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are mistaken who think the Italian an effeminace language. Soft it is, indeed, and of eafy modulation, but susceptible withal of the utmost dignity of found, as well as of elegant arrangement and nervous phrascvlogy. In history and oratory, it may boast of many excellent models: and its poetry is far fuperior to that of every other modern nation, except the English. And if it be true, that all mufic is originally fong, the most poetical nation would seem to have the faircit chance to become the most musical. The Italian tongue, in strength and variety of harmony, is not superior, and perhaps not equal, to the English ; bui, abounding more in vowels and liquid founds, and being therefore more easily articulared, is filler for i he purposes of music: and it deferves our notice, that poetical numbers were brought to perfe&tion in Italy two hundred years sooner than in any other country of modern Europe." . We are persuaded Dr. Beattie here speaks from what he knows the English language capable of being applied to, rather than from what it generally has been. He must be fenable that nothing can be more execrable than the English verses (as they are called) of late years set to music.-if words were properly chofen, it were not imposible to thew, that even English poetry Oright be set to music with as much advantage as the stalian. But this choice of words is not to be made by Sidlers, herpfichord thrummers, and mere musical composers. It were to be wilhed, that a poct of Dr. Deattie's taste for inulical expression woull give an example of the kind. At the same time, we cannot help exprching our hopes, while we cease with extreme reluctance from farther quotation, that the public will be foon favoured with an edition of these annexed Eilays, in an octavo form, for the use of those who possess the Essay on Truth in that size; in order that such as, with ourselves, do not altogether re!ith Dr. Beattie's Dr. Reid's common-sense, may be happily convinced that he podiles every other kind of sente, notwithstanding he le too reained for the plain result of the fimple underitunding of mere rational beings.
Dialogues Moraux et imusants, en Anglois et François, pour l'his
firuflion de la Jeuneffe : Or, Moral and entertaining Dialogues, in English and French, for the Improvement of Youth. By Madaine Fariques De Vinckefe. 12m0. 2 vols. 6s. Dilly.
The ingenious author of these Dialogues profetes that the composed fometimes in Englinh and sometimes in French: tranflacing from each as literally as elegance would permit. To do her justice in both, we must confefs we cannot always decide between the original and the tranflation; which we take to be the greatest compliment that can be paid her.
decide dérant them;
In respect to the sentiment and compofition, they are in general as unexceptionable as the ftile; the professed view of the writer being to guard youth against the dangers of the pasions; with which view she has properly joined examples to precepts, in conformity to the observation of the poct,
Example moves where precept fails,
And sermons are less read than tales. The first volume contains, besides a dedication and introduction, a dialogue on Curiosity; in which the allegory of Psyche is placed in a new light.-On Envy; exemplified in the story of two unfortunate lovers.--On Vanity; displayed in the singular education of Sefoftris.-On Love ; illustrated by the marriage and amours of Mark Anthony. We shall select from this volume a specimen of the French part of the work in the intro ductory colloquy to the dialogue on curiosity.
« SUR LA CURIOSIT E.
BAUCIS. JE suis charmée de remarquer dans les yeux de toute la compagnie une ardeur femblable à celle que j'éprouve pour l'amusement qui nous a éé promis, et j'ef ére qu' Aillée cesfera de nous tenir en fúfpens; et cong Jerera que, tandis que pour jouir de notre impatience elle continue à se taire, nous pourrions bien nous emparer de son privilége de président en entamant nous même la conversation.
C'eft là justement ce qui est en question. La curiosité etant une paflion qui nous est donnée pour notre conversation et notre inftruction, ne sauroit être qu'une bonne chose de soi même, mais, qui pervertie devient, ainsi que les autres dons de la nature, un mal tél, et consequemment mérite ou nos éloges ou notre censure. Rejette• tons-nous donc le bienfait comme trop dangereux? El-il tel généralement et fans remede? Discutons ces deux points; mais auparavant que Janos nous dise fon sentiment puis qu'ažant proposé ce sujet d'entretien, il est, fans doute, préparé pour la défense et pour l'actaque,
JANUS. je me décare-franchement le champion de la curiosité; et confi
dérant cette passion comme le germe du savoir, je pense qu'onien *
AS TR E E.
AGL A E.
E U PAROS Y N E. Tout bien confideré, la curiolité peut être comparée à un coursier indompté, auquel il faut un cavalier auffi fort qu'adroit.
PHILEMON. Et qu'on ne fauroit confier à la main foible d'une femme, témoia la defaitreuse Pandore.
BAUCIS. On accuse injustement Pandore, pour avoir le plaisir de parler mat de noire sexe ; puisque ce fut son mari Epimethée qui ouvroit le boëre fatale, d'où se répandirent sur la terre tous les maux qui nous affligent.
E UPHROS Y N E. Et au fond de laquelle, quoi qu'on en dise, l'espérance ne resta pas ; car heureusement le genre humain en poffede une bonne doze.
ASTRE E. On apperçoit aisément dans cette fable, ainsi que dans plusieurs autres des païens, la vénérable tradition de la vérité, ce qui doit nous convaincre que la curiosité est la première cause de nos malheurs.
