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With trembling steps and humble reverence When once the Crab behind his back he sees: She cometh in before th’ Almighty's view;

But for this time it ill ordained was, Of her, ye Virgins ! learn obedience,

To chuse the longest day in all the year, Whenso ye come into those holy places,

And shortest night, when longest fitter were ; To humble your proud faces.

Yet never day so long but late would pass. Bring her up to th' high altar, that she may

Ring ye the bells to make it wear away, The sacred ceremonies there partake,

And bonefires make all day, The which do endless matrimony make;

And daunce about them, and about them sing, And let the roaring organs loudly play

That all the woods may answer, and your eccho ring. The praises of the Lord, in lively notes, The whiles with hollow throats

“ Ah! when will this long weary day have end, The choristers the joyous anthems sing,

And lend me leave to come unto my love? That all the woods may answer, and theireccho ring. How slowly do the hours their numbers spend?

How slowly doth sad Time his feathers move? “ Behold, whiles she before the altar stands,

Haste thee, O fairest Planet! to thy home, Hearing the holy priest that to her speaks,

Within the western foame; And blesses her with his two happy hands,

Thy tyred steeds long since have need of rest. How the red roses flush up in her cheeks !

Long tho it be, at last I see it gloom, And the pure snow, with goodly vermil stain, And the bright evening-star with golden crest, Like crimson dy'd in grain,

Appear out of the east. That even the angels, which continually

Fair child of beauty, glorious lamp of love About the sacred altar do remain,

That all the host of heaven in ranks dost lead, Forget their service, and about her fly,

And guidest lovers through the night's sad dread, Oft peeping in her face, that seems more fair How chearfully thou lookest from above, The more they on it stare :

And seem'st to laugh atween thy twinkling light, But her sad eyes, still fastned on the ground, As joying in the sight Are governed with goodly modesty,

Of these glad many, which for joy do sing, (ring.” That suffers not one look to glaunce awry,

That all the woods them answer, and their eccho Which may let in a little thought unsound. Why blush ye, Love! to give to me your hand, Now cease, ye Damsels! your delights fore past, The pledge of all your band ?

Enough it is that all the day was yours; Sing, ye sweet angels! Alleluya sing,

Now day is done, and night is nighing fast, That all the woods may answer, and your eccho ring. Now bring the bride into the bridal bowres;

Now night is come, now soon her disarray, “ Now all is done; bring home the bride again,

And in her bed her lay; Bring home the triumph of our victory :

Lay her in lillies and in violets, Bring home with you the glory of her gain,

And silken curtains over her display, With joyance bring her, and with jollity.

And odour'd sheets, and arras coverlets. Never had man more joyful day than this,

Behold how goodly my fair love does lie, Whom Heaven would heap with bliss.

In proud humility; Make feast, therefore, now all this live-long day,

Like unto Maia, whenas Jove her took This day for ever to me holy is;

In Tempe, lying on the flowrie grass, Pour out the wine without restraint or stay,

'Twixt sleep and wake, after she weary was Pour not by cups, but by the belly-full:

With bathing in the Acidalian brook :
Pour out to all that wull,

Now it is night, ye damsels may be gone,
And sprinkle all the posts and walls with wine, And leave my love alone,
That they may sweat and drunken be withal : And leave likewise your

former lays to sing ; Crown ye god Bacchus with a coronal,

The woods no more shall answer, nor your ecchorings And Hymen also crown with wreaths of vine, And let the Graces daunce unto the rest,

Now welcome night, thou night so long expected, For they can do it best;

That long day's labour dost at length defray, The whiles the maidens do their carol sing, (ring. And all my cares, which cruel Love collected, To which the woods shall answer, and their eccho Hast summ'd in one, and cancelled for aye:

Spread thy broad wing over my love and me, « Ring ye the bells, ye young men of the town, That no man may us see, And leave your wonted labours for this day; And in thy sable mantle us enwrap, This day is holy; do you write it down,

From fear of peril, and foul horror free; That ye for ever it remember may:

Let no false treason seek us to entrap, This day the sun is in its chiefest hight,

Nor any dread disquiet once annoy With Barnaby the bright;

The safety of our joy, From whence declining daily by degrees,

But let the night be calm and quietsome, He somewhat loseth of his heat and light,

Without tem ous storms or sad affray,

Like as when Jove with fair Alcmena lay,

The Latmian shepherd once unto thee brought, When he begot the great Tirynthian groom;

His pleasures with thee wrought:

Therefore to us be favourable now,
Or like as when he with thy self did lie,
And begot Majesty ;

And sith of women's labours thou hast charge, And let the maids and young men cease to sing ;

And generation goodly dost enlarge,
Ne let the woods them answer, nor their eccho ring.

