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• K. Hen. Call Buckingham, and bid him · Clif. Nor should rhy prowess want praise arm himself.

[thou hast, and esteem, *York. Call Buckingham, and all the friends. But that 'tis shown ignobly, and in treason. I am resolved for death, or dignity.

York. So let it help me now against thy Clif. The first I warrant thee, if dreams sword, prove true.

(dream again, As I in justice and true right express it! 'War. You were best to go to bed, and Clif. My soul and body on the action both! To keep thee from the tempest of the field. * York. A dreadful lay I!-address thee in

Clifi I am resolved to bear a greater storm stantly, Than any thou canst conjure up to-day;

(They fight, and CLIFFORD falls. And that I'll write opon ihy burgonet *, *Clif. La fin couronne les ouvres. (Dies. Dlight I but know thee by thy household badge. "York. Thus war hath given thee peace, for War. Now, by my father's badge, old Ne- thou art still. vil's crest,

• Peace with his soul, heaven, if it be thy will! The rampant bear chain'd to the ragged staff,

(Erit. This day I'll wear aloft my burgonet,

Enter Young CLIFFORD. (As on a mountain-top the cedar shows,

* Y. Clif. Shame and confusion! all is on That keeps his leaves in spite of any storm,)

the rout; Even to affright thee with the view thereof. * Fear frames disorder, and disorder wounds Clif. And from thy bargonet I'll rend thy * Where it should guard. O war, thou son of bear,

hell, And tread it under foot with all contempt, * Whom angry heavens do make their minister, • Despight the bear-ward that protects the bear. • Throw in the frozen bosoms uf our part

Y. Clif. And so to arms, victorious father, * Hot coals of vengeance!-Let no soldier fly: * To quell the rebels, and their 'complices. * He ibat is truly dedicate to war, Rich. Fie! charity, for shame! speak not * Hath no self-love ; nor he that loves himself in spite,

* Hath not essentially, but hy circumstance, For you shall sup with Jesu Christ to-night. * The name of valour:-0, let the vile world 'Ý. Clif. Foul stigmatict, that's more


(Seeing his Father dead. than thou canst tell.

* And the premised § flames of the last day · Rich. If not in heaven, you'll surely sup in * Knit earth and heaven together! heli. (Exeunt severally. * Now let the general trumpet blow his blast,

* Particularities and petty sounds SCENE II, Saint Albans.

* To cease || !-- Wast thou ordain'd, dear father, Alarums : Ercursions. Enter WARWICK.

* To lose ihy youth in peace, and to achieved War. Clifford of Cumberland, 'tis Warwick * The silver livery of advised ** age; (thus calls!

* And in thy reverence, and thy chair-days, And if thou dost not hide thee from the bear, • To die in ruffian battle?- Even at this sight, Now,—when the angry trumpet sounds alarm, * My heart is turn’d to stone : and, while us And dead men's cries do fill the empty air,

mine, Clifford, I say, come forth and fight with me! * It shall be stony. York not cur old men Proud northern lord, Clifford of Camberland, spares; Warwick is hoarse with calling thee to arms. * No more will I their babes : tcars virginal Enter YORK

* Shall be to me even as the dew to fire; How now, my noble lord ? what, all a-foot ? * And beauty, that the lyrint oft reclaims, York. The deadly handed Clifford slew * Shall to my flaming wrath be oil and flax. my steed;

* Henceforth, I will not have to do with pity: • But match to inatch I have encounter'd him, * Meet I an infant of the house of York, . And made a prey for carrion kites and crows * Into as many gobbets will I cut it, * Even of the bonny beast he loved so well. * As wild Medea young Absyrtus did : Enter CLIFFORD.

* In cruelty will I seek out my fame. War. Of one or both of us the time is come. Come, thon new ruin of old Clifford's house; York. Hold, Warwick, seek thee out some

(Taking up the Body. other chase,

As did Æneas old Anchises bear, For I inyself must hunt this deer to death. 'So bear I thee upon my manly shoulders ; War. Then, nobly, York; 'tis for a crown * But then Æneas bare a living load, thou fight'st.

