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Virtue preserved from fell destruction's blast,
Of Pericles, to rage the city turn;
That this tragedly has some merit, it were vain to deny; bat that it is the entire composi. tion of Shakspeare, is more than can be hastily granted. I shall not vedtore, with Dr. Farmer, to determine that the hand of our great poet is only visible in the last act, for I think it appears in several passages dispersed over each of these divisions. I find it difficult, however, to persuade myself that he was the original fabricator of the plot, or the anthor of every dialogue, chorus, &c.-STEBVENS.
The story is of great antiquity, and is related by various ancient authors in Latin, French, and English.
Persons represented. LEAR, King of Britain.
Physician. King of France.
Fool. Duke of Burgundy.
OSWALI), steward to Gonerir. Duke of Cornwall.
An Officer, employed by Edmund. Duke of Albany.
Gentleman, altendant on Cordelia, Earl of Kent.
Servants to Cornwall.
Sdaughters to Lear. Old Man, tenant to Gloster.
CORDELIA, Knights attending on the King, Qfficers, Messengers, Soldiers, and Attendants.
ACT I. SCENE I. A Room of State in King Ente: LEAR, CORNWALL, ALBANY, Gone. Lear's Palace.
RIL, REGAN, CORDELIA, * Attendants.
Leur. Attend the lords of France and Bar. Enter KENT, Gloster, and EDMUND.
(gündy, Kent. I thought, the king had more affected Glo. I shall, my liege. the duke of Albany, than Cornwall.
(Ereunt GLOSTFR and EDMUND. Glo. It did always seem so to us : but now, Lear. Mean-time we shall express our in the division of the kingdom, it appears not darker ý purpose.
[divided, which of the dukes he values most; for equa- Give me the map there.-Know, that we have lities are so weighed, that curiosity * in nei- In three, our kingdom: and 'tis our fast intent ther can make choice of either's moiety t. To shake all cares and business from our age;
Kent. is not this your son, my lord ? Conferring them on younger strengths,whilewe
Glo. His breeding, sir, hath been at my Unburden'd crawl toward death. Our son of charge: I have so often blushed to acknow- Cornwall, ledge him, that now I am brazed to it. And you, our no less loving son of Albany, Kent. I cannot conceive you.
We have this hour a constant will to poblish Glo. Sir, this young fellow's mother could : Our daughters'several dowers, that future strite whereupon she grew round-wombed; and had, May be prevented now. The princes, France indeed, sir, a son for her cradle, ere she had a and Burgundy, nusband for her bed. Do you smell a fanlt? Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love,
Kent. I cannot wish the fault undone, the Long in our court have made their amorous issue of it being so proper I.
sojourn, Glo. But I have, sir, a son by order of law, And here are to be answerd.--Tell me, my some year elder than this, who yet is no dearer daughters, in my account: though this knave came some. (Since now we will divest us, both of rule, what saucily into the world before he was sent Interest of territory, cares of state,) for, yet was his mother fair ; there was good Which of you, shall we say, doth love us most?
port at his making, and the whoreson must That we our largest bounty may extend be acknowledged.--Do you know this noble Where merit doth most challenge il.-Goneril, gentleman, Edmund?
Our eldest-born, speak first. Edm. No, iny lord.
Sir, 1 (matter, Glo. My lord of Kent: reinember him here. Do love you more than words can wield the after as my honourable friend.
Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty ; Edm. My services to your lordship. Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare;
Kent. I'must love you, and sue to know No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, you better.
honour : Edm. Sir, I shall stndy deserving.
As inuch as child e'er loved, or father found. Glo. He hath been out nine years, and away A love that makes breath poor, and speech Le shall again :-The king is coming,
unable; Trumpets sound within. Beyond all manner of so much I love you.
• Most scrupulous nioety.
Ø More secret.
+ Part or division.
U Determined resolution.
Cor. What shall Cordelia do? Love, and Or he that makes his generationtt mestes be silent.