Encline thy will t' effect our wishful vow,
And the chaste womb inform with timely seed,

That may our comfort breed;
Let no lamenting cries nor doleful tears
Be beard all night within, nor yet without;

Till which we cease our hopeful hap to sing,
Ne let false whispers, breeding hidden fears,

Ne let the woods us answer, nor our eccho ring. Break gentle sleep with misconceived doubt:

And thou, great Juno! which with awful might Let no deluding dreams, nor dreadful sights,

The laws of wedlock still dost patronize, Make sudden sad affrights;

And the religion of the faith first plight, Ne let house-fires, nor lightnings, helpless harms,

With sacred rights hast taught to solemnize, Ne let the ponk, nor other evil sprights,

And eke for comfort often called art Ne let mischievous witches with their charms,

Of women in their smart, Ne let hob-goblins, names whose sense we see not,

Eternally bind thou this lovely band, Fray us with things that be not:

And all thy blessing unto us impart. Let not the scriech-owl nor the stork be heard,

And thou, glad Genius ! in whose gentle hand Nor the night-raven, that still deadly yells,

The bridal bower and genial bed remain, Nor damned ghosts, call d up with mighty spells,

Without blemish or stain, Nor griesly vultures, make us once affeard:

And the sweet pleasures of their love's delight Ne let th' unpleasant quire of frogs still croking,

With secret aid dost succour and supply, Make us to wish their choking ;

Till they bring forth the fruitful progeny, Let none of these their drery accents sing,

Send us the timely fruit of this same night, Ne let the woods them answer, nor their eccho ring.

And thou, fair Hebe ! and thou, Hymen free,

Grant that it so may be. But let still Silence true night-watches keep,

Till which we cease your further praise to sing, That sacred Peace may in assurance reign,

Ne any woods shall answer, nor your eccho ring. And timely Sleep, when it is time to sleep, May pour his limbs forth on your pleasant plain ;

And ye, high Heavens! the temple of the gods, The whiles an hundred little winged Loves,

In which a thousand torches flaming bright Like divers-fethered doves,

Do burn, that to us wretched earthly clods Shall fly and flutter round about your bed,

In dreadful darkness lend desired light; And in the secret dark, that none reproves,

And all ye Powers which in the same remain, Their pretty stealths shall work, and snares shall

More than we men can feign, spread,

Pour out your blessing on us plenteously, To filch away sweet snatches of delight,

And happy influence upon us rain, Conceal'd through covert night.

That we may rise a large posterity, Ye sons of Venus! play your sports at will,

Which from the earth, which they may long possess For greedy Pleasure, careless of your toyes, With lasting happiness, Thinks more upon her Paradise of joyes

Up to your haughty palaces may mount, Than what you do, all be it good or ill.

And for the guerdon of your glorious merit All night, therefore, attend your merry play,

May heavenly tabernacles there inherit, For it will soon be day:

Of blessed saints for to increase the count: Now none doth hinder you that say or sing,

So let us rest, sweet Love! in hope of this Ne will the woods now answer, nor your eccho ring.

And cease till then our timely joys to sing,

The woods no more us answer, nor our eccho ring. Who is the same which at my window peeps ? Or whose is that fair face which shines so bright?

Song made in lieu of many ornaments Is it not Cynthia, she that never sleeps,

With which my love should duly have been deckt, But walks about high heaven all the night?

Which cutting off through hasty accidents, O! Fairest Goddess! do thou not envy

Ye would not stay your due time to expect, My love with me to spy;

But promis’d both to recompence, For thou likewise didst love, though now unthought, But unto her a goodly ornament, And for a fleece of wool, which privily

And for short time an endless monument.

F

SONNETS, BY SIR PHILIP SIDNEY-A.D. 1554-84.

