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WHAT

penny to

to pay

The old man's story is peculiar and illus- They honored his commission, and respected trative of a superstition that prevails in full him in his novel capacity. force among many of the Indian tribes. He

FRANCIS PARKMAN. was one of a powerful family renowed for warlike exploits. When a very young man, he submitted to the singular rite to which

THE SPARE PENNY. most of the tribe subject themselves before

HAT a most touching suggestion of entering upon life. He painted his face

simple home-life does even this title black; then, seeking out a cavern in a se

carry with it! and how much of pathos the questered part of the Black Hills, he lay for artist has put into the passing glimpse of it several days fasting and praying to the spir- which his picture affords—a penny laid by, its. In the dreams and visions produced by saved from the scant reward of unremitting his weakened and excited state he fancied, toil! The young mother has put aside her like all Indians, that he saw supernatural lace pillow; the unfinished mesh is stretched revelations. Again and again the form of an upon it, and the threaded bobbins bang by antelope appeared before him. The antelope its side. Tenderly she watches her sleeping is the graceful peace-spirit of the Ogillallah, babe while she takes from her little hoard but seldom is it that such a gentle visitor the carefully-saved

the apothepresents itself during the initiatory fasts of

cary for medicine. their young men : the terrible grizzly bear, A Flemish lacemaker is this young mother. the divinity of war, usually appears to fire The point d'Alençon, to the production of them with martial ardor and thirst for re

wlich her laborious life is devoted, is highAt length the antelope spoke. It ly prized, but, like the Cashmere shawl, it told the young dreamer that he was not to bridges' the widest possible social gulf befollow the path of war, that a life of peace tween the maker and the wearer. and tranquillity was marked out for him, that thenceforward he was to guide the people by

THE FINITE AND THE INFINITE. his counsels and protect them from the evils of their own feuds and dissensions. Others LET

ET men lift their vast reflectors or refracwere to gain renown by fighting the enemy, tors to the skies and detect new planets but greatness of a different kind was in store in their hiding-places; let them waylay the for him.

fugitive comets in their flight and compel The visions beheld during the period of them to disclose the precise period of their this fast usually determine the whole course orbits and to give bonds for their punctual reof the dreamer's life. From that time Le turn; let them dragout reluctant satellites from Borgne-which was the only name by which “ their habitual concealment;" let thein resolve we knew bim-abandoned all thoughts of the unresolvable nebulæ of Orion or Andromewar and devoted himself to the labors of da. They need not fear: the sky will not fall peace. He told his vision to the people. nor a single star be shaken from its sphere.

nown.

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THE TARPEIAN ROCK AND THE CAPITOLINE TEMPLE OF ROME. 495

ROBERT C. WINTHROP.

Let them perfect and 'elaborate their mar- them be satisfied with what is revealed of vellous processes for making the light and the the mysteries of the divine nature. lightning their ministers for putting “a pencil of rays" into the band of art and providing tongues of fire for the communication of intelligence; let them foretell the path of the whirlwind and calculate the orbit of the THE TARPEIAN ROCK AND THE CAP

ITOLINE TEMPLE OF ROME. storm ; let them hang out their gigantic penduluins and make the earth do the work of FROM THE GERMAN LECTURES OF BARTHOLD GEORG

NIEBUHR. describing and measuring her own motions ; let them annihilate human pain and literally THE Tarpeian rock was cut quite precip“charm ache with air and agony with ether." itous—a circumstance which at present The blessing of God will attend all their toils, is not visible everywhere, because houses of and the gratitude of man will await all their six and seven stories in height were built triumphs.

