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President's Annual Message.
Catholic Majesty should then ratify the treaty, this France before its existence was known, have entered Government would accept the ratification, so far as the ports of the United States, and been subject to its to submit to the decision of the Senate, the question, operation, without that previous notice which the genwhether such ratification should be received in ex- eral spirit of our laws gives to individuals in similar change for that of the United States, heretofore given cases. The object of that law having been merely to By letters from the Minister of the United States to countervail the inequalities which existed to the dis. the Secretary of State, it appears that a communica- advantage of the United States, in their commercial tion, in conformity with his instructions, had been intercourse with France, it is submitted, also, to the made to tha Government of Spain, and that the Cortes consideration of Congress, whether, in the spirit of had the subject under consideration. The result of the amity and conciliation which it is no less the inclinadeliberations of that body, which is daily expected, tion than the policy of the United States to preserve, will be made known to Congress as soon as it is re- in their intercourse with other Powers, it may not be ceived. . The friendly sentiment which was expressed proper to extend relief to the individuals interested in on the part of the United States, in the Message of the those cases, hy exempting from the operation of the 9th of May last, is still entertained for Spain. Among law all those vessels which have entered our ports the causes of regret, however, which are inseparable without having had the means of previously knowing from the delay attending this transaction, it is proper the existence of the additional duty. to state that satisfactory information has been received, The contest between Spain and the Colonies, acthat measures have been recently adopted, by design.cording to the most authentic information, is maining persons, to convert certain parts of the Provincetained by the latter with improved success. The of Florida into depots for the reception of foreign unfortunate divisions which were known to exist some goods, from whence to smuggle them into the United time since. at Buenos Ayres, it is understood. still States. By opening a port within the limits of Flor
prevail. In no part of South America has Spain made ida, immediately on our boundary, where there was
any impression on the colonies, while, in many parts, no settlement, the object could not be misunderstood. and particularly in Venezuela and New Granada, the An early accommodation of differences will, it is hoped,
colonies have gained strength and acquired reputation, prevent all such fraudulent and pernicious practices, both for the management of the war, in which they and place the relations of the two countries on a very have been successful, and for the order of the internal amicable and permanent basis.
administration. The late change in the Government The commercial relations between the United States of Spain, by the re-establishment of the constitution and the British colonies in the West Indies, and on of 1812, is an event which promises to be favorable to this continent, bave undergone no change; the British the Revolution. Under the authority of the Cortes, Government still preferring to leave that commerce the Congress of Angostura was invited to open a neunder the restriction heretofore imposed on it, on each gotiation for the settlement of differences between the side. It is satisfactory to recollect that the restraints parties, to which it was replied, that they would wilresorted to by the United States were defensive only, lingly open the negotiation, provided the acknowledgintended to prevent a monopoly, under British regu- ment of their independence was made its basis, but lations, in favor of Great Britain; as it likewise is 10 not otherwise. or further proceedings between them know that the experiment is advancing in a spirit of we are uninformed. No facts are known to this Gove amity between the parties.
ernment, to warrant the belief, that any of the Powers The question depending between the United States of Europe will take part in the contest; whence, it and Great Britain, respecting the construction of the may be inferred, considering all circumstances, which first article of the Treaty of Ghent, has been referred, must have weight in producing the result, that an adby both Governments, to the decision of the Emperor justment will finally take place, on the basis proposed of Russia, who has accepted the umpirage.
by the colonies. To promote that result, by friendly An attempt has been made with the Government of counsels, with other Powers, including Spain herself, France, to regulate, by treaty, the commerce between has been the uniform policy of this Government. the two countries, on the principle of reciprocity and In looking to the internal concerns of our country, equality. By the last communication from the Minister you will, I am persuaded, derive much satisfaction Plenipotentiary of the United States at Paris, to whom
from a view of the several objects to which, in the disfull power had been given, we learn that the negotia
charge of your official duties, your attention will be tion had been commenced there; but, serious difficul.