(Ásiae. To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this Be as well neigh hoar'd, pitied, and relieved, line to this,
(rich'd,] As thou my sometime daughter. With shadowy forests and with champains
Good my liege,With plenteous rivers and wide skirted ineads, Lear. Peace, Kent ! We make thee lady: To thine and Albany's issue Come not between the dragon and his wrath: Be this perpetual.-What says our second I loved her most, and thought to set my rest daughter,
On her kind nursery.-Hence, and avoid my Our dearest Regan, wife to Cornwall ? Speak. sight!-
[To CORDELIA. Reg.I am made of that self metal as my sister, So be my grave my peace, as here I give And prize me at her worth. In my true heart Her father's lieart from her!-Call France;1 find, she names my very deed of love;
Who stirs ? Only she comes too short,--that I profess Call Burgundy.-Cornwall, and Albany, Myself an enemy to all other joys, (sesses; With my two daughters' dowers cligest this Which the most precions sqnaret of eense pos
third : And find, I am alone felicitate !
Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her. In your dear highness' love.
I do invest you jointly with my power, Cor. Then poor Cordelia ! [Aside. Preeminence, and all the large effects (course, And yet not so; since, I am sure, my love's That troop with majesty.-Ourself, by monthly More richer than my tongue.
With reservation of an hundred knights, Lear. To thee, and thine, hereditary cver, By yon to be sustain'd, shall our abode (taia Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom Make with you by doe turus. Only we still reNo less in space, validity ý, and pleasure, The name, and all the additions to a king; Than that confirm'd on Goneril.--Now, our The sway, joy,
(love Revenue, execution of the rest of, Althongh the last, not least; to wlioge young Beloved sons, be yours: which to confirm, The vines of France, andi milk of Burgundy. This coronel part between you. Strive to be interess'd:what can yon say to draw
(Giving the Crown. A third more opulent than your sisters ? Speak. Kent.
Royal Lear, Cor. Nothing, my lord.
Whom I have ever lionour'd as my king, Lear. Nothing?
Loved as my father, as my master follow'd, Cor. Nothing.
(again. As my great patron thought on in my prayers, Lear. Nothing can come of nothing: speak Leur. The bow is bent and drawn, inake Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave
from the shaft.
(vade My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty Kent. Let it fall rather, thongh the fork in. According to my bond; nor more, nor less. The region of my heart: be hent nnmannerly,
Lear. Ilow, how, Cordelia ? mend your When Lear is mad, What wouldst thon do, Lest it may mar your fortunes. (speech a little, old man?
[speak, Good my lord, Think'st thon, that duty shall have dreari tn You have begot me, bred me, loved me: 1 When power to flattery bows? To plainuess Reinrn those duties back as are right fit,
(doom; Obey yon, love yon, and most honour you. When majesty stoops to folly. Reverse thy Why have my sisters husbams, if they say, And, in thy best consideration, check They love you all? Haply!!, when I shall wed, This hideons rashness : answer my life iny Thai lord, whose hand must take my plight, judgment,
(duty : Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least; Half my love with him, half my care, and Nor are those empty hearted, whose low sound Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters, Reverbs till no hollownese. To love my father all.
Kent, on thy life, no more. Lear. But goes this with thy heart?
ent. My life I never held but as a pann Cor.
Ay, goor my lord. To wage agaiust thine enemies; nor fear to Lear. So young, and so untender?
Thy safety being the motive. (lose it, Cor. So young, my lord, and true. [dower:
Out of my sight! Lear. Let it be so, -Thy truth theu be thy Kent. See letter, Lear, and lei nie still reTor, by the sacred radiance of the sun; The true blank of thine eye. (inain The mysteries of Hecate, and the night; Lear. Now, by Apollo, By all the operations of the orbs,
Now, by Apollo, king, From whom we do exist, and cease to be; Thon swear'st thy gods in vain. llere I disclaim all my paternal care,
0, vassal! miscreant ! Propinquity and property of blood,
!Laying his Hand on his S'word. And as a stranger to my heart and me
Alb. Cori Dear sir, forbear. llold thee, from this **, for ever. The tal
Kt. Do; barous Scythian,
Kill thy plysician, and the fee bestow • Open plains. + Comprehension. I Made happy. 6 Value. ! Perhaps. & Kindred. .. From this timne. + Ilis children.
JI All other subjeels, W Reverberates
The mark to shoot at.
Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift ; To match you where I hate; therefore beseech
To avert your liking a more worthier way, Lear.