there, which, when demolished in the time Let them dig down into the bowels of the of destruction, formed heaps of rubbish as earth ; let them rive asunder the massive bigh as two-thirds of the rock, and upon rocks and unfold the history of creation as this rubbish houses were afterward erected. it lies written on the pages of their piled-up In one part of the rock there was a flight of strata; let them gather up the fossil frag- one hundred steps, which was visible as late ments of a lost fauna, reproducing the an- as the twelfth century. cient forms which inhabited the land or the The exact site of the Capitoline temple seas, bringing them together, bone to bis is a much-disputed question among antibone, till leviathan and behemoth stand quarians; it is strange that no ruins of it before us in bodily presence and in their are remaining. The old opinion which was full proportions, and we almost tremble lest generally adopted until the time of Nardini these dry bones should live again ; let them is the true one: Fulvius, Marliani and Doput Nature to the rack and torture her, in nati all agreed in stating that the temple was all her forms, to the betrayal of her inmost situated on the southern part of the hill; but secrets and confidences. They need not for- Nardini perverts the whole matter by placing bear; the foundations of the round world it on the north side, on the site now occupied have been laid so strong that they cannot by the church and convent of Araceli. The be moved.

northern part formed the arx, as is clear But let them not think by searching to from the history of the Gallic war; it was tind out God; let them not dream of under- a very steep height-not a fortress, but only standing the Almighty to perfection ; let them a strong point-and was occupied by houses not dare apply their tests and solvents, their of private citizens. modes of analysis or their terms of definition, The Capitoline temple was built by the to the secrets of the spiritual kingdom ; let kings and completed by the first consuls; it them spare the foundations of faith. Let I was then consumed by fire in the tiine of

496 THE TARPEIAN ROCK AND THE CAPITOLINE TEMPLE OF ROME.

Sulla, but was restored and consecrated by ples often were of extremely small dimensions, Catulus. It was burnt down a second time and at present I scarcely know a chapel of an under Vitellius, after which Vespasian rebuilt equally small size, not even in Italy, where it with great splendor. Twelve years later there are some incredibly little chapels; for fire again broke out, in an unaccountable man- there were temples of which the cella was ner, and Domitian restored it a third time. only seven or eight feet in diameter. The The immense splendor lavished upon it was cella contained the statue of the god, and probably the principal cause of its subsequent for this reason it was necessary to have the total destruction. It is scarcely possible to altar outside in the centre of the space in form any idea of its costly ornaments; the front of the cella, which was either exposed gates were of bronze covered with thick and to the open air or could easily be aired, besolid plates of wrought gold. This gilding cause the statue, in consequence of the burnt alone is said to have cost more than two sacrifices, might have become disfigured by millions sterling. Even the tiles which Gen- smoke or otherwise, and because the bones seric carried away were gilt.

and the like might easily bave created foul All ancient temples consist of two main air in the cella, and thus produced injurious parts, the cella and the space in front of the effects. In the temple of the Capitoline cella. The latter might be constructed in Jupiter the cella was divided into three different ways; it might be sheltered by a sacella, separated by walls, for Jupiter, Juno roof or exposed to the open air, in which and Minerva. But this cella was only the case it was enclosed by four walls or a por- smallest part of the building; the larger was tico all around. We generally imagine the the space before it, where the ordinary donaaltar to have been in the temple itself; in ria were hung up, except the more precious the ancient Christian churches (basilica) it gifts, which were kept in the favissæ, or large always stood in the apsis, but in the tem- catacombs under the temple in the lautumise. ples it did not belong to the cella of the It is possible that they might still be discovgods, but to the space in front of it. The ered; a few traces of them are visible in the cella was generally open, but could be closed; garden of Duke Caffarelli. In the twelfth it was usually very small. The Roman tem- century, under Pope Anacletus II., large

ruins still existed, but a church was erect* “I will mention only one example to show how riched upon them which bore the name S. Salthe Roman gildings were. In the Forum of Trajan the vatoris in maximis (supply ruinis), but has letters of an inscription were cut into the rock, and the letters themselves, consisting of gilt metal, were sunk into been destroyed long ago. Such names must the openings. This is the method according to which the always be attended to, for they often lead to letters of inscriptions were generally put. In others the

important discoveries. The heaps of rubbisi bronze letters were nailed to the wall, traces of which ar still visible on the triumphal arch at Nismes; and French lying below by the side of the river belong, scholars have very ingeniously attempted from these holes no doubt, to the temple; and if excavations of the nails to make out the whole inscription. In the

were made, many valuable treasures might Forum of Trajan a bronze letter has been found the gilding of which was valued at a ducat; all the rest had, of course,

be discovered. been carried off as plunder."

Translation of DR. LEONHARD SCHMITZ.

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