drawn. Among these, none holds a more important ties baring occurred, the French Government had
place than the public revenue, from the direct operation resulved to transfer it to the United States, for which
of the power, by which it is raised, on the people, and purpose the Minister Plenipotentiary of France had by its influence in giving effect to every other power been ordered to repair to this city, and whose arrival of the Government. The revenue depends on the remight soon be expected. It is hoped that this impor
sources of the country, and the facility by which the tant interest may be arranged on just conditions, and
amount required is raised, is a strong proof of the extent in a manner equally satisfactory to both parties. It is
of the resources, and the efficiency of the Government. submitted to Congress to decide, until such arrange- A few prominent facts will place this great interest in ment is made, how far it may be proper, on the prin a just light before you. On the 30th of Septeinber, ciple of the act of the last session, which augmented
1815, the funded and fuating debt of the United States the tonnage duty on French vessels, to adopt other
was estimated at one hundred and nineteen millions measures for carrying more completely into effect the
six hundred and thirty-five thousand five hundred and policy of that act.
fifty-eight dollars. It to this sum be added the amount The act referred to, which imposed new tonnage on of five per cent. stock subscribed to the Bank of the French vessels, baving been in force from and after United States, the amount of Mississippi stock, and the first day of July, it has happened that several ves of the stock which was issued subsequently to that sels of that nation which had been despatched from date, the balances ascertained to be due to certain
President's Annual Message.
States, for military services, and to individuals, for present season, in examining the coast and its various supplies furnished, and services rendered during the bays and other inlets ; in the collection of materials, late war, the public debt may be estimated as and in the construction of fortifications for the defence amounting, at that date, and as afterwards liquida- of the Union, at several of the positions at which it has ted, to one hundred and fifty-eight millions seven hun. been decided to erect such works. At Mobile Point dred and thirteen thousand forty-nine dollars. On and Dauphin Island, and at the Rigolets, leading to the 30th of September, 1820, it amounted to ninety-one Lake Pontchartrain, materials to a considerable amount millions nine hundred and ninety-three thousand eight have been collected and all the necessary preparations hundred and eighty-three dollars, having been reduced made for the commencement of the works." At Old in that interval, by payments, sixty-six millions eight Point Comfort, at the mouth of James river, and at hundred and seventy-nine thousand one hundred and the Rip-Rap, on the opposite shore, in the Chesapeake sixty-five dollars. During this term, the expenses of Bay, materials to a vast amount have been collected ; the Government of the United States were likewise and at the Old Point some progress has been made in defrayed, in every branch of the civil, military, and the construction of the fortification, which is on a very naval establishments; the public edifices in this city extensive scale. The work at Fort Washington, on have been rebuilt, with considerable additions; exten- this river, will be completed early in the next Spring; sive fortifications have been commenced, and are in a and that on the Pea Patch, in the Delaware, in the train of execution; permanent arsenals and magazines course of the next season. Fort Diamond, at the have been erected in various parts of the Union; our Narrows, in the harbor of New York, will be finished Navy has been considerably augmented, and the ord this year. The works at Boston, New York, Baltinance, munitions of war, and stores, of the Army and more, Norfolk, Charleston, and Niagara, have been in Navy, which were much exhausted during the war, part repaired; and the coast of North Carolina, ex. have been replenished.
tending south to Cape Fear, has been examined, as By the discharge of so large a proportion of the have likewise other parts of the coast eastward public debt, and the execution of such extensive and ton. Great exertions have been made to push forward important operations, in so short a time, a just estimate these works with the utmost despatch possible: but. may be formed of the great extent of our national re- when their extent is considered, with ihe important sources. The demonstration is the more complete and purposes for which they are intended, the defence of gratifying, when it is recollected that the direct tax | The whole coast, and in consequence of the whole inand excise were repealed soon after the termination ofterior, and that they are to last for ages, it will be man. the late war, and that the revenue applied to these ifest that a well-digested plan, founded on military purposes has been derived almost wholly from other principles, connecting the whole together, combining resources.