Hear me, recreant! Than on a wretch whom nature is ashamed On thine allegiance hear me!
Almost to acknowledge hers. Since thou hast sought to make us break our France.
Tbis is most strange vow,
(pride, That she,tháteven but now was your best object, (Which we durst never yet,) and, with strain's The argument of your praise, balm of your age, To come betwixt our sentence and our power; Most best, most dearest, should in this trice (Which nor our nature nor oar place can bear,)
of time Our potency make good, take thy reward. Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle Five days we do allot thee, for provision So many folds of favour ! Sure, her offence To shield thee from diseases of the world; Must be of such unnatural degree, (tion And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back That monsters it, or your fore-vonch'd ** affecUpon our kingdom: if, on the tenth day fol- Fall into taint+t: which to believe of her, lowing,
Must be a faith, that reason without miracle Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, Could never plant in me. The moment is thy death: Away! By Jupiter, Cor.
I yet beseech your majesty, This shall not be revoked. (wiit appear, (If fort I want that glib and oily art, (tend,
Kent. Fare thee well, king: since thus thou To speak and purpose not; since what I well inFreedom lives hence, and banishment is here.- I'll do't before I speak,) that yon make known The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,
[T's Corbelta. No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, That justly think’st,and hast most rightly said! That hath deprived me of your grace and favour: And your large speeches may your deeds ap. But even for want of that,for which I am richer;
prove, (TO REGAN and GONERIL. A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongne [it, That good effects may spring from words of That I am glad I have not, though not to have love.
Hath lost me in your liking. Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieni; Lear.
Better thou (me better. He'll shape his old course* in a country new. Hadst not been born, than not to have pleased
[Erit. France. Is it but this? a tardiness in nature, Re-enter Gloster; with FRANCE, BUR- Which often leaves the bistory unspoke, GUNDY, and Attendants.
That it intends to do?--My lord of Burgundy, Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my no- What say you to the lady? Love is not love,
Lear. My lord of Burgundy, [ble lord. When it is mingled with respects, that stand We first address towards you, who with this Aloof from the entire point øj. Will you king [least, She is herself a dowry.
[have her? Hath rivali'd for our daughter; What, in the Bur.
Royal Lear, Will you require in present dower with her, Give but that portion which yourself proposed, Or cease your quest of lovet ?
And here I take Cordelia by the hand, Bur.
Most royal majesty, Duchess of Burgundy. I crave no more than bath your highness Lear. Nothing: I have sworn; I am firm. Nor will you tender less.
(offer'd, Bur. I am sorry then, you have so lost a Lear.
Right noble Burgundy, That you must lose a husband. (father, When she was dear to us, we did hold her so;
Peace be with Burgundy i But now her priceis fall'n: Sir, there she stands; Since that respects of fortune are his love, If aught within that litt!c, seeming | substance, I shall not be his wife.
[being poor ; Or all of it, with our displeasure pieced, France. Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich, And nothing more, may fitly like your grace, Most choice forsaken; and most loved,despised! She's there, and she is yours.
Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon : Bur.
I know no answer. Be it lawful, I take up what's cast away. Lear. Sir,
Gods, gods! 'tis strange, that from their cold'st Will you, with those infirmities she oweso, neglect Unfriended, new-adopled to our hate, My love should kindle to inflamed respect.Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with Thy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my Take her, or leave her ?
(our oath, chance, Bur.
Pardon me, royal sir; Is queen of us, of ours, and our fair France : Election makes not apll on such conditions. Not all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy Lear. Then, leave her, sir ; for, by the Shall buy this unprized precious maid of me.-power that made me,
Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind : I tell you all her wealth.-l'or you, great king, Thou losest e, a better where to find.
Lear. Thou hast her, France: let her be I would not from your love make such a stray, thine; for we • Follow his old mode of life.
+ Amorons expedition. 1 Specious. Owns, is possessed of. | Concludes not. Turn. .. Former declaration of. Reproach or censure. # Because. So“ Who seeks for aught in love but love alone!"
Have no such danghter, nor shall ever see For that I am some twelve or fourteen moon That face of her's again :-Therefore be gone, shines
[base! Without our grace, our love, our benizon. Lag of a brother? Why bastard ? wherefore Come, noble Burgundy.
