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affected ancient animal applied authority belonging bird body bring called carried cause celebrated close cloth color consisting containing contract cover daughter direction disease draw dress English equal expression fall figure fire fish fixed flower force French fruit give given grow hand hard head Hence hold horse Italy keep kind king land language letter light living manner mark means measure medicine metal mind move musical nature noise originally pass person pertaining piece plant play producing pronounced pronunciation relating resembling round rule separate ship short side skilled soft sound species stone syllable term thin thing tion tree turn vessel wind woman wood words writing young
Seite xxxviii - In words, as fashions, the same rule will hold; Alike fantastic, if too new, or old: Be not the first by whom the new are tried, Nor yet the last to lay the old aside.
Seite xvi - I remember an instance ; when I published the Plan for my Dictionary, Lord Chesterfield told me that the word great should be pronounced so as to rhyme to state ; and Sir William Yonge sent me word that it should be pronounced so as to rhyme to seat, and that none but an Irishman would pronounce it grait. Now here were two men of the highest rank, the one, the best speaker in the House of Lords, the other, the best speaker in the House of Commons, differing entirely.
Seite xxxviii - Words of one syllable or words of more than one syllable accented on the last syllable, ending in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel, double the final consonant when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.
Seite xxxvii - Of these reformers some have endeavoured to accommodate orthography better to the pronunciation, without considering that this is to measure by a shadow, to take that for a model or standard which is changing while they apply it.
Seite xvi - ... affectation. The solemn pronunciation, though by no means immutable and permanent, is yet always less remote from the orthography and less liable to capricious innovation. They have, however, generally formed their tables according to the cursory speech of those with whom they happened to converse, and concluding that the whole nation combines to vitiate language in one manner, have often established the jargon of the lowest of the people as the model of speech.
Seite xxxvii - Such would be the orthography of a new language to be formed by a synod of grammarians upon principles of science. But who can hope to prevail on nations to change their practice, and make all their old books useless? or what advantage would a new orthography procure equivalent to the confusion and perplexity of such an alteration?
Seite 361 - CHIMERA ; a fabulous monster, breathing flames, with the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon, which laid waste the fields of Lycia, and was at last destroyed by Bcllerophon.
Seite 72 - The measure of length containing three fourths of an inch ; the twelfth part of the diameter of the sun and moon; any of the numbers expressed by single figures.