security with economy, could not be prepared without The receipts into the Treasury, from every source, repeated examinations of the most exposed and diffi. to the 30th of September last, have amounted to six- cult parts, and that it would also take considerable teen millions seven hundred and ninety-four thousand time to collect the materials at the several points where one hundred and seven dollars and sixty-six cents; they would be required. From all the light that has whilst the public expenditures, to the same period, been shed on this subject, I am satisfied that every amounted to sixteen millions eight hundred and sev. favorable anticipation which has been formed of this enty-one thousand five hundred and thirty-four dollars great undertaking will be verified, and that when comand seventy-two cents; leaving in the Treasury, on pleted it will afford very great, if not complete, protecthat day, a sum estimated at one million nine hundred tion to our Atlantic frontier in the event of another and fifty thousand dollars. For the probable receipts war; a protection sufficient to counterbalance in a of the following year, I refer you to the statement single campaign with an enemy powerful at sea the which will be transmitted from the Treasury.
expense of all these works, without taking into the The sum of three millions of dollars, authorized to estimate the saving of the lives of so many of our citibe raised by loan, by an act of the last session of Con- zens, the protection of our towns and other property, gress, has been obtained upon terms advantageous to or the tendency of such works to prevent war. the Government, indicating, not only an increased Our military positions have been maintained at confidence in the faith of the nation, but the existence Belle Point, on the Arkansas, at Council Bluffs, on the of a large amount of capital seeking that mode of in- Missouri, at St. Peter's, on the Mississippi, and at Green vestment, at a rate of interest not exceeding five per Bay, on the Upper lakes. Commodious barracks have centum per annum.
already been erected at most of these posts, with such It is proper to add, that there is now due to the works as were necessary for their defence. Progress Treasury, for the sale of public lands, twenty-two mil- has also been made in opening communications belions nine hundred and ninety-six thousand five hun-tween them, and in raising supplies at each for the dred and forty-five dollars. In bringing this subject support of the troops by their own labor, particularly to view, I consider it my duty to submit to Congress, I those most remote. whether it may not be advisable to extend to the pur. With the Indians peace has been preserved, and a chasers of these lands, in consideration of the unfa. progress made in carrying into effect the act of Convorable change which has occurred since the sales, a gress, making an appropriation for their civilization, reasonable indulgence. It is known that the purcha- with the prospect of favorable results. As connected ses were made when the price of every article had risen equally with both these objects, our trade with those to its greatest height, and that the instalments are tribes is thought to merit the attention of Congress. becoming due at a period of great depression. It is in their original state, game is their sustenance and presumed that some plan may be devised, by the wis-war their occupation : and if they find no employment dom of Congress, compatible with the public interest, from civilized Powers, they destroy each other. Left which would afford great relief to these purchasers. to themselves, their extirpation is inevitable. By a
Considerable progress has been made, during the judicious regulation of our trade with them, we supply
their wants, administer to their comforts, and gradual. | Mr. DICKERSON submitted the following motion ly, as the game retires, draw them to us. By main- for consideration : taining posts far in the interior, we acquire a more tho-1 Resolved, That a committee of three members be rough and direct control over them; without which it
appointed, who, with three members of the House of is confidently believed that a complete change in their
Representatives, to be appointed by that House, shall inanners can never be accomplished. By such posts,
have the direction of the money appropriated to the aided by a proper regulation of our trade with them,
purchase of books and maps for the use of the two and a judicious civil administration over them, to be
Houses of Congress. provided for by law, we shall it is presumed be enabled not only to protect our own settlements from their
On motion, by Mr. ROBERTS, savage incursions, and preserve peace among the sev
Resolved, That the Senate will, on Monday next, eral tribes, but accomplish also ihe great purpose of at twelve o'clock, proceed to the appointment of the their civilization.
Standing Committees. Considerable progress has also been made in the construction of ships of war, some of which have been launched in the course of the present year.
Friday, November 17. Our peace with the Powers on the coast of Barbary James LANMAN, from the State of Connecticut, has been preserved, but we owe it altogether to the arrived yesterday, and attended this day. presence of our squadron in the Mediterranean. It! Mr. SANFORD submitted the following motions bas been found equally necessary to employ some of for consideration: our vessels for the protection of our commerce in the Resolved. That so much of the Message of the Indian sea, the Pacific, and along the Atlantic coast.
c coast. | President of the United States as concerns our relaThe interests which we have depending in those quarters, which have been much improved of late, are of Committee of Foreign Relations.
tions with Spain and with France, be referred to the great extent, and of high importance to the nation, as
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Preswell as to the parties concerned, and would undoubt. edly suffer if such protection was not extended to
ident of the United States as relates to Finance, be them. In execution of the law of the last session, for
referred to the Committee of Finance.
