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SIR, The state of conversation and business in this town having been long perplexed with pretenders in both kinds, in order to open men's eyes against fuch abuses, it appeared no unprofitable undertaking to publish a paper which should observe upon the manners of the pleasurable as well as the busy part of mankind. To make this generally "read, it seemed the most proper method to form it by way of a letter of intelligence, consisting of such parts as might gratify the curiosity of persons of all conditions, and of each sex. But a work of this nature requiring time to grow into the notice of the world, it happened very luckily, that, a little before I had resolved upon this design, a gentleman had written predictions, and two or three other pieces in my name, which had rendered it famous through all parts of Europe ; and, by an inimitable spirit and humour, raised it to as high a pitch of reputation aş it could possibly arrive at.

By this good fortune the name of Isaac Bickerstaff gained an audience of all who had any taste of wit; and the addition of the ordinary occurrences of common journals of news brought in a mulcitude of other readers. I could not, I confess, long keep Vol. I.



up the opinion of the town, that these Lucubrations were written by the fame hand with the first works which were published under my name; but before I lost the participation of that author's fame, I had already found the advantage of his authority, to which'I owe the sudden acceptance which my labours met with in the world.

The general purpose of this paper is to expose the false arts of life, to pull off the disguises of cunning, vanity, and affectation, and to recommend a general simplicity in our dress, our discourse, and our behaviour. No man has a better judgment for the discovery, or a nobler fpirit for the contempt of all impofture, than yourself; which qualities render you the most proper patron for the author of these essays. In the general, the design, however executed, has met with so great success, that there is hardly a name now eminent among us for power, wit, beauty, valour, or wisdom, which is not subscribed for the encouragement of these volumes. This is, indeed, an honour for which it is impoffin ble to express a suitable gratitude ; and there is no thing could be an addition to the pleasure I take in it but the reflection, that it gives me the moft conspicuous occasion I can ever have, of subscribing myself,


Your most obliged,
most obedient, and

most humble servant,



T A T L E R.

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NO.I. TUESDAY, April 12, 1709.
Quicquid agunt homines----noftri farrago libelli.

Juv. Sat. 1. v. 84, 85.
Whatever good is done, whatever ill -

By human kind, fhall this collection fill. * THOUGH

HOUGH the other papers, which are published for the use of the good people of England, have certainly very wholesome effects, and are laudable in their particular kirds, they do not seem to come up to the main design of such narrations, which, I humbly presume, should be principally intended for the use of politic persons, who are fo public spirited as to neglect their own affairs to look: into transactions of state. Now these gentlemen, for the most part, being persons of strong zeal, and weak intellects, it is both a charitable and necessary work to offer something, whereby such worthy and well-affected members of the commonwealth may be instructed, after their reading, what to think ; which shall be the end and

purpose of this

my paper, wherein I shall, from time to time, report and consider all inatters of what kind foever thati fhåll occur to me, and publish such my advices and reflec tions every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday in the week, for the convenience of the post. I resolve also to have fomething which may be of entertainment to the fair fex, in honour of whoin I have invented the title of this páper. I therefore earnestly desire all persons, without distinction, to take it in for the present gratis, and hereVOL. I.



after at the price of one penny, forbidding all hawkers to take more for it at their peril. And I defire all persons to consider, that I am at a very great charge for proper inaterials for this work, as well as that before I resolved upon it, I had settled a correspondence in all parts of the known and knowing world. And forasmuch as this globe is not trodden upon by mere drudges of business only, but that men of spirit and genius are justly to be esteemed as considerable agents in it, we shall not, upon a dearth of news, present you with musty foreign edicts, or dull proclamations, but shall divide our relation of the passages which occur in action or discourse throughout this town, as well as elsewhere, under such dates of places as may prepare you for the matter you are to expect, in the following inanner.

• All accounts of Gallantry, Pleasure, and Entertaininent, shall be under the article of White's Chocolatehouse; Poetry, under that of Will's Coffee-house ; Learning, under the title of Grecian; Foreign and Domestic News, you will have from St. James's Coffeehouse; and what else I have to offer on any other subject Thall be dated from my own Apartment.

• I once more defire my reader to consider, that as I cannot keep an ingenious inan to go daily to Will's under two-pence each day, merely for his charges; to White's under fix-pence; nor to the Grecian, without allowing him fome plain Spanish, to be as able as others at the learned table; and that a good observer cannot speak with even Kidney at St. James's without clean linen ; I say, these considerations will, I hope, make all persons willing to comply with my humble request (when my gratis stock is exhausted) of a penny a piece; especially since they are fure of some proper amusement, and that it is impossible for me to want means to entertain them, having, besides the force of my own parts, the power of divination, and that I can, by casting a figure, tell you all that will happen before it comes to pass.

• But this last faculty I shall use very {paringly, and fpeak but of few things until they are passed, for fear of divulging matters which may offend our superiors.'


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