Because I oft in dark abstracted guise
Seem most alone in greatest company,
With dearth of words, or answers quite awry
To them that would make speech of speech arise,
They deem, and of their doom the rumour flies,
That poison foul of bubbling Pride doth lie
So in my swelling breast, that only I
Fawn on myself, and others do despise.
Yet Pride I think doth not my soul possess,
Which looks too oft in his unflattering glass ;
But one worse fault Ambition I confess,
That makes me oft my best friends overpass,
Unseen, unheard, while thought to highest place
Bends all his powers, even unto Stella's grace.
With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies,
How silently, and with how wan a face !
What! may it be, that even in heavenly place
That busy Archer his sharp arrows tries ?
Sure, if that long with love acquainted eyes
Can judge of love, thou feel'st a lover's case ;
I read it in thy looks, thy languish'd grace
To me that feel the like thy state descries.
Then, even of fellowship, O Moon, tell me,
Is constant love deem'd there but want of wit?
Are beauties there as proud as here they bed
Do they above love to be lov’d, and yet
Those lovers scorn whom that love doth possess ?
Do they call virtue there ungratefulness :
Come, Sleep, 0 Sleep, the certain knot of peace,
The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe,
The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release,
The indifferent judge between the high and low.
With shield of proof shield me from out the prease
Of those fierce darts, Despair at me doth throw;
O make in me those civil wars to cease :
I will good tribute pay, if thou do so.
Take thou of me smooth pillows, sweetest bed;
A chamber, deaf to noise, and blind to light;
A rosy garland, and a weary head.
And if these things, as being thine by right,
Move not thy heavy grace, thou shalt in me
Livelier than elsewhere Stella's image see.
Having this day my horse, my hand, my lance
Guided so well, that I obtain’d the prize,
Both by the judgment of the English eyes,
And of some sent from that sweet enemy France;
Horsemen my skill in horsemanship advance;
Townsfolk my strength ; a daintier judge applies
His praise to sleight which from good use doth rise;
Some lucky wits impute it but to chance;
Others, because of both sides I do take
My bloud from them who did excel in this,
Think nature me a man of arms did make.
How far they shot awry! the true cause is,
Stella look'd on, and from her heavenly face
Sent forth the beams which made so fair my race.

In martial sports I had my cunning tried,
And yet to break more staves did me address;
While with the people's shouts, I must confess,
Youth, luck, and praise, even fill’d my veins with
When Cupid, having me (his slave) descried (pride.
In Mars's livery, prancing in the press,
“ What now, Sir Fool,” said he, “ I would no less.
“ Look here, I say." I look'd, and Stella spied,
Who hard by made a window send forth light.
My heart then quaked, then dazzled were my eyes;
One hand forgot to rule, th’ other to fight;
Nor trumpet's sound I heard, nor friendly cries;
My foe came on, and beat the air for me,
Till that her blush taught me my shame to see.
Of all the kings that ever here did reign,
Edward named Fourth as first in praise I name;
Not for his fair outside, nor well-lined brain,
Although less gifts imp feathers oft on Fame:
Nor that he could, young-wise, wise-valiant, frame
His sire's revenge, join'd with a kingdom's gain,
And, gain’d by Mars, could yet mad Mars so tame,
That Balance weigh'd what Sword did late obtain:
Nor that he made the Flower-de-luce so fraid,
Though strongly hedgid of bloody Lion's paws,
That witty Lewis to him a tribute paid.
Nor this, nor that, nor any such small cause-
But only for this worthy knight durst prove
To lose his crown, rather than fail his love.
High-way, since you my chief Parnassus be,
And that my Muse (to some ears not unsweet)
Tempers her words to trampling horses' feet
More oft than to a chamber melody:
Now blessed you bear onward blessed me
To her, where I my heart safe left shall meet,
My Muse and I must you of duty greet
With thanks and wishes, wishing thankfully.
Be you still fair, honor'd by public heed,
By no encroachment wrong’d, nor time forgot ;
Nor blamed for blood, nor shamed for sinful deed:
And that you know, I envy you no lot
Of highest wish, I wish you so much bliss,
Hundreds of years you Stella's feet may kiss.
O happy Thames, that did'st my Stella bear!
I saw thyself with many a smiling line
Upon thy chearful face joy's livery wear,
While those fair planets on thy streams did shine.
The boat for joy could not to dance forbear;
While wanton winds, with beauties so divine
Ravish'd, staid not, till in her golden hair
They did themselves (O sweetest prison) twine:
And fain those Col's youth there would their stay
Have made; but, forced by Nature still to fly,
First did with puffing kiss those locks display.
She, so dischevill'd, blush'd. From window I,
With sight thereof, cried out, “ O fair disgrace ;
Let Honor's self to thee grant highest place."

DRAYTON-A.D. 1563-1631.

ROSAMOND TO KING HENRY.