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presthe suppression of the slave trade, some of our public
ident of the United States as relates to the debt due ships have also been employed on the coast of Africa,
for the sale of public lands, be referred to the Com. where several captures have already been made of ves
mittee on Public Lands. sels engaged in that disgraceful traffic.
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Washington, November 14, 1820.
President of the United States as relates to the Indian
tribes, be referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. The Message was read, and three thousand cop
Mr. Walker, of Alabama, asked and and obies thereof ordered to be printed for the use of the
tained leave to bring in a bill to alter the terms of Senate.
the district court in Alabama, and the bill was
twice read by unanimous consent, and referred to THURSDAY, November 16.
a select committee to consider and report thereon ; Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, submitted the fol
fol and Messrs. WALKER, of Alabama, Burkill, and lowing motion for consideration :
KING, of Alaba ma, were appointed the committee.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the Resolved, That it is expedient to make provision, by
motion of the 16th instant, respecting the comlaw, to authorize any person who has purchased public lands, and not made full payment for the same, to re
pensation of the members and delegates of Conlinquish to the United States so much thereof as may
gress, and the further consideration thereof was not be paid for, and retain such portion of the original
postponed until next Monday week. purchase as may amount to the sums of money actu.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the ally paid, at the price for which the land was purchased. resolution for the appointment of a joint commitMr. Walker, of Alabama, gave notice that, to
tee on the arrangements for the Library of Conmorrow, he should ask leave to bring in a bill to
gress, and having agreed thereto, Messrs. DICKERprovide for altering the times of holding the dis
SON, Dana, and HUNTER, were appointed the trict courts in the State of Alabama
committee. Mr. BURRILL submitted the following motion
A message from the House of Representatives
informed the Senate that the House concur in the for consideration:
resolution of the Senate for the appointment of Resolved, That the act, entitled “An act allowing
Chaplains, and have appointed the Rev. J. N. compensation to the members of the Senate, members
CAMPBELL, Chaplain on their part. of the House of Representatives of the United States, and to the delegates of the Territories, and repealing
On motion by Mr. Wilson, the Senate proall other laws on the subject," passed at the first ses.
ceeded to the election of a Chaplain on their part; sion of the fifteenth Congress, ought to be so altered
and, on counting the ballots, it appeared that the and amended that the compensation to the members
| Rev. William RYLAND was duly elected. and delegates aforesaid, shall hereafter be six dollars
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from the for each day's attendance, and six dollars for every Commissioner of the General Land Office, transtwenty miles travel, instead of the compensation now mitting copies of the reports of the Land Commis-' allowed by said act, and that it be referred to a com- sioners at Jackson Courthouse, and a copy of a mittee to prepare and report a bill for altering and letter, dated 17th August, 1820, which accompaamending said act accordingly.
nied them ; which were read.
The PRESIDENT also communicated a report sold for more than one dollar and twenty-five cents of the Secretary of the Treasury, made in obedi- per acre, the excess shall be paid to the person surence to a resolution of the Senate of the 3d April, rendering the certificate, provided such excess shall 1820, directing him to “cause to be prepared, and never be greater than the amount actually paid on laid before the Senate, at the commencement of such lands before such surrender. the next session of Congress, a statement of money! Resolved, That it is expedient to permit such purannually appropriated, and paid, since the Declar- chasers of the public lands as may elect that mode, to ation of Independence, for purchasing from the exting
ne from the extinguish their debt, complete their titles, and deIndians, surveying, and selling the public lands,
de mand and receive patents, by paying, within the pe
riod of one year from and after the showing, as near as may be, the quantities of lando
next, into their respective land offices, five-eighths of which have been purchased, the number of acres
the original price at which their lands were purchased, which have been surveyed, the number sold, and
including interest, and computing the moneys already the number which remain unsold; the amount of
paid as part of the said final payment of five-eighths. sales, the amount of forfeitures, the sums paid by
Resolved, That it is expedient, in addition to the purchasers, and the suins due from purchasers and
privilege contemplated in the preceding resolution, to from receivers in each land district;" and the re
permit such purchasers of the public lands as may port was read.