• Nothing so heavy as these woes of mine. As I intend, Clifford, to thrive to-day,

( Esit. t grieves my soul to leave thee unassail'd. Enter Richard PLANTAGENET and SONER

(Ezil WARWICK SET fighting, and SOMERSET is killed. Clif. What seest thou in me, York? why Rich. So, lie thou there ; dost thon pause ?

(in love, For, underneath an alehouse' paltry sign, ' York. With thy brave bearing should I be The castle in Saint Albans, Somerset But that thou art so fast mine enemy.

Hath m.ide the wizard fannons in his death. * Helmet.

+ One on whom nature has set a mark of deformily, a stigina. id dreadful wager; a tremendous stake.

Sent before their time.

Stop. Obtain.


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•Sword, hold thy temper; heart, be wrathful * That winter lion, who, in rage forgets still :

* Aged contusions and all brush of timet; • Priests, pray for eneinies, but princes, kill. * And like a gallant in the brow of youth I,

(Exit. * Repairs him with occasion ? This happy day Alarums: Excursions. Enter King Henry, * Is not itself, por have we won one foot, Queen MARGARET, and Others, retreating. * If Salisbury be lost. Q. Mar. Away, my lord ! you are slow;

· Rich.

My noble father, for shame, away!

Three times to-day I holp him to his horse, K. Hen. Can we outrun the heavens? good 'Three times bestrid him, thrice I led him off,

Margaret, stay. (not fight, nor fly: Persuaded him from any further act: [him; • Q. Mar. What are you made of? you'll ' But still, where danger was, still there I inet • Now is it manhood, wisdom, and defence, . And like rich hangings in a homely house, • To give the enemy way: and to secure us * So was his will in his old feeble body. By what we can, which can no more but fly. * But, noble as he is, look where he comes. [Alarum afur off.

Enter SALISBURY, . ffyou be ta'en, we then should see the bottom Sal. Now, by my sword, well hast thou or all our fortunes : but if we haply 'scape, fought today;

(Richard : • (As well we may, if not through our neglect,) By the mass, so did we all.-I thank you, • We shall to London get, where you are •God knows how long it is I have to live;[day loved ;

(made, ' And it hath pleased lim, that three times to. * And where this breach, now in our fortunes • You have defended me from imminent death. May readily be stopp'd.

* Well, lords, we have not got that which we Enter young CLIFFORD.

haveộ: Y.Clif. But that my heart's on future mis- * 'Tis not enough our foes are this time fled, chief set,

* Being opposites of such repairing nature ll. • I would speak blasphemy ere bid you tiy; York. I kuow our safety is to follow them; • But fly you must

uncurable discomfit · For, as I hear, the king is fled to Londen, • Reigns in the hearts of all our present parts. * To call a present court of parliament. * Away, fur your relief! and we will live Let us pursue him, ere the writs go forth :• To see their day, and them our fortune give: What says lord Warwick ? shall we after • Away, my lord, away! (Ereunt. them?


War. After them! nay, before them, if we SCENE III. Fields near Saint Albans.

Now, by my faith, lords, 'twas a glorious day: Alurum: Retreat. Flourish; then enter Saint Albans' battle, won by famous York,

YORK, RICHARD PLANTAGENET, WAR. Shall be eternized in all age to come.-
WICK, und Soldiers with Drum and Sound, drums and trumpets : and to London

(him; And more such days as these to us befal! (all: York. Of Salisbury, who can report of

(Exeunt. • For parties.

+ i. e., The gradual detrition of time. i i. e., The height of youth: the brow of a hill is its summit. i. e., We have not secured that which we have acquired. i, e., Being enemies that are likely so soon to rally and recover themselves from this defeat.


Persons represented. King HENRY the SIXTH.

Sir John MORTIMER, uncles to the Duke EDWARD, Prince of Wales, his son.


of York. Louis XI., King of France.