(FROM ENGLAND'S HEROICAL EPISTLES.) Henry the Second keepeth (with much care) Lord Clifford's daughter, Rosamond the fair; And whilst his sons do Normandy invade, He forc'd to France, with wond'rous cost hath made A labyrinth in Woodstock, where unseen His love might lodge safe from his jealous queen: Yet when he stay'd beyond his time abroad, Her pensive breast, his darling to unload, In this epistle doth her grief complain ; And his rescription tells her his again.

If yet thine eyes (Great Henry) may endure
These tainted lines, drawn with a hand impure,
(Which fain would blush, but fear keeps blushes
And therefore suted in despairing black) [back,
Let me for Love's sake their acceptance crave.
But that sweet name vile I profaned have;
Punish my fault, or pity mine estate ;
Read them for love, if not for love, for hate.

If with my shame thine eyes thou fain would'st
Here let them surfeit of my shame to read. [feed,
This scribbled paper which I send to thee,
If noted rightly, doth resemble me:
As this pure ground, whereon these letters stand,
So pure was I, ere stained by thy hand;
Ere I was blotted with this foul offence,
So clear and spotless was mine innocence:
Now, like these marks which taint this hateful scroul,
Such the black sins which spot my leprous soul.

What by this conquest canst thou hope to win, Where thy best spoil is but the act of sin ? Why on my name this slander dost thou bring, To make my fault renowned by a king? “ Fame never stoops to things but mean and poor, The more our greatness, our fault is the more ; Lights on the ground themselves do lessen far But in the air each small spark seems a star." Why on my woman-frailty should’st thou lay So strong a plot mine honour to betray? Or thy unlawful pleasure should’st thou buy, Both with thine own shame and my infamy? 'Twas not my mind consented to this ill, Then had I been transported by my will; For what my body was inforc'd to do, (Heav'n knows) my soul yet ne'er consented to: For through mine eyes had she her liking seen, Such as my love, such had my lover been. * True love is simple, like his mother truth, Kindly affection, youth to love with youth ; No greater cor’sive to our blooming years, Than the cold badge of winter-blasted hairs. Thy kingly power makes to withstand thy foes, Bat cannot keep back age, with time it grows:

Though honour our ambitious sex doth please,
Yet, in that honour, age a foul disease :
Nature hath her free course in all, and then
Age is alike in kings and other men.”
Which all the world will to my shame impute,
That I myself did basely prostitute;
And say, that gold was fuel to the fire,
Gray hairs in youth not kindling green desire.
O no, that wicked woman wrought by thee,
My tempter was to that forbidden tree;
That subtle serpent, that seducing devil,
Which bade me taste the fruit of good and evil:
That Circe, by whose magic I was charm’d,
And to this monstrous shape am thus transform’d:
That vip'rous hag, the foe to her own kind,
That dev'lish spirit, to damn the weaker mind,
Our frailty's plague, our sex's only curse,
Hell's deep'st damnation, the worst evil's worse.

But Henry, how canst thou affect me thus,
T' whom thy remembrance now is odious ?
My hapless name, with Henry's name I found
Cut in the glass with Henry's diamond;
That glass from thence fain would I take away,
But then I fear the air would me betray:
Then do I strive to wash it out with tears,
But then the same more evident appears.
Then do I cover it with my guilty hand,
Which that name's witness doth against me stand:
Once did I sin, which memory doth cherish,
Once I offended, but I for ever perish.
“ What grief can be, but time doth make it less ?
But infamy time never can suppress.”

Sometimes, to pass the tedious irksome hours, I climb the top of Woodstock's mounting tow'rs, Where in a turret secretly Ilie, To view from far such as do travel by: Whither, methinks, all cast their eyes at me, As through the stones my shame did make them see; And with such hate the harmless walls do view, As ev'n to death their eyes would me pursue. The married women curse my hateful life, Wronging a fair queen and a virtuous wife: The maidens wish I buried quick may die, And from each place near my abode do flie. Well knew'st thou what a monster I would be, When thou didst build this labyrinth for me, Whose strange meanders turning ev'ry way, Be like the course wherein my youth did stray: Only a clue doth guide me out and in, But yet still walk I circular in sin.

As in the gallery this other day, I and my woman past the time away, 'Mongst many pictures which were hanging by, The silly girl at length hapt to espy Chaste Lucrece' image, and desires to know What she should be, herself that murder'd so?

Why, girl (quoth I) this is that Roman dame- And to declare for what intent it came,
Not able then to tell the rest for shame,

Lest I therein should ever keep my shame.
My tongue doth mine own guiltiness betray;

And in this casket (ill I see it now)
With that I sent the prattling wench away,

That Jove's love, lo, turn’d into a cow;
Lest when my lisping guilty tongue should halt, Yet was she kept with Argus' hundred eyes,
My lips might prove the index to my fault.