elect that mode, at any time within the said period of The PRESIDENT also communicated a report of one year from and after the day of — next, to the Secretary of the Treasury, made in obedience forfeit and abandon to the United States such fracto a resolution of the Senate, directing him to tions, quarter sections, and half quarter sections, as “cause to be prepared, and laid before the Senate, they may deem fit; and to transfer and apply the at the commencement of the next session of moneys already paid on the tract or tracts so forfeited Congress, a statement of the money which has to the payment for such other fraction, quarter secbeen annually appropriated and paid, since the tion, or half quarter section as they may choose to reyear seventeen hundred and seventy-five, for sur tain; and in cases where the purchaser has bought veying the seacoast, bays, inlets, harbors, and
only one quarter section, he shall be permitted to di. shoals, and for erecting, and keeping in repair,
vide it, and make his election between its halveslighthouses, beacons, buoys, and for the purchase
such division being made by a north and south line of ground for lighthouses, distinguishing the places
according to law. where they have been erected, and the sums an The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from the nually expended for keeping and supplying the Secretary of State of the United States, requestsame;" and the report was read.
ing an additional supply of documents, printed by Adjourned to Monday.
order of the Senate; and the letter was read, and
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. MONDAY, November 20.
The Senate resumed the consideration of Mr.
SANFORD's motions of the 17th instant, for referJohn Elliott, and also, FREEMAN WALKER,
ring to various committees the Message of the from the State of Georgia, severally arrived, on
President of the United States; and agreed thereto. the 17th instant, and attended this day. Mr. WALKER, of Alabama, from the committee
STANDING COMMITTEES. to whom was referred the bill to alter the terms of the district court in Alabama, reported the same
The Senate then, pursuant to the order of the without amendment, and it was considered as in 1 day, proceeded to the appointment, by ballot, of Committee of the Whole, and no amendment
ent the standing committees, which resulted in the having been proposed thereto, it was reported to
distribution of the members, as follows: the House; and ordered to be engrossed and read
On the Committee of Foreign Relations Messrs. a third time.
BARBOUR, Macon, Brown, HUNTER, and King Mr. WALKER, of Alabama, submitted the fol- of New York. lowing motions for consideration :
| On Finance-Messrs. SANFORD, Macon, Dana, Resolved, That it is expedient to provide for the re
Eaton, and Holmes of Maine. lief of purchasers of the public lands, by dividing the On Commerce and Manufactures-Messrs. Dicksums now severally unpaid, exclusive of interest, into | ERBON, RUGGLES, BURRILL, HORSEY, and San- equal instalments; each instalment bearing in- FORD. terest only from the time at which it shall be made On Military Affairs-Messrs. Williams of Tenpayable.
nessee, TRIMBLE, TAYLOR, Elliott, and JohnResolved, That it is expedient to permit such pur- | Son of Kentucky. chasers of the public lands as may elect that mode, to On the Militia-Messrs. Noble, Tichenor, surrender, within months from and after the
STOKES, LANMAN, and CHANDLER. day of — next, their certificates, which shall be can.
On Naval Affairs-Messrs. Pleasants, PARcelled, and the lands shall be taken to have reverted
ROTT, WILLIAMS of Mississippi, WALKER of Alaand become forfeited to the United States, and shall
bama, and WALKER of Georgia. be advertised, and sold for cash at public auction, to the highest bidder, in the same manner as other pub
bo! On th: Public Lands—Messrs. Thomas, Taylor, lic lands. They shall not be sold for less tban one LOWRIE, EATON, and Van DYKE. dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, which sum shall On Indian Affairs-Messrs. Holmes of Missisgo to the use of the United States, in addition to the sippi, Johnson of Kentucky, Johnson of Louissums already paid; but if said lands should be so re- iana, King of Alabama, and LOWRIE.
On Claims-Messrs. Wilson, ROBERTS, MOR- President of the United States, and menabers of RIL, RUGGLES, and Van DYKE.
the House of Representatives, (which was introOn the Judiciary—Messrs. SMITH, BURRILL, PINK- duced by Mr. D., and passed the Senate at the NEY, WALKER of Georgia, and Holmes of Maine. last session; and was introduced yesterday in the
On the Post Office and Post Roads-Messrs. House of Representatives by Mr. Smith, of North
WEDNESDAY, November 22.