HENRY, Eurl of Richmond, a youth. Duke of SOMERSET,

Lord RIVERS, "brother to Lady Grey. Sir Duke of EXETER,


Lords on King GOMER". Sir JOHN SOMERVILLE. ToEarl of NORTHUMBERLAND, Henry's side. tor to Rutland. Mayor of York. LieuEarl of WESTMORELAND,

tenant of the Tower. A Nobleman. Two Lord CLIFFORD,

Keepers. A Huntsman. A Son that has RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York. killed his father. A Father that bas killed EDWARD, Earl of March, after

his son. wards King Edward IV. EDMUND, Earl of Rutland.

his Queen MARGARET. GEORGE, afterwards Duke of sons. Lady Grey,afterwarıls Queen to Eluard II'. Clarence,

BONA, sister to the French Queen.
RICHARD), ajterwards Duke of

Soldiers, and other Attendants on King Duke of NORFOLK,

Henry and King Edwurd, Messengers, Marquis of MONTAGUE,

Watchmen, &c.
Earl of WARWICK, of the Duke of

York's party. Seere, during part of the third act, in Lord HASTINGS,

France ; during all the rest of the play, Lord STAFFORD,

in England.

ACT І. SCENE I. London. The Parliament.

(Throwing down the Duke of SOMERSET'S


• York. Richard hath best deserved of all Druins. Some Soldiers of York's party

my sons.

[set? break in. Then Enter the Duke of YORK, What, is your grace dead, my lord of SomerEDWARD, RICHARD, NORFOLK, MONTA

Norf. Such hope have all the line of John GUE, WARWICK, and others, with white

of Gannt ! Roses in their Hats.

Rich. Ibus do I hope to shake king Henry's War. I wonder how the king escaped onr head.

(York, hands.

(north, War. And so do 1.-Victorione prince of York. While we parsued the horsemen of the Before I see thee seated in that throne He slily stole away, and left his men: Which now the house of Lancaster usurps, Whereat the great lord of Northumberland, I vow by heaven, these eyes shall never close. Whose warlike ears could never brook re. This is the palace of the fearful king, treat,

(self, And this the regal seat : possess it, York: • Cheered up the drooping army ; and him. For this is thine, and not kiug Henry's heira. · Lord Clifford, and lord Stafford, all a-breast, York. Assist me then, sweet Warwick, • Charged our main battle's front, and break- and I will; ing in,

(slain. For hither we have broken in by force. • Were by the swords of common soldiers Norf. We'll all assist you; he, that thes, Edw. Lord Stafford's father, duke of Buck- shall die.

(iny lords ;ingham,

York. Thanks, gentle Norfolk.–Stay by ine, • Is either slain, or wounded dangerous : And, soldiers, stay, and lodge by me this I cleft his beaver with a downright blow;


(no violence ' That this is true, father, behold his blood. War. And, when the king comes, offer him

(Showing his bloody Sword. 'Unless he seck to thrust you ont by force. Mont. And, brother, here's the earl of

(They retire. Wiltshire's blood,

* York. The queen, this day, liere holds her (T. YORK, showing his. parliament, Whom I encounter'd as the battles join’d. • But little thinks we shall be of ber cosa cil: Rich Speak thou for ipe, and tell them • By words, or blows, here let us win our what did


[rue it.


Rich. Armed as we are, let's

stay within Clif: Whom should he follow, but his natu. this house. [called, ral king?

(duke of York. War. The bloody parliament shall this be War. True, Clifford and that's Richard, Unless Plantagenet, dake of York, be king; 'K. Hen. And shall I stand, and thou sit And bashful Henry deposed, whose cowardice in my throne?

[thyself. Hath made us by-words to our enemies.

York. It must and shall be so. Content · York. Then leave me not, my lords ; be War. Be duke of Lancaster, let him be king. resolute;

West. He is both king and duke of Lancas. I mean to take possession of my right. (best, ter:

(tain. War. Neither the king, nor he that loves him And that the lord of Westmoreland shall main. * The proudest he that holds up Lancaster, War. And Warwick shall disprove it. You Dares stir a wing, if Warwick shake his bells *. forget,

(field, ' I'll plant Plantayenet, root him up who That we are those, which chased you from the dares:

(crown. And slew your fathers, and with colours spread Resolve thee, Richard; claim the English March'd through the city to the palace gates. (WARWICK leads York to the Throne, who North. Yes, Warwick, I remember it to seats himself.

my grief; Flourish. Enter King HENRY, CLIFFORD, And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall NORTHUMBERLAND,

WESTMORELAND, West. Plantagenet, of thee, and these thy Exeter, and Others, with red Roses in sons,

[lives, their Hats.