So wakeful still be Juno's jealousies :
As that life-blood which from the heart is sent,

By this I well might have forwarned been, In beauty's field pitching his crimson tent,

T' have clear'd myself to thy suspecting Queen, In lovely sanguine sutes the lily cheek,

Who with more hundred eyes

attendeth me, Whilst it but for a resting place doth seek;

Than had poor Argus single eyes to see. And changing oftentimes with sweet delight, In this thou rightly imitatest Jove, Converts the white to red, the red to white:

Into a beast thou hast transform’d thy love; The blush with paleness for the place doth strive,

Nay, worser far (beyond their beastly kind)
The paleness thence the blush would gladly drive:

A monster both in body and in mind.
Thus in my breast a thousand thoughts I carry, The waxen taper which I burn by night,
Which in my passion diversly do vary.

With the dull vap'ry dimness mocks my sight, When as the sun hales tow'rds the western slade,

As tho' the damp, which hinders the clear flame, And the trees shadows hath much taller made, Came from my breath in that night of my shame : Forth go I to a little current near,

When as it look'd with a dark lowering eye,
Which like a wanton trail creeps here and there, To see the loss of my virginity.
Where with mine angle casting in my bait,

And if a star but by the glass appear,
The little fishes (dreading the deceit)

I straight intreat it not to look in here: With fearful nibbling fly th’inticing gin,

I am already hateful to the light, By nature taught what davger lies therein.

And will it too betray me to the night? Things reasonless thus warn’d by nature be,

Then sith my shame so much belongs to thee, Yet I devour'd the bait was laid for me :

Rid me of that, by only murd’ring me;
Thinking thereon, and breaking into groans, And let it justly to my charge be laid,
The bubbling spring, which trips upon the stones, That I thy person meant to have betray’d:
Chides me away, lest sitting but too nigh,

Thou shalt not need by circumstance t'accuse me ; I should pollute that native purity.

If I deny it, let the heavens refuse me.
Rose of the World, so doth import my name, My life's a blemish, which doth cloud thy name,
Shame of the World, my life hath made the same: Take it away, and clear shall shine thy fame :
And to th’unchaste this name shall given be Yield to my suit, if ever pity mov’d thee;
Of Rosamond, deriv'd from sin and me.

In this shew mercy, as I ever lov'd thee.
The Cliffords take from me that name of theirs,
Which hath been famous for so many years :
They blot my birth with hateful bastardy,

HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY,
That I sprang not from their nobility;
They my alliance utterly refuse,

TO THE LADY GERALDINE. Nor will a strumpet shall their name abuse.

The Earl of Surrey, that renowned lord, Here in the garden, wrought by curious hands, Th' old English glory bravely that restor’d, Naked Diana in the fountain stands,

That prince and poet (a name more divine) With all her nymphs got round about to hide her, Falling in love with beauteous Geraldine, As when Acteon had by chance espy'd her:

Of the Geraldi, which derive their name This sacred image I no sooner view'd,

From Florence: whither to advance her fame, But as that metamorphos'd man pursu'd

He travels, and in public jousts maintain'd By his own hounds, so by my thoughts am I, Her beauty peerless, which by arms he gain d: Which chase me still, which way soe'er I fly. By staying long, fair Italy to see, Touching the grass, the honey-dropping dew, To let her know him constant still to be, Which falls in tears before my limber shoe,

From Tuscany this letter to her writes;
Upon my foot consumes in weeping still,

Which her rescription instantly invites.
As it would say, Why went'st thou to this ill ?
Thus to no place in safety can I go,

From learned Florence (long time rich in fame) But every thing doth give me cause of wo.

From whence thy race, thy noble grandsires came In that fair casket of such wond'rous cost,

To famous England, that kind nurse of mine, Thou sent'st the night before mine honour lost, Thy Surrey sends to heav'nly Geraldine. Amimone was wrought, a harmless maid,

Yet let not Tuscan think I do it wrong, By Neptune that adult'rous God betray'd;

That I from thence write in my native tongue ; She prostrate at his feet, begging with pray’rs, That in these harsh-tun'd cadences I sing, Wringing her hands, her eyes swoln up with tears: Sitting so near the muses’ sacred spring; This was not an entrapping bait from thee,

But rather think it self adorn'd thereby, But by thy virtue gently warning me,

That England reads the praise of Italy.

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