Mr. Noble presented the petition of sundry citiLANMAN, LLOYD, BARBOUR, and HUNTER.
zens of the Western States, purchasers of public On Accounts-Messrs. ROBERTS, BURRILL, and
lands, praying that a law may be passed enabling LANMAN.
them to apply the payments already made, to such On Roads and Canals-Messrs. King of New
portions of their entries as those payments will York, TRIMBLE, LOWRIE, Macon, and Dana.
cover, at two dollars an acre, agreeably to the law under which the entries were made, relinquishing
the residue to the United States. And also allowTuesday, November 21.
ing those purchasers who have purchased but one Mr. Williams, of Tennessee, presented the me-tract, the privilege of retaining it entire, with a morial of William Kelly, on behalf of himself and reasonable extension of credit without interest, or divers others, claimants of land in the Territory of otherwise relinquishing a part of it; and the Arkansas, under Elisha and William Winter, 'de- petition was read, and referred to the Committee ceased; and the memorial was read, and referred on Public Lands. to the Committee on Public Lands.
Mr. Thomas presented two memorials of the Mr. Holmes, of Maine, presented the memorial Legislature of the State of Missouri, praying of of the delegates from the commercial and agricul- | Congress some legislative provisions for the relief tural sections of the State of Maine, met in con- of indigent actual settlers on the public lands, parvention at Portland, protesting against the pro- ticularly widows and orphans; and the memorials posed tariff; and the memorial was read, and were severally read, and respectively referred to referred to the Committee on Commerce and the same committee. Manufactures.
Mr. DICKERSON obtained leave to introduce a The PRESIDENT communicated the memorial resolution, proposing an amendment to the Conof Matthew Lyon, of Eddyville, Kentucky, pray
stitution of the United States, as it respects the ing compensation for certain losses and sufferings election of Representatives in Congress, and the under the act commonly called the Sedition law; choice of Electors of President and Vice President and the memorial was read, and referred to a se- of the United States; and the resolution was read, lect committee; and Messrs. BarboUR, JOHNSON and passed to the second reading. of Kentucky, and BURRILL, were appointed the Mr. EATON obtained leave to introduce a bill committee.
for the relief of Robert Purdy; and the bill was Mr. PLEASANTS presented the memorial of the read, and passed to the second reading. merchants and other inhabitants of the town of|
The Senate resumed the consideration of the Petersburg, in the State of Virginia, in opposition motions of Mr. WALKER of the 20th instant, in to the proposed tariff; and the memorial was read, relation to purchasers of the public lands; and and referred to the Committee on Commerce and
they were referred to the Committee on Public Manufactures.
Lands. Mr. Holmes, of Mississippi, presented the peti
The Senate resumed the consideration of the tion of Clarissa Scott, widow of the late Colonel motion of Mr. Johnson of the 16th instant, in reWilliam Scott, of the State of Mississippi, pray- lation to the same subject; and it was referred to ing the confirmation of her title to a certain tract the same committee. of land, as stated in the petition; which was read, and referred to the Committee on Public Lands.
THURSDAY, November 23. Mr. JOHNSON, of Kentucky, presented the peti-l Mr. NOBLE submitted the following motion for tion of Rufus Easton, for himself and heirs of
consideration : James Bruff, praying the confirmation of their title
Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be to a certain tract of land, as stated in the petition; l instructed to inquire into the expediency of permitting which was read, and referred to the same com
such purchasers of the public lands, prior to the 1st of mittee.
July, 1820, to demand and receive patents, who have The bill to alter the terms of the district court paid into their respective land offices the first, second, in Alabama was read a third time, and passed. and third instalments, on each tract purchased.
Mr. DICKERSON, after a few remarks reiterating Mr. THOMAS submitted the following motion his desire for the passage of the measure, and his for consideration: continued confidence in its importance and utility, Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be gave notice that he should, on to-morrow, ask instructed to inquire into the expediency of providing, leave to introduce a joint resolution proposing an by law, for granting to actual settlers on the public amendment to the Constitution, in relation to the lands the right of pre-emption in becoming the purappointment of Electors of President and Vice chasers of lands, including their improvements.