is neither a burthen nor a pleasure to me, but a certain degree of cnnui necetlarily attends that neutral state, which makes me very willing to part with it, when he who placed me here thinks tit to call me away.”

Upwards of ten years afterwards we yet find his lordship living and writing in much the same itrain.


London, June 14, 17;0. “ I have long told you, and you have as long found, that I was an anomalous no:10, I can hardly lay a subitantive, for I grow weaker anal weaker every day, particularly in my legs and my thighs, so that I can walk very little at a time, and am obliged to také my hare of exercise



by several fratches in the day : but this is by no means the worst part of my present cafe, for the humour that has fallen into my eyes about a year ago rather increases than decreases, and to a degree that makes writing and reading very troublesome to me, as they were the only comforts that a deaf old tellow could have: if I should lose my eyes as well as my ears, I should be of all men the most miserable.

“ You know that you have long been in pofleffion of cloathing me ; and I must now apply to you to do so again, not only as an act of friendship, but of charity, fór I have not a shirt to my back. I therefore must beg of you to procure me some Irish linen to make me four dozen of shirts, much about the same fineness and price of the lat which you got me. I know you too well to make any excuses for give ing you this trouble. Adieu! my dear lord, you know my sentiments with regard to you, too well for me to mention them. I am, Moft fincerely and faithfully,






London, Aug. 15, 1770. « The linen, which you were so kind as to procure me, dropped out of the clouds into my house in town last week, and is declared, by beter judges than I ain, very good, and very cheap. I shall not thank you for it, but on the contrary expect your thanks for giving you an opportunity of doing what always gives you pleasure, cloathing the naked. I am sure that, could you equally relieve all my wants, you rould; but there is no relief for the miseries of a crazy old age, but puience; and as I have many of Job's ills, I thank God, I have some of his patience too, and F consider my present wretched old age as a just compensation for the follies, not to say fins, of my youth.

“I send you here inclosed fome melon-seed, of the best and largest canteloup kind, and also of the green Persian fort, as much as I can renture at one time with the post; but as none can be fown at this time of the year, I will from time to time send you more, so that you have of different kinds before the season. 'Adieu, my dear lord ; my eyes will have it so."



London, Aug. 12, 177*MY DEAR LORD, “ I received your kind letter three days ago, and make hafte to acknowledge it, never knowing nor guessing what may happen to me from one day to another. I am most prodigiously old, and every month of ile hülendar adds at leatt a year to my age. My hand trembles to that degree that I can hardly hold my pen, my understanding stutters, and mirnemory tumbies. I have exhauíted all the physical ills of Pandora's bux, without finding hope at the bottom of it"; but who can hope at feventy-leven? One mult only seek for little comforts at that age.



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