When my dimensions are as well compact, (Flourish. Ereunt LEAR, BURGUNDY, My mind as generons, and my shape as true,
CORNWALL, ALBANY, GLOSTER, As honest madam's issue? Why brand they nis and Attendants.
With base? with baseness? bastardy? base, base? France. Bid farewell to your sisters. (eyes Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take
Cor. The jewels of our father, with wash'd More composition and fierce quality, Cordelia leaves you: I know you what you are; Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, And, like a sister, am most loath to call (rather: Go to the creating a whole tribe of fops, Yonr faults, as they are namert. Use well our Got 'tween asleep and wake?-Well then, To your professed bosoms I commit him : Legitimate Edgar, I must bave your land: But yet, alas! stood I within his grace, Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, I would prefer bim to a better place.
As to the legitininte: Fine word,- legitimate! So farewell to you both.
Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed, Gon. Prescribe not us our duties.
And my invention thrive, Edmund the base Reg.
Let your study Shalltop the legitimate. I grow; I prosper :Be,to content your lord; who hath received you Now, gods, stand up for bastards ! At fortone's alms. You have obedience scanied,
Enter GLOSTER. And well are worth the want that you have Glo. Kent banish'd thus! And France in wanted. (ning hides ; choler parted!
(power! Cor. Time shall unfold what plaitedt con- And the king gone to night! subscribed ** bis Who cover faults, at last shame them derides. Confined to exhibition tt! All this done Well may you prosper!
Upon the gad I !- Edmund! How now? what France.
Come, my fair Cordelia. Edm. So please your lordship, none. (news? (Ereunt France and CORDELIA.
[Putting up the Letter. Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to pot up of what most nearly appertains to us both. Edm. I know no news, my lord. (that letter? I think, onr father will hence to night.
Glo. What paper were you reading ? Reg. That's most certain, and with you;
Edm. Nothing, my lord. next month with us.
Glo. No? What needed then that terrible Gon. You see how full of changes his age despatch of it into yonr pocket? the quality is; the observation we have made of it hath of nothing hath not such need to hide itself. not been little : he always loved onr sister Let's see: Come, if it be nothing, I shall not most; and with what poor judgment he hath need spectacles. now cast her off, appears too grossly.
Erm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me: it is Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age; yet be a letter from my brother, that I have not all hath ever but slenderly known himself. o'er-read; for so much as I have perused, I
Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath find it not fit for your over-looking. been but rash; then must we look to receive
Glo. Give me the letter, sir. from his age, not alone the imperfections of Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give Jong-ingrafted condition I, but therewithal, the it. The contents, as in part I onderstand unruly waywardness that infirm and choleric them, are to blame. years bring with thein,
Glo. Let's see, let's see. Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. he wrote this but as an essay is or taste of my
Gon. There is further compliment of leave virtue. taking between France and him. Pray yon, Glo. [Reads.] This policy, and rererence let us hit together : If our father carry autho-loj age, makes i he world bitter to the best of rity with such dispositions as he bears, this our times; keeps our fortunes from us, last surrender of his will but offepit us. till our oldness cannot relish them. I beReg. We shall further think of it.
gin to find an idle and fond || bondage in Gon. We must do something, and i'the the oppression of aged tyranny; who sways, leatý.
| Exeunt. not as it hath power, but us it is suffered.
Come to me, that of this I may speak more, SCENE II. A Hall in the Earl of Glos- If our father would sleep till 1 waked ter's Castle.
him, you should enjoy half his rerenue for
ever, and live the beloved of your brother, Enter EDMUND, with a Letter.
Edgar.-Humph-Conspiracy!- Sleep till I Edm.Thon, nature, art my goddess; to thy law waked him-you should enjoy half his re My services are bound: Wherefore should I venue,- My son Edgar! Had he a hand to Stand in the plague of custom; and permit write this ? a heart and brain to breed it in?The curiosity of nations to deprive me, When came this to you? Who brought it? • Blessing. + Folied, donbled. Qualities of mind. Strike while the iron's hot. # The injustice.
The nicety of civil institntion. ** Yielded, surrendered. tt Allowance. I Suddenly.
MX Weak and foolish.