JANUS. Je nic pas que la curiosité n'entraine quelque fois de grands maux après-clle, mais je foutiens qu'elle donne à l'esprit la force de les fupporter ; ce que je pourrois prouver par une fable, qui n'est pas dévouée de fens mysterieux si elle n'eroit si fort connue qu'elle en a perdù les charmes de la nouveauté.”
The second volume contains Dialogues-On Friendship, exemplified in the history of an Athenian and of a Roman familyOn Anger, illustrated by a Frenchman of quality retired from the world - On Cruelty, an Eattern tale-On Avarice; the hiftory of two Genoese merchants-On Sloth; the two Islands.
Of the English part of this work, we shall select the introduction to the last tale.
" ON SLOTH.
ASTREA. WE have traced the passions inherent in us to their sources, and taken a review of the muddy channels which have been drawn froin'
shem ; but where shall we find the origin of Slothi Shall we ascribe it to the weak construction of our material form ? this would lead us to the very oppolite conclufion; for, who can see man so helpless against want, so defenceless against aflaults, so disabled for attack, and, in short, one of the most destitute of all creatures in respect of bodily qualificarions, without concluding, that the mental power which moves and directs such a machine ought to be perpetually exerted ? It is, in fact, to supply these necessities peculiar to our being, that we are codued with itronger faculties and a clearer reason than the beasts, and possess, unrivalled by them, 'the gift of an imagination which knows no bounds. Who, then, after having confidered all this, can say whence Sloth springs
POLLUX It must be from the reasons hinted at by Thalia ; that is to say, from the disgust and fear which seize on an honest and timorous mind in reflecting upon the odious excelles of the paflions.
BAUCIS. You speak as if reason was aot given to us as a ruler over there paflions.
E UPHROSY NE, As reason seems to be a very weak sovereign, I do not know if it would not be better that she should contrive to lull asleep her turbulent subjects, infead of endeavouring to keep them under a yoke which they so often shake off, to the great detriment of mankind.
THALIA. I would rather find every page of them a blank, than the records of all sorts of wickedness.
JAN US. I am so far from being of your opinion, that I would chuse to be branded by polteriiy as one of the most cruel tyrants, rather than have the shameful epithet of suggard added to my name, as a whole race of kings have had, who slept on the throne of France.
AGLAIA. This, Janus, is a flight of your pride, in which we are not obliged to follow you, when we are seeking for the firm ground of good sense.
CASTOR. The desire of being remembered after our death is so universal, that I cannot help thinking it must have foune purpose.
ASTRE A. It is undoubtedly given us as a syur to accelerate our pace in the snad to that immortality which is attained by great and laudable actions.
PHILEMON. And, consequently, as an antidote against the subtle poison of Sloch. Yes ; this pride of being spoken of in future ages, which,
however, however, Janus carries too far, tas its principle in nature. We are lo conscious that Sloth degrides our being; that we cannot help looking on those we süfpect of that vice with contempt, and glory. ing in an active life. To this involuntary disposition of our mind we must ascribe the scorn and rebuke that poverty meets with, wber equity and charity' come not to her help ; when insensibiliry is left in full power to judge, and to call that idleness which is very often only misfortune."
On the whole, we may recommend these Dialogues, as being, what they are expressly called, truly moral and entertaining.
A Theological Survey of the Human Understanding. Intended as an
Antidote against Modern Deilm. 8vo. 55. Hodson, Salisbury 3 Wallis and Stonehouse, London.
To this survey is prefixed the following Proem, setting forth its general delign, and the manner in which that design is executed.
si P R o E M. “The doctrine of divine grace communicated to the mind of man, by the Almighty, being rejected of those who disbelieve written revelation; it is the design of this piece, è contrà, to irreligare and deiend such dodrine, on certain known principles of reason; to uí. vest it of every wild enthufiaftie inference; and to delineate the religion of reason and nature (including grab!,) in'a muhod as nearly synthetical as poflible, and on å plan entirely new'; the whole being interspersed with various reflections. Many påflages are drawn from fcripture, as concurrenr: these are thrown into large parenthelises, after the manner of Sibolia; the lines of which, each, at its beginning, is pointed áith an alterisk, to the intent that the reades from rime to time may perceire by his eye, when he is reading the main Cargumeot; and when only a comment. It is intended likewise, that the syllogisms, which the reader will find in this piece, shall quadrate, in point of utility and clearness, with the algebraic equations of mathematicians.
From this promise of peculiar precision, the reader will of course expect much cafuitical nicety in the course of the work. Indeed, the writer does not want dexterity in the artificial method of splitting the bair-breadth differences of theological controversy. He appears, however, to be a little wanting in that natural fimplicity of argument, which leads the philosopher back to the genuine first principles of human knowledge. The subjects treated of, are, nevertheless, on the whole, as.curious in themselves as they are curiously handled; although we klo not deem the writer's arguments so convincing and conclufive as they are ingenious and fingular.