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thousand new boards which lay by it, were so entirely shattered, that scarcely a piece could be found above four or five inches wide, and vast numbers were not more than two fingers wide ; some within the course of the wind and some without, at great distances on both sides of it. What has been said of the boards and shingles was likewise true of the wooden furniture of the house : the tables, chairs, desks, &c. shared the same fate; not a whole stick was to be found of any of them. Some of the beds that were found were hanging on high trees at a distance. Of the heavy utensils, pewter, kettles, and iron pots, scarcely any was found. Some Dails that were in a cask in the east chamber were driven in great numbers into the trees on the eastern side of the house.
The shop and shed before mentioned were toro in pieces, nothing of the shop remained but the sills and floor; and a horse standing under the shed was killed. Only one person was killed.
From the whole, it seems highly probable that the house was suddenly plucked off from the sills (to which the upright posts are not fastened), and taken up into the air, not only above the heads of the persons who were on the lower floor, but to the height of those parts of the chimneys which were left standing, where, by the vio. lent circular motion of the air, it was immediately hurled into ten thousand pieces, and scattered to great distances on all quarters, except that from which the wind proceeded. And it further ap. pears, that the violence of the wind in that place was soon as the house was taken up; otherwise no person could have been left on the floor.
[Phil. Trans, 1761.
7. Whirlwind at Corne- Abbas in Dorsetshire,
By Mr. J. Dorby.
On Saturday October 30, 1731, about a quarter befor in the night, there happened at Corne-Abbas, at Dorsetshire, a very sudden and terrible wind whirl-puff, as Mr. D. calls it: some say it was a water-spout, and others a vapour or exhalation from the earth. It began on the south-west side of the town, passing directly to the north-east, crossing the middle of the town in breadth 200 yards. It stripped and uncovered tiled and thatched houses, rooted trees out of the ground, broke others in the midst, of at least a foot square, and carried the tops a considerable way. The sign of the new inn, a sign of five feet by four, was broken off six feet in the pole, and carried cross a street of forty feet breadth, and over an opposite house. It took off and threw down the pinacles and battlements of one side of the tower; by the fall of which, the leads and timber of great part of the north aisle of the church were broken in. The houses of all the town were so shocked, as to raise the inhabitants. No hurt was done but only across the middle of the town in a line. Nor no life lost. No other part of the neighbourhood or country so much as felt or heard it. It is supposed by the most judicious, that it began and ended within the space of two minutes. It was so remarkably calm a quarter after twelve, that the exciseman walked through two streets, and turned a corner, with a naked lighted candle in his hand, unmolested and undisturbed by the air; and as soon as over, a perfect calm, but was soon followed by a surprising violent rain.
(Phil. Trans. 1739.
8. Relation of two considerable Hurricanes in
By Mr. John Templer.
OCTOBER 30, 1669, between five and six o'clock in the after. noon, the wind being westerly, at Ashly, in Northamptonshire, there happened a formidable hurricane, scarce bearing sixty yards in its breadth, and spending itself in about seven minutes of time. Its first observed assault was on a milk-maid, taking her pail and hat from off her head, and carrying her pail many scores of yards from her, where it lay undiscovered some days. Next it stormed the yard of one Sprigg, in Westthorp, a name of one part of the town, where it blew a waggon body off the axle trees, breaking the wheels and axle-trees in pieces, and blowing three of the wheels so shattered over a wall: this waggon stood somewhat cross to the passage of the wind. Another waggon of Mr. Salisbury's was driven with great speed on its wheels against the side of his
* Perhaps these ought rather to be called tornados or whirlwinds, than hurricanes, we have retained, however, the term employed in the original, and have chiefly copied them to shew how nearly the whirlwind and hurricane are united.-EDITOR.
house. A branch of an ash-tree, so large that two stout men could scarce list it, was blown over Mr. Salisbury's house, without hurt. ing it; and yet this branch was torn from a tree 100 yards distant from the house. A slate was carried near 200 yards, forced
upon a window of the house of Samuel Templer, Esq. and very much bent an iron-bar in it. Not to take notice of its stripping of se. veral houses ; one thing is remarkable, which is, that at Mr. Maidwell's it forced open a door, breaking the latch; thence passing through the entry, and forcing open the dairy door, it over. turned the milk vessels, and blew out three panes or lights in the window : next it mounted the chambers, and blew out nine lights more. It tore off a great part of the roof of the parsonage-house. It blew a gate-post, fixed two feet and a half in the ground, out of the earth, and carried it many yards into the fields.
The other instance was October 13, 1670, at Braybrook, like. wise in Northamptonshire, about eleven o'clock; when the wind, in a storm, assaulted a pease.rick in the field, uncovering the thatch of it, without touching another only twenty yards off. Thence it proceeded also to the parsonage, by a narrow current, scarce eight yards in breadth, blowing up the end of a barley-rick, there. with some stakes in it of near five feet long ; without touching a wheat-hovel, within six yards of the barley-rick. It beat down a jack daw from the rick with that violence as forced the guts out of the body, and made it bleed plentifully at the mouth. Thence it went in a right line to the parsonage-house, and took off the cover of all the houses in its compass. From hence it passed over the town without any damage, the rest of the town being low in situ. ation, and went on to a place called Forthill, where it uncovered so much of a malt house as lay within its line and breadth.
Braybrook stands in a valley, environed by hills on three sides, at three quarters of a mile distance from it. There is also a hill called Clackhill, within a mile of it, and exactly in that point of the compass in which the wind then blew : no other hill in its way till the wiod had passed over all the places it damaged. There have also been two earthquakes in this town within these ten years, with little or no wind.
[Phil. Trans. 1671.
9. Fiery Whirlwind at Holkham, Norfolk.
By the Right Honorable Thomas Lord Lovell, F.R.S.
Some of Lord Lovell's ploughmen, being at work, abuut the middle of August 1741, on a fair day, at ten o'clock in the morn. ing, saw on a heath about a quarter of a mile from them, a wind like a whirlwind, come gradually towards them, in a straight line from east to west. It passed through the field where they were at plough, tore up the stubble and grass in the ploughed ground, for two miles in length, and thirty yards in breadth. When it came to some closes at the top of a rising ground, some men there saw it appear like a great flash or ball of fire. To some others it ap. peared as a fire, and some saw only a smoke, and heard such a noise as fire makes when a barn is burning, and the wind making a terrible noise, like that of a violent fire, or like carts over a stoney ground, wbich passed by a house, tearing up the stones in the road ; it tore up a rank of pales, sprung several of the posts out of their places and carried a pewter plate that stood on the outside of the window about forty yards from the house; also a large box-cover, about an inch and a half thick and four feet square and crossbarred, was carried away much farther, and toru all to pieces; and the gravel and stones flew about like feathers. It also broke down some fences, and frightened the cattle. And, what is very remarkable, every where else but in this place, the weather was clear and fine, and no sign of any storm or disturbe anice whatever. There was a strong smell of sulphur, both before and after the wind passed, and the noise was heard a great while after seeing the smoke. They said it moved so slowly forward, as to be dear ten minutes in coming from the closes to the house.
[Phil. Trans. 1712.
10. Whirlwinds of Sand.
It not unfrequently happens that the same violence of wind and exhibiting a similar eddy, takes place in the sandy deserts of Africa and Arabia, and has occasionally swallowed up in its tre. mendous vortex caravans and whole armies.
Dr. Bruce has given a spirited description of one or two of