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who wishes to gratify his curiosity, is referred to the fourteenth volume of Johnson's works, published by Stockdale. The lives of Boerhaave, Blake, Barratier, Father Paul, and others, were, about that time, printed in the Gentleman's Magazine. The subscription of fifty pounds a year for Savage was completed ; and in July, 1739, Johnson parted with the companion of his midnighthours, never to see him more.

The separation was, perhaps, an advantage to him, who wanted to make a right use of his time, and even then beheld with self-reproach the waste occasioned by dissipation. His abstinence from wine and strong liquors began soon after the departure of Savage. What habits he contracted in the course of that acquaintance cannot now be known. The ambition of excelling in conversation, and that pride of victory, which, at times, disgraced a man of Johnson's genius, were, perhaps, native blemishes. A fierce spirit of independence, even in the midit of poverty, may be seen in Savage ; and, if not thence transfused by Johnson into his own manners, it may, at least, be supposed to have gained strength from the example before him. During that connection there was, if we believe


Sir John Hawkins, a short feparation between our author and his wife ; but a reconciliation soon took place. Johnson loved her, and shewed his affection in various modes of gallantry, which Garrick used to render ridiculous by his mimicry. The affectation of foft and fashionable airs did not become an unwieldy figure: his admiration was received by the wife with the flutter of an antiquated coquette ; and both, it is well known, furnished matter for the lively genius of Garrick,

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It is a mortifying reflection, that Johnson, with a store of learning and extraordinary talents, was not able, at the age of thirty, to force his way to the favour of the publick. Slow rises worth by poverty depress’d,

*) was still,” as he says himself, “ to provide o for the day that was passing over him.” He saw Cave involved in a state of warfare with the numerous competitors, at that time struggling with the Gentleman's Magazine ; and gratitude for such supplies as Johnson received dictated a Latin Ode on the subject of that contention. The first lines,

• Urbane, nullis fefe laboribus,

“ Urbane, nullis victe calumniis," Carve biheith

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put one in mind of Casimir's Ode to Pope Urban :

“Urbane, regum maxime, maxime

- Urbane vatum.” The Polish poet was, probably, at that time in the hands of a man who had meditated the history of the Latin poets. Guthrie the historian had from July 1736 composed the parliamentary speeches for the Magazine; but, from the beginning of the session which opened on the 19th of November, 1740, Johnson succeeded to that department, and continued it from that time to the debate on spirituous liquors, which happened in the House of Lords in February, 1742-3. The eloquence, the force of argument, and the splendor of language, displayed in the several speeches, are well known, and universally admired. The whole has been collected in two volumes by Mr. Stockdale, and may form a proper supplement to this edition. That Johnson was the author of the debates during that period was not generally known; but the secret transpired several years

afterwards, and was avowed by himself on the following occasion. Mr. Wedderburne (now


Lord Loughborough), Dr. Johnson, Dr. Francis (the translator of Horace), the present writer, and others, dined with the late Mr. Foote. An important debate towards the end of Sir Robert Walpole's administration being mentioned, Dr. Francis observed, " That Mr. Pitt's speech, on that occasion, 66 was the best he had ever read.” He added, “ That he had employed eight years of his - life in the study of Demosthenes, and fi“nished a translation of that celebrated “ orator, with all the decorations of style " and language within the reach of his ca

pacity; but he had met with nothing

equal to the speech above-mentioned.' Many of the company remembered the debate; and some passages were cited, with the approbation and applause of all present. During the ardour of conversation Johnson remained silent. As soon as the warmth of praise subsided, he opened with these words ; * That speech I wrote in a garret in Exeter66 street.' The company was struck with astonishment. After staring at each other in filent amaze, Dr. Francis asked, “How “ that speech could be written by him?" “ Sir,” said Johnson, “I wrote it in Exeter“ street. I never had been in the gallery of

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66 the

66 the House of Commons but once. Cave had “ interest with the door-keepers. He, and “ the persons employed under him, gained “ admittance: they brought away the fubject of discussion, the names of the speak

ers, the fide they took, and the order in “ which they rose, together with notes of

arguments advanced in the course of " the debate. The whole was afterwards, “ communicated to me, and I.composed the

speeches in the form which they now have " in the Parliamentary debates." To this, discovery Dr. Francis made answer : “ Then, “Sir, you have exceeded Demosthenes him“ self; for to say, that you have exceeded “ Francis's Demosthenes, would be saying " nothing.” The rest of the company bea ftowed lavish encomiums on Johnson ; one, in particular, praised his. impartiality, observing, that he dealt out reason and elo, quence with an equal hand; to both parties. 65 That is not quite true,” said Johnson; “ “ saved appearances tolerably well; but I 66 took care that the WHIG DOGS should not 6 have the best of it.” The sale of the Magazine was greatly increased by the Parliamentary debates, which were continued by


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