Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes: French Diplomacy in the Age of Revolution, 1719-1787

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SUNY Press, 01.01.1982 - 607 Seiten
This is the first complete study of Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, one of the most distinguished diplomats and statesmen of eighteenth-century France. Vergennes represented France as a diplomat in Germany, Constantinople, and Stockholm, and was Louis XVI's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Orville Murphy traces Vergennes' career as he steadily rose from the provincial nobility of the robe to the ranks of the court aristocracy; from the post of an obscure diplomat to the lofty position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Murphy, however, has written much more than an interesting biography. The book develops a link between diplomatic personalities, the foreign policies of the French kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the contemporary social, economic, and political problems during much of the eighteenth century. Indeed, Vergennes and his policies are central to any study of the American Revolution, the underlying causes of the French Revolution, and of the subsequent "Age of Revolutions" in Europe.
 

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Inhalt

War of the Austrian Succession
3
A King of the Romans
16
The Congress at Hanover
29
Constantinople
53
Ceremony and Debts at the Court of the Sultan
65
1755 Turkish Declaration to Russia
77
The Diplomatic Revolution
97
1761 Trade Treaties with the Porte
111
Dutch Neutrality 17761782
280
The Bavarian Crisis I
291
The Bavarian Crisis II
303
Mogilev
312
Peace Appears Trailing Clouds of Ambitions
321
The Crisis of 1783
333
The Vergennes Family
345
Gibraltar
358

Matters of Prestige
124
1764 The Election of the King of Poland
136
War
151
Recall
165
To Stockholm
172
Coup detat
184
From Stockholm to Versailles
202
The Past Present and Future in 1774
211
The Spanish Temptation
222
The Revolution in America
232
Gates and Washington Saratoga and Germantown
242
The Decision to Intervene
252
Spain Enters the War
261
The Right to Catch Fish
368
The Mississippi Boundary
382
The Legacy of the American War
397
The Scheldt River Dispute 17801785
405
Relations with Italy 17741787
417
Commerce and Diplomacy I The AngloFrench Commercial Treaty of 1786
432
Commerce and Diplomacy II The FrancoRussian Treaty of 1787 and Other Treaties
447
The Dutch Entanglement 17831787
459
Epilogue
473
Notes
477
Bibliography
579
Index
595
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