Thy kinsmen, and thy friends, I'll have more K. Hen. My lords, look where the sturdy Than drops of blood were in my father's veins. rebel sits,

Clif. 'Urge it no more; lest that, instead Even in the chair of state! Belike he means,

of words, (Backed by the power of Warwick, that false I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger,

As shall revenge his death, before I stir. To aspire unto the crown, and reign as king.- "War. Poor Clifford! how I scorn his Earl of Northam berland, he slew thy father ;

worthless threats!

(crown? And thine, lord Clifford; and you both have York. Will you we show our title to the vowed revenge

'If not, our swords shall plead it in the field. On him, his sons, his favourites, and his friends. K. Hen. What title hast thou, traitor, to 'North. If I be not, heavens, be revenged the crown? on mne!

(in steel. Thy father was, as thou art, duke of York; Clif. The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn Thy grandfather, Roger Mortiaier, earl of West. What, shall we suffer this, let's pluck I am the son of Henry the fifth, [March : him down:

Who made the Dauphin and the French to My heart for anger burns, I cannot brook it. stoop, K. Hen. Be patient, gentle earl of West. And seized upon their towns and provinces. moreland.

(he; Jar. Talk not of France, sith † thou hast Clif. Patience is for poltroons, and snch as

lust it all.

(not I; He curst not sit there had your father lived. K. Hen. The lord protector lost it, and My gracious lord, here in the parliament When I was crown'd, I was but nine months Let us assail the family of York. (it so. old.

[methiuks, you lose :North. Well hast thou spoken, cousin ; be Rich. You are old enough now, and yet, K. Hen. Ah,know you noi, the city favours Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head. then,

(beck ?

Edw. Sweet father, do so; set it on your And they have troops of soldiers at their


[lov'st and honour'st arms, Ere. But when the duke is slain, they'll Mont. Good brother, [To YORK) as thon qnickly fly.

Let's fight it out, and not stand cavilling thus. K. Hrn. Far be the thought of this from Rich. Sound drums and trumpets, and the Henry's heart,

York. Sons, peace!

[king will fly. To make a shambles of the parliament-house! K. Hen. Peace thou! and give king Henry Cousin of Exeter frowns, words, and threats, leave to speak.

[him, lords; Shall be the war that Henry means to use. - War. Plantagenet shall speak first :-hear

{They advance to the Duke. And be you silent and attentive too, Thou factious doke of York,descend my throne, For he, that interrupts bim, shall not live. And kneel for grace and mercy at my feet; K. Hen. Think'st thou, that I will leave I am thy sovereign.

my kingly throne, York. Thou art deceived, I am thine. Wherein my grandsire, and my father, sat? Ere. For shame, come down; he made thee No: first shall war unpeople this my realm ; duke of York,

(was. Ay, and their colours-often borne in France: York. 'Twas my inheritance, as the earldom And now in England, to our heart's great sorEre. Thy father was a traitor to the crown.

row,Wur. Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown, Shall be my winding sheet.- Why faint ye. In following this usurping Henry.

lords? • Hawks had sometimes little bells hung on them, perhaps to dare the birds; that is, to frign

them from rising.


My title's good, and better far than his. West. Base, fearful, and despairing Henry! War. But prove it, Henry, and thou shalt *Clif. How hast thou injured both thyself be king

(the crown.

and us! K. Hen. Henry the fourth by conqnest got West. I cannot stay to hear these articles. York. 'Twas by rebelliou a ainst his king. North. Nor I. K. Hen. I know not what to say ; my title's Clif. Come, cousin, let us tell the qneen weak.

these news.

