Étude sur la souveraineté et l'état fédératif ...

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Imprimerie Stæmpfli, 1886 - 216 pages
 

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Page 125 - ... who regards the constitution as a compact, — if a power should be inserted by the amending power, which would radically change the character of the constitution, or the nature of the system ; or if the former should fail to fulfill the ends for which it was established.
Page 109 - In its foundation, it is federal, not national; in the sources from which the ordinary powers of the government are drawn, it is partly federal and partly national; in the operation of these powers, it is national, not federal; in the extent of them, again, it is federal, not national; and, finally, in the authoritative mode of introducing amendments, it is neither wholly federal nor wholly national.
Page 116 - Dans tous les cas prémentionnés, le Tribunal fédéral appliquera les lois votées par l'Assemblée fédérale et les arrêtés de cette Assemblée qui ont une portée générale.
Page 122 - There is no difficulty in understanding how powers, appertaining to sovereignty, may be divided; and the exercise of one portion delegated to one set of agents, and another portion to another: or how sovereignty may be vested in one man, or in a few, or in many.
Page 108 - On découvre ensuite une forme de société dans laquelle plusieurs peuples se fondent réellement en un seul quant à certains intérêts communs , et restent séparés et seulement confédérés pour tous les autres. Ici le pouvoir central agit sans intermédiaire sur les gouvernés, les administre et les juge lui-même, comme le font les gouvernements nationaux , mais il n'agit ainsi que dans un cercle restreint.
Page 124 - In this compact, they have stipulated, among other things, that it may be amended by three-fourths of the States : that is, they have conceded to each other by compact the right to add new powers or to subtract old, by the consent of that proportion of the States, without requiring, as otherwise would have been the case, the consent of all : a modification no more inconsistent, as has been supposed, with their sovereignty, than any other contained in the compact.
Page 125 - To prove that ours is a consolidated government, and that there is an immediate connection between the Government and the citizen, he relies on the fact that the laws act directly on individuals. That such is the case I will not deny; but I am very far from conceding the point that it affords the decisive proof, or even any proof at all, of the position which the Senator wishes to maintain. I hold it to be perfectly within the competency of two or more States to subject their citizens, in certain...
Page 63 - La constitution fédérale révisée entre en vigueur lorsqu'elle a été acceptée par la majorité des citoyens suisses prenant part à la votation et par la majorité des Etats.
Page 182 - Les cantons sont souverains, en tant que leur souveraineté n'est pas limitée par la Constitution fédérale, et comme tels, ils exercent tous les droits qui ne sont pas délégués au pouvoir fédéral.
Page 125 - This results, necessarily, from the nature of a compact, — where the parties to it are sovereign ; and, of course, have no higher authority to which to appeal. That the effect of secession would be to place her in the relation of a foreign State to the others, is equally clear. Nor is it less so, that it would make her, (not her citizens individually?) responsible to them, in that character. All this results, necessarily, from the nature of a compact between sovereign parties.

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