(rate king, Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir ? * Hrst. Farewell, faint-hearted and degeneYork. What then?

[king : * In whose cold blood no spark of honour ‘K. Hen. An if he may, then am I lawful bides.

[York, For Richard, in the view of many lords, North. Be thou a prey into the house of Resigo'd the crown to Henry the fourth; . And die in bands for this unmably deed! Whose heir my father was, and I am his. Clif: In dreadful war may'st thou be overYork. He rose against him, being his sove. come! reign,

Or live in peace, abandoued and despised! And made him to resign bis crown perforee. (Ereunt NORTH., CLIP., and WEST. War. Suppose, my lords, he did it uncon- * War. Turn this way, Henry, and regard strain'd,

thein not.

(not yield. Think you, ' were prejudicial to his crown* ? Exe. They seek revenge, and therefore will Exe. No; for he could vot so resign his K. Hen. Ah, Exeter! crown,


War. Why should you sigh, my lord ? But that the next heir should succeed and K. Hen. Not for myself, lord Warwick, K. Hen. Art thou against us, duke of Exe. but my son, ter?

[don me. Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit. Ere. His is the right, and therefore par- But, be it as it may 1 here entail {ever : • York. Why whisper you, my lords, and 'The crown to thee and to thine heirs for answer not?

[king. Conditionally, that here thou take an oath Exe. My conscience tells me he is lawful To cease this civil war, and, whilst I live, K. Hen. All will revolt from me, and turn To honour me as thy king and sovereigo; to him.

(lay'st, * And neither by treason, nor hostility, North. Plantagenet, for all the claim thou * To seek to put me down, and reign thyself. Think not, that Henry shall be so deposed. York. This oath I willingly take, and will 'War. Deposed be shall be, in despite of perform. (Coming from the Throne. 11.

[outhern power,

Ww.Long live kin, renry :-Plantageüri, North. Thou art deceived: 'tis not thy embrace him.

[forward sons! • Or Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Keni,- 'K. Hen. And long live thon, and these thy Whicb makes thee thus presumplapus and York. Now York and Lancaster are reconproud,


(them foes. Can set the duke up, in despite of me.

Ere. Accnrsed be he that seeks to make Clif. King Henry, he thy title right or wrong,

[Sonet. The Lords come forward. Lord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence : York. Farewell, my gracions lord; I'll to May that ground gape, and swallow me alive,

my castle.

(diers. • Where I shall kneel to him that slew my War. And I'll keep London, with my sola father!

(my heart!

Norf. Avd I to Norfolk, with my follow. " K. Hen. O Clifford, how thy words revive

(came. York. Henry of Lancaster, resign thy crown: Mont. And I upto the sea, from whence I What matter you, or wbat conspire you, lords? (Eseunt YORK, and his Sons, WARWICK, War. Do right unto this princely duke of NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, Soldiers, and York;

Attendants. Or I will till the honse with armed men, * K. Hen. And I, with grief and sorrow, And, o'er the chair of state, where now be sits, to the court. Write up his title with usurping blood.

Enter Queen MARGARET and the Prince (He stamps, and the Soldiers show them

of Wales. selves.

Ere. Here comes the queen, whose looks K. Hen. My lord of Warwick, hear me

l'il steal away.

{bewrayt her anger : but one word;

K. Hen. Exeter, so will I. (Going. Let me, for this my life-time, reign as king. 'Q. Mar. Nay, go not from me, I will York. Confirm the crown to me, and to

follow thee.

(will stay: mine heirs,

K. Hen. Be patient, gentle queen, and I And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou liv'st. .Q. Mar. Who can be patient in sach exa K. Hen. I am content: Richard Planta

tremes ?

(maid, genet,

Ah, wretched man! would I had died * „Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.

. And never seen thee, never borne thee son, Clif. What wrong is this Qu.o the prince Seeing thou hast proved so unnaturala father! your son ?

(himself? * Hath he deserved to lose his birthright thus War. What good is this to England, and * Hadst thou but loved him half so well as l; rei. e., Detrimental to the general rights of hereditary royalty + Betray, discover,


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